The Evolution of Civilizations

The Evolution of Civilizations

Carroll Quigley was a legendary teacher at the Georgetown School of Foreign Service.

Author: Carroll Quigley

Publisher:

ISBN: 0758190174

Category:

Page: 281

View: 594

Carroll Quigley was a legendary teacher at the Georgetown School of Foreign Service. His course on the history of civilization was extraordinary in its scope and in its impact on his students.Like the course, "The Evolution of Civilizations" is a comprehensive and perceptive look at the factors behind the rise and fall of civilizations.Quigley defines a civilization as "a producing society with an instrument of expansion." A civilization's decline is not inevitable but occurs when its "instrument" of expansion is transformed into an "institution"--that is, when social arrangements that meet real social needs are transformed into social institutions serving their own purposes regardless of real social needs.
Categories:

The Evolution of Culture

The Evolution of Culture

One of the major works of twentieth-century anthropological theory, written by one of the discipline’s most important, complex, and controversial figures, has not been in print for several years.

Author: Leslie A White

Publisher: Left Coast Press

ISBN: 9781598741445

Category: History

Page: 378

View: 753

One of the major works of twentieth-century anthropological theory, written by one of the discipline’s most important, complex, and controversial figures, has not been in print for several years. Now Evolution of Culture is again available in paperback, allowing today’s generation of anthropologists new access to Leslie White’s crucial contribution to the theory of cultural evolution. A new, substantial introduction by Robert Carneiro and Burton J. Brown assess White’s historical importance and continuing influence in the discipline. White is credited with reintroducing evolution in a way that had a profound impact on our understanding of the relationship between technology, ecology, and culture in the development of civilizations. A materialist, he was particularly concerned with societies’ ability to harness energy as an indicator of progress, and his empirical analysis of this equation covers a vast historical span. Fearlessly tackling the most fundamental questions of culture and society during the cold war, White was frequently a lightning rod both inside and outside the academy. His book will provoke equally potent debates today, and is a key component of any course or reading list in anthropological or archaeological theory and cultural ecology.
Categories: History

Caciques and Their People

Caciques and Their People

In: The Cloud People: Divergent Evolution of the Zapotec and Mixtec Civilizations
, edited by Kent V. Flannery and Joyce Marcus, pp. 20–26. San Diego: Academic
Press. The cultural legacy of the Oaxacan Preceramic (co-authored with Joyce ...

Author: Joyce Marcus

Publisher: University of Michigan Museum

ISBN: 9780915703371

Category: Social Science

Page: 300

View: 256

"Articles review Spores' contributions to Mixtec archaeology, ethnohistory, and ethnology. Other topics include archaeological theory, the colonial period, Xaltocâan, Cholula, codex-style vessel from Nochixtlan, Codex Selden, irrigation in Mixtec cacicazgos and Cuicatlan, Mixtec cacicazgos organization, Spanish conquest of Oaxaca, Zapotec inauguration, and Tehuantepec barrio organization"--Handbook of Latin American Studies, v. 57.
Categories: Social Science

Social Evolution

Social Evolution

This extraordinary period in the world's history possesses the deepest interest for
the scientific mind . At that time a civilization , not only the most powerful and
successful which man had so far evolved , but in which all previous civilizations
had ...

Author: Benjamin Kidd

Publisher:

ISBN: NYPL:33433081958682

Category: Civilization

Page: 310

View: 517

Categories: Civilization

Soviet Astronomy

Soviet Astronomy

Civilizations start to appear as the period of evolution into intelligent life and
civilization , since intelbiological evolution ends . Curve 4 corresponds to the
assumption that the average time of evolution T , is equal to ligence is a social
category ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015019033698

Category: Astronomy

Page:

View: 771

Categories: Astronomy

NASA Technical Translation

NASA Technical Translation

variance in the rates of evolution is not pronounced . Thus , Macgovan and
Ordway / 1 / give three different distribution curves for the length of time between
the inception of life and the appearance of civilization . In each of these
distribution ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B3096295

Category: Science

Page:

View: 289

Categories: Science

Excavations at Cerro Tilcajete

Excavations at Cerro Tilcajete

In The Cloud People: Divergent Evolution of the Zapotec and Mixtec Civilizations,
edited by K.V. Flannery and J. Marcus, pp. 113-15. New York: Academic Press.
1983b The reconstructed chronology of the later Zapotec rulers. In The Cloud ...

