Evaluating and Valuing in Social Research

Evaluating and Valuing in Social Research

In contrast, this groundbreaking book offers an alternative approach that incorporates sustained, systematic reflection about researchers' values, what values research promotes, how decisions about what to value are made and by whom, and ...

Author: Thomas A. Schwandt

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 9781462547357

Category: Social Science

Page: 250

View: 282

Much applied research takes place as if complex social problems--and evaluations of interventions to address them--can be dealt with in a purely technical way. In contrast, this groundbreaking book offers an alternative approach that incorporates sustained, systematic reflection about researchers' values, what values research promotes, how decisions about what to value are made and by whom, and how judging the value of social interventions takes place. The authors offer practical and conceptual guidance to help researchers engage meaningfully with value conflicts and refine their capacity to engage in deliberative argumentation. Pedagogical features include a detailed evaluation case, "Bridge to Practice" exercises and annotated resources in most chapters, and an end-of-book glossary.
Categories: Social Science

Evaluating and Valuing in Social Research

Evaluating and Valuing in Social Research

RQ+ (Research Quality Plus), 105–106 Rubrics, 105–106 Science, value-free. ... See also Evaluation/evaluating Social science, 57–61, 62 Social value systems ...

Author: Thomas A. Schwandt

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 9781462547333

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 242

View: 810

"This book offers conceptual and practical guidance to social researchers and evaluators who intend to navigate the tangled and complicated terrain of values, valuing, and evaluating. We focus on understanding how these phenomena and associated practices are at work in social research, what investigators can and should do in dealing with such matters, and how their actions relate to longstanding concerns about objectivity, impartiality, the nature and use of evidence, and the purpose(s) of applied social research. Our primary aim is to help researchers become more explicit about values, valuing and evaluative judgments in their practices and to refine their capacity to engage in deliberative argumentation guided by standards of reasonableness"--
Categories: Business & Economics

Values in Evaluation and Social Research

Values in Evaluation and Social Research

Values in Evaluation and Social Research provides a compelling examination of the concept of values in program evaluation.

Author: Ernest . House

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0761911553

Category: Social Science

Page: 152

View: 857

The authors use the tools of philosophy and the insights from evaluation practice to cut through current confusion about values and the interplay of facts and values. Four views of facts and values in evaluation are analyzed: those rooted in a fact-value dichotomy and those of radical constructivists, postmodernists, and deliberative democrats. The arguments are tough, the prose concise, and the insights compelling.
Categories: Social Science

How to Use Qualitative Methods in Evaluation

How to Use Qualitative Methods in Evaluation

This volume presents an introduction to the approach--differentiates it in the method and philosophy from more traditional quantitative methods; specifies the kinds of evaluation questions for which it is most appropriate; and explains the ...

Author: Michael Quinn Patton

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0803931298

Category: Education

Page: 176

View: 712

Introduces the reader to qualitative approaches--a major development in the field of evaluation during the last decade. This volume presents an introduction to the approach--differentiates it in the method and philosophy from more traditional quantitative methods; specifies the kinds of evaluation questions for which it is most appropriate; and explains the design decisions and sampling strategies which underlie its implementation. Step-by-step guides for planning and conducting fieldwork and observations; doing in-depth interviewing; analyzing, interpreting and reporting results; and many examples--from a wide range of disciplines and professions--clarify the use of qualitative methods in evaluations.
Categories: Education

Creative Evaluation

Creative Evaluation

This book is worth reading just for its lively, humorous and thought provoking collection of quotes about evaluation and much more.' -- Evaluation Division Newsletter, July 1983

Author: Michael Quinn Patton

Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated

ISBN: UOM:39015038896570

Category: Social Science

Page: 295

View: 604

Patton draws on his experiences in over 200 evaluation workshops, 80 evaluation projects and extensive consultations, to explore the actual processes of evaluation as it is practised -- and ways of transcending them. Patton shows how to move beyond the usual limitations of the discipline through imaginative search procedures, communication techniques, group relations, and ways of thinking. `Patton brings to the frustrated, joyless or just plain tired evaluator an entertaining and stimulating book...This book is worth reading just for its lively, humorous and thought provoking collection of quotes about evaluation and much more.' -- Evaluation Division Newsletter, July 1983
Categories: Social Science

Qualitative Research Evaluation Methods

Qualitative Research   Evaluation Methods

Now offering more balance between applied research and evaluation, this Fourth Edition of Qualitative Research & Evaluation Methods illuminates all aspects of qualitative inquiry through new examples, stories, and cartoons; more than a ...

