A companion site for this book with artwork for downloading is available at: www.blackwellpublishing.com/willmer/ This new and updated edition, with two entirely new chapters, provides a comprehensive coverage of the comparative physiology ...
Author: Pat Willmer
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
The new and updated edition of this accessible text provides a comprehensive overview of the comparative physiology of animals within an environmental context. Includes two brand new chapters on Nerves and Muscles and the Endocrine System. Discusses both comparative systems physiology and environmental physiology. Analyses and integrates problems and adaptations for each kind of environment: marine, seashore and estuary, freshwater, terrestrial and parasitic. Examines mechanisms and responses beyond physiology. Applies an evolutionary perspective to the analysis of environmental adaptation. Provides modern molecular biology insights into the mechanistic basis of adaptation, and takes the level of analysis beyond the cell to the membrane, enzyme and gene. Incorporates more varied material from a wide range of animal types, with less of a focus purely on terrestrial reptiles, birds and mammals and rather more about the spectacularly successful strategies of invertebrates. A companion site for this book with artwork for downloading is available at: www.blackwellpublishing.com/willmer/
Organism and environment; Energy metabolism; Thermal relationship; Exchanges of salts and water: mechanisms; Exchanges of salts and water: integration; Nitrogen excretion and other aspects of nitrogen metabolism; Renal organs and excretion; ...
Author: Richard W. Hill
Publisher: HarperCollins Publishers
Category: Adaptation (Physiology).
Organism and environment; Energy metabolism; Thermal relationship; Exchanges of salts and water: mechanisms; Exchanges of salts and water: integration; Nitrogen excretion and other aspects of nitrogen metabolism; Renal organs and excretion; Exchanges of oxygen and carbon dioxide: basic principles, respiratory anvironments, and external respiration; Exchanges of exygen and carbon dioxide: transport in body fluids; Circulation; Metabolic responses to oxygen deficiency and lowered availability of oxygen; The active animal.
We have not written this book for anyone particular scientific discipline; rather, we hope that it will have an interdisciplinary appeal.
Author: W. B. Vernberg
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Within recent years man has become increasingly aware of the disastrous environmental changes that he has introduced, and therefore society is now more concerned about understanding the adaptations organisms have evolved in order to survive and flourish in their environment. Because much of the information pertaining to this subject is scattered in various journals or special symposia proceedings, our purpose in writing this book is to bring together in a college-and graduate-student text the principal concepts of the environmental physiology of the animals that inhabit one of the major realms of the earth, the sea. Our book is not meant to be a definitive treatise on the physiological adap tation of the animals that inhabit the marine environment. Instead, we have tried to highlight some of the physiological mechanisms through which these animals have been able to meet the challenges of their environment. We have not written this book for anyone particular scientific discipline; rather, we hope that it will have an interdisciplinary appeal. It is meant to be both a reference text and a text for teaching senior undergraduate and graduate courses in marine biology, physiological ecology of marine animals, and envi ronmental physiology of marine animals.
Here is a uniquely modern approach to the study of physiological diversity that builds on the tradition established by C. Ladd Prosser's Comparative Animal Physiology.
Author: C. Ladd Prosser
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Here is a uniquely modern approach to the study of physiological diversity that builds on the tradition established by C. Ladd Prosser's Comparative Animal Physiology. Responding to the need for a rigorously up-to-date, comprehensive survey of function and integrative systems in a variety of species, which is also easily accessible to the user, Dr. Prosser has delivered a thoroughly revised Fourth Edition in a convenient two-volume format. This carefully designed framework lets each volume zero-in on distinct aspects of comparative physiology normally studied as a whole unit. From the study of genetically replicating molecules to investigations of adaptive modulation, these two companion volumes offer an all-encompassing view of the field. With their contemporary approach, scholarly editing, flexible format, and detailed contents, Neural and Integrative Animal Physiology and Environmental and Metabolic Animal Physiology will stand together as the authoritative source in the field.
This book summarizes our current knowledge of the complex and sophisticated physiological models that mammals provide for survival in a wide variety of ecological and environmental contexts: terrestrial, aerial, and aquatic.
Author: Philip C. Withers
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Mammals are the so-called "pinnacle" group of vertebrates, successfully colonising virtually all terrestrial environments as well as the air (bats) and sea (especially pinnipeds and cetaceans). How mammals function and survive in these diverse environments has long fascinated mammologists, comparative physiologists and ecologists. Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Mammals explores the physiological mechanisms and evolutionary necessities that have made the spectacular adaptation of mammals possible. It summarises our current knowledge of the complex and sophisticated physiological approaches that mammals have for survival in a wide variety of ecological and environmental contexts: terrestrial, aerial, and aquatic. The authors have a strong comparative and quantitative focus in their broad approach to exploring mammal ecophysiology. As with other books in the Ecological and Environmental Physiology Series, the emphasis is on the unique physiological characteristics of mammals, their adaptations to extreme environments, and current experimental techniques and future research directions are also considered. This accessible text is suitable for graduate level students and researchers in the fields of mammalian comparative physiology and physiological ecology, including specialist courses in mammal ecology. It will also be of value and use to the many professional mammologists requiring a concise overview of the topic.
