Failing States Collapsing Systems

Failing States  Collapsing Systems

This work executes a unique transdisciplinary methodology building on the author’s previous book, A User’s Guide to the Crisis of Civilization: And How to Save it (Pluto, 2010), which was the first peer-reviewed study to establish a ...

Author: Nafeez Mosaddeq Ahmed

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319478166

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 110

View: 590

This work executes a unique transdisciplinary methodology building on the author’s previous book, A User’s Guide to the Crisis of Civilization: And How to Save it (Pluto, 2010), which was the first peer-reviewed study to establish a social science framework for the integrated analysis of crises across climate, energy, food, economic, terror and the police state. Since the 2008 financial crash, the world has witnessed an unprecedented outbreak of social unrest in every major continent. Beginning with the birth of the Occupy movement and the Arab Spring, the eruption of civil disorder continues to wreak havoc unpredictably from Greece to Ukraine, from China to Thailand, from Brazil to Turkey, and beyond. Yet while policymakers and media observers have raced to keep up with events, they have largely missed the biophysical triggers of this new age of unrest – the end of the age of cheap fossil fuels, and its multiplying consequences for the Earth’s climate, industrial food production, and economic growth. This book for the first time develops an empirically-ground theoretical model of the complex interaction between biophysical processes and geopolitical crises, demonstrated through the analysis of a wide range of detailed case studies of historic, concurrent and probable state failures in the Middle East, Northwest Africa, South and Southeast Asia, Europe and North America. Geopolitical crises across these regions, Ahmed argues, are being driven by the proliferation of climate, food and economic crises which have at their root the common denominator of a fundamental and permanent disruption in the energy basis of industrial civilization. This inevitable energy transition, which will be completed well before the close of this century, entails a paradigm shift in the organization of civilization. Yet for this shift to result in a viable new way of life will require a fundamental epistemological shift recognizing humanity’s embeddedness in the natural world. For this to be achieved, the stranglehold of conventional models achieved through the hegemony of establishment media reporting – dominated by fossil fuel interests – must be broken. While geopolitics cannot be simplistically reduced to the biophysical, this book shows that international relations today can only be understood by recognizing the extent to which the political is embedded in the biophysical. Although the book offers a rigorous scientific analysis, it is written in a clean, journalistic style to ensure readability and accessibility to a general audience. It will contain a large number of graphical illustrations concerning oil production data, population issues, the food price index, economic growth and debt, and other related issues to demonstrate the interconnections and correlations across key sectors.
Categories: Business & Economics

Failed and Failing States

Failed and Failing States

collapsed state, according to William Zartman, is a ... The former Secretary-
General of the United Nations, Boutros Boutros Ghali, described the situation
prevailing in a failed state as “a feature of such conflicts is the collapse of state ...
The weakness of the African state was most obvious in the periphery of state
systems. Thus ...

Author: Margaret Grieco

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781443818841

Category: Political Science

Page: 198

View: 537

State collapse is one of the major threats to peace, stability, and economic development in sub-Saharan Africa today. In a collapsed state the regime finally wears out its ability to satisfy the demands of the various groups in society; it fails to govern or to keep the state together. The collapse is marked by the loss of control over political and economic space. A collapsed state can no longer perform its basic security and development functions and has no effective control over its territory and borders. Efforts to avoid drawing other nations into a wider conflict created by the collapse of a state—and creating favorable conditions for reconciliation and reconstruction of a failed state after it has collapsed—present major challenges. In April, 2008 the Cornell Institute for African Development called a symposium on ‘Failed and Failing States in Africa: Lessons from Darfur and Beyond’ to address these critical issues. Key contributions to the symposium are brought together in this volume. Taken together these essays represent a significant discussion on the challenges presented by the presence of failing states within Africa.
Categories: Political Science

Uniting Africa

Uniting Africa

Failure, Collapse and Reconstruction of the African State: Implications for
Building Regional Peace and Security Systems The combination of both internal
and external factors have led to the failure and collapse of some states in Africa.
State ...