Author: Michael Quinn Patton

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 9781483301457

Category: Social Science

Page: 832

View: 198

Drawing on more than 40 years of experience conducting applied social science research and program evaluation, author Michael Quinn Patton has crafted the most comprehensive and systematic book on qualitative research and evaluation methods, inquiry frameworks, and analysis options available today. Now offering more balance between applied research and evaluation, this Fourth Edition of Qualitative Research & Evaluation Methods illuminates all aspects of qualitative inquiry through new examples, stories, and cartoons; more than a hundred new summarizing and synthesizing exhibits; and a wide range of new highlight sections/sidebars that elaborate on important and emergent issues. For the first time, full case studies are included to illustrate extended research and evaluation examples. In addition, each chapter features an extended "rumination," written in a voice and style more emphatic and engaging than traditional textbook style, about a core issue of persistent debate and controversy.
Categories: Social Science

Political Pressures on Educational and Social Research

Political Pressures on Educational and Social Research

8.4 Assessment not evaluation Assessing research impact is, therefore, challenging. Valuing the work of universities can be difficult and controversial due ...

Author: Karen Trimmer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317366591

Category: Education

Page: 220

View: 425

Political Pressures on Educational and Social Research draws upon a variety of theoretical and methodological approaches to consider the problems that can arise when research findings diverge from political directions for policy. Chapters explore the impacts this can have on the researchers, as well as the influence it has on the research, including the methodology and the publication of results. The book offers innovative ways of seeing how these connect, overlap and interact, revealing particular issues of concern for researchers and evaluators in the context of research internationally. Key topics include the power and positioning of research, evidence based policy development, ethics and the importance of research that seeks to explore and discover knowledge. The book is divided into two sections. The first presents chapters from international academics, which provide a theoretical underpinning and discussion of power, policy, ethics and their influence on research resourcing, autonomy, purpose and methodology. The second section explores specific case studies and instances from the authors’ own experiences in the field. This book offers an interesting and enlightening insight into the sometimes political nature of research and will appeal to researchers, evaluators and postgraduate students in the fields of education and the social sciences. It will be of particular interest to those studying research methods.
Categories: Education

Measuring and Valuing Health Benefits for Economic Evaluation

Measuring and Valuing Health Benefits for Economic Evaluation

From a different angle: a novel approach to health valuation. Social Science and Medicine 70:169–74. Cunningham S, Hunt N (2000).

Author: John Brazier

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198725923

Category:

Page: 372

View: 568

There are not enough resources in health care systems around the world to fund all technically feasible and potentially beneficial health care interventions. Difficult choices have to be made, and economic evaluation offers a systematic and transparent process for informing such choices. A keycomponent of economic evaluation is how to value the benefits of health care in a way that permits comparison between health care interventions, such as through costs per quality-adjusted life years (QALY).Measuring and Valuing Health Benefits for Economic Evaluation examines the measurement and valuation of health benefits, reviews the explosion of theoretical and empirical work in the field, and explores an area of research that continues to be a major source of debate. It addresses the keyquestions in the field including: the definition of health, the techniques of valuation, who should provide the values, techniques for modelling health state values, the appropriateness of tools in children and vulnerable groups, cross cultural issues, and the problem of choosing the rightinstrument.This new edition contains updated empirical examples and practical applications, which help to clarify the readers understanding of real world contexts. It features a glossary containing the common terms used by practitioners, and has been updated to cover new measures of health and wellbeing, suchas ICECAP, ASCOT and AQOL. It takes into account new research into the social weighting of a QALY, the rising use of ordinal valuation techniques, use of the internet to collect data, and the use of health state utility values in cost effectiveness models.This is an ideal resource for anyone wishing to gain a specialised understanding of health benefit measurement in economic evaluation, especially those working in the fields of health economics, public sector economics, pharmacoeconomics, health services research, public health, and quality of liferesearch.
Categories:

The SAGE Handbook of Social Science Methodology

The SAGE Handbook of Social Science Methodology

In the very earliest days of the history of social research, questionnaires were ... in his chapter on evaluation research, calls the value-free approach.

