Evolutionary Quantitative Genetics

Evolutionary Quantitative Genetics

The impetus for this book arose out of my previous book, The Evolution of Life
Histories (Roff, 1992). In that book I presented a single chapter on quantitative
genetic theory. However, as the book was concerned with the evolution of life ...

Author: Derek A. Roff

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461540809

Category: Science

Page: 494

View: 365

The impetus for this book arose out of my previous book, The Evolution of Life Histories (Roff, 1992). In that book I presented a single chapter on quanti tative genetic theory. However, as the book was concerned with the evolution of life histories and traits connected to this, the presence of quantitative genetic variation was an underlying theme throughout. Much of the focus was placed on optimality theory, for it is this approach that has proven to be extremely successful in the analysis of life history variation. But quantitative genetics cannot be ig nored, because there are some questions for which optimality approaches are inappropriate; for example, although optimality modeling can address the ques tion of the maintenance of phenotypic variation, it cannot say anything about genetic variation, on which further evolution clearly depends. The present book is, thus, a natural extension of the first. I have approached the problem not from the point of view of an animal or plant breeder but from that of one interested in understanding the evolution of quantitative traits in wild populations. The subject is large with a considerable body of theory: I generally present the assumptions underlying the analysis and the results, giving the relevant references for those interested in the intervening mathematics. My interest is in what quantitative genetics tells me about evolutionary processes; therefore, I have concentrated on areas of research most relevant to field studies.
Categories: Science

Quantitative Genetic Studies of Behavioral Evolution

Quantitative Genetic Studies of Behavioral Evolution

ASSESSMENT Barton and Turelli ( 1989 ) subtitled their review of evolutionary
quantitative genetics " How little do we know ? " and concluded that although
there is descriptive value in quantitative genetic models , their usefulness for
making ...

Author: Christine R. B. Boake

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226062155

Category: Science

Page: 390

View: 748

Taken together, these studies document both the benefits and pitfalls of quantitative genetics.
Categories: Science

Quantitative Genetics in the Wild

Quantitative Genetics in the Wild

O'Hara, R.B., Cano, J.M., Ovaskainen, O., Teplitsky, C. & Alho, J.S. (2008)
Bayesian approaches in evolutionary quantitative genetics. Journal of
Evolutionary Biology, 21, 949–957. Ovaskainen, O., Cano, J.M. & J. Merilä (2008)
A Bayesian ...

Author: Anne Charmantier

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199674237

Category: Science

Page: 280

View: 512

Across these fields, there is increasing appreciation of the need to quantify the genetic - rather than just the phenotypic - basis and diversity of key traits, the genetic basis of the associations between traits, and the interaction between these genetic effects and the environment. This research activity has been fuelled by methodological advances in both molecular genetics and statistics, as well as by exciting results emerging from laboratory studies of evolutionary quantitative genetics, and the increasing availability of suitable long-term datasets collected in natural populations, especially in animals. Quantitative Genetics in the Wild is the first book to synthesize the current level of knowledge in this exciting and rapidly-expanding area.
Categories: Science

Quantitative Genetics

Quantitative Genetics

An up-to-date, accessible guide to the main concepts and applications of quantitative genetics.

Author: Armando Caballero

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108481410

Category: Mathematics

Page: 338

View: 377

An up-to-date, accessible guide to the main concepts and applications of quantitative genetics.
Categories: Mathematics

Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Quantitative Genetics

Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Quantitative Genetics

During the past decade evolutionary biologists have renewed their interest in
quantitative genetics , stimulated by ( 1 ) the development of theories of natural
selection and phenotypic evolution for quantitative characters , which has helped
to ...

Author: Bruce S. Weir

Publisher: Sinauer Associates, Incorporated

ISBN: UOM:39015013547446

Category: Science

Page: 724

View: 167

Categories: Science

Evolutionary Genetics

Evolutionary Genetics

Evolutionary. Quantitative. Genetics. BOX 18.1. Individual Fitness Surfaces and
Multivariate Selection Jason B. 18. DEREK A. ROFF Quantitative genetics
developed from an attempt to explain the apparent "blending inheritance"
observed in ...

