Environmental Impacts of Microbial Insecticides

Environmental Impacts of Microbial Insecticides

This book provides a review of the state of the art of studies on the envrronmental impact of microbial insecticides. It originates from a Society for Invertebrate Pathology Microbial Control Division Symposium .

Author: Heikki M.T. Hokkanen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401714419

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 269

View: 348

Biological pesticides are increasingly finding therr place in IPM and increasing numbers of products are making therr way to the marketplace. Particularly in China, Latin America and Australia, implementation is proceeding on a large scale. However, in the USA and Europe, registration procedures for insect pathogens to be used for insect control have been established that requrre low levels of risk, resulting in costs of retarding the implementation of microbial agents. This book provides a review of the state of the art of studies on the envrronmental impact of microbial insecticides. It originates from a Society for Invertebrate Pathology Microbial Control Division Symposium .. Assessment of envrronmental safety of biological insecticides", organised in collaboration with the EU-ERBIC research project (FAIR5-CT97-3489). This symposium was initiated by Heikki Hokkanen and Chris Lomer, and was held at the SIP Annual Meeting in 2001 in The Netherlands. The emphasis in this book is on large scale use of microbial agents for insect control, demonstrating how this use has been proceeding with minimal envrron mental impact. This book is intended to be of use to regulatory authorities in determining whether further studies in eertain areas are necessary and how to conduct them if needed, or whether sufficient information has been collected already to permit fuH registration of many of these biological control agents.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Environmental Impact of Invertebrates for Biological Control of Arthropods

Environmental Impact of Invertebrates for Biological Control of Arthropods

In: Hokkanen, H.M.T. and Hajek, A.E. (eds) Environmental Impacts of Microbial
Insecticides. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 15–
34. Harrison, S. and Taylor, A.D. (1997) Empirical evidence for metapopulation ...

Author: Franz Bigler

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9781845930585

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 299

View: 831

This book provides an invaluable review of the current methodologies used for assessing the environmental impacts of invertebrate biological agents used to control pests in agriculture and forestry. It explores methods to evaluate post-release effects and the environmental impact of dispersal, displacement and establishment of invertebrate biological control agents.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Use of Microbes for Control and Eradication of Invasive Arthropods

Use of Microbes for Control and Eradication of Invasive Arthropods

Plant Soil 256:161–168 Flexner JL, Lighthart B, Croft CA (1986) The effects of
microbial pesticides on non-target, beneficial arthropods. Agric Ecosys ... In:
Hokkanen HMT, Hajek AE (eds) Environmental Impacts of Microbial Insecticides.

Author: Ann Hajek

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402085604

Category: Science

Page: 366

View: 112

This is a diverse presentation about the use of arthropod-specific pathogens for control and eradication of invasive arthropod species. Basic concepts supporting use of pathogens for microbial control are covered as well as societal and environmental concerns.
Categories: Science

The Potential Environmental Consequences of Genetic Engineering

The Potential Environmental Consequences of Genetic Engineering

Senate. Committee on Environment and Public Works. Subcommittee on Toxic
Substances and Environmental Oversight ... Therefore , small - scale field studies
with novel microbial pesticides can raise many of the same concerns as the more
 ...

Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Environment and Public Works. Subcommittee on Toxic Substances and Environmental Oversight

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015010344110

Category: Environmental engineering

Page: 204

View: 174

Categories: Environmental engineering

Genetically Modified Crops

Genetically Modified Crops

Betz, F.S., Forsyth, S.F. and Stewart, W.E. (1990) 'Registration requirements and
safety considerations for microbial pest ... Dejoux, C. and Elouard, J.-M. (1990) '
Potential impact of microbial insecticides on the freshwater environment, with ...

Author: Keith T. Atherton

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203212355

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 479

Biotechnology has a significant impact on both medicine and agriculture. With the introduction of new products to the marketplace, the safety of those products is of paramount importance. New safety evaluation strategies are now employed to ensure that the consumer is adequately protected. This book describes those strategies and addresses some of
Categories: Science

Natural Enemies

Natural Enemies

No discussion of non - target effects is complete without mentioning that non -
target effects caused by an exotic natural enemy cannot be considered alone . If
decisions are ... Environmental Impacts of Microbial Insecticides . Dordrecht , NL
 ...