Author: David J. Francis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351876742

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 628

Plagued by bloody wars and armed conflicts, political instability, communal violence and displaced persons, and at the mercy of natural catastrophes such as drought and famine, it is not surprising that the Western press has long dismissed Africa as the 'hopeless continent'. In the face of these challenges, Africa today is faced with a stark choice: either unite or perish. The debate on why and how the continent should unite in terms of co-operative peace, security and development is more urgent than at any other time in Africa's post-colonial history. Moving forward from the failure of the earlier, typically idealistic Africa unity project, David Francis demonstrates how peace and security challenges have created the imperative for change. He argues that a series of regional peace and security systems are emerging, and that states that have participated in practical experiments in regional peacekeeping, peace support operations, conflict stabilization/management and preventive diplomacy are building de facto systems of peace and security that could be institutionalized and extended.
Categories: Social Science

Handbook of Green Economics

Handbook of Green Economics

have the rivalry between China and the United States about the value of the
Chinese currency and trade barriers; the ongoing financial instabilities in the EU,
... Failing States, Collapsing Systems: Biophysical Triggers of Political Violence.

Author: Sevil Acar

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128166444

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 208

View: 339

Handbook of Green Economics reveals the breadth and depth of advanced research on sustainability and growth, also identifying opportunities for future developments. Through its multidimensional examination, it demonstrates how overarching concepts, such as green growth, low carbon economy, circular economy and others work together. Some chapters reflect on different discourses on the green economy, including pro-growth perspectives and transformative approaches that entail de-growth. Others argue that green policies can spark economic innovation, particularly in developing and emerging market economies. Part literature summary, part analysis and part argument, this book shows how the right conditions can stimulate economic growth while achieving environmental sustainability. This book will be a valuable resource for graduate students and academic researchers whose focus is on the green economy. With an increasing interest in the topic among researchers and policymakers, users will find different theoretical perspectives and explore policy implications in this growing subject area. Covers the failures of the past, the challenges of the present, and the opportunities of the future Surveys 10 aspects of the green economy, including conceptualization, natural capital, poverty and inequality, welfare, and finance Emphasizes the theoretical and empirical aspects of greening approaches that are policy-relevant
Categories: Business & Economics

Handbook on Growth and Sustainability

Handbook on Growth and Sustainability

REFERENCES Ahmed, Nafeez (2017), Failing States, Collapsing Systems:
BioPhysical Triggers of Political Violence, New York, NY: Springer. Barnett, H.
and C. Morse (1963), Scarcity and Growth: The Economics of Natural Resource ...

Author: Peter A. Victor

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781783473564



View: 490

This Handbook assembles original contributions from influential authors such as Herman Daly, Paul Ekins, Marina Fischer-Kowalski, Jeroen van den Bergh, William E. Rees and Tim Jackson who have helped to define our understanding of growth and sustainability. The Handbook also presents new contributions on topics such as degrowth, the debt-based financial system, cultural change, energy return on investment, shorter working hours and employment, and innovation and technology. Explorations of these issues can deepen our understanding of whether growth is sustainable and, in turn, whether a move away from growth can be sustained. With issues such as climate change looming large, our understanding of growth and sustainability is critical. This Handbook offers a broad range of perspectives that can help the reader to decide: Growth? Sustainability? Both? Or neither?

Failed States and Institutional Decay

Failed States and Institutional Decay

Questioning State Collapse in Africa. ... Rajan, Raghuram G. “Failed States,
Vicious Cycles, and a Proposal. ... Paper for ECPRJoint Sessions of Workshops,
Workshop on Parties, Party Systems and Democratic Consolidation in the Third ...

Author: Natasha M. Ezrow

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 9781441113429

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 272

What do we mean by failed states and why is this concept important to study? The “failed states” literature is important because it aims to understand how state institutions (or lack thereof) impact conflict, crime, coups, terrorism and economic performance. In spite of this objective, the “failed state” literature has not focused enough on how institutions operate in the developing world. This book unpacks the state, by examining the administrative, security, judicial and political institutions separately. By doing so, the book offers a more comprehensive and clear picture of how the state functions or does not function in the developing world, merging the failed state and institutionalist literatures. Rather than merely describing states in crisis, this book explains how and why different types of institutions deteriorate. Moreover, the book illustrates the impact that institutional decay has on political instability and poverty using examples not only from Africa but from all around the world.
Categories: Political Science

Fixing Failed States

Fixing Failed States

Moreover, by creating more stable and effective states, this approach reduces the
likelihood of state collapse and therefore military ... disciplines of sociology,
anthropology, business literature, systems theory, law, and political science.

