Employment Policy in Transition

The Lessons of German Integration for the Labor Market

Author: Regina T. Riphahn,Dennis J. Snower,Klaus F. Zimmermann

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642565603

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 302

View: 8422


A historically unique experiment is about to enter its second decade - German unification. Early hopes for a rapid and smooth economic transformation soon turned out to be overly optimistic. Despite massive financial transfers, the political promise of a "blooming landscape" remains a vision. Actual developments have left deep scars on the labor market, and the effects will be felt for decades to come. Was this outcome to be expected, perhaps even inevitable? What went wrong, and what were the available options? Or is the current state of Eastern German labor market in fact better than is commonly assumed?

Youth Labor in Transition

Inequalities, Mobility, and Policies in Europe

Author: Jacqueline O'Reilly,Janine Leschke,Renate Ortlieb,Martin Seeleib-Kaiser,Paola Villa

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190864796

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 560

View: 5158


Exacerbated by the Great Recession, youth transitions to employment and adulthood have become increasingly protracted, precarious, and differentiated by gender, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status. Youth Labor in Transition examines young people's integration into employment, alongside the decisions and consequences of migrating to find work and later returning home. The authors identify key policy challenges for the future related to NEETS, overeducation, self-employment, and ethnic differences in outcomes. This illustrates the need to encompass a wider understanding of youth employment and job insecurity by including an analysis of economic production and how it relates to social reproduction of labor if policy intervention is to be effective. The mapping and extensive analysis in this book are the result of a 3«-year, European Union-funded research project (Strategic Transitions for Youth Labour in Europe, or STYLE; http://www.style-research.eu) coordinated by Jacqueline O'Reilly. With an overall budget of just under 5 million euros and involving 25 research partners; an international advisory network and local advisory boards of employers, unions, and policymakers; and non-governmental organizations from more than 20 European countries, STYLE is one of the largest European Commission-funded research projects to exist on this topic. Consequently, this book will appeal to an array of audiences, including academic and policy researchers in sociology, political science, economics, management studies, and more particular labor market and social policy; policy communities; and bachelor's- and master's-level students in courses on European studies or any of the aforementioned subject areas.

Work, Employment and Transition

Author: Al Rainnie,Adrian Smith,Adam Swain

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134534973

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 768


Since the late 1980s the experiences of work and employment in the former communist world have been profoundly transformed. Work, Employment and Transition brings together a series of essays by leading international scholars which highlights the varied and complex forms that work and employment restructuring are taking in the post-soviet world, and makes important theoretical contributions to our understanding of these transformations.

Criminal Policy in Transition

Author: Penny Green,Andrew Rutherford

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847313167

Category: Law

Page: 301

View: 3569


Criminal Policy in Transition comes along at a time when the literature in criminology is desperately short of “global” perspectives. It helps fill that gap while it presents important new insights into changing penal policy and practice. That it raises as many questions as it seems to answer is one of its great strengths. The authors write knowledgeably about their home societies without being prematurely bounded by comparative criteria. As a result,they develop a complex and uneven image of similarities and differences, of divergence and convergence through time. In this sense the collection offers a model of how international collaborative work should proceed. The book is the product of a workshop held at the International Institute for the Sociology of Law (IISL) in Onati, Spain. The IISL is a partnership between the Research Committee on the Sociology of Law and the Basque Government

Public Finance Reform During the Transition

The Experience of Hungary

Author: Lajos Bokros,Jean-Jacques Dethier

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821342527

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 580

View: 6179


Public finance reform is simultaneously a process of fiscal adjustment and structural reforms in the public sector. Under socialist rule, Hungary's concept of public finance was nebulous, since there was no clear delineation between private and public sectors. As a transition country, structural reforms were aimed at creating not only sustainable institutional arrangements but were aimed at creating a government sector adapted to a market economy as well. The former socialist states were forced into abrupt transitions; and there was little time for minds and institutions to adapt. This volume aims to provide a comprehensive description of Hungary's experience of public finance reform in a former socialist economy, including: a history of the reform process; an empirical analysis of trends in public spending and revenues; evidence of Hungary's ability to move towards accession to the European Union (EU); a description of policy reforms in the public welfare system; an analysis of the reforms in key aspects of the institutional framework; and an examination of the tax system.

Health Policy in Transition

A Decade of Health Politics, Policy, and Law

Author: Lawrence David Brown

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 9780822307907

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 1619


Examines how to contain rising costs of health care and looks at the welfare state in advanced democracies. Probes into the prospective payment system and addresses the politics of health policy in the U.S. Finally, focuses on prevention (policy measure) and explains the rediscovery of market principles and solutions in law and policy.

Employment Policy in the European Union

Origins, Themes and Prospects

Author: Michael Gold

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137106506

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 360

View: 7396


Providing a UK perspective on the EU's social dimension, this new text opens with a historical overview of EU social and employment policy, which is followed by chapters that focus on specific topics covered by the 'social dimension' of the European Union. These give the reader a detailed understanding of the nature of EU involvement in each area.

Fiscal Policies in Economies in Transition

Author: Mr. Vito Tanzi,Antonis Adam

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 1455291137

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 469

View: 2629


The collapse of central economic planning in many countries and the breakup of the Soviet Union have put into disarray systems of government revenues and expenditures in those countries. This collection of 16 papers, edited by Vito Tanzi, analyzes the strengths and weaknesses of fiscal policies under the old system of central planning and suggests ways to revitalize those policies in the newly emerging market economies.