Environmental Modelling with GIS and Remote Sensing

Author: Andrew Skidmore

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203302217

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 268

View: 4872

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Most government agencies and private companies are investing significant resources in the production and use of geographical data. The capabilities of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) for data analysis are also improving, to the extent that the potential performance of GIS software and the data available for analysis outstrip the abilities of
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Geographic Information Systems and Environmental Modeling

Author: Keith C. Clarke,Bradley O. Parks,Michael P. Crane

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 306

View: 8491

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This book provides readers with the most comprehensive and authoritative treatment of the topic available. Topics covered include modeling frameworks, paradigms and approaches; model development, calibration and validation; dynamic systems modeling and four-dimensional GIS; and more. Includes case studies in GIS/EM. This book is intended for readers interested in advanced Geographic Information Systems, Spatial Data Processing, or Environmental Modeling.
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GIS and Environmental Modeling

Progress and Research Issues

Author: Michael F. Goodchild,Louis T. Steyaert,Bradley O. Parks,Carol Johnston,David Maidment,Michael Crane,Sandi Glendinning

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470236772

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 504

View: 2978

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GIS and Environmental Modeling: Progress and Research Issues Michael F. Goodchild, Louis T. Steyaert, Bradley O. Parks, Carol Johnston, David Maidment, Michael Crane, and Sandi Glendinning, Editors With growing pressure on natural resources and landscapes there is an increasing need to predict the consequences of any changes to the environment. Modelling plays an important role in this by helping our understanding of the environment and by forecasting likely impacts. In recent years moves have been made to link models to Geographical Information Systems to provide a means of analysing changes over an area as well as over time. GIS and Environmental Modeling explores the progress made to date in integrating these two software systems. Approaches to the subject are made from theoretical, technical as well as data stand points. The existing capabilities of current systems are described along with important issues of data availability, accuracy and error. Various case studies illustrate this and highlight the common concepts and issues that exist between researchers in different environmental fields. The future needs and prospects for integrating GIS and environmental models are also explored with developments in both data handling and modelling discussed. The book brings together the knowledge and experience of over 100 researchers from academic, commercial and government backgrounds who work in a wide range of disciplines. The themes followed in the text provide a fund of knowledge and guidance for those involved in environmental modelling and GIS. The book is easily accessible for readers with a basic GIS knowledge and the ideas and results of the research are clearly illustrated with both colour and black and white graphics.
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GIS Environmental Modelling and Engineering

Author: Allan Brimicombe

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420024937

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 320

View: 2261

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Spatial dimensions need to be properly captured if modelling and engineering techniques are to be successfully applied in addressing environmental problems. The links between the geographical information systems (GIS) that capture this data, simulation modelling, and engineering offer tremendous possibilities for building versatile support systems for managing the environment. GIS, Environmental Modelling and Engineering focuses on using GIS and external models to solve real environmental problems, promoting the critical thinking needed for the effective applications of these systems and their analytical outputs. Divided into three major sections, this textbook first concentrates on defining GIS, identifying how data is structured, and explaining common functionality. The text examines GIS from a technological perspective, exploring the evolution of its scientific basis and its synergies with other technologies within a geocomputational paradigm. The next section explores modelling from a neutral scientific perspective in its role of simulating phenomena, as well as from a more specific perspective in its role within environmental science and engineering. The third and largest section looks at how GIS and simulation modelling are joined. It provides case studies and covers issues such as interoperability, data quality, model validity, space-time dynamics, and decision-support systems. This volume provides seniors and postgraduate students with a structured, coherent text that goes beyond introductory subject matter by enabling readers to think critically about the data acquisition process and the results they get from the technology.
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Wetland and Environmental Applications of GIS

Author: John G. Lyon,Jack McCarthy

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780873718974

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 400

View: 7604

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This new book presents powerful techniques that can be used to address issues and problems related to wetlands and surface waters. It is the first book of its kind to address inventory and management of wetlands and water quality problems using GIS and remote sensing technologies. Wetland and Environmental Applications of GIS describes a variety of techniques, applications, and case studies for evaluating wetland and surface water characteristics at the landscape scale. The book details wetland and environmentally-oriented surface water resource studies using spatial and spectral based technologies such as GIS, remote sensing, computer modeling, and image display. Introductory material is included in the first section to provide a common background and to refresh or introduce concepts to the professional. The second section details applications of these technologies in studies of wetlands, including the use of GIS and archival satellite data in evaluating and measuring sediment types, water depth, and environmental change in the coastal wetlands of the Great Lakes. The third section addresses various environmental applications of GIS, such as locating non-point pollution sources and managing oil spills. The final section supplies additional information and applications, with particular emphasis on potential contributions of remote sensing.
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Environmental Remote Sensing and Systems Analysis