Author: Charles W. Fox

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199775044

Category: Science

Page: 608

View: 856

Charles Fox and Jason Wolf have brought together leading researchers to produce a cutting-edge primer introducing readers to the major concepts in modern evolutionary genetics. This book spans the continuum of scale, from studies of DNA sequence evolution through proteins and development to multivariate phenotypic evolution, and the continuum of time, from ancient events that lead to current species diversity to the rapid evolution seen over relatively short time scales in experimental evolution studies. Chapters are accessible to an audience lacking extensive background in evolutionaryy genetics but also current and in-depth enough to be of value to established researchers in evolution biology.
Categories: Science

Quantitative Genetics Genomics and Plant Breeding

Quantitative Genetics  Genomics  and Plant Breeding

2 Quantitative Genetics , Genomics and the Future of Plant Breeding Bruce
Walsh Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology , University of Arizona ,
Tucson , AZ 85721 , USA Introduction Quantitative Genetics in the Age of
Genomics ...

Author: Manjit S. Kang

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 0851997872

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 120

This book provides an overview of the rapidly developing integration and interdependence of quantitative genetics, genomics, bioinformatics and their application to plant breeding. Chapters have been developed from a symposium held in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, in March 2001, although additional contributions have also been commissioned especially for this volume. The main topics covered include: quantitative trait loci (QTL) mapping, genomics, bioinformatics and marker-assisted selection; tissue culture and alien introgression for crop improvement; and advances in genotype by environment interaction/stability analysis.
Categories: Science

Human Biology

Human Biology

Genet. 63:947–954. Weiss KM (1993) Genetic Variation and Human Diseases:
Principles and Evolutionary Approaches. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Williams-Blangero S and Blangero J (1992) Quantitative genetic analysis of skin
 ...

Author: Sara Stinson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118108048

Category: Social Science

Page: 780

View: 147

This comprehensive introduction to the field of human biology covers all the major areas of the field: genetic variation, variation related to climate, infectious and non-infectious diseases, aging, growth, nutrition, and demography. Written by four expert authors working in close collaboration, this second edition has been thoroughly updated to provide undergraduate and graduate students with two new chapters: one on race and culture and their ties to human biology, and the other a concluding summary chapter highlighting the integration and intersection of the topics covered in the book.
Categories: Social Science

Evolutionary Genetics of Invertebrate Behavior

Evolutionary Genetics of Invertebrate Behavior

Quantitative Genetic Analysis of Feeding and Oviposition Behavior in the
Polyphagous Leafminer Liriomyza sativae Sara ... evolution must be the result of
the same population genetic factors that produce evolutionary change in
morphological ...

Author: Milton Davis Huettel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306424886

Category: Medical

Page: 335

View: 750

In the preface to Sir Vincent B. Wigglesworth's classic 1939 book on insect physiology he asserted that insects provide an ideal medium in which to study all the problems of physiology. A strong case can be made as well for the use of insects as significant systems for the study of behavior and genetics. Contributions to genetics through decades of research on Drosophila species have made this small fly the most important metazoan in genetics research. At the same time, population and behavioral research on insects and other invertebrates have provid ed new perspectives that can be combined with the genetics approach. Through such in tegrated research we are able to identify evolutionary genetics of behavior as a highly signifi cant emerging area of interest. These perspectives are ably described by Dr. Guy Bush in the introductory chapter of this book. During March 21-24, 1983, many of the world's leading scientists in invertebrate behavioral genetics were drawn together in Gainesville, Florida, for a colloquium entitled "Evolutionary Genetics of Invertebrate Behavior." This conference was sponsored jointly by the Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of Florida, chaired by Dr. Daniel Shankland, and the Insect Attractants, Behavior and Basic Biology Research Laboratory, U.S. Department of Agriculture, directed then by Dr. Derrell Chambers.
Categories: Medical

Introduction to Quantitative Genetics in Forestry

Introduction to Quantitative Genetics in Forestry

This does not mean that the gene pools have not been evolving to meet new
evolutionary demands . They have been and will continue to do so . The
quantification of natural and human - directed effects on the genetic composition
and ...

