Family Life and School Achievement

Family Life and School Achievement

Clark offers specific suggestions and strategies for use by teachers, parents, school administrators, and social service policy makers, but his work will also find an audience in urban anthropology, family studies, and Black studies.

Author: Reginald Clark

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226107707

Category: Education

Page: 264

View: 275

Working mothers, broken homes, poverty, racial or ethnic background, poorly educated parents—these are the usual reasons given for the academic problems of poor urban children. Reginald M. Clark contends, however, that such structural characteristics of families neither predict nor explain the wide variation in academic achievement among children. He emphasizes instead the total family life, stating that the most important indicators of academic potential are embedded in family culture. To support his contentions, Clark offers ten intimate portraits of Black families in Chicago. Visiting the homes of poor one- and two-parent families of high and low achievers, Clark made detailed observations on the quality of home life, noting how family habits and interactions affect school success and what characteristics of family life provide children with "school survival skills," a complex of behaviors, attitudes, and knowledge that are the essential elements in academic success. Clark's conclusions lead to exciting implications for educational policy. If school achievement is not dependent on family structure or income, parents can learn to inculcate school survival skills in their children. Clark offers specific suggestions and strategies for use by teachers, parents, school administrators, and social service policy makers, but his work will also find an audience in urban anthropology, family studies, and Black studies.
Categories: Education

Family Life and School Achievement

Family Life and School Achievement

Why Poor Black Children Succeed or Fail Reginald M. Clark. Generally speaking, investigations of the influence of social background (excluding ability) on Black students' achievement have found that such “surface” family characteristics ...

Author: Reginald M. Clark

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226221441

Category: Education

Page: 264

View: 519

Working mothers, broken homes, poverty, racial or ethnic background, poorly educated parents—these are the usual reasons given for the academic problems of poor urban children. Reginald M. Clark contends, however, that such structural characteristics of families neither predict nor explain the wide variation in academic achievement among children. He emphasizes instead the total family life, stating that the most important indicators of academic potential are embedded in family culture. To support his contentions, Clark offers ten intimate portraits of Black families in Chicago. Visiting the homes of poor one- and two-parent families of high and low achievers, Clark made detailed observations on the quality of home life, noting how family habits and interactions affect school success and what characteristics of family life provide children with "school survival skills," a complex of behaviors, attitudes, and knowledge that are the essential elements in academic success. Clark's conclusions lead to exciting implications for educational policy. If school achievement is not dependent on family structure or income, parents can learn to inculcate school survival skills in their children. Clark offers specific suggestions and strategies for use by teachers, parents, school administrators, and social service policy makers, but his work will also find an audience in urban anthropology, family studies, and Black studies.
Categories: Education

Afro American Life History and Culture

Afro American Life  History and Culture

370.8 Clark , Reginald M. FAMILY LIFE AND SCHOOL ACHIEVEMENT : why poor black children succeed or fail Univ . of Chicago Press 1983 22.50 cl 232p LC 83-3481 ISBN 0-226-10769-8 Working mothers , broken homes , poverty , racial or ethnic ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCR:31210005495310

Category: African Americans

Page: 790

View: 433

Categories: African Americans

Raising Children Emerging Needs Modern Risks and Social Responses

Raising Children   Emerging Needs  Modern Risks  and Social Responses

Family and school as educational institutions. Review of Child Development Research, 7, 179–222; Clark, R. (1982). Family life and school achievement: Why poor black children succeed or fail (Chapter 1). Chicago: University of Chicago ...

Author: School of Social Welfare University of California Jill Duerr Berrick Professor & Associate Dean, Berkeley

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199718733

Category: FAMILY & RELATIONSHIPS

Page: 276

View: 670

Modern family life raises tough questions: Who should be responsible for children's daily care? How can their financial support be fairly allocated between parents? Should extended family members be paid for their help? Can women have full careers and also be good mothers? In Raising Children, leading scholars take on these questions and more in order to critically assess policy responses to the changing needs of the modern family. As parents struggle to balance professional and personal demands, choose schools for their children, and sort through constantly updated medical and psychological information, they need help from public officials who can make policies that realistically address childrearing's contemporary challenges. The insightful contributions in this volume provide an excellent starting point for understanding these thorny, multifaceted issues, skillfully framing the influences on child development, such as altered family dynamics, major life changes like immigration, and the role of schools and government in children's health. Adoption by same-sex couples, difficulties for immigrant children, the ADHD diagnosis controversy, and public intervention for at-risk children are only a few of the topics covered. With society in a constant state of flux, it is critically important that we assess our family and child policies to ensure that they provide families with the assistance they need. Drawing on the rich interdisciplinary work of the Berkeley Center for Child and Youth Policy, this is an eye-opening look at some of the biggest issues facing the family today, which are as complex as they are vital to address in a thoughtful way.
Categories: FAMILY & RELATIONSHIPS

Encyclopedia of Diversity in Education

Encyclopedia of Diversity in Education

Family engagement in their children's education is a critical factor associated with these and other positive outcomes for African American youth. ... Family life and school achievement: Why poor Black children succeed or fail.

Author: James A. Banks

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781412981521

Category: Education

Page: 2601

View: 279

Presents research and statistics, case studies and best practices, policies and programs at pre- and post-secondary levels. Prebub price $535.00 valid to 21.07.12, then $595.00.
Categories: Education

Stories of Resilience in Childhood

Stories of Resilience in Childhood

Reginald Clark's unique work, Family Life and School Achievement: Why Poor Black Children Succeed or Fail makes a slightly different argument, but one that further supports what Maya's grandmother did.