Author: Ann E. Hajek

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521653851

Category: Science

Page: 378

View: 746

Publisher Description
Categories: Science

Safety of Microbial Insecticides

Safety of Microbial Insecticides

GENERAL SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS Registration of a microbial pesticide
product implies the possibility for widespread commercial use and environmental
exposure . Therefore , regulatory authorities must consider potential impacts of ...

Author: Marshall Laird

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: MINN:31951D00165492C

Category: Science

Page: 259

View: 245

Registration requirements and safety considerations for microbial pest control agents; Ecological overview: potential impact of microbial insecticides; Safety of microbial insecticides to vertebrates; Safety of microbial insecticides to nontarget invertebrates.
Categories: Science

Impact of Pesticides on Farmer Health and the Rice Environment

Impact of Pesticides on Farmer Health and the Rice Environment

An absence of effect of pesticides on algae was reported in 39 percent of the total
number of records but only in 62 percent of the ... In 606 tests of the effect of
pesticides applied at the recommended dose on a microbial population or activity
in ...

Author: Prabhu L. Pingali

Publisher: Int. Rice Res. Inst.

ISBN: 0792395212

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 664

View: 458

The book covers the various aspects of the use of pesticides, their behavior, degradation, and impacts in wetland ricefields, and presents the results of surveys conducted in the Philippines and Thailand. It includes both bibliographic reviews and selected aspects of the experimental results of a research project on pesticide impacts in wetland ricefields. The first phase of the `Pesticide Impact' project was developed in the Philippines from 1989 to 1991. It was a multidisciplinary/collaborative approach involving scientists from IRRI, NRI (England), ORSTOM (France), UPLB (Philippines) who studied the effects of pesticides on the environment and on farmers' health, and the economical aspects of their use.
Categories: Business & Economics

International Symposium on Biopesticides for Developing Countries

International Symposium on Biopesticides for Developing Countries

This discussion will focus on Plant - Incorporated Protectants with regards to
gene flow and potential environmental impact while covering some aspects of
genetically modified microbial pesticides as well . This latter group is currently
small in ...

Author:

Publisher: Bib. Orton IICA / CATIE

ISBN: 9977574030

Category:

Page:

View: 156

Categories:

Entomopathogenic Bacteria from Laboratory to Field Application

Entomopathogenic Bacteria  from Laboratory to Field Application

This new book, the first since 1993 to address all aspects of entomopathogenic bacteria, provides undergraduate and graduate students as well as research scientists with a complete, modern view of this important group of bacteria.

Author: J.F. Charles

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401714297

Category: Science

Page: 524

View: 994

Entomopathogenic bacteria (Bacillus thuringiensis and B. sphaericus) are increasingly used as biopesticides to control larval insect populations which are either agricultural or forestry pests and to reduce those which as adults are vectors of severe human diseases. This new book, the first since 1993 to address all aspects of entomopathogenic bacteria, provides undergraduate and graduate students as well as research scientists with a complete, modern view of this important group of bacteria. The authors, chosen for their sustained contributions to the field, cover both fundamental and applied research in this area. The main topics include bacterial ecology and taxonomy, toxin diversity, activity and mode of action, regulation and environment of the genes, safety and ecotoxicology, production and field application of the bacteria, and outbreaks of resistant populations. The book concludes with the most recent data obtained on transgenic biotechnology and addresses environmental impact issues.
Categories: Science

Microsporidia

Microsporidia

Pesticide exposure in honey bees results in increased levels of the gut pathogen
Nosema. ... In H. M. T. Hokkanen and A. E. Hajek (Eds.) Environmental Impacts of
Microbial Insecticides: Need and Methods for Risk Assessment, pp. 93–118 ...

Author: Louis M. Weiss

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118395233

Category: Science

Page: 728

View: 547

Microsporidia: Pathogens of Opportunity provides a systematic overview of the biology of microsporidia. Written by leading experts in the field, the book combines background and basic information on microsporidia with descriptive methods and resources for working with the pathogen. Newly revised and updated for its second edition, Microsporidia will continue to be the standard text reference for these pathogenic protists, and is an indispensable research resource for biologists, physicians and parasitologists. This new edition of this publication provides systematic reviews of the biology of this pathogen by leading experts in the field, and will be combined with descriptions of the methods and resources for working with this pathogen. • Provides a comprehensive summary of literature on microsporidia and microsporidiosis • The long-awaited update to the standard microsporidia reference text The Microsporidia and Microsporidiosis • Written by an international team of authors representing each of the main research groups working on microsporidia • Chapters provide comprehensive overviews of general methodology as well as special techniques related to these organisms
Categories: Science

Bacillus Thuringiensis An Environmental Biopesticide

Bacillus Thuringiensis  An Environmental Biopesticide

Strain survey and selection. Production levels and costs. Inexpensive and local fermentation media. Low technology fermentation procedures. Stability and formulation. Field application. Further development of B. thuringiensis.

