Environmental Science

Physical Principles and Applications

Author: Egbert Boeker,Rienk van Grondelle

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471495772

Category: Science

Page: 380

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Aimed at a first course in environmental physics, environmental science, environmental analysis, or environmental monitoring. This text can be used by first year students and above, and takes a scientific approach as opposed to a social or political one. Mathematics is kept to a minimum, although some background (school) knowledge of science is assumed. Courses would be taught in physics, environmental science and physical science departments. Comprehensively covering the field, this book brings together the latest developments, theories, research and concerns, from both the scientific and social sides. Placing the environment firmly at the centre of the scientific agenda, it provides all the background needed by readers to fully understand this important and often 'hype-driven' subject. Whilst mathematics is introduced where necessary, it is carefully explained and kept simple, with derivations generally being avoided. Wherever possible, topics of current concern and relevance are included, and many examples, features and appetisers or mini-case studies are included, frequently drawn from publications such as New Scientist, Nature, Science, Physics Today and Scientific American. The book starts with a general overview of the subject, and then moves on to cover climate, energy, pollutants, noise, measurements and social aspects.
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Principles and Applications of ESR Spectroscopy

Author: Anders Lund,Masaru Shiotani,Shigetaka Shimada

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402053443

Category: Science

Page: 461

View: 1328

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Principles and Applications of ESR Spectroscopy fills the gap between the detailed monographs in ESR spectroscopy and the general textbooks in molecular physics, physical chemistry, biochemistry or spectroscopy. The latter only briefly explain the underlying theory and do not provide details about applications, while the currently available ESR textbooks are primarily focused on the technique as such. This text is based upon the authors’ long experience of teaching the subject to a mixed audience, in the extreme case ranging from physics to biology. The potential of the method is illustrated with applications in fields such as molecular science, catalysis and environmental sciences, polymer and materials sciences, biochemistry and radiation chemistry/physics. Theoretical derivations have in general been omitted, as they have been presented repeatedly in previous works. The necessary theory is instead illustrated by practical examples from the literature.
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Principles of Environmental Physics

Plants, Animals, and the Atmosphere

Author: John Monteith,Mike Unsworth

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123869935

Category: Science

Page: 422

View: 810

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Principles of Environmental Physics: Plants, Animals, and the Atmosphere, 4e, provides a basis for understanding the complex physical interactions of plants and animals with their natural environment. It is the essential reference to provide environmental and ecological scientists and researchers with the physical principles, analytic tools, and data analysis methods they need to solve problems. This book describes the principles by which radiative energy reaches the earth’s surface and reviews the latest knowledge concerning the surface radiation budget. The processes of radiation, convection, conduction, evaporation, and carbon dioxide exchange are analyzed. Many applications of environmental physics principles are reviewed, including the roles of surface albedo and atmospheric aerosols in modifying microclimate and climate, remote sensing of vegetation properties, wind forces on trees and crops, dispersion of pathogens and aerosols, controls of evaporation from vegetation and soil (including implications of changing weather and climate), and interpretation of micrometeorological measurements of carbon dioxide and other trace gas fluxes. Presents a unique synthesis of micrometeorology and ecology in its widest sense Deals quantitatively with the impact of weather on living systems but also with the interactions between organisms and the atmosphere that are a central feature of life on earth Offers numerous worked examples and problems with solutions Provides many examples of laboratory and field measurements and their interpretation Includes an up-to-date bibliography and review of recent micrometeorological applications in forestry, ecology, hydrology, and agriculture
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Principles of Environmental Sciences

Author: Jan J. Boersema,Lucas Reijnders

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402091583

Category: Science

Page: 542

View: 8395

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International experts provide a comprehensive picture of the principles, concepts and methods that are applicable to problems originating from the interaction between the living/non-living environment and mankind. Both the analysis of such problems and the way solutions to environmental problems may work in specific societal contexts are addressed. Disciplinary approaches are discussed but there is a focus on multi- and interdisciplinary methods. A large number of practical examples and case studies are presented. There is special emphasis on modelling and integrated assessment. This book is different because it stresses the societal, cultural and historical dimensions of environmental problems. The main objective is to improve the ability to analyse and conceptualise environmental problems in context and to make readers aware of the value and scope of different methods. Ideal as a course text for students, this book will also be of interest to researchers and consultants in the environmental sciences.
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Environmental Physics

Sustainable Energy and Climate Change

Author: Egbert Boeker,Rienk van Grondelle

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119975190

Category: Science

Page: 456

View: 1715

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This thoroughly revised and updated third edition focuses on the utilization of sustainable energy and mitigating climate change, serving as an introduction to physics in the context of societal problems. A distinguishing feature of the text is the discussion of spectroscopy and spectroscopic methods as a crucial means to quantitatively analyze and monitor the condition of the environment, the factors determining climate change, and all aspects of energy conversion. This textbook will be invaluable to students in physics and related subjects, and supplementary materials are available on a companion website.
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Energy