Author: Christina M. Elson

Publisher: University of Michigan Museum

ISBN: 9780915703661

Category: Social Science

Page: 138

View: 819

This volume¿the fourteenth in the monograph series on the prehistory and human ecology of the Valley of Oaxaca, Mexico¿focuses on Cerro Tilcajete, a secondary administrative center below Monte Albán, the capital of the prehispanic Zapotec state. After defeating the Tilcajete region, Monte Albán created a new administrative center for the Ocatlán region: Cerro Tilcajete. Elson's excavations at the Period II center showed that, in contrast to San José Mogote, Cerro Tilcajete was a newly created regional center rather than a reoccupation of an earlier site, and documented the nature of Cerro Tilcajete's ties to Monte Albán, especially the links between the elite families at the capital and those at Cerro Tilcajete. Elson deftly moves us away from the top-down, capital-centric focus, and in so doing, gives us new insights into secondary administrative centers in a pristine state.
Categories: Social Science

Civilizations development and species origin technologies

Civilizations development and species origin technologies

These evolutionary sequence «leaps» originated the term «spasmodic evolution
». The evolutionary theory supporters believe that the paleontological data'
incompleteness can be explained by the fact that dead organisms were quick to ...

Author: Vadym Valeriyovych Korpachev

Publisher: Strelbytskyy Multimedia Publishing

ISBN: PKEY:SMP2300000075922

Category: Education

Page:

View: 895

The origin of life on Earth is the basic view of the world’s concept. At present, its origin and development are treated either from the scientific evolutionary theory points of view or religious mythological ones. At the same time, the evolutionary theory fails to provide grounded explanations to a lot of events which have happened and are observed in nature. The data related to the complexity of life processes genetic programming and many biology and palaeontological facts cast doubt on the possibility of spontaneous occurrence of protein organisms during evolutionary transformations. They indicate that the protein life development occurred in the direction of the planned improvement through the complex technology’s implementation which requires specific scientific knowledge. Therefore, the necessity to formulate the new technological concept of the life appearance on Earth which is provided by the given book has occurred. It summarizes numerous well-known facts which are being interpreted as the result of the highly developed civilization technological developments. The stated views have more grounds for existence than the evolutionary theory and biblical ideas about the divine creation of the world. The fact that society treats all the ideas of the life creation as religious ones and that they are used by the theologians turns out to be the ideological problem. The book is aimed at overcoming the barrier of such non-perception. The analysis performed allows the reader to understand in which cases random events occur, and in which ones there is a logical purposeful intelligent activity, the result of which is the development of self-replicating protein organisms programmed to perform the work necessary to meet the needs of their creators on Earth. Reflections on the possible material nature of the highly developed mind carriers are given. According to the author, a human being is not a passive observer of random evolutionary changes in nature, but has his mission in the artificially developed system of energy supply of Earth along with other protein organisms. If the protein world, including humans, has been created for a specific purpose, then mankind must not violate its implementation and should follow its mission. A new worldview should introduce changes in the main mankind’s activity spheres: science, politics, religion and the human being’s personal life. The book is designed for a wide range of readers of various specialties. Conceptually, it is important for people who do not share the evolutionary theory provisions and existing religious beliefs.
Categories: Education

Profiles in Cultural Evolution

Profiles in Cultural Evolution

One of the major themes of his analysis is the refutation of all primemover
theories in the evolution of the state. ... According to him, Egypt and the Indus
River Valley were civilizations, but they lacked urbanism as defined by Childe (
ibid., 246).

Author: A. Terry Rambo

Publisher: University of Michigan Museum

ISBN: 9780915703234

Category: Social Science

Page: 450

View: 443

Categories: Social Science

The Evolution of Civilization

The Evolution of Civilization

Chapter 3 THE TENDENCY TOWARD ENTROPY AND CIVILIZATION 1. ...
Entropy in less evolved civilizations In a not - too - distant past , many areas of the
world were occupied by small societies which were more or less 97 isolated from
 ...

Author: Niels G. Röling

Publisher:

ISBN: MSU:31293031688603

Category: Communication

Page: 432

View: 764

Categories: Communication

The Empire of Civilization

The Empire of Civilization

From the Crusades to the colonial era to the global war on terror, this sweeping volume exposes “civilization” as a stage-managed account of history that legitimizes imperialism, uniformity, and conformity to Western standards, ...