Author: Gene Namkoong

Publisher:

ISBN: UVA:X002216546

Category: Agriculture

Page: 342

View: 720

Categories: Agriculture

Wiley Blackwell Student Dictionary of Human Evolution

Wiley Blackwell Student Dictionary of Human Evolution

QTL Abbreviation for quantitative trait locus (which see). qualitative variants See
nonmetrical traits. quantitative genetics A statistical subsection of genetics that
helps researchers understand the evolutionary dynamics that led to phenotypic ...

Author: Bernard Wood

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781405155069

Category: Science

Page: 472

View: 321

Not so long ago, all a student studying human evolution needed was a familiarity with the relatively sparse fossil record and what limited information there was about the context of the sites, a basic knowledge of gross anatomy and archeology, and an understanding of simple analytical methods. Times have changed. The fossil record has grown exponentially, imaging techniques have advanced dramatically, quantitative methods have burgeoned, and molecular biology has revolutionized our understanding of genetics, evolutionary history, and development. Added to this are advances in the archeological, biological, and earth sciences that help interpret the context of the fossil evidence and reconstruct behavior. But presently there is nowhere students of human evolution cna easily find out about topics as disparate as ameloblast, Coopers Cave, daily secretion rate, the effect hypothesis, homeobox genes, insolation, phylogenetically independent contrasts, quantitative trait locus, semicircular canals, and tephrostratigraphy. The Wiley Blackwell Student Dictionary of Human Evolution contains upwards of 2500 entries, all drafted with an eye on the student user. It is an indispensable source for those studying human evolution.
Categories: Science

Evolution Of Life Histories

Evolution Of Life Histories

2 Quantitative Genetic Background Life history theory and quantitative genetics
are not mutually incompatible approaches and the future of evolutionary theory
will undoubtedly see a melding of them . Attempts at unification have begun .

Author: Derek Roff

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0412023911

Category: Science

Page: 548

View: 791

There are many different types of organisms in the world: they differ in size, physiology, appearance, and life history. The challenge for evolutionary biology is to explain how such diversity arises. The Evolution of Life Histories does this by showing that natural selection is the principal underlying force molding life history variation. The book describes in particular the ways in which variation can be analyzed and predicted. It covers both the genetic and optimization approaches to life history analysis and gives an overview of the general framework of life history theory and the mathematical tools by which predictions can be made and tested. Factors affecting the age schedule of birth and death and the costs of reproduction are discussed. The Evolution of Life Histories concentrates on those theoretical developments that have been tested experimentally. It will interest both students and professionals in evolution, evolutionary ecology, mathematical and theoretical biology, and zoology and entomology.
Categories: Science

Evolutionary Biology

Evolutionary Biology

I have chosen to restrict my discussion on the limits to knowledge in evolutionary
biology to issues in quantitative genetics , the subdiscipline that deals with the
inheritance and evolution of multilocus traits . It was interest in phenotypic
diversity ...

Author: Michael T. Clegg

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306462273

Category: Medical

Page: 258

View: 832

After volume 33, this book series was replaced by the journal "Evolutionary Biology." Please visit www.springer.com/11692 for further information. The nature of science is to work on the boundaries between the known and the unknown. These boundaries shift as new methods are developed and as new concepts are elaborated (e.g., the theory of the gene, or more recently, the coalescence framework in population genetics). These tools allow us to address questions that were previously outside the realm of science, and, as a consequence, the boundary between the knowable and unknowable has shifted. A study of limits should reveal and clarify the boundaries and make sharper the set of questions. This book examines and analyzes these new limits as they are applied to evolutionary biology and population genetics. It does this by framing the analysis within four major classes of problems - establishing the fact of evolution; understanding the evolutionary pathways that led to today's biological world; mechanisms of evolutionary change (e.g., models of social behavior, sexual selection, macro evolution); and, finally, prediction.
Categories: Medical

Feminism and Evolutionary Biology

Feminism and Evolutionary Biology

Quantitative. Genetics,. Feminism,. and. Evolutionary. Theories. of. Gender.
Differences. Victoria L. Sork You have a political arrangement, and when push
comes to shove, the higher level of political authority . . . should be in the hands
of the ...