Its Use and the Environment

Author: Roger Hinrichs,Merlin H. Kleinbach

Publisher: Brooks/Cole Publishing Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 595

View: 4613

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ENERGY: ITS USE AND THE ENVIRONMENT, Fourth Edition is an introductory textbook that emphasizes the physical principles behind energy and its effects on our environment. The text explains the basic physical principles behind the use of energy, including the study of mechanics, electricity and magnetism, thermodynamics, and atomic and nuclear physics. It also covers crucial environmental questions that currently are receiving much public attention, such as global warming, radioactive waste, municipal solid waste and nuclear energy production materials. The new fourth edition continues to emphasize the impact energy issues have on the individual and society. By placing energy issues within the context of everyday examples and asking students to define and support critical arguments, ENERGY utilizes relevant applications to capture student interest. A new ongoing email service provides subscribing instructors the opportunity to seamlessly incorporate current events into their course lectures. The text can be used in physics, technology, physical science, and environmental science courses for non-science majors. Many of the standard topics found in introductory physics textbooks are included. As a result, this book can be used as the text in a conceptual physics course with energy as the central theme. No math or other science prerequisite is necessary.
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Physical Principles of Remote Sensing

Author: Gareth Rees,W. G. Rees

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110700473X

Category: Science

Page: 492

View: 9525

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A quantitative yet accessible introduction to remote sensing techniques, this new edition covers a broad spectrum of Earth science applications.
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Principles of Environmental Physics

Author: John Lennox Monteith,M. H. Unsworth

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780125051033

Category: Science

Page: 418

View: 5475

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Presenting a unique synthesis of micrometeorology and ecology in its widest sense, this book deals quantitatively with the impact of weather on living systems but also with the interactions between them that are a central feature of life on earth. Numerical problems and worked examples are included.
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Cyber-Physical Systems

Foundations, Principles and Applications

Author: Houbing Song,Danda B Rawat,Sabina Jeschke,Christian Brecher

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 0128038748

Category: Computers

Page: 514

View: 8876

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Cyber-Physical Systems: Foundations, Principles and Applications explores the core system science perspective needed to design and build complex cyber-physical systems. Using Systems Science’s underlying theories, such as probability theory, decision theory, game theory, organizational sociology, behavioral economics, and cognitive psychology, the book addresses foundational issues central across CPS applications, including System Design -- How to design CPS to be safe, secure, and resilient in rapidly evolving environments, System Verification -- How to develop effective metrics and methods to verify and certify large and complex CPS, Real-time Control and Adaptation -- How to achieve real-time dynamic control and behavior adaptation in a diverse environments, such as clouds and in network-challenged spaces, Manufacturing -- How to harness communication, computation, and control for developing new products, reducing product concepts to realizable designs, and producing integrated software-hardware systems at a pace far exceeding today's timeline. The book is part of the Intelligent Data-Centric Systems: Sensor-Collected Intelligence series edited by Fatos Xhafa, Technical University of Catalonia. Indexing: The books of this series are submitted to EI-Compendex and SCOPUS Includes in-depth coverage of the latest models and theories that unify perspectives, expressing the interacting dynamics of the computational and physical components of a system in a dynamic environment Focuses on new design, analysis, and verification tools that embody the scientific principles of CPS and incorporate measurement, dynamics, and control Covers applications in numerous sectors, including agriculture, energy, transportation, building design and automation, healthcare, and manufacturing
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Physics and Engineering of Radiation Detection

Author: Syed Naeem Ahmed

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080569642

Category: Science

Page: 800

View: 2139

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This book presents an overview of the physics of radiation detection and its applications. It covers the origins and properties of different kinds of ionizing radiation, their detection and measurement, and the procedures used to protect people and the environment from their potentially harmful effects. It details the experimental techniques and instrumentation used in different detection systems in a very practical way without sacrificing the physics content. It provides useful formulae and explains methodologies to solve problems related to radiation measurements. With abundance of worked-out examples and end-of-chapter problems, this book enables the reader to understand the underlying physical principles and their applications. Detailed discussions on different detection media, such as gases, liquids, liquefied gases, semiconductors, and scintillators make this book an excellent source of information for students as well as professionals working in related fields. Chapters on statistics, data analysis techniques, software for data analysis, and data acquisition systems provide the reader with necessary skills to design and build practical systems and perform data analysis. * Covers the modern techniques involved in detection and measurement of radiation and the underlying physical principles * Illustrates theoretical and practical details with an abundance of practical, worked-out examples * Provides practice problems at the end of each chapter
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