Author: Philip F. Entwistle

Publisher: John Wiley & Son Limited

ISBN: UOM:39015029719708

Category: Science

Page: 311

View: 362

The challenge of bacillus thuringiensis. Historiacal overview: from discovery until 1980s. The 1980s: a decade of change. The future challenge. Diversity of bacillus thuringiensis toxins and genes. Diversity of B. thuringiensis strains and toxins. Localization and molecular organization of the toxin genes. The crystal protein genes and products. Regulation of crystal synthesis. Domain-function studies of bacillus thuringiensis crystal proteins: a genetic approach. Mode of action structural features of crystal proteins. Crystal protein mutants. Crystal protein hybrids. Transgenic bacteria, viruses, algae and other microorganisms as bacillus thuringiensis toxin delivery systems. Conventional B. thuringiensis products: do they nedd to be improved?. The use of transgenic microorganisms to improve insect host range. Improving foliar acticity and delivery. Improving aquatic activity and delivery. Improving soil activity and delivery. Issues in the development of transgenic microorganisms. The engineering of plants to express bacillus thuringiensis -endotoxins. Expression of -endotoxins in dicotyledons. Expression of -endotoxins in monocotyledons. Quantification of -endotoxins expression in planta. Enhancement of -endotoxin expression in planta. Endophyte expression of -endotoxin genes in plants. Control of lepidopteran pests with bacillus thuringiensis. Conventional and genetically engineered b. thuringiensis. Products. Microbial specificity of b. thuringiensis in lepidopteran pests. Entomological aspects of lepidopteran pest control with B. thuringiensis. Integration of B. thuringiensis in lepidopteran pest control strategies. Use of bacillus thuringiensis israelensis against mosquitoes and blackflies. Properties of B. thuringiensis israelensis. Factors influencing the efficacy of B. thuringiensis israelensis treatments. Organization of mosquito control programmes. Successful control programmes using B. thuringiesis israelensis. Future prospects for the use of B. thuringiensis israelensis. Control of coleopteran pests by bacillus thuringiensis. B. thuringiensis tenebrionis products and their registration. Characterization of B. thuringiensis tenebrionis and other coleopteran-active subspecies. Host range of B. thuringiensis tenebrionis and susceptibility levels of some pest species. The impact of B. thuringiensis tenebrionis on nor-target animals. Control of coleoptera by -exotoxin. Field trials with B. thuringiensis tenebrionis. Future prospects. Bacillus thuringiensis in the environment: ecology and risk assesssment. Role in the environment. Risk assessment. Resistance to bacillus thuringiensis and resistance management. Field resistance development to B. thuringiensis. Laboratory selection for resistance. Cross resistance of B. thuringiensis to chemicals and other B. thuringiensis strains. Genetics of resistance. Mechanisms of resistance. Strategies for delaying resistance development. The use of bacillus thuringiensis in developing countries. History and usage of B. thuringiensis in developing nations. Strain survey and selection. Production levels and costs. Inexpensive and local fermentation media. Low technology fermentation procedures. Stability and formulation. Field application. Further development of B. thuringiensis. Future role for B. thuringiensis in developing countries. Production of bacillus thuringiensis insecticides for experimental and commercial uses. Optimization of production methods. Production methods for B. thuringiensis. Quality control.
Categories: Science

Microbial Insecticides

Microbial Insecticides

Botanical Insecticides and Insecticidal Soaps Prepared by Tess Henn and Rick
Weinzierl , Office of Agricultural Entomology ... Each compound must be
evaluated in terms of its toxicity , effectiveness , environmental impacts , and
costs .

Author: Rick Weinzierl

Publisher:

ISBN: UIUC:30112027487559

Category: Microbial insecticides

Page: 12

View: 420

Categories: Microbial insecticides

Management of Microbial Resources in the Environment

Management of Microbial Resources in the Environment

Microbial. Insecticides: Food. Security. and. Human. Health. M. Shafiq Ansari,
Salman Ahmad, Nadeem Ahmad, Tufail ... has increased to almost 20% (The
state of food insecurity in the world economic crises – impacts and lessons
learned.

