Enabling the Internet of Things

From Integrated Circuits to Integrated Systems

Author: Massimo Alioto

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319514822

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 520

View: 6451

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This book offers the first comprehensive view on integrated circuit and system design for the Internet of Things (IoT), and in particular for the tiny nodes at its edge. The authors provide a fresh perspective on how the IoT will evolve based on recent and foreseeable trends in the semiconductor industry, highlighting the key challenges, as well as the opportunities for circuit and system innovation to address them. This book describes what the IoT really means from the design point of view, and how the constraints imposed by applications translate into integrated circuit requirements and design guidelines. Chapter contributions equally come from industry and academia. After providing a system perspective on IoT nodes, this book focuses on state-of-the-art design techniques for IoT applications, encompassing the fundamental sub-systems encountered in Systems on Chip for IoT: ultra-low power digital architectures and circuits low- and zero-leakage memories (including emerging technologies) circuits for hardware security and authentication System on Chip design methodologies on-chip power management and energy harvesting ultra-low power analog interfaces and analog-digital conversion short-range radios miniaturized battery technologies packaging and assembly of IoT integrated systems (on silicon and non-silicon substrates). As a common thread, all chapters conclude with a prospective view on the foreseeable evolution of the related technologies for IoT. The concepts developed throughout the book are exemplified by two IoT node system demonstrations from industry. The unique balance between breadth and depth of this book: enables expert readers quickly to develop an understanding of the specific challenges and state-of-the-art solutions for IoT, as well as their evolution in the foreseeable future provides non-experts with a comprehensive introduction to integrated circuit design for IoT, and serves as an excellent starting point for further learning, thanks to the broad coverage of topics and selected references makes it very well suited for practicing engineers and scientists working in the hardware and chip design for IoT, and as textbook for senior undergraduate, graduate and postgraduate students ( familiar with analog and digital circuits).
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Enabling Technologies for the Internet of Things: Wireless Circuits, Systems and Networks

Author: Saponara, Sergio

Publisher: River Publishers

ISBN: 8793609744

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 266

View: 3205

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Enabling Technologies for the Internet of Things: Wireless Circuits, Systems and Networks collects slides and notes from the lectures given in the 2017 Seasonal School Enabling Technologies for the Internet-of-Things, supported by IEEE CAS Society and by INTEL funding, and organized by Prof. Sergio Saponara, and Prof. Giuliano Manara. The book discusses new trends in Internet-of-Things (IoT) technologies, considering technological and training aspects, with special focus on electronic and electromagnetic circuits and systems. IoT involves research and design activities both in analog and in digital circuit/signal domains, including focus on sensors interfacing and conditioning, energy harvesting, low-power signal processing, wireless connectivity and networking, functional safety (FuSa). FuSa is one of the emerging key issues in IoT applications in safety critical domain like industry 4.0, autonomous and connected vehicles and e-health. Our world is becoming more and more interconnected. Currently it is estimated that two hundred billion smart objects will be part of the IoT by 2020. This new scenario will pave the way to innovative business models and will bring new experiences in everyday life. The challenge is offering products, services and comprehensive solutions for the IoT, from technology to intelligent and connected objects and devices to connectivity and data centers, enhancing smart home, smart factory, autonomous driving cars and much more, while at the same time ensuring the highest safety standards. In safety-critical contexts, where a fault could jeopardize the human life, safety becomes a key aspect.
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Internet of Everything

Algorithms, Methodologies, Technologies and Perspectives

Author: Beniamino Di Martino,Kuan-Ching Li,Laurence T. Yang,Antonio Esposito

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 981105861X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 231

