Author: European Commission. Bureau of European Policy AdvisersPublish On: 2014
The 2013 meeting of the IDB addressed the topic of ethics of research security and of security research.
Author: European Commission. Bureau of European Policy Advisers
The International Dialogue on Bioethics (IDB) is a dialogue platform established by the European Commission (EC) Bureau of European Policy Advisers (BEPA) at the request of the European Group on Ethics in Science and New Technologies (EGE) and in agreement with the President of the European Commission. The international dialogue aims to facilitate information sharing and open dialogue in the field of bioethics between European and non-European national ethics councils (NECs). The EC IDB is Chaired by the President of the EGE and the Chair of the NEC of the European Union (EU) Member State holding the Council Presidency and representing the EU-28 NEC Forum. Dr Jim Dratwa acts as secretary-general of the IDB and has full responsibility for its organisation and the publication of its results. The fifth meeting of the EC IDB was organised by the EC on 17 September 2013 in Brussels, Belgium under the auspices of the Lithuanian rotating Council Presidency. Invited participants included the members of the EGE, the Chairs of the 15 non-EU NECs, the Chairs of the NECs of Irish and Lithuanian rotating Council Presidencies representing the forum of the 28 Member States of the EU and representatives of international organisations (United Nations [UN] agencies, World Health Organisation [WHO], Council of Europe). The 2013 meeting of the IDB addressed the topic of ethics of research security and of security research. During the meeting, participants debated: (1) relevant initiatives on the specific research areas in different countries; (2) ethics provisions adopted; (3) issues of major significance in bioethics. Initiatives to promote the responsible development of security technologies and to accompany security research formed a key focus of discussions.
East Asia 1, 4, 152–3 East Central Europe 6, 121, 125, 130–6, 139, 148, 157–61; see also Central Europe; ... 'ethics ofresponsibility' 177–8; 'ethics ofultimate ends' 177–8; see also non-teleological ethics EU 1, 3–4, 17, 20, 24, 31, ...
Author: Adrian Hyde-Price
Combining a sophisticated theoretical analysis with detailed empirical case-studies, this book provides an original view of the challenges and threats to a stable peace order in Europe. The end of Cold War bipolarity has transformed Europe. Using structural realist theory, Adrian Hyde-Price analyzes the new security agenda confronting Europe in the twenty-first century. Europe, he argues, is not ‘primed for peace’ as mainstream thinking suggests, rather, it faces new security threats and the challenge of multipolarity. This critical and original volume looks at European security after the Iraq War, the failure of the EU constitution and the change of government in Germany. Reflecting on the inherently competitive and tragic nature of international politics, it concludes that realism provides the only firm foundations for an ethical foreign and security policy. European Security in the Twenty-First Century will appeal to students and scholars of international relations, European politics and security studies.
The traditional clas- sical realist position is first of all that we cannot judge statesmen according to the standard ethics of interpersonal relations: a special set of ethics applies to intergroup relations and therefore ...
Author: Peter Schmidt
With the Lisbon Treaty in place and the European Union increasingly involved in international crisis management and stabilization operations in places near and far, this volume revisits the trajectory of a European strategic culture. Specifically, it studies the usefulness of its application in a variety of circumstances, including the EU’s operations in Africa and the Balkans as well as joint operations with NATO and the United Nations. The contributors find that strategic culture is a useful tool to explain and understand the EU's civilian and military operations, not in the sense of a ‘cause’, but as a European normative framework of preferences and constraints. Accordingly, classical notions of strategic culture in the field of international security must be adapted to highlight the specific character of Europe's strategic culture, especially by taking the interaction with the United Nations and NATO into account. Though at variance over the extent to which security and defence missions have demonstrated or promoted a shared strategic culture in Europe, the authors reveal a growing sense that a cohesive strategic culture is critical in the EU’s ambition of being a global actor. Should Europe fail to nurture a shared strategic culture, its actions will be based much more on flexibility than on cohesion. This book was published as a special issue of Contemporary Security Policy.
In the end, Ethical Security Studies does not present a theory of ethical security, but rather a number of visions aiming ... the human in critical security studies: the insecurity of a secure ethics', European Security, 20(3), 453–71.
Author: Jonna Nyman
Category: Political Science
At a time of grave ethical failure in global security affairs, this is the first book to bring together emerging theoretical debates on ethics and ethical reasoning within security studies. In this volume, working from a diverse range of perspectives—poststructuralism, liberalism, feminism, just war, securitization, and critical theory—leading scholars in the field of security studies consider the potential for ethical visions of security, and lay the ground for a new field: "ethical security studies". These ethical ‘visions’ of security engage directly with the meaning and value of security and security practice, and consider four key questions: • Who, or what, should be secured? • What are the fundamental grounds and commitments of different security ethics? • Who or what are the most legitimate agents, providers or speakers of security? • What do ethical security practices look like? What ethical principles, arguments, or procedures, will generate and guide ethical security practices? Informed by a rich understanding of the intellectual and historical experience of security, the contributors advance innovative methodological, analytical, political and ethical arguments that represent the cutting edge of the field. This book opens a new phase of collaboration and growth that promises to have great benefits for the more humane, effective and ethical practice of security politics. This book will be of much interest to students of critical security studies, ethics, philosophy, and international relations.
