This book examines the rise and fall of the Ethio–Eritrean federation which existed from 1952 to 1962.
Author: Tekeste Negash
Publisher: Nordic Africa Institute
Category: Political Science
This book examines the rise and fall of the Ethio–Eritrean federation which existed from 1952 to 1962. The author argues that the federation was abolished by Eritrean social and political forces rather than by Ethiopia. The UN imposed federation and its constitution was doomed to fail, as these were foreign to Eritrean and Ethiopian conceptions of power.
The ancient lands of Eritrea and Ethiopia beckoned to author Julia Stewart.Breathtaking landscapes, attractive citizens, a gentle culture and rich history, intricately spiced foods-it was all waiting for her.
Author: Julia Stewart
Publisher: Red Sea Press(NJ)
There are some places that hound the imagination of a traveler years before they actually have the opportunity to visit. The ancient lands of Eritrea and Ethiopia beckoned to author Julia Stewart.Breathtaking landscapes, attractive citizens, a gentle culture and rich history, intricately spiced foods-it was all waiting for her. All of these things, Ms. Stewart came to experience and appreciate with abundance. What she did not predict were several mysterious happenings: coming face to face with abject poverty, harassment at the hands of union busters, and her own reactions to these unpredictable events.Ms. Stewart's travels to Eritrea and Ethiopia are of a current vintage, unlike those of such famous explorers of an earlier period as the Scot, James Bruce. Her travels were during the post-war era when tremendous changes occurred in the political and social lives of the people there.Stewart faced many surprises, good and bad, and she shares all of them with her readers. Despite a sometimes-arduous adventure, Stewart's fascination for Eritrea and Ethiopia has not ceased.
The volume includes a preface from James Crawford and also reproduces all the key documents relating to the Commission: the bilateral agreement establishing the Commission; its rules of procedure; and its numerous decisions and arbitral ...
Author: Sean D. Murphy
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Litigating War offers an in-depth examination of the law and procedure of the Eritrea-Ethiopia Claims Commission, which was tasked with deciding, through binding arbitration, claims for losses, damages, and injuries resulting from the 1998-2000 Eritrean-Ethiopian war. After providing an overview of the war, the authors describe how the Commission was established, its jurisdiction, the sources of law it applied, its treatment of nationality and evidentiary issues, and the relief it rendered. Separate chapters then address particular topics, such as the initiation of the war, battlefield conduct, belligerent occupation, aerial bombardment, prisoners of war, enemy aliens and their property, diplomats and diplomatic property, and general economic loss. A final chapter examines the lessons that might be learned from the experience of the Claims Commission, especially with an eye to the establishment of such commissions in the future. The volume includes a preface from James Crawford and also reproduces all the key documents relating to the Commission: the bilateral agreement establishing the Commission; its rules of procedure; and its numerous decisions and arbitral awards. The analytical portion of the volume contains extensive cross-references to these primary documents. Further, a comprehensive table of contents and indexes relating to subject matter, treaties, and cases provide ready access to all the material contained within.
This is a personal account of the war between Eritrea and Ethiopia, fought between May 1998 and June 2000, as well as of the periods immediately preceding and following the conflict.
Author: Richard Reid
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Political Science
This is a personal account of the war between Eritrea and Ethiopia, fought between May 1998 and June 2000, as well as of the periods immediately preceding and following the conflict. Shallow Graves traces shifting local perceptions of time, the nation and the region, beginning in the mid-1990s and concluding with the peace agreement signed between the two governments in 2018. Richard Reid is a historian who was based in Eritrea during the war, and who continued to visit both that country and Ethiopia for several years afterwards. This personal perspective offers a more vivid, intimate portrait of the experience of the war than can normally be offered by putatively "objective" academic accounts. As well as providing first-hand reportage and analysis, Reid problematises the role of the historian--and specifically the foreign historian--as the supposedly impartial observer of events. His eloquent narrative, constructed around conversations and interactions with a range of local witnesses, friends and colleagues, explores the impact of prolonged war and its aftermath--both on private and public memory, and on the nature of history itself.
I congratulate him on this most valuable book which finds its place among all the lovers of Africa.
