Epistemic Cultures

Epistemic Cultures

In this book, Karin Knorr Cetina compares two of the most important and intriguing epistemic cultures of our day, those in high energy physics and molecular biology.

Author: Karin Knorr Cetina

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674039688

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 349

View: 709

The first ethnographic study to systematically compare two different scientific laboratory cultures--that of high-energy physics and molecular biology--in order to examine how epistemic cultures form distinct bases for knowledge.
Categories: Biography & Autobiography

Epistemic Fluency and Professional Education

Epistemic Fluency and Professional Education

This view of culture leaves the micro practices of workplace settings that produce
knowledge 'black boxed'. Knorr-Cetina contrasts 'knowledge culture' with an '
epistemic culture', characterised by the construction of machineries for
knowledge ...

Author: Lina Markauskaite

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789400743694

Category: Education

Page: 636

View: 348

This book, by combining sociocultural, material, cognitive and embodied perspectives on human knowing, offers a new and powerful conceptualisation of epistemic fluency – a capacity that underpins knowledgeable professional action and innovation. Using results from empirical studies of professional education programs, the book sheds light on practical ways in which the development of epistemic fluency can be recognised and supported - in higher education and in the transition to work. The book provides a broader and deeper conception of epistemic fluency than previously available in the literature. Epistemic fluency involves a set of capabilities that allow people to recognize and participate in different ways of knowing. Such people are adept at combining different kinds of specialised and context-dependent knowledge and at reconfiguring their work environment to see problems and solutions anew. In practical terms, the book addresses the following kinds of questions. What does it take to be a productive member of a multidisciplinary team working on a complex problem? What enables a person to integrate different types and fields of knowledge, indeed different ways of knowing, in order to make some well-founded decisions and take actions in the world? What personal knowledge resources are entailed in analysing a problem and describing an innovative solution, such that the innovation can be shared in an organization or professional community? How do people get better at these things; and how can teachers in higher education help students develop these valued capacities? The answers to these questions are central to a thorough understanding of what it means to become an effective knowledge worker and resourceful professional.
Categories: Education

New Infrastructures for Knowledge Production

New Infrastructures for Knowledge Production

Digital. Infrastructure. in. Epistemic. Culture. Martina Merz University of Lausanne
& EMPA St. Gallen, Switzerland. Abstract. This chapter introduces the notion of a
“disunity of e-science:” It posits that different epistemic cultures privilege ...

Author: Christine Hine

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781591407171

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 286

View: 480

"This book is offers an overview of the practices and the technologies that are shaping the knowledge production of the future"--Provided by publisher.
Categories: Business & Economics

Investigating Interdisciplinary Collaboration

Investigating Interdisciplinary Collaboration

epIsteMIc culture and InterdIscIplInary collaboratIon Karin Knorr Cetina
conceptualized the phrase epistemic culture to articulate how ... Epistemic
cultures are cultures of creating and warranting knowledge” (2007, 363,
emphasis added).

Author: Scott Frickel

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 9780813585918

Category: Education

Page: 260

View: 915

Interdisciplinarity has become a buzzword in academia, as research universities funnel their financial resources toward collaborations between faculty in different disciplines. In theory, interdisciplinary collaboration breaks down artificial divisions between different departments, allowing more innovative and sophisticated research to flourish. But does it actually work this way in practice? Investigating Interdisciplinary Collaboration puts the common beliefs about such research to the test, using empirical data gathered by scholars from the United States, Canada, and Great Britain. The book’s contributors critically interrogate the assumptions underlying the fervor for interdisciplinarity. Their attentive scholarship reveals how, for all its potential benefits, interdisciplinary collaboration is neither immune to academia’s status hierarchies, nor a simple antidote to the alleged shortcomings of disciplinary study. Chapter 10 is available Open Access here (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK395883)
Categories: Education

Social Epistemology and Epistemic Agency

Social Epistemology and Epistemic Agency

1419–26. IEEE, 2013. Giere, R. Explaining Science: A Cognitive Approach.
Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1988. ———. “Discussion Note:
Distributed Cognition in Epistemic Cultures.” Philosophy of Science, 69, (2002):
637–44. ——— ...

