Perfecting Human Futures

Transhuman Visions and Technological Imaginations

Author: J. Benjamin Hurlbut,Hava Tirosh-Samuelson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3658110449

Category: Philosophy

Page: 380

View: 5082

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Humans have always imagined better futures. From the desire to overcome death to the aspiration to dominion over the world, imaginations of the technological future reveal the commitments, values, and norms of those who construct them. Today, the human future is thrown into question by emerging technologies that promise radical control over human life and elicit corollary imaginations of human perfectibility. This interdisciplinary volume assembles scholars of science and technology studies, sociology, philosophy, theology, ethics, and history to examine imaginations of technological progress that promises to transcend the constraints of human body and being. Attending in particular to transhumanist and posthumanist visions, the volume breaks new ground by exploring their utopian and eschatological dimensions and situating them within a broader context of ideas, institutions, and practices of innovation. The volume invites specialists and general readers to explore the stakes of contemporary imaginations of technological innovation as a source of progress, a force of social and historical transformation, and as the defining essence of human life.
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Historical Teleologies in the Modern World

Author: Henning Trüper,Dipesh Chakrabarty,Sanjay Subrahmanyam

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1474221084

Category: History

Page: 352

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Historical Teleologies in the Modern World tracks the fragmentation and proliferation of teleological understandings of history – the notion that history had to be explained as a goal-directed process – in Europe and beyond throughout the 19th and into the 20th century. Historical teleologies have profoundly informed a variety of other disciplines, including modern philosophy, natural history, literature, humanitarian and religious philanthropism, the political thought and practice of revolution, emancipation, imperialism, colonialism and anti-colonialism, the conceptualization of universal humankind, and the understanding of modernity in general. By exploring the extension and plurality of historical teleology, the essays in this volume revise the history of historicity in the modern period. Historical Teleologies in the Modern World casts doubt on the idea that a single, if powerful, conception of time could function as the unifying principle of all modern historicity, instead pursuing an investigation of the plurality of modern historicities and its underlying structures. By bringing together Western and non-Western histories, this book provides the first extended treatment of the idea of historical teleology. It will be of great value to students and scholars of modern global and intellectual history.
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The Enigma of Health

The Art of Healing in a Scientific Age

Author: Hans-Georg Gadamer

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804726924

Category: Philosophy

Page: 180

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The book brings together thirteen essays presented to medical and psychiatric societies, mainly during the 1970's and 1980's. In these essays, Gadamer justifies the reasons for a philosophical interest in health and medicine, and a corresponding need for health practitioners to enter into a dialogue with philosophy.
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The Philosophy of Nicolai Hartmann

Author: Roberto Poli,Carlo Scognamiglio,Frederic Tremblay

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110254182

Category: Philosophy

Page: 310

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Nicolai Hartmann was one of the most original twentieth century German philosophers. Yet, he did not compromise clarity and rigor for proficiency and originality. Brought up as a neo-Kantian, he became one of the most important critics of German idealism and one of the most resolute proponents of ontological realism. He developed what he called the “New Ontology,” which lies at the core of a systematic opus branching out in all of the main areas of philosophy. He proposed innovative and promising solutions to old and new problems in the various areas of philosophy. His work had a major influence in philosophy as well as in several sciences. The papers collected in this volume explore themes such as Hartmann’s theory of categories, his aporetics, theory of values and ethics, philosophy of biology, philosophy of mind, philosophy of mathematics, the influence he had on anthropology, and his place in the history of philosophy.
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Myth and the Human Sciences

Hans Blumenberg's Theory of Myth

Author: Angus Nicholls

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317817222

Category: Religion

Page: 260

View: 560

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This is the first book-length critical analysis in any language of Hans Blumenberg’s theory of myth. Blumenberg can be regarded as the most important German theorist of myth of the second half of the twentieth century, and his Work on Myth (1979) has resonated across disciplines ranging from literary theory, via philosophy, religious studies and anthropology, to the history and philosophy of science. Nicholls introduces Anglophone readers to Blumenberg’s biography and to his philosophical contexts. He elucidates Blumenberg’s theory of myth by relating it to three important developments in late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century German philosophy (hermeneutics, phenomenology and philosophical anthropology), while also comparing Blumenberg’s ideas with those of other prominent theorists of myth such as Vico, Hume, Schelling, Max Müller, Frazer, Sorel, Freud, Cassirer, Heidegger, Horkheimer and Adorno. According to Nicholls, Blumenberg’s theory of myth can only be understood in relation to the ‘human sciences,’ since it emerges from a speculative hypothesis concerning the emergence of the earliest human beings. For Blumenberg, myth was originally a cultural adaptation that constituted the human attempt to deal with anxieties concerning the threatening forces of nature by anthropomorphizing those forces into mythic images. In the final two chapters, Blumenberg’s theory of myth is placed within the post-war political context of West Germany. Through a consideration of Blumenberg’s exchanges with Carl Schmitt, as well as by analysing unpublished correspondence and parts of the original Work of Myth manuscript that Blumenberg held back from publication, Nicholls shows that Blumenberg’s theory of myth also amounted to a reckoning with the legacy of National Socialism.
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Globalization and Education

Proceedings of the Joint Working Group, the Pontifical Academy of Sciences, the Pontifical Academy of Social Sciences, 16-17 November 2005, Casino Pio IV

Author: Marcelo Sánchez Sorondo,Edmond Malinvaud,Pierre Léna

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110191134

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 290

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This book presents the results of a joint meeting organized by the Pontifical Academy of Sciences and the Pontifical Academy of Social Sciences where renowned international scholars discussed the importance of education in an increasingly globalized world. The papers cover a wide range of topics, including immigration, education in developing countries, knowledge transfer, social, economic, cultural, and political conditions in global education, technology, communication, access to information and knowledge, as well as, bio-anthropological issues.
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Diálogos

revista del Departamento de Filosofía, Universidad de Puerto Rico

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 2892

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Immanuel Kant, die Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der blossen Vernunft

Author: Otfried Höffe

Publisher: Akademie Verlag

ISBN: 9783050046822

Category: Philosophy and religion

Page: 294

View: 7171

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Fur alle, die sich mit religionsphilosophischen Fragen oder dem Werk Kants beschaftigen, kann das Buch bedenkenlos empfohlen werden. Till Kinzel in: Informationsmittel Bibliotheken http: //ifb.bsz-bw.de/bsz32721595Xrez-1.pdf
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