Author: Ni-Bin Chang

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439877440

Category: Science

Page: 520

View: 5351

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Using a systems analysis approach and extensive case studies, Environmental Remote Sensing and Systems Analysis shows how remote sensing can be used to support environmental decision making. It presents a multidisciplinary framework and the latest remote sensing tools to understand environmental impacts, management complexity, and policy implications. Organized into three parts, this full-color book provides systematic coverage of water quality monitoring, air quality monitoring, and monitoring of land use patterns and degradation. Chapters elaborate on the interactions between human and natural systems, addressing questions such as "what are the regional impacts of an oil spill in coastal environments?" and "how does urbanization affect the rate of infiltration of water at urban–rural interfaces?" Throughout, contributors discuss new techniques and methods for measurements, mathematical modeling, and image processing. Key features: Compares data mining, machine learning, and image processing methods to help you select the best one for your needs Incorporates ground-based monitoring networks as part of air and water quality management Emphasizes environmental information management, with proper integration of GPS, GIS, and existing environmental databases Shows how modeling can be used for decision making Examines how remote sensing can be used to understand environmental health implications and to shape environmental management policies Demonstrates how systems analysis can be used to aid in environmental policy analysis Discusses opportunities for integrated field and laboratory studies in remote sensing education A useful reference for students, professionals, scientists, and policy makers in environmental management and informatics as well as environmental, agricultural, forest, and sustainability sciences, this book shows readers how to monitor air, soil, and water quality using state-of-the-art remote sensing tools.
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Error Propagation in Environmental Modelling with GIS

Author: Gerard B.M. Heuvelink

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203016114

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 150

View: 6262

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GIS users and professionals are aware that the accuracy of GIS results cannot be naively based on the quality of the graphical output. Data stored in a GIS will have been collected or measured, classified, generalised, interpreted or estimated, and in all cases this allows the introduction of errors.; With the processing of translation of this data into the GIS itself further propagation or amplification or errors also occur. It is essential that GIS professionals understand these issues systematically if they are to build ever more accurate systems.; In this book the authors decade of study into these problems is brought into focus with an account of the development, application and implementation of error propagation techniques for use in environmental modelling with GIS. Its purpose is to provide a methodology for handling error and error propagation.
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Spatial Information for Land Use Management

Author: Michael J. Hill,Richard J. Aspinall

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9789056993153

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 252

View: 6799

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Geographic Information Systems (GIS), Remote Sensing, and environmental modelling are increasingly being used to address land use and land use management issues although much of the development in these applications is based in specific case studies that are not readily accessible to a wide audience. Spatial Information for Land Use Management is designed as a reference that provides a description and discussion of the issues involved in the use of spatial information for land use management. The chapters include detailed examples of the use of spatial information in land use management. The book begins with the technological methods, examines applications in a variety of environments, and describes the ways in which issues of scale, uncertainty, linkage of models and GIS, and problem solution have been addressed.
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GIS, Environmental Modeling and Engineering

Author: N.A

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439808726

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 378

View: 6706

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Spatial dimensions need to be properly captured if modeling and engineering techniques are to be successfully applied in addressing environmental problems. The links between the geographical information systems (GIS) that capture this data, simulation modeling, and engineering offer tremendous possibilities for building versatile support systems fo
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Environmental Modelling

Finding Simplicity in Complexity

Author: John Wainwright,Mark Mulligan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118351487

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 496

View: 9980

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Simulation models are an established method used to investigate processes and solve practical problems in a wide variety of disciplines. Central to the concept of this second edition is the idea that environmental systems are complex, open systems. The authors present the diversity of approaches to dealing with environmental complexity and then encourage readers to make comparisons between these approaches and between different disciplines. Environmental Modelling: Finding Simplicity in Complexity 2nd edition is divided into four main sections: An overview of methods and approaches to modelling. State of the art for modelling environmental processes Tools used and models for management Current and future developments. The second edition evolves from the first by providing additional emphasis and material for those students wishing to specialize in environmental modelling. This edition: Focuses on simplifying complex environmental systems. Reviews current software, tools and techniques for modelling. Gives practical examples from a wide variety of disciplines, e.g. climatology, ecology, hydrology, geomorphology and engineering. Has an associated website containing colour images, links to WWW resources and chapter support pages, including data sets relating to case studies, exercises and model animations. This book is suitable for final year undergraduates and postgraduates in environmental modelling, environmental science, civil engineering and biology who will already be familiar with the subject and are moving on to specialize in the field. It is also designed to appeal to professionals interested in the environmental sciences, including environmental consultants, government employees, civil engineers, geographers, ecologists, meteorologists, and geochemists.
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