Author: Patrick J. Reider

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781783483495

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 806

This book offers a comprehensive overview of the arguments relating to the extent and manner to which social influences enable epistemic agents.
Categories: Philosophy

The Challenge of Knowledge Sharing

The Challenge of Knowledge Sharing

Chapter 6 THE EPISTEMIC CULTURE OF THE VIETNAMESE RESEARCH
SYSTEM Knowledge-producing ... Epistemic cultures determine the way of how
newly-created knowledge is endorsed and justified.197 And by this, these rules
and ...

Author: Tatjana Bauer

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 9783643901217

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 400

In the Vietnamese science community, knowledge production and sharing are still limited. Based on intensive field work, this book investigates how organizations operating in the field of water research understand and practice knowledge management. The national science policy, culture, tradition, international collaboration, and local market forces all contribute to the current conditions of knowledge exchange in Vietnam. It is shown that the concentration of organizations in "knowledge clusters" could possibly increase the innovative capacity of research and development, which represents a key driving force in the country's ambitious plans of becoming a middle income country. (Series: ZEF Development Studies - Vol. 17)
Categories: Social Science

Knowledge management Innovation in the Knowledge Economy Implications for Education and Learning

Knowledge management Innovation in the Knowledge Economy Implications for Education and Learning

Generally, however, they are free from pressure to take sides on issues of
epistemic culture and can, like practising ... At present it seems unlikely that one
of the two epistemic cultures will prevail in university-based study of education or
 ...

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 926410562X

Category:

Page: 98

View: 373

This report explores some key determinants of innovation and their implications for primary and secondary education.
Categories:

Scientific Collaboration and Collective Knowledge

Scientific Collaboration and Collective Knowledge

See also Epistemic cultures of science; Scientific collaboration; Scientific inquiry
and communication; specific fields in science collective knowledge and, 118–124
complex questions in, 34–35 costs of doing, 84–87 missing features of, 80–82 ...

Author: Thomas Boyer-Kassem

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190680541

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 866

Descartes once argued that, with sufficient effort and skill, a single scientist could uncover fundamental truths about our world. Contemporary science proves the limits of this claim. From synthesizing the human genome to predicting the effects of climate change, some current scientific research requires the collaboration of hundreds (if not thousands) of scientists with various specializations. Additionally, the majority of published scientific research is now co-authored, including more than 80% of articles in the natural sciences, meaning small collaborative teams have become the norm in science. This volume is the first to address critical philosophical questions regarding how collective scientific research could be organized differently and how it should be organized. For example, should scientists be required to share knowledge with competing research teams? How can universities and grant-giving institutions promote successful collaborations? When hundreds of researchers contribute to a discovery, how should credit be assigned - and can minorities expect a fair share? When collaborative work contains significant errors or fraudulent data, who deserves blame? In this collection of essays, leading philosophers of science address these critical questions, among others. Their work extends current philosophical research on the social structure of science and contributes to the growing, interdisciplinary field of social epistemology. The volume's strength lies in the diversity of its authors' methodologies. Employing detailed case studies of scientific practice, mathematical models of scientific communities, and rigorous conceptual analysis, contributors to this volume study scientific groups of all kinds, including small labs, peer-review boards, and large international collaborations like those in climate science and particle physics.
Categories: Science

Digital Simulations for Improving Education Learning Through Artificial Teaching Environments

Digital Simulations for Improving Education  Learning Through Artificial Teaching Environments

Knorr-Cetina (1999) defines epistemic cultures as the “cultures of
knowledgesettings” (p.8)—such particle physics or molecular biology
laboratories—within a knowledge society, and Kuhn likewise suggests that
normal science progresses as ...

