Downward Causation and the Neurobiology of Free Will

Downward Causation and the Neurobiology of Free Will

Emergence, complexity, hierarchy, organization (Selected and edited papers
from the ECHO III Conference), pp. 273–282 (1998); Acta Polytechnica
Scandinavica Ma91. The Finnish Academy of Technology, Espoo-Helsinki Ruiz-
Mirazo, K., ...

Author: Nancey Murphy

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783642032059

Category: Science

Page: 291

View: 424

How is free will possible in the light of the physical and chemical underpinnings of brain activity and recent neurobiological experiments? How can the emergence of complexity in hierarchical systems such as the brain, based at the lower levels in physical interactions, lead to something like genuine free will? The nature of our understanding of free will in the light of present-day neuroscience is becoming increasingly important because of remarkable discoveries on the topic being made by neuroscientists at the present time, on the one hand, and its crucial importance for the way we view ourselves as human beings, on the other. A key tool in understanding how free will may arise in this context is the idea of downward causation in complex systems, happening coterminously with bottom up causation, to form an integral whole. Top-down causation is usually neglected, and is therefore emphasized in the other part of the book’s title. The concept is explored in depth, as are the ethical and legal implications of our understanding of free will. This book arises out of a workshop held in California in April of 2007, which was chaired by Dr. Christof Koch. It was unusual in terms of the breadth of people involved: they included physicists, neuroscientists, psychiatrists, philosophers, and theologians. This enabled the meeting, and hence the resulting book, to attain a rather broader perspective on the issue than is often attained at academic symposia. The book includes contributions by Sarah-Jayne Blakemore, George F. R. Ellis , Christopher D. Frith, Mark Hallett, David Hodgson, Owen D. Jones, Alicia Juarrero, J. A. Scott Kelso, Christof Koch, Hans Küng, Hakwan C. Lau, Dean Mobbs, Nancey Murphy, William Newsome, Timothy O’Connor, Sean A.. Spence, and Evan Thompson.
Categories: Science

Philosophy of Complex Systems

Philosophy of Complex Systems

The dynamical basis of emergence in natural hierarchies. In G. Farre, T. Oksala (
eds.) Emergence, Complexity, Hierarchy and Organization, Selected and Edited
Papers from the ECHO III Conference, Acta Polytechnica Scandinavica, MA91.

Author:

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080931227

Category: Philosophy

Page: 952

View: 318

The domain of nonlinear dynamical systems and its mathematical underpinnings has been developing exponentially for a century, the last 35 years seeing an outpouring of new ideas and applications and a concomitant confluence with ideas of complex systems and their applications from irreversible thermodynamics. A few examples are in meteorology, ecological dynamics, and social and economic dynamics. These new ideas have profound implications for our understanding and practice in domains involving complexity, predictability and determinism, equilibrium, control, planning, individuality, responsibility and so on. Our intention is to draw together in this volume, we believe for the first time, a comprehensive picture of the manifold philosophically interesting impacts of recent developments in understanding nonlinear systems and the unique aspects of their complexity. The book will focus specifically on the philosophical concepts, principles, judgments and problems distinctly raised by work in the domain of complex nonlinear dynamical systems, especially in recent years. -Comprehensive coverage of all main theories in the philosophy of Complex Systems -Clearly written expositions of fundamental ideas and concepts -Definitive discussions by leading researchers in the field -Summaries of leading-edge research in related fields are also included
Categories: Philosophy

Social Emergence

Social Emergence

Societies As Complex Systems R. Keith Sawyer, Sawyer, Robert Keith Sawyer.
hierarchical organizations such as large corporations and government agencies .
However , in the latter part of the century , due to a range of changes in the ...

Author: R. Keith Sawyer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521844649

Category: Philosophy

Page: 276

View: 792

This book argues that societies are complex dynamical systems that can be understood through the concept of emergence.
Categories: Philosophy

Models and Applications of Chaos Theory in Modern Sciences

Models and Applications of Chaos Theory in Modern Sciences

86. 87. 88. 89. Farre, G.L.; Oksala, T. Emergence, Complexity, Hierarchy,
Organization; Selected and Edited Papers from ECHO III. Acta Polytechnia
Scandinavica; Espoo: Helsinki, 1998. Rosen, R. On information and complexity.
In Complexity ...

