European Wood-pastures in Transition

A Social-ecological Approach

Author: Tibor Hartel,Tobias Plieninger

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135139113

Category: Nature

Page: 322

View: 8958


Wood-pastures are important elements of European cultural identity and have an exceptional ecological value, yet they are in decline all over Europe. The structure of wood-pastures is strongly influenced by grazing and multiple other land uses and by local and regional environmental conditions. This book examines the diverse expressions of wood-pastures across Europe. It provides a new perspective, using a social-ecological framework to explore social and ecological values, governing institutions, threats and conservation approaches. It explores the major drivers of decline, which are shown to be related to accelerated cultural, institutional and developmental changes occurring across Europe over the past century. Case studies are included from North-Western, Southern, and Eastern Europe. Written by renowned scholars and conservationists, the book contributes to developing better, locally adapted conservation policies and management approaches for wood-pastures.

Europe's Changing Woods and Forests

From Wildwood to Managed Landscapes

Author: Keith Kirby,Charles Watkins

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1780643373

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 391

View: 6925


Our understanding of the ecological history of European forests has been transformed in the last twenty years. Bringing together key findings from across the continent, this book provides a comprehensive account of the relevance of historical studies to current conservation and management of forests. It combines theory with a series of regional case studies to show how different aspects of forestry play out according to the landscape and historical context of the local area.

Biocultural Diversity in Europe

Author: Mauro Agnoletti,Francesca Emanueli

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319263153

Category: Science

Page: 537

View: 2315


The book collects a selection of the papers presented at the meeting held in the context of the Joint Programme on the Links between Biological and Cultural Diversity (JP-BiCuD). Recognizing the inextricable link between biological and cultural diversity, the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (SCBD) joined forces, and in 2010 launched the Joint Programme on the Links between Biological and Cultural Diversity (JP-BiCuD). The first meeting for the implementation of the JP-BiCuD was held in Florence (Italy) in April 2014 and produced the UNESCO-sCBD Florence Declaration, which highlights the concept of biocultural diversity. The European rural territory is predominantly a biocultural, multi-functional landscape, providing a crucial and effective space for integration of biological and cultural diversity, suggesting the need to revise some of the current strategies for the assessment and management of biodiversity.

Habitats for Birds in Europe

A Conservation Strategy for the Wider Environment

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Birds

Page: 464

View: 5895


The greatest threats to Europe's birds and biodiversity come fromloss and degradation of habitat. This book brings together morethan 190 bird and habitat conservation experts from all overEurope, to examine the threats to Europe's eight major habitattypes, and propose policies and actions to protect and restorethem. Although the emphasis is on birds, particularly the 40percent of European species with an unfavourable conservationstatus, many recommendations would help conserve all elements ofbiodiversity in the wider European environment."An important contribution to the conservation of biodiversityin Europe" - Peter L Nielsen, European Commission."An extremely valuable reference for bird conservationists inany continent" - The Wilson Bulletin.

Science and Technology in World History

An Introduction

Author: James Edward McClellan,Harold Dorn

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801883590

Category: History

Page: 478

View: 5912


Tracing historical relationship from the dawn of civilization through the twentieth century, the authors argue that technology as "applied science" emerged relatively, as industry and governments began funding scientific research. They explore the emergence of Europe and the United States as a scientific and technological power.

Spatial Modelling in Forest Ecology and Management

A Case Study

Author: Martin Jansen,Michael Judas,Joachim Saborowski

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540433576

Category: Mathematics

Page: 225

View: 5634


This book focuses on the integration of spatial statistics, GIS-technology, ecosystem studies, and scenario modelling. Its main aim is to extend the information gained at the stand level to larger spatial scales, i.e. to forest districts, forest landscapes or to the total area of Lower Saxony. The studies demonstrate the potential and limitations of regionalization approaches for forest ecological variables. The results provide valuable spatial information for forest managers and landscape planners as well as for policy-makers. Some spatial models outlined in this book have been implemented as useful tools in present forest management. With current improvements of data quality, e.g. from remote sensing and refined ground-based inventories, methods are now available to develop large-scale approaches to forest ecology and management. This book is an indispensable tool for scientists and those involved in forest management.

Prehistoric Landscape Development and Human Impact in the Upper Allen Valley, Cranborne Chase, Dorset

Author: Charles A. I. French,Helen Lewis

Publisher: McDonald Inst of Archeological


Category: History

Page: 400

View: 9307


This volume concerns the palaeo-environmental and archaeological investigations of the upper Allen Valley of Cranborne Chase, Dorset, between 1998 and 2003, which revealed sequences of landscape development which contrast with those previously put forward for the region. A programme of valley-wide geoarchaeological survey and palynological analyses of the relict palaeo-channel system was conducted, along with sample investigations and open area excavations of a variety of prehistoric sites in the area. Among the many excellent illustrations, GIS modelling techniques have been used to interrogate and visualise some of this new data which has provided possible independent corroboration.

The Undiscovered Country

The Earlier Prehistory of the West Midlands

Author: Paul Garwood

Publisher: Oxbow Books Limited


Category: History

Page: 222

View: 3777


This is the first volume in a series - The Making of the West Midlands - that explores the archaeology of the English West Midlands region from the Lower Palaeolithic to the Industrial Revolution. These books, based on the West Midlands Research Framework seminars held in 2002-3, aim to transform perceptions of the nature and significance of the archaeological evidence across a large part of central Britain, in an area extending from the plains of eastern England to the Cambrian Mountains and from the Cotswolds to the southern Pennines. The earlier prehistory of the region, in particular, has been neglected at a national level and deserves far wider recognition in research terms. This first volume reveals the scale, richness and diversity of the evidence from all earlier prehistoric periods in the West Midlands, from the Lower Palaeolithic to the Bronze Age, and considers its research significance and potential. The book is copiously illustrated, and includes a large number of colour maps and plans.