Europe Between the Wars

A Political History

Author: Martin Kitchen

Publisher: Longman Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780582418691

Category: History

Page: 350

View: 9028


Cover copy - Kitchin: Europe between the Wars: A Political History Back cover The Great War traumatised a generation. Millions died. The European economy was left in ruins and the social structure disrupted. It broke the old certainties of nineteenth-century Europe: for those who survived there was no going back. To them it had seemed the war to end all wars . Yet peace when it finally came in November 1918 brought few solutions and many new problems. A mere twenty-one years later the unthinkable became the inevitable and Europe was burning again. How did it all happen? In this compelling and bestselling account of the Europe between the Wars, Martin Kitchen traces the course of the deepening crisis by looking first at the peace settlement itself, and then at the economic and social problems of the interwar years. Separate chapters follow on the Soviet Union, the often ignored countries of Eastern Europe, Italy, Weimar Germany, Britain, France, Spain and Nazi Germany. The book concludes with a chapter on the origins of the Second World War. Although the events have a direct bearing on our lives today, they are still too close for many readers to see them in a true perspective. This clear, cogent and readable study is, therefore, all the more valuable: it is both an exposition of what happened and an explanation of why. Front flap Idealism became the first post Great War casualty; and President Wilson s vision of a better world in which human rights and freedoms were guaranteed remained a dream. An unsatisfactory settlement failed to resolve the tensions that had caused the war in the first place. The realities of power politics drew the exhausted combatants, victorious and defeated alike, into new crises; and the democratic powers were soon under siege from the new forces of both the Left and Right. But the Soviet Revolution, triumphant in Russia, did not spread to the other European states; rather, right-wing extremism proved a far greater threat to the western democracies. With chilling success, totalitarian regimes of the right took power in Italy, Germany and, ultimately, Spain. The unthinkable became the inevitable. The author Martin Kitchin is Professor of History at Simon Fraser University, Canada. Back flap (275 years of publishing history logo - from Louise Corless) As part of Longman s 275th Anniversary - a landmark in publishing history - we are launching an exciting collection of classic books. The Silver Library celebrates the very best in history writing published by Longman. This selection of seminal and best-selling works by world renowned authorities will become the essential collection. Titles in the Silver Library are: John Tosh The Pursuit of History, Third Edition Bernard W Anderson The Living World of the Old Testament, Fourth Edition R H C Davis A History of Medieval Europe, Second Edition H G Koenigsberger, George L Mosse, G Q Bowler Europe in the Sixteenth Century, Second Edition Barry Coward The Stuart Age 1603 - 1714, Second Edition H G Koenigsberger Early Modern Europe 1500 - 1789 Asa Briggs The Age of Improvement 1783 - 1867, Second Edition M S Anderson The Ascendancy of Europe 1815 - 1914, Second Edition James Joll The Origins of the First World War, Second Edition J M Roberts Europe 1880 - 1945, Second Edition Martin Kitchen Europe Between the Wars Peter Calvocoressi World Politics Since 1945, Seventh Edition "

East Central Europe between the Two World Wars

Author: Joseph Rothschild

Publisher: University of Washington Press

ISBN: 0295803649

Category: Political Science

Page: 438

View: 3052


East Central Europe Between The Two World Wars is a sophisticated political history of East Central Europe in the interwar years. Written by an eminent scholar in the field, it is an original contribution to the literature on the political cultures of Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Yugoslavia, Romania, Bulgaria, Albania, and the Baltic states.

Women in Europe between the Wars

Politics, Culture and Society

Author: Dr Angela Kershaw,Dr Angela Kimyongür

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409489701

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 266

View: 491


The central aim of this interdisciplinary book is to make visible the intentionality behind the 'forgetting' of European women's contributions during the period between the two world wars in the context of politics, culture and society. It also seeks to record and analyse women's agency in the construction and reconstruction of Europe and its nation states after the First World War, and thus to articulate ways in which the writing of women's history necessarily entails the rewriting of everyone's history. By showing that the erasure of women's texts from literary and cultural history was not accidental but was ideologically motivated, the essays explicitly and implicitly contribute to debates surrounding canon formation. Other important topics are women's political activism during the period, antifascism, the contributions made by female journalists, the politics of literary production, genre, women's relationship with and contributions to the avant-garde, women's professional lives, and women's involvement in voluntary associations. In bringing together the work of scholars whose fields of expertise are diverse but whose interests converge on the inter-war period, the volume invites readers to make connections and comparisons across the whole spectrum of women's political, social, and cultural activities throughout Europe.