Author: Daniel D. Challener

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000639049

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 212

View: 652

What helps a child overcome extraordinary obstacles? Why do some children surmount many difficulties and go on to live fulfilling lives while other children who face similar difficulties end up living desperate, sad lives? What helps children beat the odds? What builds resilience in children? These are critically important questions, yet for too long social scientists, doctors, psychologists and teachers have studied children who failed and tried to figure out what caused the failure. Only relatively recently have they begun to focus on what creates success. Originally published in 1997, this book is an effort to understand better what contributes to a child’s "success" and "resilience". The source of information will be autobiographies of childhoods – autobiographical stories written by adults remembering their difficult childhoods. This is not a research study or case study, rather it is an attempt to read and listen to five stories about resilient children and see what they can tell us about supporting children and building resilience.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Educational Resilience in inner city America

Educational Resilience in inner city America

In R. Staples (Ed), The Blackfamily: Essays and studies (pp. 232-238). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth. Clark, R. (1983). Family life and school achievement: Why poor black children succeed or fail. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Author: Margaret C Wang

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136479106

Category: Education

Page: 209

View: 880

The story of life in inner-city America and the education of its people is often recounted as a tragedy; the ending is often predictable and usually dire, highlighting deficiency, failure, and negative trends. As with most social problems, children and youth in the inner cities are hit hardest. But this dismal view is only half of the full picture. The cities of our nation are a startling juxtaposition between the despairing and the hopeful, between disorganization and restorative potential. Alongside the poverty and unemployment, the street-fights and drug deals, are a wealth of cultural, economic, educational, and social resources. Often ignored are the resilience and the ability for adaptation which help many who are seemingly confined by circumstance to struggle and succeed "in the face of the odds." This book helps to broaden the utilization of ways to magnify the circumstances known to enhance development and education, so that the burden of adversity is reduced and opportunities are advanced for all children and youth -- especially the children and youth of the inner cities who are in at-risk circumstances. The focus is on: * raising consciousness about the opportunities available to foster resilience among children, families, and communities, and * synthesizing the knowledge base that is central to implementing improvements which serve to better the circumstances and educational opportunities of children and families. This volume is intended for a wide audience of readers, but particularly those who are in a position to shape public policy and deliver educational and human services.
Categories: Education

Child Poverty and Public Policy

Child Poverty and Public Policy

The Education of African - American Children : A Selective Interpretive Review of Recent Research . " Pho- tocopy . Bryant , Carol , D. Bailey ... Family Life and School Achievement : Why Poor Black Children Succeed or Fail .

Author: Judith A. Chafel

Publisher: The Urban Insitute

ISBN: 0877666105

Category: Social Science

Page: 378

View: 888

Ten studies examine poor children in the US and the efforts to help them. They include the demographics, some of the reasons for poverty, maltreatment by families and society, federal aid programs, children as human resources, and advocacy programs and organizations. No index. Paper edition (unseen), $29.50. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
Categories: Social Science

Reducing Inter generational Ethnic Poverty

Reducing Inter generational Ethnic Poverty

... of academic socialization: The role of culture, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status. Research in Human Development, 13(3), 183–190. 3 Clark, R.M. (1984). Family Life and School Achievement: Why Poor Black Children Succeed or Fail.

Author: Greg Clydesdale

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000261189

Category: Social Science

Page: 122

View: 158

This book looks at human capital development and provides an explanation for why cognitive development varies among ethnic groups. The book uses an interdisciplinary approach to examine inter-generational ethnic poverty. It puts forth an argument that the ethnic poverty gap can be reduced, and to do so we need a broader view of human capital which considers the match between the nature of the economy and the specific capabilities needed. The book focuses on the interrelationship between developmental psychology and socio-economic status and argues that the most important relationship in a knowledge economy is actually the one between a parent and a child. The book begins by looking at cultures and assimilation and investigates the link between education, culture and socio-economic status. It also attempts to answer the question of what the link between culture, parents and children’s ability is and why ethnic groups vary in their nurturing. It delves into how parenting and cognitive development are interrelated. This thought-provoking book concludes with an emphasis on nurture and how it may alleviate ethnic poverty and shape social policies. The book provides a strong thesis to counter explanations based on racial and genetic superiority.
Categories: Social Science

Handbook of Bowen Family Systems Theory and Research Methods

Handbook of Bowen Family Systems Theory and Research Methods

A Systems Model for Family Research Mignonette N. Keller, Robert J. Noone ... In J. Karabel & A. H. Halsey (Eds.), Power and ideology in education (pp. ... Family life and school achievement: Why poor black children succeed or fail.

Author: Mignonette N. Keller

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351103268

Category: Psychology

Page: 440

View: 187

The Handbook of Bowen Family Systems Theory and Research Methods presents innovative approaches on a range of issues inherent in family research and discusses the links between theory, data collection, and data analysis based on Bowen family systems theory. This multi-authored volume discusses core issues within family systems theory, including anxiety, stress, emotional cutoff, differentiation of self, multigenerational transmission process, and nuclear family emotional process. Chapters also examine related constructs in the research literature such as adaptation, resilience, social support, social networks, and intergenerational family relations. Readers will be able to view theoretical and methodological issues from the perspective of Bowen theory and develop a clearer knowledge of ways to navigate the challenges faced when studying individual, familial, and societal problems. An essential resource for clinicians and researchers in the social and natural sciences, the Handbook of Bowen Family Systems Theory and Research Methods provides a comprehensive framework for understanding the application of Bowen theory to family practice and family research.
Categories: Psychology