Author: Ashraf Ghani

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195398618

Category: Political Science

Page: 254

View: 926

Social science.
Categories: Political Science

Beyond State Failure and Collapse

Beyond State Failure and Collapse

5 Making the State Relevant in the Democratic Republic of the Congo Musifiky
Mwanasali Min " UCH HAS BEEN ... most African economic and political systems
, consensus is still to be reached among scholars and policymakers regarding
the ...

Author: George Klay Kieh

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739108921

Category: History

Page: 293

View: 223

There is a general consensus in the scholarly literature that the post-colonial state in Africa has failed. Some states (Liberia, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Somalia) have collapsed. Various arguments have been proffered to explain this dynamics of African state failure and collapse. However, the literature on state reconstitution is inchoate and minimal. This edited volume focuses on prescriptions for reconstituting the post-colonial state in Africa. Essays on nine African states (Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, and Uganda) are preceded by an introduction to the political economy of the African state.
Categories: History

Preventive Measures

Preventive Measures

Building Risk Assessment and Crisis Early Warning Systems John L. Davies, Ted
Robert Gurr. 2 The State Failure Project : Early Warning Research for U.S.
Foreign Policy Planning Daniel C. Esty , Jack Goldstone , Ted Robert Gurr ,
Barbara Harff , Pamela T. Surko , Alan N. Unger , and Robert S. Chen State
failure and state collapse are new labels for a type of severe political crisis
exemplified by events ...

Author: John L. Davies

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 0847688747

Category: Law

Page: 288

View: 845

State failure, ethnopolitical war, genocide, famine, and refugee flows are variants of a type of complex political and humanitarian crisis, exemplified during the 1990s in places like Somalia, Bosnia, Liberia, and Afghanistan. The international consequences of such crises are profound, often threatening regional security and requiring major inputs of humanitarian assistance. They also may pose long-term and costly challenges of rebuilding shattered governments and societies. A vital policy question is whether failures can be diagnosed far enough in advance to facilitate effective international efforts at prevention or peaceful transformation. This volume of original essays examines crisis early warning factors at different levels, in different settings, and judges their effectiveness according to various models. Top contributors offer answers along with analyses as they move from early warning to early response in their policy recommendations.
Categories: Law

Anatomy of Violence

Anatomy of Violence

System. Since 1 1 September 200 1 , international security policy cooperation
has come to the top of the agenda. State collapse, state failure and weak political
and socioeconomic institutions in various African countries are considered to be

Author: Professor Belachew Gebrewold

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9781409499213

Category: Political Science

Page: 274

View: 380

Violence connects people – whether directly or indirectly financing violence or by fighting the war against terror. Violent incidents are often deeply rooted in structures and systems. With a focus on Africa, this study examines three structurally interdependent conflict systems to highlight the complexities of transboundary and transregional conflict systems. The systemic approach to studying violence is highly suitable for courses on security, peace and conflict, political sociology and African politics. You will come away from the book with a better understanding of the underlying currents of violent conflicts and thus a clearer idea of how they might be handled.
Categories: Political Science

Security Development and the Fragile State

Security  Development and the Fragile State

Milliken, J. and Krause, K. (2002) “State Failure, State Collapse, and State
Reconstruction: Concepts, Lessons and Strategies,” ... The Future of Operational
Conflict Early Warning and Response Systems, Joint Room Document 1 of the
DAC ...