Author: Elhadj Zeraoulia

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439883402

Category: Mathematics

Page: 742

View: 411

This book presents a select group of papers that provide a comprehensive view of the models and applications of chaos theory in medicine, biology, ecology, economy, electronics, mechanical, and the human sciences. Covering both the experimental and theoretical aspects of the subject, it examines a range of current topics of interest. It consid
Categories: Mathematics

Explanatory Translation

Explanatory Translation

Collier, J. D. and Muller S.J., “The Dynamical Basis of Emergence in Natural
Hierarchies', in G. L. Farre and T. Oksala (eds.), Emergence, Complexity,
Hierarchy, Organization (Acta Polytechnica Scandinavica, Ma 91), Espoo, 1998,
pp.

Author: V. Rantala

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401715218

Category: Science

Page: 321

View: 563

In this book, the author makes a systematic attempt to understand cognitive characteristics of translation by bringing its logical, pragmatic and hermeneutic features together and examining a number of scientific, logical, and philosophical applications. The book is for philosophers of science, linguists, logicians, historians of science, and scientists interested in philosophical questions of scientific change.
Categories: Science

Extended concept of knowledge for evolutionary epistemology and for
biosemiotics : hierarchies of storage and subject of knowledge . In Emergence ,
Complexity , Hierarchy , Organization , George L . Farré and Tarkko Oksala ( eds
. ) .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105022002617

Category: Discourse analysis

Page:

View: 243

Categories: Discourse analysis

Acta Polytechnica Scandinavica

Acta Polytechnica Scandinavica

Emergence , Complexity , Hierarchy , Organization , Volume 2 , Additional papers
from the ECHO III Conference . Acta Polytechnica Scandinavica , Mathematics ,
Computing and Management in Engineering Series No. 98 , Espoo 1998 , 74 pp
 ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: CHI:51472932

Category: Computers

Page:

View: 392

Categories: Computers

Institutional Emergence Evolution and Performance in Complex Pool Resource Systems

Institutional Emergence  Evolution  and Performance in Complex Pool Resource Systems

This dissertation touched on the role of hierarchy in its analysis of the behavior of
NCC officials, for example, but further study is necessary. This is, again,
particularly important in developed countries where hierarchical organization is ...

Author: Michael Bernard Mascia

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822034497032

Category: Environmental policy

Page: 776

View: 561

Categories: Environmental policy

Reframing Complexity

Reframing Complexity

Autonomy and emergence : how systems become agents through the generation
of functional constraints , " in G. L. Farre and T. Oksala ( eds . ) , Emergence ,
Complexity , Hierarchy , Organization , Acta Polytechnica Scandinavica , The ...

Author: Fritjof Capra

Publisher: Isce Pub

ISBN: STANFORD:36105123387396

Category: Science

Page: 254

View: 708

Havana's Instituto de Filosofia's First Biennial International Seminar on the Philosophical, Epistemological and Methodological Implications of Complexity Theory, was held in January 2002 in Havana, Cuba's capital city. The seminar was aimed at familiarizing Cuban researchers and professors in a more direct way with some of the current trends - and widespread scope - of the expanding field of complexity thinking, affording them the possibility of personal contacts with some of the people engaged in that effort. The seminar was attended by specialists from fifteen countries, ranging from Chile to Australia along the West-East axis, and from Norway to South Africa along the North-South one. There were participants from developed and underdeveloped countries. This book contains selected papers from the 'Complexity 2002' seminar, edited by Fritjof Capra (author of 'The Tao of Physics', 'The Web of Life: A New Scientific Understanding of Living Systems' and 'The Hidden Connections: A Science for Sustainable Living'), Alicia Juarrero (author of 'Dynamics in Action'), Pedro Sotolong, and Jacco van Uden (author of 'Complexity and Organization'). The papers have been organized in four parts: I. Sources of Complexity: Science and Information; II. Philosophical, Epistemological and Methodological implications; III. Organizational Implications; IV. Global and Ethical Implications. The papers in Part I can be said to approach the phenomenon of complexity at a very basic level. Here the issues being addressed revolve around the very fundamental question of why the complexity sciences are so important: What are the most fundamental lessons to be learned from studying complex systems? Papers included in Part II engage in a broader, philosophical investigation of some of the most general ontological, epistemological and methodological implications of the complexity approach, showing how very old questions are currently being reformulated and/or reinterpreted in the light of complexity thinking. Papers that appear in Part III address various important issues about the links between complexity and social, organizational, business and management questions. Finally, Papers in Part IV return once again to more global implications of Complexity thinking, this time dealing with Ethical and Globalization issues of contemporary world.
Categories: Science

Computing Anticipatory Systems

Computing Anticipatory Systems

... rationally hierarchical structure for our computational purposes . Figure 7
illustrates this . " Real " causal emergence and computationally rational
emergence are both dependent on the interplay between analog and digital
complexity in the ...