Author: Andebrhan Welde Giorgis
Publisher: Strategic Book Publishing
I congratulate Andebrhan Welde Giorgis on his high quality and extremely informative book that has not only the merit to be an update on the political situation in Eritrea but also asks the pertinent questions on the future of his marvelous country. He does it with tact and success, based on his long experience as freedom fighter, as senior public servant, as Ambassador and his rich experience of Africa. Each country in Africa must be able to determine its own future. Freedom, responsibility, control over its destiny, and solidarity, are the key ideas of the new vision for international cooperation that will help ensure the sustainability of the development process. The urgent need to create a democratic government resonates throughout the book. Good governance, respect for human rights, principles of democracy, and rule of law are essential universal values underpinning it. Andebrhan is one of those men, visionaries, and open to dialogue, reform and change. Eritrea at a Crossroads is key to understanding the challenges facing Eritrea and Africa. It is an eye opener on a complex and little understood crisis that is festering in Africa and holding the continent back. The book provides a solid intellectual foundation to understanding the region and will give anyone who wants to build a better future for Africa a great starting point. I congratulate him on this most valuable book which finds its place among all the lovers of Africa. Louis Michel Member of European Parliament, European Commissioner for Development and Humanitarian Aid (2004-2009) and Foreign Minister of Belgium (1999-2004) Freedom fighter, scholar, central banker, diplomat, and now unhappy exile, no-one could be better placed than Andebrhan Welde Giorgis to trace Eritrea's distressing slide from triumph to tragedy. It's a harrowing story, but the author tells it comprehensively, objectively and lucidly in this excellent study. The future can be rescued, as Andebrhan makes clear, but only if the past is understood, and the present confronted -- by decent, concerned Eritreans, acting with the moral, political and economic support of the wider international community. May his voice be heard. Gareth Evans Chancellor, Australian National University; President, International Crisis Group (2000-09) and Foreign Minister of Australia (1988-96)
Avoiding Conflict in the Horn of Africa urges the United States to take the risks and spend the resources necessary to resolve the Ethiopia-Eritrea border conflict and thereby reduce tension in the region.
Author: Terrence Lyons
Publisher: Council on Foreign Relations Press
Category: Political Science
Increased tensions along the Ethiopian- Eritrean border —in a context of internal political turmoil in Ethiopia, increasing political repression in Eritrea, and recent developments in Somalia —raise concerns of expanding instability in the strategically important Horn of Africa. Avoiding Conflict in the Horn of Africa urges the United States to take the risks and spend the resources necessary to resolve the Ethiopia-Eritrea border conflict and thereby reduce tension in the region. It argues that Washington should pressure Ethiopia to demarcate the border and Eritrea to lift restrictions on the UN peacekeeping mission that monitors the border. Washington must also make clear to both countries the costs of continuing to suppress internal dissent —and highlight the benefits of initiating real internal reform and regional cooperation. In addition, the administration should be prepared to cut bilateral assistance programs and enact sanctions if political conditions deteriorate further. Finally, the United States, international donors, and organizations should support long-term peace-building initiatives.
Author: Tekie Fessehatzion (Professor of Economics and chair of the Department of Economics at Morgan State University, Maryland, USA (1998). Ph, D. University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. He was a member of the Constitutional Commission of Ethiopia.)Publish On: 1999
Author: Tekie Fessehatzion (Professor of Economics and chair of the Department of Economics at Morgan State University, Maryland, USA (1998). Ph, D. University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. He was a member of the Constitutional Commission of Ethiopia.)
This is a story of the Ethiopian -- Eritrean conflict in its entirety, from the invasion of Ethiopia in 1998, to the political maneuvering by the United Nations and the Organization of African Unity, to the accepted cease-fire in June 2000.
Author: Paul B. Henze
Publisher: New Line
Category: Social Science
One of the foremost political experts on Ethiopia has written a comprehensive analysis of the brief but bloody conflict between Ethiopia and her neighbor, Eritrea. Utilizing a host of resources, ranging from personal interviews with Eritrean President Isaias Afewerki to reports from the frontline, Paul Henze analyzes the confrontation that Eritrea provoked with its invasion of Ethiopia in May 1998. He explores the deep background of the conflict and its longstanding ethnic, political, and economic origins. Henze also examines the dilemma that Isaias Afewerki's continued rule poses for the region, and above all, for Eritrea's own future. This is a story of the Ethiopian -- Eritrean conflict in its entirety, from the invasion of Ethiopia in 1998, to the political maneuvering by the United Nations and the Organization of African Unity, to the accepted cease-fire in June 2000. Eritrea's War is a gripping account of the situations, which cuts to the core of the issues facing the Horn of Africa.
Many of these are confined to the isolated highlands of Ethiopia and Eritrea, but a large number of larks specialise in the arid parts of Somalia and adjoining eastern Ethiopia, whilst the island of Socotra has its own suite of endemic ...
Author: Nigel Redman
Publisher: A&C Black
The Horn of Africa has the highest endemism of any region in Africa, and around 70 species are found nowhere else in the world. Many of these are confined to the isolated highlands of Ethiopia and Eritrea, but a large number of larks specialise in the arid parts of Somalia and adjoining eastern Ethiopia, whilst the island of Socotra has its own suite of endemic species. The region is also an important migration route and wintering site for many Palearctic birds. This is the first field guide to the birds of this fascinating region, and a companion to Birds of East Africa by two of the same authors. Over 200 magnificent plates by John Gale and Brian Small illustrate every species that has ever occurred in the five countries covered by the guide, and the succinct text covers the key identification criteria. Special attention is paid to the voices of the species, and over 1000 up-to-date colour distribution maps are included. This long-awaited guide is a much-needed addition to the literature on African birds and an essential companion for birders visiting the region.