View: 4664

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This book focuses on the Internet of Everything and related fields. The Internet of Everything adds connectivity and intelligence to just about every device, giving it special functions. The book provides a common platform for integrating information from heterogeneous sources. However, this can be quite reductive, as the Internet of Everything provides links not only among things, but also data, people, and business processes. The evolution of current sensor and device networks, with strong interactions between people and social environments, will have a dramatic impact on everything from city planning, first responders, the military and health. Such a shared ecosystem will allow for the interaction between data, sensor inputs and heterogeneous systems. Semantics is a fundamental component of this since semantic technologies are able to provide the necessary bridge between different data representations, and to solve terminology incongruence. Integrating data from distributed devices, sensor networks, social networks and biomedical instruments requires, first of all, the systematization of the current state of the art in such fields. Then, it is necessary to identify a common action thread to actually merge and homogenize standards and techniques applied in such a heterogeneous field. The exact requirements of an Internet of Everything environment need to be precisely identified and formally expressed, and finally, the role of modern computing paradigms, such as Cloud and Fog Computing, needs to be assessed with respect to the requirements expressed by an Internet of Everything ecosystem.
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Handheld Total Chemical and Biological Analysis Systems

Bridging NMR, Digital Microfluidics, and Semiconductors

Author: Ka-Meng Lei,Pui-In Mak,Man-Kay Law,Rui Paulo Martins

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319678256

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 102

View: 5709

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The book Handheld Total Chemical and Biological Analysis Systems: Bridging NMR, Digital Microfluidics, and Semiconductors centers on the complete design of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) microsystems for in vitro chemical and biological assays based on semiconductor chips and portable magnet. Different sensing mechanisms for CMOS in vitro assay are compared, key design criteria of the CMOS transceiver for NMR measurement are revealed, and system-level optimizations of the CMOS NMR platform utilizing digital microfluidic and diverse functions of the CMOS technology are discussed. Two CMOS NMR platforms are implemented, each of these focuses on different aspect of optimization.
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Theory and Applications of Smart Cameras

Author: Chong-Min Kyung

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9401799873

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 366

View: 2148

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This book presents an overview of smart camera systems, considering practical applications but also reviewing fundamental aspects of the underlying technology. It introduces in a tutorial style the principles of sensing and signal processing, and also describes topics such as wireless connection to the Internet of Things (IoT) which is expected to be the biggest market for smart cameras. It is an excellent guide to the fundamental of smart camera technology, and the chapters complement each other well as the authors have worked as a team under the auspice of GFP(Global Frontier Project), the largest-scale funded research in Korea. This is the third of three books based on the Integrated Smart Sensors research project, which describe the development of innovative devices, circuits, and system-level enabling technologies. The aim of the project was to develop common platforms on which various devices and sensors can be loaded, and to create systems offering significant improvements in information processing speed, energy usage, and size. This book contains extensive reference lists, introduces the reader to the subject in a tutorial style and also reviews state-of-the-art results, which allows it to be used as a guide for starting researchers.
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Circuit Design on Plastic Foils

Author: Daniele Raiteri,Eugenio Cantatore,Arthur van Roermund

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319114271

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 130

View: 2406

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This book illustrates a variety of circuit designs on plastic foils and provides all the information needed to undertake successful designs in large-area electronics. The authors demonstrate architectural, circuit, layout, and device solutions and explain the reasons and the creative process behind each. Readers will learn how to keep under control large-area technologies and achieve robust, reliable circuit designs that can face the challenges imposed by low-cost low-temperature high-throughput manufacturing.
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Internet of Things

International Workshop, IOT 2012, Changsha, China, August 17-19, 2012. Proceedings

Author: Yongheng Wang,Xiaoming Zhang

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642324274

Category: Computers

Page: 696

View: 6944

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the International Workshop on Internet of Things, IOT 2012, held in Changsha, China, during August 17-19. The 95 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on wireless sensor networks; RFID; sensors and equipments; data processing; security; applications and others.
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Rethinking the Internet of Things