Author: Patricia Gowaty

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461559856

Category: Science

Page: 648

View: 375

Standing at the intersection of evolutionary biology and feminist theory is a large audience interested in the questions one field raises for the other. Have evolutionary biologists worked largely or strictly within a masculine paradigm, seeing males as evolving and females as merely reacting passively or carried along with the tide? Would our view of nature `red in tooth in claw' be different if women had played a larger role in the creation of evolutionary theory and through education in its transmission to younger generations? Is there any such thing as a feminist science or feminist methodology? For feminists, does any kind of biological determinism undermine their contention that gender roles purely constructed, not inherent in the human species? Does the study of animals have anything to say to those preoccupied with the evolution and behavior of humans? All these questions and many more are addressed by this book, whose contributing authors include leading scholars in both feminism and evolutionary biology. Bound to be controversial, this book is addressed to evolutionary biologists and to feminists and to the large number of people interested in women's studies.
Categories: Science

Genetics and Evolution of Aquatic Organisms

Genetics and Evolution of Aquatic Organisms

9 Genetics and aquaculture 9.1 THE APPLICATION AND RELEVANCE OF
GENETICS IN AQUACULTURE Andy R. Beaumont Abstract This section is
divided into four main parts : ( 1 ) quantitative genetics , ( 2 ) chromosome ploidy
 ...

Author: A. Beaumont

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0412493705

Category: Science

Page: 539

View: 218

This volume brings together, for the first time, a wide range of up-to-the-minute and traditional techniques and approaches to the study of genetics of organisms living in freshwater or marine habitats. Carefully edited chapters are headed by broad review articles against which are set a number of more specific experience papers which demonstrate the breadth and range of approaches currently being undertaken.
Categories: Science

Making Sense of Evolution

Making Sense of Evolution

The Holy Grail of Evolutionary Quantitative Genetics characters may evolve in
patterns that are unpredictable from G. — david houle, “genetic covariance of
fitness correlates: what genetic correlations are made of and why it matters” In
chapter ...

Author: Massimo Pigliucci

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226668352

Category: Science

Page: 236

View: 587

Making Sense of Evolution explores contemporary evolutionary biology, focusing on the elements of theories—selection, adaptation, and species—that are complex and open to multiple possible interpretations, many of which are incompatible with one another and with other accepted practices in the discipline. Particular experimental methods, for example, may demand one understanding of “selection,” while the application of the same concept to another area of evolutionary biology could necessitate a very different definition. Spotlighting these conceptual difficulties and presenting alternate theoretical interpretations that alleviate this incompatibility, Massimo Pigliucci and Jonathan Kaplan intertwine scientific and philosophical analysis to produce a coherent picture of evolutionary biology. Innovative and controversial, Making Sense of Evolution encourages further development of the Modern Synthesis and outlines what might be necessary for the continued refinement of this evolving field.
Categories: Science

Sperm Biology

Sperm Biology

Evolutionary. quantitative. genetics. of. sperm. Leigh. W. Simmons1. and. Allen. J.
Moore2. 1 Centre for Evolutionary Biology, School of Animal Biology (M092), The
University of Western Australia, Nedlands 6009, WA, Australia and 2 Centre ...

Author: Tim R. Birkhead

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080919871

Category: Science

Page: 674

View: 840

Sperm Biology represents the first analysis of the evolutionary significance of sperm phenotypes and derived sperm traits and the possible selection pressures responsible for sperm-egg coevolution. An understanding of sperm evolution is fast developing and promises to shed light on many topics from basic reproductive biology to the evolutionary process itself as well as the sperm proteome, the sperm genome and the quantitative genetics of sperm. The Editors have identified 15 topics of current interest and biological significance to cover all aspects of this bizarre, fascinating and important subject. It comprises the most comprehensive and up-to-date review of the evolution of sperm and pointers for future research, written by experts in both sperm biology and evolutionary biology. The combination of evolution and sperm is a potent mix, and this is the definitive account. The first review survey of this emerging field Written by experts from a broad array of disciplines from the physiological and biomedical to the ecological and evolutionary Sheds light on the intricacies of reproduction and the coevolution of sperm, egg and reproductive behavior
Categories: Science

