Carroll Quigley was a legendary teacher at the Georgetown School of Foreign Service.
Author: Carroll Quigley
Carroll Quigley was a legendary teacher at the Georgetown School of Foreign Service. His course on the history of civilization was extraordinary in its scope and in its impact on his students.Like the course, "The Evolution of Civilizations" is a comprehensive and perceptive look at the factors behind the rise and fall of civilizations.Quigley defines a civilization as "a producing society with an instrument of expansion." A civilization's decline is not inevitable but occurs when its "instrument" of expansion is transformed into an "institution"--that is, when social arrangements that meet real social needs are transformed into social institutions serving their own purposes regardless of real social needs.
One of the major works of twentieth-century anthropological theory, written by one of the discipline’s most important, complex, and controversial figures, has not been in print for several years.
Author: Leslie A White
Publisher: Left Coast Press
One of the major works of twentieth-century anthropological theory, written by one of the discipline’s most important, complex, and controversial figures, has not been in print for several years. Now Evolution of Culture is again available in paperback, allowing today’s generation of anthropologists new access to Leslie White’s crucial contribution to the theory of cultural evolution. A new, substantial introduction by Robert Carneiro and Burton J. Brown assess White’s historical importance and continuing influence in the discipline. White is credited with reintroducing evolution in a way that had a profound impact on our understanding of the relationship between technology, ecology, and culture in the development of civilizations. A materialist, he was particularly concerned with societies’ ability to harness energy as an indicator of progress, and his empirical analysis of this equation covers a vast historical span. Fearlessly tackling the most fundamental questions of culture and society during the cold war, White was frequently a lightning rod both inside and outside the academy. His book will provoke equally potent debates today, and is a key component of any course or reading list in anthropological or archaeological theory and cultural ecology.
In: The Cloud People: Divergent Evolution of the Zapotec and Mixtec Civilizations
, edited by Kent V. Flannery and Joyce Marcus, pp. 20–26. San Diego: Academic
Press. The cultural legacy of the Oaxacan Preceramic (co-authored with Joyce ...
Author: Joyce Marcus
Publisher: University of Michigan Museum
Category: Social Science
"Articles review Spores' contributions to Mixtec archaeology, ethnohistory, and ethnology. Other topics include archaeological theory, the colonial period, Xaltocâan, Cholula, codex-style vessel from Nochixtlan, Codex Selden, irrigation in Mixtec cacicazgos and Cuicatlan, Mixtec cacicazgos organization, Spanish conquest of Oaxaca, Zapotec inauguration, and Tehuantepec barrio organization"--Handbook of Latin American Studies, v. 57.
This extraordinary period in the world's history possesses the deepest interest for
the scientific mind . At that time a civilization , not only the most powerful and
successful which man had so far evolved , but in which all previous civilizations
Civilizations start to appear as the period of evolution into intelligent life and civilization , since intelbiological evolution ends . Curve 4 corresponds to the
assumption that the average time of evolution T , is equal to ligence is a social
variance in the rates of evolution is not pronounced . Thus , Macgovan and
Ordway / 1 / give three different distribution curves for the length of time between
the inception of life and the appearance of civilization . In each of these
In The Cloud People: Divergent Evolution of the Zapotec and Mixtec Civilizations,
edited by K.V. Flannery and J. Marcus, pp. 113-15. New York: Academic Press.
1983b The reconstructed chronology of the later Zapotec rulers. In The Cloud ...
Author: Christina M. Elson
Publisher: University of Michigan Museum
Category: Social Science
This volume¿the fourteenth in the monograph series on the prehistory and human ecology of the Valley of Oaxaca, Mexico¿focuses on Cerro Tilcajete, a secondary administrative center below Monte Albán, the capital of the prehispanic Zapotec state. After defeating the Tilcajete region, Monte Albán created a new administrative center for the Ocatlán region: Cerro Tilcajete. Elson's excavations at the Period II center showed that, in contrast to San José Mogote, Cerro Tilcajete was a newly created regional center rather than a reoccupation of an earlier site, and documented the nature of Cerro Tilcajete's ties to Monte Albán, especially the links between the elite families at the capital and those at Cerro Tilcajete. Elson deftly moves us away from the top-down, capital-centric focus, and in so doing, gives us new insights into secondary administrative centers in a pristine state.
Author: Vadym Valeriyovych KorpachevPublish On: 2020-07-07
These evolutionary sequence «leaps» originated the term «spasmodic evolution
». The evolutionary theory supporters believe that the paleontological data'
incompleteness can be explained by the fact that dead organisms were quick to ...