Author: Brett Bowden

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226068169

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 245

The term “civilization” comes with considerable baggage, dichotomizing people, cultures, and histories as “civilized”—or not. While the idea of civilization has been deployed throughout history to justify all manner of interventions and sociopolitical engineering, few scholars have stopped to consider what the concept actually means. Here, Brett Bowden examines how the idea of civilization has informed our thinking about international relations over the course of ten centuries. From the Crusades to the colonial era to the global war on terror, this sweeping volume exposes “civilization” as a stage-managed account of history that legitimizes imperialism, uniformity, and conformity to Western standards, culminating in a liberal-democratic global order. Along the way, Bowden explores the variety of confrontations and conquests—as well as those peoples and places excluded or swept aside—undertaken in the name of civilization. Concluding that the “West and the rest” have more commonalities than differences,this provocative and engaging bookultimately points the way toward an authentic intercivilizational dialogue that emphasizes cooperation over clashes.
Categories: Political Science

The Evolution of Civilization

The Evolution of Civilization

Yet Egypt had played a fine part in the evolution of civilization . On the tombs of
governors and officials who died nearly five thousand years ago we repeatedly
find such epitaphs as : " He gave bread to the hungry , drink to the thirsty , and ...

Author: Joseph McCabe

Publisher:

ISBN: WISC:89096331152

Category: Civilization

Page: 138

View: 922

Categories: Civilization

Teaching the Evolution of Civilization

Teaching the Evolution of Civilization

They were taught when they first learned their letters a section of civilization ; they
were never before taught the evolution of civilization . It is difficult to think of any
lesson on social invention which could serve to bring into clear perspective the ...

Author: Charles Hubbard Judd

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015062780658

Category: Social sciences

Page: 137

View: 640

Categories: Social sciences

Essays on Human Evolution

Essays on Human Evolution

Sir Arthur Keith. ESSAY XXII CIVILIZATION AND HUMAN EVOLUTION AIM AT
DIVERGENT GOALS Synopsis . The student of evolution and the man of letters
measure civilization by different standards . The standard of Gibbon , the
historian .

Author: Sir Arthur Keith

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015002635145

Category: Evolution

Page: 224

View: 637

Categories: Evolution

The Rise and Fall of Civilizations Modern Archaeological Approaches to Ancient Cultures

The Rise and Fall of Civilizations  Modern Archaeological Approaches to Ancient Cultures

It is our belief that this latter approach has the greatest promise for the elucidation
of the evolution of particular civilizations and the revelation of possible cross -
cultural regularities . When talking about systems , we start with Wagner ' s ( 1960
 ...

Author: Stephen Phillips Professor of Archaeology and Ethnology C C Lamberg-Karlovsky

Publisher: Addison-Wesley

ISBN: UVA:X000512712

Category: Travel

Page: 485

View: 761

Categories: Travel

Irrigation Civilizations

Irrigation Civilizations

THE IRRIGATION CIVILIZATIONS : A SYMPOSIUM ON METHOD AND RESULT
IN CROSS - CULTURAL REGULARITIES INTRODUCTION Julian H. STEWARD
Among the main currents in anthropology , evolution has held a considerable ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UIUC:30112004354517

Category: America

Page: 212

View: 535

Categories: America

Biocultural Evolution

Biocultural Evolution

Was Jericho an early civilization ? If not , it came pretty close . Anthropologists
often examine societies sufficiently far along in the process of cultural evolution
that everyone agrees they represent civilizations . There are a number of these ...

Author: Kenneth L. Beals

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39076005035717

Category: Human evolution

Page: 113

View: 249

Categories: Human evolution

Myths of the Archaic State

Myths of the Archaic State

Presents a new multi-layered model for the evolution of ancient societies.

Author: Yoffee Norman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521521564

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 277

View: 820

Presents a new multi-layered model for the evolution of ancient societies.
Categories: Literary Criticism

International Symposium on Dialogue Among Civilizations Interaction Between Nomadic and Other Cultures of Central Asia

International Symposium on  Dialogue Among Civilizations  Interaction Between Nomadic and Other Cultures of Central Asia

Alternativity of Social Evolution : Introductory Notes . ... Essai sur l ' évolution du
nombre des hommes . ... The Evolution of Nomadic Herding Civilizations in the
Northern European Steppes : the Tools of Archaeology and History Compared .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: IND:30000115881207

Category: Asia, Central

Page: 177

View: 177

Contributed articles.
Categories: Asia, Central