Author: Belete Belachew YihunPublish On: 2020-09-10
Ethiopia and Eritrea: Insights into the Peace Nexus is a timely book that comprises contributions from seven scholars of Ethiopian, Eritrean and other nationalities with intimate knowledge of the two nations and the unfolding peace process.
Author: Belete Belachew Yihun
Ethiopia and Eritrea: Insights into the Peace Nexus is a timely book that comprises contributions from seven scholars of Ethiopian, Eritrean and other nationalities with intimate knowledge of the two nations and the unfolding peace process. Ethiopia and Eritrea share a colorful past, replete with contested and polarized interpretations and perspectives. Observers and pundits often amplify, as is demonstrated in historical accounts and policy orientations, politically sensitized viewpoints readily tailored to reflect leading sentiments of the time. Self-reflection, critical appraisal and sober assessment of developments have been visibly missing, or intentionally misconstrued, in the overall discourse analysis. In the context of the ongoing rapprochement between the two countries, it remains imperative to critically examine previous imperfections, more so with the view to assure the very resilience of the peace process. Now it has become evident that Ethiopia and Eritrea can't afford to squander this opportunity, and doing so comes at even higher cost for both countries and the immediate region.
This groundbreaking book fills a large hole in the literature for one of the most diverse and least known areas of Africa.
Author: John Ash
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Ethiopia and Eritrea have a fascinating and unique avifauna. Poorly known in comparison to many parts of Africa, knowledge on bird distribution in the two countries is scattered throughout the literature. For more than 35 years, the authors have been painstakingly collecting bird records in the region and plotting them on half-degree maps, including published records, data from museum specimens, sightings from their own extensive travels and, more recently, records from the many birdwatchers that now visit Ethiopia. The resulting atlas provides, for the first time, an accurate assessment of the distribution of each of the 870 species known from the two countries, including valuable information on breeding. The succinct text summarises the results and discusses distribution to subspecies level. Extensive introductory chapters cover topics such as topography, geology, vegetation, climate, habitats, conservation, migration, breeding seasons, bird ringing, and the history of ornithology in the region. This groundbreaking book fills a large hole in the literature for one of the most diverse and least known areas of Africa.
Rubenson, Sven, 1976, The Survival of Ethiopian Independence. London: Heinemann. Sabby, Othman Saleh, 1975, History of Eritrea. Beirut. Said, M. Alamin, 1994, Säwra Ertra (The Eritrean Revolution: Progress and Setbacks).
Author: Tekeste Negash
Category: Political Science
The Ethiopian-Eritrean federation, a product of a United Nations resolution, came into existence in 1952 and was abolished ten years later. The primary objective of this book is to examine the rise and the fall of the federation in the nght of present-day realities. This central theme is placed in context by a reconstruction of Eritrean political organizations during the crucial postwar years. The work includes a short account of the war between Eritrean nationalist forces and the Ethiopian government, which led up to the emergence of Eritrea as a sovereign state. Based primarily on archival sources at the Public Record Office in London, Eritrea and Ethiopia argues that no other group in the region has repeatedly succeeded in shaping its political destiny as the Tigreans of Eritrea have. Negash maintains that the federation was abolished by Eritrean social and political forces rather than by Ethiopia. The UN-imposed federation, together with its accompanying constitution, were doomed to fail, as these were foreign to Eritrean and Ethiopian conceptions of political power. The attempts of the Eritrean Moslem League to defend and maintain the federation were frustrated by internal contradictions, by the Unionist party, and by misconstrued perceptions of the division of powers between Eritrea and Ethiopia. The author looks closely at the impact of the British period on Eritrean society. Such an examination provides a better understanding of the background to the conflict and it is an important part of Eritrean political and social history. This book is the story of the slow but steady dissolution of the federation as seen and observed by the British diplomatic corps. Between 1952 and 1962, there were about thirty British nationals assigned to the Eritrean government. These expatriates kept in touch with the British consulate-general whose responsibility was to protect the interests of British nationals as well as to report developments to London. The conclusions and interpretations found in this book are, to a great extent, based on that documentation. Eritrea and Ethiopia is the first study of its kind to follow the rise and fall of the federation. It will be a challenging and insightful read for students of African affairs, diplomatic historians, policy studies scholars, and political theorists.
In this book, Tesfatsion Medhanie explores the possibility of confederal relations between Ethiopia and Eritrea.
Author: Tesfatsion Medhanie
Publisher: Iko Verlag Fur Intervulturelle
In this book, Tesfatsion Medhanie explores the possibility of confederal relations between Ethiopia and Eritrea. Such an arrangement could become the nucleus of a Horn of Africa confederation. The author discusses the obstacles at present and the necessary conditions for success in this regard. Tesfatsion Medhanie teaches law and political science at the University of Bremen (Germany). An Eritrean by birth, he has been engaged in dialogue on the Horn of Africa and United States policy for over two decades. He has written books, discussion papers and articles on various political issues of the Horn of Africa, Africa's liberation, human rights, and on democratization processes on the continent.