Author: Gibson, David

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781605663234

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 540

View: 759

Contains research and current trends used in digital simulations of teaching, surveying the uses of games and simulations in teacher education.
Categories: Business & Economics

Making Sense of Life

Making Sense of Life

As I use the term, epistemological culture differs sharply from Karen Knorr
Cetina's closely related concept of “epistemic culture” (1999). Where Cetina aims
at a sociological/anthropological description of the “knowledge cultures of
science” (for ...

Author: Evelyn Fox KELLER

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674039440

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 690

What do biologists want? If, unlike their counterparts in physics, biologists are generally wary of a grand, overarching theory, at what kinds of explanation do biologists aim? How will we know when we have made sense of life? Such questions, Evelyn Fox Keller suggests, offer no simple answers. Explanations in the biological sciences are typically provisional and partial, judged by criteria as heterogeneous as their subject matter. It is Keller's aim in this bold and challenging book to account for this epistemological diversity--particularly in the discipline of developmental biology. In particular, Keller asks, what counts as an explanation of biological development in individual organisms? Her inquiry ranges from physical and mathematical models to more familiar explanatory metaphors to the dramatic contributions of recent technological developments, especially in imaging, recombinant DNA, and computer modeling and simulations. A history of the diverse and changing nature of biological explanation in a particularly charged field, Making Sense of Life draws our attention to the temporal, disciplinary, and cultural components of what biologists mean, and what they understand, when they propose to explain life.
Categories: Science

Understanding Digital Humanities

Understanding Digital Humanities

Cultures. of. Formalisation: Towards. an. Encounter. between. Humanities. and.
Computing. Joris van Zundert, Smiljana ... we consider such collaborations as
encounters between 'epistemic cultures', that is to say, particular combinations of
 ...

Author: D. Berry

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780230371934

Category: Computers

Page: 318

View: 404

Confronting the digital revolution in academia, this book examines the application of new computational techniques and visualisation technologies in the Arts & Humanities. Uniting differing perspectives, leading and emerging scholars discuss the theoretical and practical challenges that computation raises for these disciplines.
Categories: Computers

Interdisciplinary Public Health Reasoning and Epidemic Modelling The Case of Black Death

Interdisciplinary Public Health Reasoning and Epidemic Modelling  The Case of Black Death

Instead , an adequate solution has no independent status of its own , but is the
theoretical construct of the epistemic cognition ... with the integration of epistemic
cultures , and not only with the integration of interdisciplinary knowledge sources
.

Author: George Christakos

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540257942

Category: Medical

Page: 319

View: 677

This multidisciplinary reference takes the reader through all four major phases of interdisciplinary inquiry: adequate conceptualization, rigorous formulation, substantive interpretation, and innovative implementation. The text introduces a novel synthetic paradigm of public health reasoning and epidemic modelling, and implements it with a study of the infamous 14th century AD Black Death disaster that killed at least one-fourth of the European population.
Categories: Medical

Rhetorics Poetics and Cultures

Rhetorics  Poetics  and Cultures

Social - Epistemic Rhetoric , Ideology , and English Studies Social - epistemic
rhetoric is a recent development unique to the United States , growing out of the
singular experiences of democracy in this country . Its roots are in the social ...

Author: James A. Berlin

Publisher: Parlor Press LLC

ISBN: 0972477284

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 245

View: 873

Rhetorics, Poetics, and Cultures is James Berlin's most comprehensive effort to refigure the field of English Studies. Here, in his last book, Berlin both historically situates and recovers for today the tools and insights of rhetoric-displaced and marginalized, he argues, by the allegedly disinterested study of aesthetic texts in the college English department. Berlin sees rhetoric as offering a unique perspective on the current disciplinary crisis, complementing the challenging perspectives offered by postmodern literary theory and cultural studies. Taking into account the political and intellectual issues at stake and the relation of these issues to economic and social transformations, Berlin argues for a pedagogy that makes the English studies classroom the center of disciplinary activities, the point at which theory, practice, and democratic politics intersect. This new educational approach, organized around text interpretation and production-not one or the other exclusively, as before-prepares students for work, democratic politics, and consumer culture today by providing a revised conception of both reading and writing as acts of textual interpretation; it also gives students tools to critique the socially constructed, politically charged reality of classroom, college, and culture. This new edition of Rhetorics, Poetics, and Cultures includes JAC response essays by Linda Brodkey, Patricia Harkin, Susan Miller, John Trimbur, and Victor J. Vitanza, as well as an afterword by Janice M. Lauer. These essays situate Berlin's work in personal, pedagogical, and political contexts that highlight the continuing importance of his work for understanding contemporary disciplinary practice.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Nano Meets Macro

