By the middle of the nineteenth century the technology of steam engines was well
developed but the science to explain them was still rudimentary. Caloric theory
was on its way out and the idea of conservation of energy was beginning to be ...
Author: Sanjeev Chandra
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Technology & Engineering
Textbook concisely introduces engineering thermodynamics, covering concepts including energy, entropy, equilibrium and reversibility Novel explanation of entropy and the second law of thermodynamics Presents abstract ideas in an easy to understand manner Includes solved examples and end of chapter problems Accompanied by a website hosting a solutions manual
A fresh and unified exploration of the laws that govern natural change, examining the historical roots and meaning of the concepts of energy and entropy.
Author: Thomas F. Sherman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Energy, Entropy, and the Flow of Nature is an attempt to present the essential principles of energetics (thermodynamics) in a manner that is straight-forward, easy to understand, and logically consistent. It arises from the difficulties author Thomas F. Sherman has seen or experienced as a student of physical chemistry, as a teacher of biochemistry and biology, and as a colleague. The central message of the book is that all natural change can be understood as a flow across a gradient, and that part of the effect of every flow is to diminish its own gradient. The book's mission is to build understanding of the central concepts, and with understanding, a degree of confidence in going forth into the many directions that the study of energy opens up. The laws of energy and entropy can indeed, in their applications, become a very complicated subject involving multivariable calculus, differential equations, and challenging problems and calculations. The fundamentals of energetics should be very straightforward, requiring relatively little mathematics--and it is the fundamentals that this book focuses on.
This comprehensive text, suitable for introductory as well as advanced courses on thermodynamics, has been widely used by chemists, physicists, engineers and geologists.
Author: Dilip Kondepudi
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Modern Thermodynamics: From Heat Engines to Dissipative Structures, Second Edition presents a comprehensive introduction to 20th century thermodynamics that can be applied to both equilibrium and non-equilibrium systems, unifying what was traditionally divided into ‘thermodynamics’ and ‘kinetics’ into one theory of irreversible processes. This comprehensive text, suitable for introductory as well as advanced courses on thermodynamics, has been widely used by chemists, physicists, engineers and geologists. Fully revised and expanded, this new edition includes the following updates and features: Includes a completely new chapter on Principles of Statistical Thermodynamics. Presents new material on solar and wind energy flows and energy flows of interest to engineering. Covers new material on self-organization in non-equilibrium systems and the thermodynamics of small systems. Highlights a wide range of applications relevant to students across physical sciences and engineering courses. Introduces students to computational methods using updated Mathematica codes. Includes problem sets to help the reader understand and apply the principles introduced throughout the text. Solutions to exercises and supplementary lecture material provided online at http://sites.google.com/site/modernthermodynamics/. Modern Thermodynamics: From Heat Engines to Dissipative Structures, Second Edition is an essential resource for undergraduate and graduate students taking a course in thermodynamics.
This book presents a thorough study of a single area of application - internal combustion engines.
Author: Brian E. Milton
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
This book presents a thorough study of a single area of application - internal combustion engines. It breaks new ground by using engines as the means of explaining thermodynamics and combustion processes and it offers a constructive mix of basic engineering science with a real world application. The book is intended to provide a background for engine design, analysis and modelling.
This book offers an easy to read, all-embracing history of thermodynamics.
Author: Ingo Müller
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This book offers an easy to read, all-embracing history of thermodynamics. It describes the long development of thermodynamics, from the misunderstood and misinterpreted to the conceptually simple and extremely useful theory that we know today. Coverage identifies not only the famous physicists who developed the field, but also engineers and scientists from other disciplines who helped in the development and spread of thermodynamics as well.
Does economics conform to the First and the Second Law of Thermodynamics? In this important book, Reiner Kümmel takes us on a fascinating tour of these laws and their influence on natural, technological, and social evolution.
Author: Reiner Kümmel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Nothing happens in the world without energy conversion and entropy production. These fundamental natural laws are familiar to most of us when applied to the evolution of stars, biological processes, or the working of an internal combustion engine, but what about industrial economies and wealth production, or their constant companion, pollution? Does economics conform to the First and the Second Law of Thermodynamics? In this important book, Reiner Kümmel takes us on a fascinating tour of these laws and their influence on natural, technological, and social evolution. Analyzing economic growth in Germany, Japan, and the United States in light of technological constraints on capital, labor, and energy, Professor Kümmel upends conventional economic wisdom by showing that the productive power of energy far outweighs its small share of costs, while for labor just the opposite is true. Wealth creation by energy conversion is accompanied and limited by polluting emissions that are coupled to entropy production. These facts constitute the Second Law of Economics. They take on unprecedented importance in a world that is facing peak oil, debt-driven economic turmoil, and threats from pollution and climate change. They complement the First Law of Economics: Wealth is allocated on markets, and the legal framework determines the outcome. By applying the First and Second Law we understand the true origins of wealth production, the issues that imperil the goal of sustainable development, and the technological options that are compatible both with this goal and with natural laws. The critical role of energy and entropy in the productive sectors of the economy must be realized if we are to create a road map that avoids a Dark Age of shrinking natural resources, environmental degradation, and increasing social tensions.
Engineering, energy, entropy, and equilibrium - Introduction to thermodynamics - Thermodynamic properties - The energy balance - The entropy balance - The property relations and the mathematics of properties - Thermodynamics of energy ...
Author: Richard E.. Balzhiser
Publisher: Prentice Hall
Engineering, energy, entropy, and equilibrium - Introduction to thermodynamics - Thermodynamic properties - The energy balance - The entropy balance - The property relations and the mathematics of properties - Thermodynamics of energy conversion - Thermodynamics of fluid flow - Multicomponent systems - Multicomponent phase equilibrium - Equilibrium in chemically reacting systems - Heterogeneous equilibrium and the Gibbs Phase Rule - Electrochemical processes - Irreversible thermodynamics.
Ways are continually being found by which the lowest temperature that can be
produced is being reduced ; each reduction of temperature means a reduction of
internal energy and thus a lowering of the magnitude of the entropy of a gas .
Author: Edward Thomas Vincent
Beskriver teorien bag og den gennerelle indretning af gasturbine- og jetmotorer. Egnet til undervisningsbrug.
In this comprehensive work the author redresses this balance, drawing on his twenty-five years of experience of teaching thermodynamics at undergraduate and postgraduate level, to produce a definitive text to cover thoroughly, advanced ...
Author: D. Winterbone
Although the basic theories of thermodynamics are adequately covered by a number of existing texts, there is little literature that addresses more advanced topics. In this comprehensive work the author redresses this balance, drawing on his twenty-five years of experience of teaching thermodynamics at undergraduate and postgraduate level, to produce a definitive text to cover thoroughly, advanced syllabuses. The book introduces the basic concepts which apply over the whole range of new technologies, considering: a new approach to cycles, enabling their irreversibility to be taken into account; a detailed study of combustion to show how the chemical energy in a fuel is converted into thermal energy and emissions; an analysis of fuel cells to give an understanding of the direct conversion of chemical energy to electrical power; a detailed study of property relationships to enable more sophisticated analyses to be made of both high and low temperature plant and irreversible thermodynamics, whose principles might hold a key to new ways of efficiently covering energy to power (e.g. solar energy, fuel cells). Worked examples are included in most of the chapters, followed by exercises with solutions. By developing thermodynamics from an explicitly equilibrium perspective, showing how all systems attempt to reach a state of equilibrium, and the effects of these systems when they cannot, the result is an unparalleled insight into the more advanced considerations when converting any form of energy into power, that will prove invaluable to students and professional engineers of all disciplines.