Author: David Carment

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135257057

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 395

This book provides theoretical clarity about the concepts of failed and fragile states, which have emerged strongly since the 9/11 attacks. Recent contributions often see the fragile state as either a problem of development or of security. This volume argues that that neither perspective on its own is a sufficient basis for good policy. In a wide-ranging treatment, drawing on large samples as well as case studies, the authors create an alternative model of the fragile state emphasizing the multidimensional, multifaceted nature of the "fragile state problematique". On the basis of their model and empirical evidence, they then derive a number of policy-relevant insights regarding the need for contextualized and ongoing country analysis, the perils and pitfalls of unstructured development assistance, and the need to move whole-of-government approaches from the realm of rhetoric to reality. In offering both a synthesis of existing research and an innovative approach to understanding the fragile state, this volume will be of great interest to students of war and conflict studies, risk, conflict management, and international relations in general. It will also be of use to practitioners in policy circles and to NGOs.
Categories: History

System Fault Diagnostics Reliability and Related Knowledge Based Approaches

System Fault Diagnostics  Reliability and Related Knowledge Based Approaches

COMPONENTS E.N. Dialynas A.V. Machias J.L. ... sections due to the possible
total collapse of the system that can be caused by certain failure states in these
areas .

Author: S.G. Tzafestas

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9027725500

Category: Computers

Page: 448

View: 454

Categories: Computers

Breaking the Failed state Cycle

Breaking the Failed state Cycle

Such disunity of effort in assisting failed states may suboptimize resource
allocation, hinder coordination, and cause important demands to be neglected.
With their different backgrounds—security, economic development, political
systems, health policy, and institution-building—the authors felt ... that contribute
to the cycle of violence, economic collapse, and political failure that ensnares
vulnerable states.

Author: Marla C. Haims

Publisher: Rand Corporation

ISBN: 9780833044662

Category: Law

Page: 36

View: 963

Insecurity in the 21st century appears to come less from the collisions of powerful states than from the debris of imploding ones. This paper aims to improve the understanding and treatment of failed states by focusing on critical challenges at the intersections between security, economics, and politics and on the guiding goal of lifting local populations from the status of victims of failure to agents of recovery.
Categories: Law

Bankrupt Representation and Party System Collapse

Bankrupt Representation and Party System Collapse

"Explores the phenomenon of party system collapse through a detailed examination of Venezuela's traumatic party system decay, as well as a comparative analysis of collapse in Bolivia, Colombia, and Argentina and survival in Argentina, India ...

Author: Jana Morgan

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 9780271050621

Category: Political Science

Page: 362

View: 141

"Explores the phenomenon of party system collapse through a detailed examination of Venezuela's traumatic party system decay, as well as a comparative analysis of collapse in Bolivia, Colombia, and Argentina and survival in Argentina, India, Uruguay, and Belgium"--Provided by publisher.
Categories: Political Science

Politics in the Developing World

Politics in the Developing World

One is the strategy of deliberate destabilizato restructure a state system expected
to be reasonably tion on the part of ... for example , though strictly speakwent
wrong in terms of failing state systems no ing not a case of complete ' collapse ' ...

Author: Peter J. Burnell

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: UCSC:32106019328498

Category: Political Science

Page: 407

View: 518

"The past-fifteen years have seen a transformation in the politics of the developing world and the way we think about it. This textbook identifies and analyses the processes and events that are changing politics in developing societies and shaping our perceptions of them."--BOOK JACKET.
Categories: Political Science

Understanding Security

Understanding Security

The greatest levels of human insecurity are often found in states that are weak,
failing, or collapsed. Such states are ... This links human and state security (
Chapters 4 and 9) in a changing international system. ... Thus, state weakness is
not just a condition but a process of weakening, even to the point of failure and

Author: Mike Bourne

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 9781137402103

Category: Political Science

Page: 360

View: 611

This broad-ranging new text introduces a wide range of theoretical perspectives with a central focus on their application to understanding key issues in global, state and human security in the contemporary world.
Categories: Political Science

Status and human Rights Obligations of Non recognized de Facto Regimes in International Law

Status and  human Rights  Obligations of Non recognized de Facto Regimes in International Law

The Case of 'Somaliland' : the Resurrection of Somaliland Against All
International 'odds' : State Collapse, Secession, Non-recognition, and ... 97 This
failure might have different reasons , such as incapacity or even unwillingness of
the government and relates to the ... the effective and rational collection of
revenue ; to maintain adequate national infrastructure , such as roads and
telephone systems ; to ...