Nano Meets Macro

I will further explore the possibility of whether there are common features beyond
these two epistemic cultures, i.e. what is the common vision of nature embedded
in nano(bio)technologies. I will define this common vision as the idea of nature ...

Author: Kamilla Kjolberg

Publisher: Pan Stanford Publishing

ISBN: 9789814267052

Category: Science

Page: 567

View: 471

Explores the enormous diversity in social perspectives on the emergence of nanotechnologies under five broad categories: Philosophy, governance, science, representations and arts, and attention is drawn to important research lines and pertinent questions within and across these categories. To stimulate a thorough discussion the book includes pieces of science fiction and visual arts, as well as questions for reflection after each chapter.
Categories: Science

Semiotics of Happiness

Semiotics of Happiness

New claims arising in contemporary Western cultures must also resonate with
already existing belief systems which render some ... In Knorr-Cetina's (1999: 1)
conceptualization, epistemic cultures are 'those amalgams of arrangements and
 ...

Author: Ashley Frawley

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781472523303

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 240

View: 193

The Semiotics of Happiness examines the rise of 'happiness' (and its various satellite terminologies) as a social and political semiotic, exploring its origins in the US and subsequent spread into the UK and across the globe. The research takes as its starting point the development of discussions about happiness in UK newspapers in which dedicated advocates began to claim that a new 'science of happiness' had been discovered and argued for social and political change on its behalf. Through an in-depth analysis of the written and visual rhetoric and subsequent activities of these influential 'claims-makers', Frawley argues that happiness became a serious political issue not because of a growing unhappiness in society nor a demand 'on the ground' for new knowledge about it, but rather because influential and dedicated 'insiders' took the issue on at a cultural moment when problems cast in emotional terms were particularly likely to make an impact. Emerging from the analysis is the observation that, while apparently positive and light-hearted, the concern with happiness implicitly affirms a 'vulnerability' model of human functioning, encourages a morality of low expectations, and in spite of the radical language used to describe it, is ultimately conservative and ideally suited to an era of 'no alternative' (to capitalism).
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Knowing Knowledge and Beliefs

Knowing  Knowledge and Beliefs

Epistemological Studies across Diverse Cultures Myint Swe Khine. Chapter. 1.
Personal. Epistemology. and. Culture. Barbara K. Hofer Abstract The role that
personal epistemology plays in intellectual development, learning, and education
 ...

Author: Myint Swe Khine

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402065965

Category: Psychology

Page: 470

View: 987

Bringing together prominent educators and researchers, this book focuses on conceptual and methodological issues relevant to the nature of knowledge and learning. It offers a state-of-the-art theoretical understanding of epistemological beliefs from both educational and psychological perspectives. Readers discover recent advances in conceptualization and epistemological studies across diverse cultures. This is an unbeatable resource for academics and researchers alike.
Categories: Psychology

Professional Learning in the Knowledge Society

Professional Learning in the Knowledge Society

Moreover, these processes form professionspecific knowledge cultures which
constitute a basis for work and learning. ... Pointing to how the spill-over of
epistemic culture plays out in the educational programmes in terms of an
academic drift ...

