Exchange of Information and Data Protection in Cross-border Criminal Proceedings in Europe

Author: Ángeles Gutiérrez Zarza

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642402917

Category: Law

Page: 491

View: 6927

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In the past 10 years, the Member States of the European Union (EU) have intensified their exchange of information for the purposes of preventing and combating serious cross-border crime, as manifested in three main aspects. Firstly, there is a need to ensure the practical application of innovative principles (availability, mutual recognition) and concepts (Information Management Strategy, European Information Exchange Model) for tackling criminal organisations and networks that threaten the Internal Security of the EU. Secondly, there has been a gradual consolidation of EU agencies and bodies (Eurojust, Europol) aimed at promoting cooperation and dialogue among law enforcement officials and judicial authorities responsible for preventing and combating drug trafficking, trafficking in human beings, child pornography, and other serious trans-national offences. Thirdly, important EU information systems and databases (Prüm, SIS-II, ECRIS) have been created, enabling law enforcement and judicial authorities to gain access to essential information on criminal phenomena and organisations. Pursuing a practice-orientated approach, this work provides comprehensive coverage of all these measures, as well as the applicable rules governing data quality, data protection and data security. It is especially intended for law enforcement and judicial authorities who need to develop the appropriate expertise for the practical application of the above-mentioned principles. It also offers a solid basis of practical training material for police training centres and judicial schools.
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EU Criminal Law and Justice

Author: Maria Fletcher,William C. Gilmore

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1848443889

Category: Law

Page: 256

View: 8118

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. . . this book fills a significant gap in the English-language literature and must be read by all who seek to understand why profound reflection is needed on the theoretical underpinnings of EU criminal justice. Samuli Miettinen, Journal of Common Market Studies The book contains a number of interesting arguments and comments on the development of EU criminal law. . . the authors efforts to provide a generalist book in this ever-growing, increasingly important and still under-researched field of EU law must be welcomed. Valsamis Mitsilegas, The Edinburgh Law Review Today, EU criminal law and justice constitutes a significant body of law potentially affecting most aspects of criminal justice. This book provides a comprehensive, accessible yet analytically challenging account of the institutional and legal developments in this field to date. It also includes full consideration of the prospective changes to EU criminal law contained in the recent Lisbon Treaty . While, broadly speaking, the authors welcome the objectives of EU criminal law, they call for a profound rethinking of how the good of criminal justice however defined is to be delivered to those living in the EU. At present, despite sometimes commendable initiatives from the institutions responsible, the actual framing and implementation of the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice (AFSJ) suffers from a failure to properly consider the theoretical implications of providing the good of criminal justice at the EU level. Written shortly before the recent entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, EU Criminal Law and Justice comprises a full overview of the key legal developments and debates and includes a user-friendly guide to the institutional changes contained in the Treaty. This timely book will be of interest to both undergraduate and postgraduate students, as well as to legal practitioners and policy makers at national and EU levels.
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Harmonization of Criminal Law in Europe

Author: Erling Johannes Husabø,Asbjørn Strandbakken

Publisher: Intersentia nv

ISBN: 905095474X

Category: Law

Page: 157

View: 7069

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In articles by legal scholars from six countries, the ongoing harmonization of criminal law in Europe is analysed from different perspectives. Through an examination of the rapid progress in European Union Law in this area, both the harmonization of substantial criminal law provisions and criminal penalties is shed light on. The development in criminal law cooperation is also accentuated, especially the breakthrough of the principle of mutual recognition and the proposal to establish a European Prosecutor. Special attention is given to the Schengen Agreement, the role of Europol and the more general influence of the harmonizing processes on European states remaining outside the EU. Conclusively, the challenges presented by a transnational criminal procedure to the preservation of human rights, are examined. The articles are based on lectures given at a colloquium in Bergen (Norway).
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Availability of Law Enforcement Information in the European Union

Between Mutual Recognition and Equivalent Right of Access

Author: Gert Vermeulen

Publisher: Maklu

ISBN: 9789046600054

Category: Law

Page: 110

View: 7878

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This book presents the results of a study on the availability of law enforcement information in the EU, conducted for the European Commission. In order to strengthen the area of freedom, security and justice, the November 2004 Hague Programme called for an innovative approach towards cross-borderexchange of law enforcement relevant information. The principle introduced in this respect is that of availability of such information for law enforcement services throughout the EU, rendering the border-crossing of it largely irrelevant. The book contains two proposals. The first seeks to improve the cross-border exchange of law enforcement relevant information through the introduction of the principle of mutual recognition of 'pre-evidence warrants' as a primary way for implementing the availability concept. The second proposal offers a blueprint for a European Law Enforcement Services Index System (ELESIS), as an indispensable tool for supporting the availability of law enforcement relevant information throughout the EU. Both proposals take due account of extensive feedback received from experts involved in cross-border exchange of law enforcement information as well as from civil liberties organisations and data protection specialists. In addition, the responses of member states to relevant official questionnaires were collected and included. This book is essential reading for policy makers, judicial and law enforcement authorities throughout the European Union or from a broader international context. It will be appealing also to researchers and anyone involved or taking an interest in combating (cross-border) crime at a European or international level.
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Prèm

an effective weapon against terrorism and crime, report with evidence, 18th report of session 2006-07