Author: Michael Schoiswohl

Publisher: Brill - Nijhoff

ISBN: UOM:39015060595280

Category: Law

Page: 351

View: 170

This volume contains the first comprehensive study of legal issues arising with regard to the self-declared 'Republic of Somaliland' which, after more than 10 years of factual existence, is still facing international non-recognition. The case of Somaliland, in particular its unique position within the collapsed State of Somalia, challenges current international law doctrine regarding the interplay between non-recognition and the creation of States. Based upon an in-depth analysis of international law concerning the criteria of statehood and recognition, the author presents a legal framework against which cases of secession in the context of collapsed States should be measured. In applying this framework to the case of Somaliland, he demonstrates that the entity has established a sufficient level of peace, stability and effective governance to qualify as a State under international law. Given the legal uncertainty surrounding non-recognized de facto regimes such as Somaliland, the study finally attempts to identify legal rules which bind de facto regimes in the process of secession irrespective of their recognition as a State. Proposing a 'functional approach' to de facto regimes, the author argues that such entities are subject to obligations under international (human rights) law to the extent they are assuming governmental tasks.
Categories: Law

Global Politics in the 21st Century

Global Politics in the 21st Century

... and even civil wars may ensue, and the political system may fail or collapse. A
few countries engage in perpetual strife and violence that trigger insurgencies or
wars. Such local warfare cannot always be kept within state boundaries today, ...

Author: Robert J. Jackson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521767453

Category: Political Science

Page: 559

View: 129

Objective, critical, optimistic, and with a global focus, this textbook combines international relations theory, history, up-to-date research, and current affairs to give the student a comprehensive, unbiased understanding of international politics. It integrates theory and traditional approaches with globalization and research on newer topics such as terrorism, the rise of new economic superpowers, and the impact of global communications and social networking to offer the ideal breadth and depth of coverage for a one-semester undergraduate course. Student learning is supported and enhanced by box features and "Close Up" sections with context and further information, "Critical Case Studies" that highlight controversial and complex current affairs topics and show how the world works in practice, and questions to stimulate discussion, review key concepts, and encourage further study. It brilliantly demonstrates the significance and interconnectiveness of globalization and new security challenges in the 21st century and illuminates the role of leadership in transnational crises.
Categories: Political Science

Before Emergency Conflict Prevention and the Media

Before Emergency  Conflict Prevention and the Media

The absence of a functioning legal system is a typical expression of State failure.
States of this kind must be seen as in collapse: they lack the core element of the
functioning State, which Max Weber (1966, p. 27) saw in its monopoly of power.

Author: M. Aguirre

Publisher: Universidad de Deusto

ISBN: 9788498305111

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 200

View: 303

This book is about two prominent issues: conflict prevention, and the media. Conflict prevention is a challenging concept for the media because journalists normally work on current affairs: reporting what is going on now, not trying to change the course of events in the medium or long term. However, the media can also play a determinant role in conflict prevention by providing swift and reliable information of emerging or potential conflicts to local and external actors. Governments, international organizations and public opinion alike need in-depth understanding of pre- and post-conflict social, economic, cultural and political environments in order to fully understand the benefits and feasibility of preventive policies.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Conflict Prevention from Rhetoric to Reality

Conflict Prevention from Rhetoric to Reality

See also Michael Nicholson , “ Failing States , Failing Systems , ” paper
presented at the Failed States Conference ... Chris Allen , " Warfare , Endemic
Violence & State Collapse in Africa , ” Review of African Political Economy 81 (
1999 ) : 367 ...

Author: David Carment

Publisher: Lanham, Md. ; Toronto : Lexington Books

ISBN: UOM:39015060053538

Category: Political Science

Page: 444

View: 499

Offers a critical evaluation of existing and emerging approaches to applied conflict prevention that involve nontraditional actors ranging from the corporate sector and NGOs to regional and multilateral economic and political organizations. The volume suggests best practices for individuals within these organizations to use the array of political, economic, social and developmental instruments available to them.
Categories: Political Science