Author: Karen Jensen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789460919947

Category: Education

Page: 228

View: 251

This book presents an entirely new approach to professional learning based on perspectives of the knowledge society and, in particular, an interpretation of Knorr Cetina’s work on scientific ‘epistemic cultures’. Starting with a conceptual chapter and followed by a suite of empirical studies from accountancy, education, nursing and software engineering, the book elaborates how: a) knowledge production and circulation take distinct forms in those fields; b) how the knowledge objects of practice in those fields engross and engage professionals and, in the process, people and knowledge are transformed by this engagement. By foregrounding an explicit concern for the role of knowledge in professional learning, the book goes much farther than the current fashion for describing ‘practice-based learning’. It will therefore be of considerable interest to the research, policy, practitioner and student communities involved with professional education/learning or interested in innovation and knowledge development in the professions.
Categories: Education

The Social Construction and Usage of Communication Technologies

The Social Construction and Usage of Communication Technologies

Doing IT in Developing Societies : Varying Contexts , Similar Epistemic Practices
Czarina Saloma - Akpedonu ... This chapter examines the culture of knowledge
acquisition , creation , and utilization in so - called developing societies , given ...

Author: Raul Pertierra

Publisher: UP Press

ISBN: 9715425372

Category: History

Page: 228

View: 487

This collection acknowledges what has now become an almost trite observation: the industrial age has been overtaken by the informational one and in the process old boundaries have either disappeared or become extremely porous. A world organized around sovereign interlopers, is rapidly disappearing or continues to survive as nostalgia. Globalization sweeps aside everything before it or so it seems. But while the national is increasingly threatened, the local is reasserting its primacy. The new media of communication discussed in this collection makes possible the localization of the global as well as the globalization of the local. This collection is the first attempt to discuss the new global media with Asia as its main focus. The biggest markets for these technologies are in the emerging economies of china, India and Southeast Asia. Japan and South Korea have surpassed most western countries in their deployment of the new technology. Information is the only major resource whose production, distribution, and consumption are notionally available to everyone. -- Back cover.
Categories: History

Professors and Their Politics

Professors and Their Politics

Do professors inhabit disciplinary or institutional “epistemic cultures” (Knorr
Cetina 1999) that stress the importance of objectivity and/or political neutrality?
Or are they immersed in social environments where political engagement
through their ...

Author: Neil Gross

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9781421413358

Category: Education

Page: 376

View: 701

Professors and Their Politics tackles the assumption that universities are ivory towers of radicalism with the potential to corrupt conservative youth. Neil Gross and Solon Simmons gather the work of leading sociologists, historians, and other researchers interested in the relationship between politics and higher education to present evidence to the contrary. In eleven meaty chapters, contributors describe the political makeup of American academia today, consider the causes of its liberal tilt, discuss the college experience for politically conservative students, and delve into historical debates about professorial politics. Offering readable, rigorous analyses rather than polemics, Professors and Their Politics yields important new insights into the nature of higher education institutions while challenging dogmas of both the left and the right.
Categories: Education

Modelling and Simulation in the Social Sciences from the Philosophy of Science Point of View

Modelling and Simulation in the Social Sciences from the Philosophy of Science Point of View

EPISTEMIC CULTURES IN THE SOCIAL SCIENCES The Modelling Dilemma
Dissolved KARL H. MÜLLER Institute of Advanced Studies Wien , Austria In the
academic year 1939/1940 , Joseph A. Schumpeter organized a non - dying
Harvard ...

Author: R. Hegselmann

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0792341252

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 687

Model building in the social sciences can increasingly rely on well elaborated formal theories. At the same time inexpensive large computational capacities are now available. Both make computer-based model building and simulation possible in social science, whose central aim is in particular an understanding of social dynamics. Such social dynamics refer to public opinion formation, partner choice, strategy decisions in social dilemma situations and much more. In the context of such modelling approaches, novel problems in philosophy of science arise which must be analysed - the main aim of this book. Interest in social simulation has recently been growing rapidly world- wide, mainly as a result of the increasing availability of powerful personal computers. The field has also been greatly influenced by developments in cellular automata theory (from mathematics) and in distributed artificial intelligence which provided tools readily applicable to social simulation. This book presents a number of modelling and simulation approaches and their relations to problems in philosophy of science. It addresses sociologists and other social scientists interested in formal modelling, mathematical sociology, and computer simulation as well as computer scientists interested in social science applications, and philosophers of social science.
Categories: Social Science