Organizing Enlightenment

Information Overload and the Invention of the Modern Research University

Author: Chad Wellmon

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421416166

Category: Education

Page: 368

View: 1882


Since its inception, the research university has been the central institution of knowledge in the West. Today, however, its intellectual authority is being challenged on many fronts, above all by radical technological change. Organizing Enlightenment tells the story of how the university emerged in the early nineteenth century at a similarly fraught moment of cultural anxiety about revolutionary technologies and their disruptive effects on established institutions of knowledge. Late eighteenth-century Germans, troubled by a massive increase in the publication and availability of printed material, felt threatened by a veritable "plague" of books that circulated "contagiously" among the reading public. But deep concerns about what counted as authoritative knowledge, not to mention the fear of information overload, also made them uneasy, as they watched universities come under increasing pressure to offer more practical training and to justify their existence in the age of print. German intellectuals were the first to settle on the research university, and its organizing system of intellectual specialization, as the solution to these related problems. Drawing on the histories of science, the university, and print, as well as media theory and philosophy, Chad Wellmon explains how the research university and the ethic of disciplinarity it created emerged as the final and most lasting technology of the Enlightenment. Organizing Enlightenment reveals higher education’s story as one not only of the production of knowledge but also of the formation of a particular type of person: the disciplinary self. In order to survive, the university would have to institutionalize a new order of knowledge, one that was self-organizing, internally coherent, and embodied in the very character of the modern, critical scholar.

The Rise of the Modern Educational System

Structural Change and Social Reproduction 1870-1920

Author: Detlef Müller,Fritz Ringer,Brian Simon

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521366854

Category: Education

Page: 264

View: 1566


A pioneering socio-historical analysis of change and development in secondary education in England, France, and Germany during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Psychology and the Other Disciplines

A Case of Cross-Disciplinary Interaction (1250-1750)

Author: N.A

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004239545

Category: History

Page: 396

View: 6097


Psychology and the Other Disciplines looks at how Aristotelian psychology developed from the medieval to the early modern period, by studying its interactions with the other philosophical disciplines, medicine, and theology.

Psychiatry in an Anthropological and Biomedical Context

Philosophical Presuppositions and Implications of German Psychiatry, 1820–1870

Author: G. Verwey

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400952139

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 1668


In the period between about 1820 and about 1870 German psychiatry was born and reborn: fust as anthropologically orientated psychiatry and then as biomedical psychiatry. There has, to date, been virtually no systematic examination of the philosophical motives which determined these two conceptions of psychiatry. The aim of our study is to make up for this omission to the best of our ability. The work is aimed at a very diverse readership: in the first place historians of science (psychiatry, medicine, psychology, physiology) and psychiatrists (psychologists, physicians) with an interest in the philosophical and historical aspects of their discipline, and in the second place philosophers working in the fields of the history of philosophy, philosophy of science, philosophical anthropology and philosophy of medicine. The structure and content of our study have been determined by an attempt to balance two different approaches to the historical material. One approach emphasises the philosophical literature and looks at the question of the way in which official philosophy determined the self-conception (Selbstverstiindnis) of the science of the day (Chapters 2 and 4). The other stresses the scientific literature and is concerned with throwing light on its philosophical implications (Chapters 1 and 3).

Administrative Elites in Western Europe, 19th/20th C.

Author: Erk Volkmar Heyen

Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Mbh & Company


Category: History

Page: 364

View: 6326


The Yearbook of European Administrative History is the only interdisciplinary and comparative scientific periodical of its type, dealing mainly with European administration from the 17th to 20th century. Each volume is dedicated to a principal topic of interest. Additionally, it offers criticisms and information on the status of research in individual European countries. The contributions appear in German, French, Italian, and English language, and contain an English summary.