Exploratory Experiments

Ampère, Faraday, and the Origins of Electrodynamics

Author: Friedrich Steinle

Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Press

ISBN: 0822981378

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 9741


The nineteenth century was a formative period for electromagnetism and electrodynamics. Hans Christian Ørsted’s groundbreaking discovery of the interaction between electricity and magnetism in 1820 inspired a wave of research, led to the science of electrodynamics, and resulted in the development of electromagnetic theory. Remarkably, in response, André-Marie Ampère and Michael Faraday developed two incompatible, competing theories. Although their approaches and conceptual frameworks were fundamentally different, together their work launched a technological revolution—laying the foundation for our modern scientific understanding of electricity—and one of the most important debates in physics, between electrodynamic action-at-a-distance and field theories. In this foundational study, Friedrich Steinle compares the influential work of Ampère and Faraday to reveal the prominent role of exploratory experimentation in the development of science. While this exploratory phase was responsible for decisive conceptual innovations, it has yet to be examined in such great detail. Focusing on Ampère’s and Faraday’s research practices, reconstructed from previously unknown archival materials, including laboratory notes, diaries, letters, and interactions with instrument makers, this book considers both the historic and epistemological basis of exploratory experimentation and its importance to scientific development. Winner of the 2017 Ungar German Translations Award from the American Translators Association

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Science

Author: Paul Humphreys

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190630701

Category: Philosophy

Page: 960

View: 3602


This handbook provides both an overview of state-of-the-art scholarship in philosophy of science, as well as a guide to new directions in the discipline. Section I contains broad overviews of the main lines of research and the state of established knowledge in six principal areas of the discipline, including computational, physical, biological, psychological and social sciences, as well as general philosophy of science. Section II covers what are considered to be the traditional topics in the philosophy of science, such as causation, probability, models, ethics and values, and explanation. Section III identifies new areas of investigation that show promise of becoming important areas of research, including the philosophy of astronomy and astrophysics, data, complexity theory, neuroscience, simulations, post-Kuhnian philosophy, post-empiricist epistemology, and emergence. Most chapters are accessible to scientifically educated non-philosophers as well as to professional philosophers, and the contributors - all leading researchers in their field -- bring diverse perspectives from the North American, European, and Australasian research communities. This volume is an essential resource for scholars and students.

The Wiley Handbook of Problem-Based Learning

Author: Mahnaz Moallem,Woei Hung,Nada Dabbagh

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119173221

Category: Education

Page: 752

View: 6969


The first book to offer an in-depth exploration of the topic of problem-based learning with contributions from international experts The Wiley Handbook of Problem-Based Learning is the first book of its kind to present a collection of original essays that integrate the research and practice of problem-based learning in one comprehensive volume. With contributions from an international panel of leading scholars, researchers, practitioners and educational and training communities, the handbook is an authoritative, definitive, and contemporary volume that clearly demonstrates the impact and scope of research-based practice in problem-based learning (PBL). After many years of its successful implementation in medical education curricula, problem-based learning is now being emphasized and practiced more widely in K-12, higher education, and other professional fields. The handbook provides timely and stimulating advice and reflection on the theory, research, and practice of PBL. Throughout the book the contributors address the skills needed to implement PBL in the classroom and the need for creating learning environments that are active, collaborative, experiential, motivating and engaging. This important resource: Addresses the need for a comprehensive resource to problem-based learning research and implementation Contains contributions from an international panel of experts on the topic Offers a rich collection of scholarly writings that challenge readers to refresh their knowledge and rethink their assumptions Takes an inclusive approach that addresses the theory, design, and practice of problem-based learning Includes guidelines for instructional designers, and implementation and assessment strategies for practitioners Written for academics, students, and practitioners in education, The Wiley Handbook of Problem-Based Learning offers a key resource to the most recent information on the research and practice of problem-based learning.

Explorative Datenanalyse

Frühjahrstagung der GMDS München, 21.–22. März 1980

Author: N. Victor,W. Lehmacher,W. van Eimeren

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642815154

Category: Medical

Page: 211

View: 2856



Kosmos und Zahl

Beiträge zur Mathematik- und Astronomiegeschichte, zu Alexander von Humboldt und Leibniz

Author: Hartmut Hecht

Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden gmbh


Category: Mathematics

Page: 510

View: 9822


This volume contains original essays of the history of mathematics and astronomy by science historians from Russia, England, France, Germany and the USA, supplemented by contributions from the Leibniz and Alexander-von-Humboldt research institutions. German text.