The Scene of Violence

Cinema, Crime, Affect

Author: Alison Young,Fellow and Lecturer in Law Alison Young

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134008724

Category: Law

Page: 200

View: 8219

In the contemporary fascination with images of crime, violence gets under our skin and keeps us enthralled. The Scene of Violence explores the spectator’s encounter with the cinematic scene of violence – rape and revenge, homicide and serial killing, torture and terrorism. Providing a detailed reading of both classical and contemporary films – for example, Kill Bill, Blue Velvet, Reservoir Dogs, The Matrix, Psycho, The Accused, Elephant, Seven, Thelma & Louise, United 93, Zodiac, and No Country for Old Men – Alison Young returns the affective processes of the cinematic image to the study of law, crime and violence. Engaging with legal theory, cultural criminology and film studies, the book unfolds both our attachment to the authority of law and our identification with the illicit. Its original contribution is to bring together the cultural fascination of crime with a nuanced account of what it means to watch cinema. The Scene of Violence shows how the spectator is bound by the laws of film to the judgment of the crime-image.

The Legitimization of Violence

Author: David Apter,M. Nicholson

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814706495

Category: Political Science

Page: 448

View: 7015

Violence, nationalism, and politics are inextricably linked in such controversial political movements as Neo-Nazism in contemporary Germany and the Shi'ia in Lebanon. By analyzing the diverse factors which lead to violent acts, this volume addresses the complexity and the correlations between politics and violence.

Cultures of Violence

Racial violence and the origins of segregation in South Africa and the American South

Author: Ivan Evans

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 1847792944

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 1964

This book deals with the inherent violence of "race relations" in two important countries that remain iconic expressions of white supremacy in the twentieth century. 'Cultures of violence' does not just reconstruct the era of violence. Instead it convincingly contrasts the "lynch culture" of the American South to the "bureaucratic culture of violence" in South Africa. By contrasting mobs of rope-wielding white Southerners to the gun-toting policemen and administrators who formally defended white supremacy in South Africa, 'Cultures of violence' employs racial killing as an optic for examining the distinctive logic of the racial state in the two contexts. Combining the historian's eye for detail with the sociologist's search for overarching claims, the book explores the systemic connections amongst three substantive areas to explain why contrasting traditions of racial violence took such firm root in the American South and South Africa.

The Rule of Violence

Subjectivity, Memory and Government in Syria

Author: Salwa Ismail

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107032180

Category: History

Page: 280

View: 8945

Provides an original analysis of the routine and spectacular forms of violence deployed by the Asad regime in Syria over the last four decades.

Anomie and Violence

Non-truth and Reconciliation in Indonesian Peacebuilding

Author: John Braithwaite,Valerie Braithwaite,Michael Cookson,Leah Dunn

Publisher: ANU E Press

ISBN: 1921666234

Category: Political Science

Page: 501

View: 4756

Indonesia suffered an explosion of religious violence, ethnic violence, separatist violence, terrorism, and violence by criminal gangs, the security forces and militias in the late 1990s and early 2000s. By 2002 Indonesia had the worst terrorism problem of any nation. All these forms of violence have now fallen dramatically. How was this accomplished? What drove the rise and the fall of violence? Anomie theory is deployed to explain these developments. Sudden institutional change at the time of the Asian financial crisis and the fall of President Suharto meant the rules of the game were up for grabs. Valerie Braithwaite's motivational postures theory is used to explain the gaming of the rules and the disengagement from authority that occurred in that era. Ultimately resistance to Suharto laid a foundation for commitment to a revised, more democratic, institutional order. The peacebuilding that occurred was not based on the high-integrity truth-seeking and reconciliation that was the normative preference of these authors. Rather it was based on non-truth, sometimes lies, and yet substantial reconciliation. This poses a challenge to restorative justice theories of peacebuilding.

Concise Guide to Assessment and Management of Violent Patients

Author: Kenneth Tardiff

Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub

ISBN: 9780880483445

Category: Medical

Page: 166

View: 566

Clinicians encounter violent patients in any treatment setting -- from private offices and medical units to psychiatric inpatient units. Written by one of the foremost experts on violence, the second edition of this concise, practical guide provides psychiatry residents, psychiatrists, and other mental health professionals with vital information required to manage potentially violent patients. Considerably updated, this book contains current information on psychopharmacology and the management of violent patients, an expanded section on the safety of clinicians, and a new section on how to deal with threats of violence to the clinician. This guide will be especially useful and relevant to psychiatric residents, given the number of violent patients they encounter.