The Oxford Handbook of European History, 1914-1945

Author: Nicholas Doumanis,Senior Lecturer in World History Nicholas Doumanis, Dr

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199695660

Category: Europe

Page: 672

View: 9279


The period spanning the two World Wars was unquestionably the most catastrophic in Europe's history. Historians have been drawn to its exceptionally dramatic and harrowing events, as bookshops continue to stock new studies on Hitler, Stalin, Churchill, the Holocaust, and the battles of the two World Wars with monotonous regularity. There is a deeper need, however, to explain why Europe experienced so many conflicts, revolutions, coup d'états, and civil wars within such a short space of time? Why did much of Europe succumb to authoritarian rule and why did political violence become so endemic? Why was mass politics followed by mass murder? Why did Europe experience a 'Thirty Years' War'? Another challenge is to explain the diversity of experiences: why some European societies were not traumatized by war and invasion, why liberal democracy survived throughout north-western Europe, why general living standards continued to rise, and why the status of women continued to improve. The Oxford Handbook of European History 1914-1945 looks afresh at this troubled and complicated age. It does so by taking comparative and transnational approaches rather than merely focusing on individual national experiences. Its features a collection of distinguished historians who explain the patterns of change and continuity that applied generally, while at the same time accounting for various regional and local articulations. Among the themes covered are political economy, international relations, genocide, colonialism, gender, sexuality, human rights, welfare, rural politics, labour and youth, as well as the era's more distinctive features, such as fascism, Stalinism, the Great Depression, trench warfare and the ethnic cleansing. The Handbook serves as a guide for revising the 1914-1945 era, and for how to write histories that take the whole Europe as their subject and not merely its constituent parts: histories of Europe rather than merely in Europe.

The Great War, Memory and Ritual

Commemoration in the City and East London, 1916-1939

Author: Mark Connelly

Publisher: Boydell & Brewer Ltd

ISBN: 0861933273

Category: History

Page: 271

View: 8789


This detailed case study of a part of London seeks to show how both the survivors and the bereaved sought to come to terms with the losses and implications of the Great War.

Political History of Belgium

From 1830 Onwards

Author: Els Witte,Jan Craeybeckx,Alain Meynen

Publisher: ASP / VUBPRESS / UPA

ISBN: 9054875178

Category: History

Page: 516

View: 3343


The political history of Belgium is a fascinating story that should not be kept from speakers of English in Belgium and abroad. From an international point of view, Belgium has been a trendsetter in many ways. It was the first country on the European continent to experience a quick process of industrialisation, with the development of the first liberal state following closely behind. More than elsewhere, liberalism reigned supreme in the 19th century, and as a result the social question was raised with great vehemence. The World Wars put Belgium in the middle of the fighting twice over; especially after 1945, the country played a prominent international role, first in the foundation of the Atlantic alliance and the European construction, and later in the decolonisation of the Congo. In the meantime, Belgium has developed into one of the countries experiencing the full force of globalisation, and, thanks to Brussels, into one of the preeminent international political centres. Belgium is also a model of pacification democracy. Throughout many conflicts during the 19th and 20th centuries, an enduring compromise grew between Catholics and freethinkers, making Belgium one of the most pluralistic countries in Europe today. The fierce conflict between workers and employers, in its turn, led to a well-functioning model of a consultation and welfare state. Two cultures live together in Belgium. Up until the second half of the past century, the Flemish majority was at an economic, political and cultural disadvantage; during the process of catching up, coinciding with the demise of the Walloon economy, a complex federal model developed, in which cosmopolitan Brussels takes a very special position. This book aims to offer a historical perspective in interpreting the current tensions in Belgian politics based on scientific literature. Political History of Belgium is without doubt the outstanding authoritative reference work about the political history of a country at the centre of the development of Europe. As such, it offers essential background information for politicians, policy makers, civil servants, journalists, researchers, students and anyone with an interest in Belgium and Europe.