Author: Vadym Valeriyovych Korpachev
Publisher: Strelbytskyy Multimedia Publishing
The origin of life on Earth is the basic view of the world’s concept. At present, its origin and development are treated either from the scientific evolutionary theory points of view or religious mythological ones. At the same time, the evolutionary theory fails to provide grounded explanations to a lot of events which have happened and are observed in nature. The data related to the complexity of life processes genetic programming and many biology and palaeontological facts cast doubt on the possibility of spontaneous occurrence of protein organisms during evolutionary transformations. They indicate that the protein life development occurred in the direction of the planned improvement through the complex technology’s implementation which requires specific scientific knowledge. Therefore, the necessity to formulate the new technological concept of the life appearance on Earth which is provided by the given book has occurred. It summarizes numerous well-known facts which are being interpreted as the result of the highly developed civilization technological developments. The stated views have more grounds for existence than the evolutionary theory and biblical ideas about the divine creation of the world. The fact that society treats all the ideas of the life creation as religious ones and that they are used by the theologians turns out to be the ideological problem. The book is aimed at overcoming the barrier of such non-perception. The analysis performed allows the reader to understand in which cases random events occur, and in which ones there is a logical purposeful intelligent activity, the result of which is the development of self-replicating protein organisms programmed to perform the work necessary to meet the needs of their creators on Earth. Reflections on the possible material nature of the highly developed mind carriers are given. According to the author, a human being is not a passive observer of random evolutionary changes in nature, but has his mission in the artificially developed system of energy supply of Earth along with other protein organisms. If the protein world, including humans, has been created for a specific purpose, then mankind must not violate its implementation and should follow its mission. A new worldview should introduce changes in the main mankind’s activity spheres: science, politics, religion and the human being’s personal life. The book is designed for a wide range of readers of various specialties. Conceptually, it is important for people who do not share the evolutionary theory provisions and existing religious beliefs.
One of the major themes of his analysis is the refutation of all primemover
theories in the evolution of the state. ... According to him, Egypt and the Indus
River Valley were civilizations, but they lacked urbanism as defined by Childe (
Chapter 3 THE TENDENCY TOWARD ENTROPY AND CIVILIZATION 1. ...
Entropy in less evolved civilizations In a not - too - distant past , many areas of the
world were occupied by small societies which were more or less 97 isolated from
From the Crusades to the colonial era to the global war on terror, this sweeping volume exposes “civilization” as a stage-managed account of history that legitimizes imperialism, uniformity, and conformity to Western standards, ...
Author: Brett Bowden
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Category: Political Science
The term “civilization” comes with considerable baggage, dichotomizing people, cultures, and histories as “civilized”—or not. While the idea of civilization has been deployed throughout history to justify all manner of interventions and sociopolitical engineering, few scholars have stopped to consider what the concept actually means. Here, Brett Bowden examines how the idea of civilization has informed our thinking about international relations over the course of ten centuries. From the Crusades to the colonial era to the global war on terror, this sweeping volume exposes “civilization” as a stage-managed account of history that legitimizes imperialism, uniformity, and conformity to Western standards, culminating in a liberal-democratic global order. Along the way, Bowden explores the variety of confrontations and conquests—as well as those peoples and places excluded or swept aside—undertaken in the name of civilization. Concluding that the “West and the rest” have more commonalities than differences,this provocative and engaging bookultimately points the way toward an authentic intercivilizational dialogue that emphasizes cooperation over clashes.
Yet Egypt had played a fine part in the evolution of civilization . On the tombs of
governors and officials who died nearly five thousand years ago we repeatedly
find such epitaphs as : " He gave bread to the hungry , drink to the thirsty , and ...
They were taught when they first learned their letters a section of civilization ; they
were never before taught the evolution of civilization . It is difficult to think of any
lesson on social invention which could serve to bring into clear perspective the ...
Sir Arthur Keith. ESSAY XXII CIVILIZATION AND HUMAN EVOLUTION AIM AT
DIVERGENT GOALS Synopsis . The student of evolution and the man of letters
measure civilization by different standards . The standard of Gibbon , the
Author: Stephen Phillips Professor of Archaeology and Ethnology C C Lamberg-KarlovskyPublish On: 1974
It is our belief that this latter approach has the greatest promise for the elucidation
of the evolution of particular civilizations and the revelation of possible cross -
cultural regularities . When talking about systems , we start with Wagner ' s ( 1960
Author: Stephen Phillips Professor of Archaeology and Ethnology C C Lamberg-Karlovsky
THE IRRIGATION CIVILIZATIONS : A SYMPOSIUM ON METHOD AND RESULT
IN CROSS - CULTURAL REGULARITIES INTRODUCTION Julian H. STEWARD
Among the main currents in anthropology , evolution has held a considerable ...
Was Jericho an early civilization ? If not , it came pretty close . Anthropologists
often examine societies sufficiently far along in the process of cultural evolution
that everyone agrees they represent civilizations . There are a number of these ...
Alternativity of Social Evolution : Introductory Notes . ... Essai sur l ' évolution du
nombre des hommes . ... The Evolution of Nomadic Herding Civilizations in the
Northern European Steppes : the Tools of Archaeology and History Compared .