Epistasis and the Evolutionary Process

Epistasis and the Evolutionary Process

Since most traits that affect fitness result from the expression of multiple loci, each
of varying effect, our understanding of the genetics of fitness-related traits and the
evolution of life histories has required the application of quantitative genetics.

Author: Lecturer Faculty of Life Sciences Jason B Wolf

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0195128060

Category: Science

Page: 330

View: 704

Over the last two decades, research into epistasis has seen explosive growth and has moved the focus of research in evolutionary genetics from a traditional additive approach. We now know the effects of genes are rarely independent, and to reach a fuller understanding of the process of evolution we need to look at gene interactions as well as gene-environment interactions. This book is an overview of non-additive evolutionary genetics, integrating all work to date on all levels of evolutionary investigation of the importance of epistasis in the evolutionary process in general. It includes a historical perspective on this emerging field, in-depth discussion of terminology, discussions of the effects of epistasis at several different levels of biological organization and combinations of theoretical and experimental approaches to analysis.
Categories: Science

Population Genetics Molecular Evolution and the Neutral Theory

Population Genetics  Molecular Evolution  and the Neutral Theory

Except for a few topics such as those in evolutionary stable strategies and
applied quantitative genetics , he has indeed covered most that have been raised
in modern evolutionary biology . He heralded a rebirth of the mathematical theory
of ...

Author: Motoo Kimura

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226435628

Category: Science

Page: 686

View: 421

One of this century's leading evolutionary biologists, Motoo Kimura revolutionized the field with his random drift theory of molecular evolution—the neutral theory—and his groundbreaking theoretical work in population genetics. This volume collects 57 of Kimura's most important papers and covers forty years of his diverse and original contributions to our understanding of how genetic variation affects evolutionary change. Kimura's neutral theory, first presented in 1968, challenged the notion that natural selection was the sole directive force in evolution. Arguing that mutations and random drift account for variations at the level of DNA and amino acids, Kimura advanced a theory of evolutionary change that was strongly challenged at first and that eventually earned the respect and interest of evolutionary biologists throughout the world. This volume includes the seminal papers on the neutral theory, as well as many others that cover such topics as population structure, variable selection intensity, the genetics of quantitative characters, inbreeding systems, and reversibility of changes by random drift. Background essays by Naoyuki Takahata examine Kimura's work in relation to its effects and recent developments in each area.
Categories: Science

Genetics of Adaptation

Genetics of Adaptation

Although genetic correlations among traits are a common feature of quantitative
genetic analyses, they have played a very ... Genetic correlations can have
important evolutionary consequences on phenotypic evolution, because changes
in ...

Author: Rodney Mauricio

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402038365

Category: Science

Page: 209

View: 852

An enduring controversy in evolutionary biology is the genetic basis of adaptation. Darwin emphasized "many slight differences" as the ultimate source of variation to be acted upon by natural selection. In the early 1900’s, this view was opposed by "Mendelian geneticists", who emphasized the importance of "macromutations" in evolution. The Modern Synthesis resolved this controversy, concluding that mutations in genes of very small effect were responsible for adaptive evolution. A decade ago, Allen Orr and Jerry Coyne reexamined the evidence for this neo-Darwinian view and found that both the theoretical and empirical basis for it were weak. Orr and Coyne encouraged evolutionary biologists to reexamine this neglected question: what is the genetic basis of adaptive evolution? In this volume, a new generation of biologists have taken up this challenge. Using advances in both molecular genetic and statistical techniques, evolutionary geneticists have made considerable progress in this emerging field. In this volume, a diversity of examples from plant and animal studies provides valuable information for those interested in the genetics and evolution of complex traits.
Categories: Science