It is the hope of the contributing authors that this book will serve as an effective reference text for all senior undergraduate and graduate students as well as research scientists with an interest in cold physiology.
Author: Lawrence C.H. Wang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
When survival is challenged by the cold, animals react by employing both behavioral and physiological solutions. Depending on the magni tude of the cold stress and the nature of the adjustment, simple avoidance or sophisticated capacity or resistance compensations may be used. Thus, migration, shelter seeking, metabolic and insulative compen sation, torpor, and freezing avoidance and tolerance are successful tac tics used by diverse groups of animals. To understand and appreciate the benefits of these tactics, it is necessary to examine not only the well being of the whole animal but also their basic underlying mechanisms. In ad dition, it is also of fundamental importance to grasp how seasonal cold affects the survivorship and reproductive success of populations when confronted by a general reduction in primary productivity and an elevated energy cost for maintenance (e. g. in endotherms). In this regard, a synthetic overview which integrates aspects of cell biology, biochem istry, physiology, neurobiology, behavior, and population biology should be a fruitful approach in providing a holistic understanding on how animals adapt to cold. The present volume is an attempt to achieve such an overview; its objective is to provide a depth and breadth of coverage that is essential to a full appreciation of animal adaptation to cold. It is the hope of the contributing authors that this book will serve as an effective reference text for all senior undergraduate and graduate students as well as research scientists with an interest in cold physiology.
So the study of animal physiology now crosses a range of disciplines, including evolutionary biology and genetics.In this book you will study animal physiology in an integrated way.
Author: Robin Harding
Category: Animal mechanics
Our understanding of animal physiology has changed radically in recent years. In addition to the major advances in laboratory techniques, technological developments have enabled researchers to study physiological variables in free-living animals rather than just in laboratory experiments, and this has changed the emphasis of many investigations. The study of animals in their undisturbed state has been variously referred to as 'whole-animal physiology', 'physiological ecology' or 'environmental physiology'. However, developments in other disciplines within the Life Sciences have had an impact on physiology too, particularly the new techniques in molecular biology. Now it is becoming possible to study not only the small but significant differences in physiology that exist within and between species, but also to understand what processes and genes underlie these differences and how they might have evolved. So the study of animal physiology now crosses a range of disciplines, including evolutionary biology and genetics.In this book you will study animal physiology in an integrated way. The book emphasizes the links between disciplines and demonstrates that integrative physiology is more than just comparisons between species.
Author: Knut Schmidt-NielsenPublish On: 1997-04-10
As with previous editions, students, teachers as well as researchers will find this book a valuable and enjoyable companion to course work and research.
Author: Knut Schmidt-Nielsen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
How do dolphins catch fish in murky water? Why do moths drink from puddles? How do birds' eggs breathe? How do animals work? In this revised and updated edition of the acclaimed text Animal Physiology, the answers are revealed. In clear and stimulating style, Knut Schmidt-Nielsen introduces and develops the fundamental principles of animal physiology according to major environmental features - oxygen, food and energy, temperature, and water. The structure of the book is unchanged from the previous edition, but every chapter has been updated to take into account recent developments, with numerous new references and figures. Animal Physiology is suitable as a text for undergraduate and beginning graduate courses in physiology. As with previous editions, students, teachers as well as researchers will find this book a valuable and enjoyable companion to course work and research.
The text concludes with a thorough discussion of environmental effects on gene expressions, providing important insight for future breeding practices.
Author: R. J. Collier
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
"The concept for this text arose from the 18th Discover Conference on Effect of the Thermal Environment on Nutrient and Management Requirements of Cattle, which was held at the Brown County Inn in Nashville, Indiana November 2-5, 2009"--Pref.
Preface All forms of animal life face to a greater or lesser degree environmental
pressures which operate to displace an animal's physiological status from an “
ideal norm ' or ' optimum ' . The cushioning of a marine organism in a relatively ...
Through its emphasis on recent research, its many summary tables, and its bibliography of more than 4,000 entries, this first modern, synthetic treatment of comparative amphibian environmental physiology emerges as the definitive reference ...
Author: Martin E. Feder
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Through its emphasis on recent research, its many summary tables, and its bibliography of more than 4,000 entries, this first modern, synthetic treatment of comparative amphibian environmental physiology emerges as the definitive reference for the field. Forty internationally respected experts review the primary data, examine current research trends, and identify productive avenues for future research.
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