Author: Great Britain: Parliament: House of Lords: European Union Committee

Publisher: The Stationery Office

ISBN: 9780104010617

Category: Law

Page: 98

View: 9851

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The Prèm Treaty is an initiative by seven Member States to enhance cooperation in combating terrorism and serious cross-border crime. There is a move to incorporate it into EU law. As it can only be adopted unanimously, the Government is in a strong negotiating position and has already obtained agreement to delete a provision on "hot pursuit". The Committee recommend that they should also seek agreement on the estimated cost of incorporating the provisions. The Prèm Treaty is mainly concerned with the exchange of data, which raises questions of data protection. It is an opportunity to link the fight against crime with agreement on a Data Protection Framework Decision. This report looks at both the Prèm initiative and other related proposal that are genuine EU initiatives.
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Prospects for the EU in 2005

Author: Great Britain. Foreign and Commonwealth Office

Publisher: The Stationery Office

ISBN: 9780101645027

Category: Political Science

Page: 42

View: 6622

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This White Paper, part of a series dealing with European Union affairs, contains details of forthcoming EU activities during the course of 2005, the first full year of the enlarged Union of 25 member states. The document is divided into three parts relating to: institutional issues and enlargement, including the UK's forthcoming presidency, continuing work by member states to ratify the EU Constitutional Treaty, and the work of the Commission and the European Parliament; internal issues including discussions on EU spending over the financial period 2007-2013, expansion of the services sector, sustainable development and the environment, and counter-terrorism measures; and external issues including foreign policy, trade and international development issues. Annexes give details of the timetable of 2005 Council meetings and milestones of the Dutch presidency in the second half of 2004.
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Towards a European Criminal Record

Author: Constantin Stefanou,Helen Xanthaki

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139472127

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 9549

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The success of the four core freedoms of the EU has created fertile ground for transnational organised crime. Innovative, transnational legal weapons are therefore required by national authorities. The availability of data on criminal convictions is at the forefront of the debate. But which mechanism for availability can be used effectively while at the same time respecting an increasingly higher level of data protection at national level? In the fluid, post-'Reform Treaty' environment, the EU is moving towards the creation of a European Criminal Record which will ultimately secure availability of criminal data beyond the weaknesses of Mutual Legal Assistance mechanisms. Examining the concept of a European Criminal Record in its legal, political and data protection dimensions, this multidisciplinary study is an indispensable exploration of a major initiative in European Criminal Law which is set to monopolise the debate on EU judicial co-operation and enforcement.
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EU Criminal Law

Author: Valsamis Mitsilegas

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 184731726X

Category: Law

Page: 366

View: 9001

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EU Criminal Law is perhaps the fastest-growing area of EU law. It is also one of the most contested fields of EU action, covering measures which have a significant impact on the protection of fundamental rights and the relationship between the individual and the State, while at the same time presenting a challenge to State sovereignty in the field and potentially reconfiguring significantly the relationship between Member States and the EU. The book will examine in detail the main aspects of EU criminal law, in the light of these constitutional challenges. These include: the history and institutions of EU criminal law (including the evolution of the third pillar and its relationship with EC law); harmonisation in criminal law and procedure (with emphasis on competence questions); mutual recognition in criminal matters (including the operation of the European Arrest Warrant) and accompanying measures; action by EU bodies facilitating police and judicial co-operation in criminal matters (such as Europol, Eurojust and OLAF); the collection and exchange of personal data, in particular via EU databases and co-operation between law enforcement authorities; and the external dimension of EU action in criminal matters, including EU-US counter-terrorism co-operation. The analysis is forward-looking, taking into account the potential impact of the Lisbon Treaty on EU criminal law.
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EU Counter-Terrorism Law

Pre-Emption and the Rule of Law

Author: Cian C Murphy

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847319602

Category: Law

Page: 274

View: 4907

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EU Counter-Terrorism Law: Pre-emption and the Rule of Law is a detailed study of EU action to combat terrorism since 11 September 2001 and the implications that action has had for the EU legal order. It critically examines EU counter-terrorism measures to ascertain how rule of law principles have been affected in the 'war on terror'. The book opens with a critical examination of the rule of law in the EU legal order. It then provides an overview of the "war on terror†? before analysing five key facets of EU counter-terrorism: the common European definition of terrorism along with related offences contained in the Framework Decision on Combating Terrorism; the EU's anti-money laundering and counter-terrorist finance laws; UN and EU targeted asset-freezing sanctions; EU data retention measures such as the Data Retention Directive and the Passenger Name Records agreements; and the European Arrest Warrant and European Evidence Warrant. The book argues that EU counter-terrorism is weakening the rule of law and bypassing safeguards in favour of a system emphasising coercive control over individual autonomy. It concludes by examining the prospects for the future as the EU becomes a more powerful security actor following the Lisbon Treaty and the adoption of the Stockholm Programme. 'an impressively accurate and alarming analysis' Ms Sophia In 't Veld MEP and Vice-Chair of the European Parliament Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs 2ND Prize winner of the Society of Legal Scholars Peter Birks Prize for Outstanding Legal Scholarship 2013
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Nicholls, Montgomery, and Knowles on The Law of Extradition and Mutual Assistance

Author: Clive Nicholls,Clare Montgomery,Julian B. Knowles,Anand Doobay,Mark Summers

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199692815

Category: Law

Page: 813

View: 6058

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The Law of Extradition and Mutual Assistance is the leading work in this area, providing a comprehensive and authoritative treatment of the laws covering the extradition arrangements between the UK and other states, as well as international mutual assistance. Since the second edition was published in there has been a considerable quantity of new case law including a number of important House of Lords decisions and decisions of theEuropean Court of Justice and the European Court of Human Rights. In addition, there have been a number of amendments to the Extradition Act 2003. The new edition will reflect developments in case law, amendmentsto the legislation, and developments at the international level.
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