Author: American Institute of Physics

Publisher: American Institute of Physics

ISBN: UCSC:32106012641194

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 678

View: 580

This proceedings volume contains foundation of anticipation in any system and applications in all the areas of science: economy, biology, cognition, physics, robotics, etc. Strong anticipatory systems deal with systems which behave in taking into account past, present and computed future states. The new mathematical and computational tools of incursion and hyperincursion are developed in this way. In weak anticipatory systems, the future states are predicted from models of these systems. The domain of computing anticipatory systems is becoming a new frontier of science.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

SafeWare

SafeWare

1 Emergence and Hierarchy A general model of organized complexity can be
expressed in terms of a hierarchy of levels of organization , each more complex
than the one below , where a level is characterized by having emergent
properties .

Author: Nancy Leveson

Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional

ISBN: UOM:39015034393770

Category: Computers

Page: 680

View: 873

We are building systems today-and using computers to control them-that have the potential for large-scale destruction of life and environment. More than ever, software engineers and system developers, as well as their managers, must understand the issues and develop the skills needed to anticipate and prevent accidents. Nancy Leveson examines what is currently known about building safe electromechanical systems and looks at past accidents to see what practical lessons can be applied to new computer-controlled systems.
Categories: Computers

Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada

Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada

The notion of hierarchy doubt less seems natural to us because human social
structures are unfailingly organized in that ... It is clear that additional structural
and functional properties be - come evident as we traverse an organizational
hierarchy through levels of increasing complexity . Some properties emerge in
obvious ways : thus , an individual cannot ordinarily be said to have a mortality
rate , but its ...

Author: Fisheries Research Board of Canada

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015004638022

Category: Fisheries

Page:

View: 172

Categories: Fisheries

Knowledge Management Organizational Intelligence And Learning And Complexity Volume I

Knowledge Management  Organizational Intelligence And Learning  And Complexity   Volume I

These three volumes are aimed at the following a wide spectrum of audiences from the merely curious to those seeking in-depth knowledge: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy ...

Author: L. Douglas Kiel

Publisher: EOLSS Publications

ISBN: 9781905839117

Category:

Page: 412

View: 758

Knowledge Management, Organizational Intelligence and Learning, and Complexity is the component of Encyclopedia of Technology, Information, and Systems Management Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The Theme on Knowledge Management, Organizational Intelligence and Learning, and Complexity in the Encyclopedia of Technology, Information, and Systems Management Resources provides the latest scientific insights into the evolution of complexity in both the natural and social realms. Emerging perspectives from the fields of knowledge management, computer-based simulation and the organizational sciences are presented as tools for understanding and supporting this evolving complexity and the earth's life support systems. These three volumes are aimed at the following a wide spectrum of audiences from the merely curious to those seeking in-depth knowledge: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.
Categories:

The Emergence of Civilisation Revisited

The Emergence of Civilisation Revisited

Both bands and tribes are condemned to ' simplicity ' by the absence of hierarchy
, organized authority and political control such ... In this sense , Renfrew ' s
criteria for the archaeological recognition of complexity , and thus for the
evolutionary ...

Author: John C. Barrett

Publisher: Oxbow Books Limited

ISBN: UOM:39015059225303

Category: History

Page: 274

View: 646

The history of archaeology is a history of great discoveries and a history of the debate about the human condition. It is a history of how we understand and link to our history, and it is unsurprising then that archaeology changes over time, bringing new perspectives to our view of the past. Thirty years on from Colin Renfrew's landmark publication, The Emergence of Civilisation, a group of Aegean prehistorians came together as part of the Sheffield Centre for Aegean Archaeology's Round Table discussions to acknowledge this ground-breaking work and to bring the subject up to date. They focus on the themes that Renfrew brought to archaeology through this work, and which continue to be of significance today: the way we characterise the context and the nature of change; the methodological procedures that should be followed; and the interpretation of the dynamics of past societies. Fourteen papers from the discussions, including contributions from John Cherry, Todd Whitelaw and Renfrew himself, examine a fascinating and diverse section of topics including; settlement, leadership and social status.
Categories: History

State and Society

State and Society

By bringing archaeological research into contact with the work of ethno-historians and anthropologists, and by constantly challenging trends in interpretation, State and Society offers analyses of political centralization and resistance to ...

Author: John Gledhill

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415122559

Category: Social Science

Page: 347

View: 406

The traditional Eurocentric view of state formation and the rise of civilisations is vigorously challenged in this broad-ranging and innovative volume. By bringing archaeological research into contact with the work of ethno-historians and anthropologists, and by constantly challenging trends in interpretation, State and Society offers analyses of political centralization and resistance to it in a diverse range of historical and geographical contexts.
Categories: Social Science