Europe Between Hitler and Stalin

Author: Timothy Snyder

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 0465032974

Category: History

Page: 544

View: 6203


From the bestselling author of On Tyranny, the definitive history of Hitler's and Stalin's wars against the civilians of Europe in World War Two Americans call the Second World War "The Good War."But before it even began, America's wartime ally Josef Stalin had killed millions of his own citizens--and kept killing them during and after the war. Before Hitler was finally defeated, he had murdered six million Jews and nearly as many other Europeans. At war's end, both the German and the Soviet killing sites fell behind the iron curtain, leaving the history of mass killing in darkness. Bloodlands is a new kind of European history, presenting the mass murders committed by the Nazi and Stalinist regimes as two aspects of a single history, in the time and place where they occurred: between Germany and Russia, when Hitler and Stalin both held power. Assiduously researched, deeply humane, and utterly definitive, Bloodlands will be required reading for anyone seeking to understand the central tragedy of modern history. Bloodlands won twelve awards including the Emerson Prize in the Humanities, a Literature Award from the American Academy of Arts and Letters, the Leipzig Award for European Understanding, and the Hannah Arendt Prize in Political Thought. It has been translated into more than thirty languages, was named to twelve book-of-the-year lists, and was a bestseller in six countries.


A History

Author: Norman Davies

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780198201717

Category: Europe

Page: 1365

View: 4911


From the Ice Age to the Cold War and beyond, from Reykjavik to Riga, from Archimedes to Einstein, Alexander to Yeltsin, here between the covers of a single volume Norman Davies tells the story of Europe, East and West, from prehistory to the present day. The book's absorbing narrative lays down the chronological and geographical grid on which the dramas of European history have been played out. It zooms in from the distant focus of Chapter One, which explores the first five million years of the continent's evolution, to the close focus of the lasttwo chapters, which cover the twentieth century at roughly one page per year. In between, Norman Davies presents a huge and sweeping canvas packed with fascinating detail, analysis, and anecdote. Alongside Europe's better-known stories - human, national, and continental - he brings into focus areasoften ignored or misunderstood, remembering the stateless nation as well as the nation-state. Minority communities, from heretics and lepers to Jews, Romanies, and Muslims have not been forgotten. This masterly history reveals not only the rich variety of Europe's past but also the many and rewarding prisms through which it can be viewed. Each chapter contains a selection of telephoto `capsules', illustrating narrower themes and topics that cut across the chronological flow. Davies thenconcludes with a wide-angle `snapshot' of the whole continent as seen from one particular vantage point. The overall effect is stunning: a kind of historical picture album, with panoramic tableaux interspersed by detailed insets and close-ups. Never before has such an ambitious history of Europe been attempted. In range and ambition, the originality of its structure and glittering style, Norman Davies's Europe represents one of the most important and illuminating history books to be published by Oxford. Time Capsules 201 fascinating articles interspersed throughout the narrative focus on incidents or topics as various as The Iceman of the Alps, Erotic Graffiti at Pompeii, Stradivarius, and Psychoanalysing Hitler. Each capsule can be tasted as a separate self-contained morsel; or can be read in conjunction withthe narrative into which it is inserted. Snapshots 12 panoramic overviews across the changing map of Europe freeze the frames of the chronological narrative at moments of symbolic importance, such as Knossos 1628 BC, Constantinople AD 330, and Nuremberg 1945. A fully illustrated history Incorporates over 100 superbly detailed maps and diagrams, and 32 pages of black and white plates.

A Companion to Europe, 1900 - 1945

Author: Gordon Martel

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444391671

Category: History

Page: 584

View: 4800


This volume brings together a distinguished group of international scholars to discuss the major debates in the study of early twentieth-century Europe. Brings together contributions from a distinguished group of international scholars. Provides an overview of current thinking on the period. Traces the great political, social and economic upheavals of the time. Illuminates perennial themes, as well as new areas of enquiry. Takes a pan-European approach, highlighting similarities and differences across nations and regions.