Cults, Religion, and Violence

Author: David G. Bromley,J. Gordon Melton

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521668989

Category: Religion

Page: 249

View: 7359

Explores recent high profile cases of new religious movements involved in violence.

Faces of Violence

Psychological Correlates, Concepts, and Intervention Strategies

Author: Daya Singh Sandhu

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781560728351

Category: Psychology

Page: 470

View: 3355

Contents: Workplace Violence: Another Face of the Crisis; School Violence: Issues and Strategies For Prevention; School Violence: Risk Factors, Psychological Correlates, Prevention and Intervention Strategies; Ecological Violence: Impact of Environmental Degradation and Contamination on Psychological Health and Well-Being; Ethnoviolence in America; Anti-Gay Hate Crimes and Violence: Counselling Implications; Psychological Violence Against Gay Men and Lesbian Women: An Interpersonal Perspective; Substance Abuse and Violence: A Coexisting Issue; The Violence of Sexual Harassment: Physical, Emotional and Economic Victimisation; Violence and the Offender: Interrupting the Cycle of Violence; Faces of Sexual Harassment in Schools; Child Sexual Abuse and Programmed Distance Writing; Words that Wound, Words that Heal: Faces of Verbal Violence in Heterosexual Couples; Domestic Violence Perpetrators: Intervention and Prevention; Faces of Violence in Sport; Risk Assessment in Domestic Violence; Predictors of Domestic Violence: Power-and-Control Versus Imbalance-of-Power and Related Factors; Sudden Violent Loss: Clinical Guidelines for the Screening and Treatment of Survivors; Counsellor React

Communities of Violence

Persecution of Minorities in the Middle Ages

Author: David Nirenberg

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400866235

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 3910

In the wake of modern genocide, we tend to think of violence against minorities as a sign of intolerance, or, even worse, a prelude to extermination. Violence in the Middle Ages, however, functioned differently, according to David Nirenberg. In this provocative book, he focuses on specific attacks against minorities in fourteenth-century France and the Crown of Aragon (Aragon, Catalonia, and Valencia). He argues that these attacks--ranging from massacres to verbal assaults against Jews, Muslims, lepers, and prostitutes--were often perpetrated not by irrational masses laboring under inherited ideologies and prejudices, but by groups that manipulated and reshaped the available discourses on minorities. Nirenberg shows that their use of violence expressed complex beliefs about topics as diverse as divine history, kinship, sex, money, and disease, and that their actions were frequently contested by competing groups within their own society. Nirenberg's readings of archival and literary sources demonstrates how violence set the terms and limits of coexistence for medieval minorities. The particular and contingent nature of this coexistence is underscored by the book's juxtapositions--some systematic (for example, that of the Crown of Aragon with France, Jew with Muslim, medieval with modern), and some suggestive (such as African ritual rebellion with Catalan riots). Throughout, the book questions the applicability of dichotomies like tolerance versus intolerance to the Middle Ages, and suggests the limitations of those analyses that look for the origins of modern European persecutory violence in the medieval past.

The Colors of Violence

Cultural Identities, Religion, and Conflict

Author: Sudhir Kakar

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226422855

Category: Psychology

Page: 217

View: 9909

For decades India has been intermittently tormented by brutal outbursts of religious violence, thrusting thousands of ordinary Hindus and Muslims into bloody conflict. In this provocative work, psychoanalyst Sudhir Kakar exposes the psychological roots of Hindu-Muslim violence and examines with grace and intensity the subjective experience of religious hatred in his native land. With honesty, insight, and unsparing self-reflection, Kakar confronts the profoundly enigmatic relations that link individual egos to cultural moralities and religious violence. His innovative psychological approach offers a framework for understanding the kind of ethnic-religious conflict that has so vexed social scientists in India and throughout the world. Through riveting case studies, Kakar explores cultural stereotypes, religious antagonisms, ethnocentric histories, and episodic violence to trace the development of both Hindu and Muslim psyches. He argues that in early childhood the social identity of every Indian is grounded in traditional religious identifications and communalism. Together these bring about deep-set psychological anxieties and animosities toward the other. For Hindus and Muslims alike, violence becomes morally acceptable when communally and religiously sanctioned. As the changing pressures of modernization and secularism in a multicultural society grate at this entrenched communalism, and as each group vies for power, ethnic-religious conflicts ignite. The Colors of Violence speaks with eloquence and urgency to anyone concerned with the postmodern clash of religious and cultural identities.