Author: William Outhwaite

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781446206454

Category: Social Science

Page: 640

View: 517

"An excellent guidebook through different approaches to social science measurement, including the all-important route-maps that show us how to get there." - Roger Jowell, City University "In this wide-ranging collection of chapters, written by acknowledged experts in their fields, Outhwaite and Turner have brought together material in one volume which will provide an extremely important platform for consideration of the full range of contemporary analytical and methodological issues." - Charles Crothers, Auckland University of Technology This is a jewel among methods Handbooks, bringing together a formidable collection of international contributors to comment on every aspect of the various central issues, complications and controversies in the core methodological traditions. It is designed to meet the needs of those disciplinary and nondisciplinary problem-oriented social inquirers for a comprehensive overview of the methodological literature. The text is divided into 7 sections: Overviews of methodological approaches in the social sciences Cases, comparisons and theory Quantification and experiment Rationality, complexity and collectivity Interpretation, critique and postmodernity Discourse construction Engagement. Edited by two leading figures in the field, the Handbook is a landmark work in the field of research methods. More than just a 'cookbook' that teaches readers how to master techniques, it will give social scientists in all disciplines an appreciation for the full range of methodological debates today, from the quantitative to the qualitative, giving them deeper and sharpen insights into their own research questions. It will generate debate, solutions and a series of questions for researchers to exploit and develop in their research and teaching.
Categories: Social Science

The SAGE Glossary of the Social and Behavioral Sciences

The SAGE Glossary of the Social and Behavioral Sciences

More often than not, policy evaluation is not accounted for in program budgets, ... practiced in the social sciences, evaluators purposefully ascribe value.

Author: Larry E. Sullivan

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781412951432

Category: Social Science

Page: 577

View: 281

Highly accessible A-Z of the major terms in the social and behavioural sciences, spanning anthropology, communication and media studies, criminal justice, economics, education, geography, human services, management, political science, psychology and sociology.
Categories: Social Science

Qualitative Research Evaluation Methods

Qualitative Research   Evaluation Methods

Covers : Conceptual issues in qualitative inquiry, Qualitative designs and data collection and Analysis, interpretation, and reporting.

Author: Michael Quinn Patton

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0761919716

Category: Science

Page: 598

View: 258

The book that has been a resource and training tool for countless applied researchers, evaluators, and graduate students has been completely revised with hundreds of new examples and stories illuminating all aspects of qualitative inquiry. Patton has created the most comprehensive, systematic and up-to-date review of qualitative methods available. Patton has retained and expanded upon the Exhibits that highlight and summarize major issues and guidelines, the summative sections, tables, and figures as well as the sage advice of the Sufi Master, Halcolm. This revision will help readers integrate and make sense of the great volume of qualitative works published in the past decade.
Categories: Science

Concept Mapping for Planning and Evaluation

Concept Mapping for Planning and Evaluation

This is a complete guide to the concept mapping methodology and strategies behind using it for a broad range of social scientists - including students, researchers and practitioners.

Author: Mary Kane

Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated

ISBN: STANFORD:36105114439016

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 688

This is a complete guide to the concept mapping methodology and strategies behind using it for a broad range of social scientists - including students, researchers and practitioners.
Categories: Social Science

Valuing Interdisciplinary Collaborative Research

Valuing Interdisciplinary Collaborative Research

Government Social Research Unit (2007). The Magenta Book: Guidance Notes for Policy Evaluation and Analysis. London: HM Treasury Haynes, L., Service, O., ...

Author: Facer, Keri

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 9781447331629

Category: Education

Page: 272

View: 534

Universities are increasingly taking an active role as research collaborators with citizens, public bodies, and community organisations but they, their funders and institutions struggle to articulate the value of this work. This book addresses the key challenges in collaborative research in the arts, humanities and social sciences.
Categories: Education

Everyday Evaluation on the Run Third Edition

Everyday Evaluation on the Run  Third Edition

In a way, social research or social science has as much to learn from the value-explicit nature of its evaluation elements, as evaluation has to learn from ...

Author: Yoland Wadsworth

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781315428840

Category: Social Science

Page: 236

View: 311

Evaluating programs has become a fixture in the human service sector. In many cases, program staff are asked to conduct the evaluation without any training on how to properly do it. This widely used introduction to evaluation is intended for non-specialists who need to do evaluation as part of a busy workload. The book offers a practical overview of the main approaches to evaluation, strategies for involving stakeholders, and the evaluation industry’s toolbox of models and techniques. The author emphasizes the core principles and concepts of evaluation, and provides extensive examples. This third edition reflects current thinking on values in organizations and the need to use evaluation to guide future practice. It is a handy reference for professionals and students in health, welfare, and community work, and in government and non-profit agencies.
Categories: Social Science

Promoting Value in the Public Interest Informing Policies for Judging Value in Evaluation

Promoting Value in the Public Interest  Informing Policies for Judging Value in Evaluation

VALUING, EVALUATION METHODS, AND POLITICIZATION References Abt, C. C. (1977). Perspectives on the costs and benefits of applied social research (p. 4).