A Scalable Approach to Connecting Everything

Author: Francis daCosta

Publisher: Apress

ISBN: 1430257407

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 192

View: 3536

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Apress is proud to announce that Rethinking the Internet of Things was a 2014 Jolt Award Finalist, the highest honor for a programming book. And the amazing part is that there is no code in the book. Over the next decade, most devices connected to the Internet will not be used by people in the familiar way that personal computers, tablets and smart phones are. Billions of interconnected devices will be monitoring the environment, transportation systems, factories, farms, forests, utilities, soil and weather conditions, oceans and resources. Many of these sensors and actuators will be networked into autonomous sets, with much of the information being exchanged machine-to-machine directly and without human involvement. Machine-to-machine communications are typically terse. Most sensors and actuators will report or act upon small pieces of information - "chirps". Burdening these devices with current network protocol stacks is inefficient, unnecessary and unduly increases their cost of ownership. This must change. The architecture of the Internet of Things must evolve now by incorporating simpler protocols toward at the edges of the network, or remain forever inefficient. Rethinking the Internet of Things describes reasons why we must rethink current approaches to the Internet of Things. Appropriate architectures that will coexist with existing networking protocols are described in detail. An architecture comprised of integrator functions, propagator nodes, and end devices, along with their interactions, is explored. What you’ll learn Discusses the difference between the "normal" Internet and the Internet of Things. Describes a new architecture and its components in the "chirp" context. Explains the shortcomings of IP for IoT. Describes the anatomy of the IoT. Describes how to build a suitable network to maximize the amazing potential of the IoT. Who this book is for Thought leaders, executives, architectural, standards and development leaders in the evolving IoT industry. Corporations and organizations whose commercial products could be adapted simply to be functioning devices on the IOT while saving billions of dollars in unnecessary costs or proprietary designs. Those who wish to capitalize on technology change and those interested in the Internet, its capabilities and the need to improve it. Table of ContentsForeword Preface Chapter Goal: The reader will understand the new demands and opportunities of the Internet of Things (IoT). The preface introduces the idea of a new, simplified architectural approach that draws on nature. Chapter 1: It's Different Out Here Chapter Goal: Reader should understand the difference between traditional Internet networking and the Internet of Things. What are the unique characteristics of the IoT that demand a new architecture? Why traditional architectures such as IP are a poor fit. Characteristics of an IoT-optimized architecture. Chapter 2: Anatomy of the Internet of Things Chapter Goal: Reader will understand the underlying principles of the emerging IoT architecture. Fundamental concepts are: the division of networking complexity among different devices; the make-up of the "Chirp" and how they are propagated; distinctions between transport and functional topologies; the concept of neighborhoods or zones of interest. Chapter 3: On the Edge Chapter Goal: Reader will learn the principles and characteristics of the End Devices in the IoT and how these will often differ from our present understanding of the Smartphone, tablet, and laptop. How the minimal networking needs of many IoT devices dictate elements of the architecture. Chapter 4: Building a Web of Things Chapter Goal: Reader will learn the characteristics and functionality of the Propagator node in the IoT Architecture. Some communications principles are introduced which will be more fully explored in Chapter 6. Chapter 5: Small Data, Big Data, and Human Interaction Chapter Goal: Reader will understand the role of Integrator functions in the IoT, the point in the IoT where humans interact to gain information from IoT data and to set parameters and control end devices. An explanation of zones of interest and neighborhoods, with a discussion of incorporating "small data" from chirps into big data analysis. Chapter 6: An Architecture for the Frontier Chapter Goal: Reader will gain an understanding of the challenges inherent in a communications architecture for the massive scale of the IoT. Exploiting the opportunities inherent in a machine-to-machine environment, a much simpler architecture is described in detail that readily scales to the required scope. This chapter adds technical depth to ideas introduced in Chapters 3-5. Chapter 7: IoT Examples and Applications Chapter Goal: Reader will learn about current and emerging applications in the Internet of Things. Reference wile b made to new applications enabled by the simpler architecture described in this book that are difficult or not possible with traditional networking protocols. Chapter 8: Blueprint to the Internet of Things Chapter Goal: Exploring the steps to IoT deployment. Standards based versus ad hoc approaches, call for industry cooperation and consortia. Intermediate incremental steps to broader adoption.
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