The Stationary Office, UK Carlberg A (2008) Concepts on ethics. http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/data/ref/fp7/ 89878/ethics-concepts_en.pdf. Accessed 5 May 2015 Chmutina K et al (2015) D7.1—report on North-West Europe regional ...
Author: Anthony J. Masys
Category: Technology & Engineering
This book provides international perspective for those studying or working in the security domain, from enforcement to policy. It focuses on non-traditional threats in a landscape that has been described as transnational in nature and incorporates natural disasters, gang violence, extremism and terrorism, amongst other issues. Chapters provide innovative thinking on themes including cyber security, maritime security, transnational crime, human security, globalization and economic security. Relevant theoretical frameworks are presented and readers are expertly guided through complex threats, from matters pertaining to health security which pose threats not only to humans but also have significant national security implications, to issues regarding critical infrastructure vulnerability and the complexity of understanding terrorist operations. Authors reveal how emerging uncertainties regarding global critical infrastructure and supply chain security, food security, and health security are linked to the notion of human security. Security professionals, policy makers and academics will all gain from the insights, strategies and perspectives in this book. It builds understanding of the deepening and broadening domain of security studies and provides a valuable reference text for courses on security studies and international relations.
References Aggestam, Lisbeth (2008), 'Introduction: Ethical Power Europe?', International Affairs, 84(1), 1–11. Bátora, Jozef (2013), "The Mitrailleuse Effect': The EEAS as an Interstitial Organization and the Dynamics of Innovation in ...
Author: David J. Galbreath
Category: Political Science
Contemporary European Security explores the complex European security architecture and introduces students to the empirical, theoretical and conceptual approaches to studying the subject. Written by experts in each subfield, it addresses key topics within the wider strategic context of international security. Presenting traditional and critical debates to illuminate this ever-changing field it addresses specifically: European security since 2000 and the end of the Cold War. The evolution of International Relations theories in understanding security in Europe. The role of NATO in the post-war period and its strategy, impact and enlargement. The institutionalisation of the CSCE and the political tensions within the OSCE. The EU’s Common Security and Defence Policy and recent policy initiatives in defence. Feminist conceptions of European security. European military innovation. Security challenges in the post-Soviet space and the growing instability in the Middle East and North Africa. The emergence of human security. Internal and societal security. This essential textbook will be of key interests to students and scholars of European Security, Security and Military studies, Strategic Studies, European Politics and International Relations.
During his recent EU tour, the Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao pressed for a decision to lift the ban, arguing that the embargo is discriminatory. ... Nevertheless, the idea of modernised Confucian ethics 116 | READINGS IN EUROPEAN SECURITY.
Author: Dana H. Allin
This volume serves as a prism through which the European Union's external relations and security can be assessed. Experts tackle strategic issues such as Russia's relationship with the West, the rise of China (with special reference to arms supplies), Iran"s nuclear program, and European homeland security against the background of global terrorism. On these issues and others, transatlantic relations continue to be more relevant than ever, with the United States and the EU intertwined in the world's tightest network of economic and societal relations. As the enlarging EU stretches to cover an expanding area of competence, its responses to these challenges affect not only its internal security but increasingly that of its neighbors and other powerful actors on the world stage.
Paris: Institute for Security Studies, Western European Union, 1995. ... France and Germany at Maastricht: Politics and Negotiations to Create the European Union. ... Moral Man and Immoral Society: A Study in Ethics and Politics.
Author: Carl C. Hodge
Category: Political Science
First published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Security Strategies and American World Order Lost power Birthe Hansen, Peter Tofi' and Anders Wivel War, ... Security Moral, political and legal dimensions of international relations Page Wilson European Security Governance The European ...
Author: Antony Lamb
This book is an examination of the permissions, prohibitions and obligations found in just war theory, and the moral grounds for laws concerning war. Pronouncing an action or course of actions to be prohibited, permitted or obligatory by just war theory does not thereby establish the moral grounds of that prohibition, permission or obligation; nor does such a pronouncement have sufficient persuasive force to govern actions in the public arena. So what are the moral grounds of laws concerning war, and what ought these laws to be? Adopting the distinction between jus ad bellum and jus in bello, the author argues that rules governing conduct in war can be morally grounded in a form of rule-consequentialism of negative duties. Looking towards the public rules, the book argues for a new interpretation of existing laws, and in some cases the implementation of completely new laws. These include recognising rights of encompassing groups to necessary self-defence; recognising a duty to rescue; and considering all persons neither in uniform nor bearing arms as civilians and therefore fully immune from attack, thus ruling out ‘targeted’ or ‘named’ killings. This book will be of much interest to students of just war theory, ethics of war, international law, peace and conflict studies, and Security Studies/IR in general.