Author: George Julnes

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118310489

Category: Psychology

Page: 128

View: 210

Do you make evidence-based decisions when designing and conducting evaluations, and use methods validated by experience? Because of the growing importance of evidence-based decision-making for improving programs and policies, this issue examines methods selection: Which is better? How can one be improved? Are the results of the project worth the resources expended? and how that leads to confidence in value-based conclusions. It presents a constructive dialogue on valuing in evaluation, with the goal of developing a pragmatic approach for guiding method choice and for promoting methodology policies that support multiple approaches to valuation being employed in context-appropriate ways so as to serve the public interest. This is the 133rd volume of the Jossey-Bass quarterly report series New Directions for Evaluation, an official publication of the American Evaluation Association.
Categories: Psychology

Valuing Ecosystem Services

Valuing Ecosystem Services

Toward Better Environmental Decision-Making National Research Council, ... Water Science and Technology Board, Committee on Assessing and Valuing the ...

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309093187

Category: Science

Page: 290

View: 304

Nutrient recycling, habitat for plants and animals, flood control, and water supply are among the many beneficial services provided by aquatic ecosystems. In making decisions about human activities, such as draining a wetland for a housing development, it is essential to consider both the value of the development and the value of the ecosystem services that could be lost. Despite a growing recognition of the importance of ecosystem services, their value is often overlooked in environmental decision-making. This report identifies methods for assigning economic value to ecosystem servicesâ€"even intangible onesâ€"and calls for greater collaboration between ecologists and economists in such efforts.
Categories: Science

Contingent Valuation

Contingent Valuation

“The Evaluation of River Water Quality Improvements by the Contingent ... “Contingent Valuation: A Social Sciences Kaleidoscope,” Paper presented at the ...

Author: R. Carson

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9780857936288

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 464

View: 502

This major reference work the first of its kind provides a comprehensive and authoritative introduction to the large and growing literature on contingent valuation. It includes entries on over 7,500 contingent valuation papers and studies from over 130 countries covering both the published and grey literatures. This book provides an interpretive historical account of the development of contingent valuation, the most commonly used approach to placing a value on goods not normally sold in the marketplace. The major fields catalogued here include culture, the environment, and health application. This bibliography is an ideal starting point for researchers wanting to find other studies that have valued goods or used techniques similar to those they are interested in. For those wanting to conduct meta analyses, the book will serve as an invaluable guide to source material. For those wanting to conduct meta analyses, the book will serve as an invaluable guide to source material. In addition to the print edition we offer access, for purchasers of the book, to a website providing the contents of as a searchable Word document and in a variety of standard bibliographic database forms. Contingent Valuation is an indispensable reference source for researchers, scholars and policymakers concerned with survey approaches to the problem of environmental valuation.
Categories: Business & Economics

The Evaluation of Social Policies

The Evaluation of Social Policies

Valuation In the scientific approach, science is more than a method. It is the principal Source of values to guide — or, more accurately, to permeate — the ...

Author: J.A. Crane

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400973831

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 221

View: 800

Categories: Business & Economics

Making Monitoring and Evaluation Systems Work

Making Monitoring and Evaluation Systems Work

Shows awareness of evaluation history and knowledge. Appreciates the linkages and differences between evaluation and social research.

Author: Marelize G ergens

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821381873

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 526

View: 183

This manual explains the skills and steps for making a monitoring and evaluation system that functions well, organizing the people, processes and partnershipsso that they collect and use good information that can be used by decision makers and other stakeholders.
Categories: Business & Economics

Research and Evaluation Methods in Special Education

Research and Evaluation Methods in Special Education

According to Patton (1997) “Merit refers to the intrinsic value of a program, ... and Lipsey (1999), “program evaluation is the use of social research ...

Author: Donna M. Mertens

Publisher: Corwin Press

ISBN: 9781452212159

Category: Education

Page: 296

View: 192

This excellent resource provides an approach to research and evaluation that helps educators better understand and address the needs of students with various disabilities.
Categories: Education