Author: Abdul Malik

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400759312

Category: Science

Page: 530

View: 467

This volume details the exploration, collection, characterization, evaluation and conservation of microbes for sustainable utilization in the development of the global as well as national economies, e.g. in agriculture, ecosystems, environments, industry and medicine. Many research institutes and universities all over the world carry out microbiological and biotechnological research, which generates substantial genomic resources such as cDNA libraries, gene constructs, promoter regions, transgenes and more valuable assets for gene discovery and transgenic product development. This work provides up-to-date information on the management of microbial resources in the environment. It also covers the ecology of microorganisms in natural and engineered environments. In trying to understand microbial interactions it further focuses on genomic, metagenomic and molecular advances, as well as on microbial diversity and phylogeny; ecological studies of human, animal and plant microbiology and disease; microbial processes and interactions in the environment; and key technological advances. Though not intended to serve as an encyclopedic review of the subject, the various chapters investigate both theoretical and practical aspects and provide essential basic information for future research to support continued development.​
Categories: Science

Green Trends in Insect Control

Green Trends in Insect Control

Throughout the book, the different approaches that involve "greener chemicals" are emphasized. The book is divided into 9 chapters, each considering the state of art of each family of insecticides, together with future expectations.

Author: Óscar López

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 9781849731492

Category: Science

Page: 353

View: 988

This book presents the new families of insecticides developed recently as a "green" alternative to classical and more toxic agrochemicals.
Categories: Science

Environmental impacts

Environmental impacts

The formulation and method of application can affect the ability of a pesticide to
exert its toxic effect . ... These include microbial insecticides which cause disease
development in insects , insect growth regulators which inhibit or stimulate ...

Author: California. Division of Pest Management, Environmental Protection, and Worker Safety. Environmental Assessment Team

Publisher:

ISBN: UCBK:C027008595

Category: Pesticides

Page:

View: 208

Categories: Pesticides

Entomology and Pest Management

Entomology and Pest Management

THE VAST MAJORITY OF PESTICIDES used in insect pest management are the
conventional materials reviewed in Chapter 11. However ... Biopesticides are
inherently less harmful and have fewer environmental effects than conventional
pesticides. ... These safer, reduced-risk products are registered with the EPA
under three major classes: (1) microbial pesticides, (2) biochemical pesticides,
and (3) ...

Author: Larry P. Pedigo

Publisher: Waveland Press

ISBN: 9781478627708

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 784

View: 683

Pedigo and Rice expertly combine basic and applied entomology in this reader-friendly, pedagogically rich text. Assuming only a background in elementary biology, the authors present the major elements of general entomology before moving on to concepts in insect biology and ecology necessary for understanding insect pest management. Both theory and practice are emphasized as readers explore pertinent topics. The authors discuss pest-management issues—both preventive and curative—as aspects of applied ecology, with solutions considering environmental quality, profitability, and durability. Insect diagnostic boxes with detailed information on distribution, importance, appearance, and life cycles of particular species and groups appear throughout the text. Readers will come away with a comprehensive introduction to applied, sustainable pest management appropriate for whatever commodities they must handle.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

NY NY T NYT Product Catalog Translated English of Chinese Standard NY NY T NYT

NY  NY T  NYT   Product Catalog  Translated English of Chinese Standard   NY  NY T  NYT

... for microbial pesticide - Part 3: Silkworm toxicity test Valid NY/T 3152.4-2017 (
Microbial pesticides - Environmental risk ... 3152.6-2017 (Microbial pesticides -
Environmental risk assessment test criteria - Part 6: Algal growth impact test)
Valid ...

Author: www.ChineseStandard.net

Publisher: https://www.chinesestandard.net

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 164

View: 511

This document provides the comprehensive list of Chinese Industry Standards - Category: NY; NY/T; NYT.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Impact of the Use of Microorganisms on the Aquatic Environment

Impact of the Use of Microorganisms on the Aquatic Environment

CONCLUDING REMARKS Dr . William Upholt U . S . Environmental Protection
Agency Washington , D . C . The EPA has ... We would hope to prevent these
types of mistakes as microbial pesticides are submitted for registration and
tolerances ...

Author: Al Willis Bourquin

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015001913832

Category: Aquatic biology

Page: 259

View: 354

Categories: Aquatic biology