Invoking Slavery in the Eighteenth Century British Imagination

Invoking Slavery in the Eighteenth Century British Imagination

Far from eliding the real and important differences between slave systems operating in the Atlantic world, this collection is a starting point for understanding how slavery as a concept came to encompass many forms of unfree labor and ...

Author: Srividhya Swaminathan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317112983

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 228

View: 638

In the eighteenth century, audiences in Great Britain understood the term ’slavery’ to refer to a range of physical and metaphysical conditions beyond the transatlantic slave trade. Literary representations of slavery encompassed tales of Barbary captivity, the ’exotic’ slaving practices of the Ottoman Empire, the political enslavement practiced by government or church, and even the harsh life of servants under a cruel master. Arguing that literary and cultural studies have focused too narrowly on slavery as a term that refers almost exclusively to the race-based chattel enslavement of sub-Saharan Africans transported to the New World, the contributors suggest that these analyses foreclose deeper discussion of other associations of the term. They suggest that the term slavery became a powerful rhetorical device for helping British audiences gain a new perspective on their own position with respect to their government and the global sphere. Far from eliding the real and important differences between slave systems operating in the Atlantic world, this collection is a starting point for understanding how slavery as a concept came to encompass many forms of unfree labor and metaphorical bondage precisely because of the power of association.
Categories: Literary Criticism

White Slavery in the Barbary States

White Slavery in the Barbary States

In White Slavery in the Barbary States captivity expert Charles Sumner takes a detailed look at the white slave markets which flourished on the Barbary Coast of North Africa, which included the Ottoman provinces of Algeria, Tunisia and ...

Author: Charles Sumner

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 9781387004232

Category: History

Page: 56

View: 379

This controversial, oft-suppressed work is a fascinating glimpse into the practice of white slavery. In White Slavery in the Barbary States captivity expert Charles Sumner takes a detailed look at the white slave markets which flourished on the Barbary Coast of North Africa, which included the Ottoman provinces of Algeria, Tunisia and Tripolitania and the independent sultanate of Morocco, between the 16th and middle of the 18th century.
Categories: History

Eighteenth century White Slaves Pennsylvania 1729 1760

Eighteenth century White Slaves  Pennsylvania  1729 1760

3/18/55 : Chestertown , Maryland , March 12 , 1755. ... The other a lusty young Mulatto fellow , named Toby , a slave about the same age , he is a well set , clean ... N.B. He 412 18th Century White Slaves : Fugitive Notices.

Author:

Publisher: Greenwood

ISBN: UOM:39015032946918

Category: History

Page: 608

View: 336

The first of four volumes providing a full collection of advertisements for runaway indentured servants, this volume provides a valuable source of information about unfree white classes in early America.
Categories: History

Slavery and Freedom in the Rural North

Slavery and Freedom in the Rural North

For many examples see Daniel Meaders , Eighteenth - Century White Slaves Fugitive Notices , Vol . 1 ( Pennsylvania , 1729-1760 ) , ( Westport , Conn . , 1993 ) , passim . For advertisement to imigrants , see A Brief Account of the ...

Author: Graham Russell Hodges

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 0945612516

Category: History

Page: 238

View: 713

This unique social history, focusing on a single community in eastern New jersey, addresses many long-held assumptions about slavery and emancipation outside the plantation South.
Categories: History

Invoking Slavery in the Eighteenth Century British Imagination

Invoking Slavery in the Eighteenth Century British Imagination

indentured servants were white Europeans, whereas slaves were usually black non-Europeans. Many historians have questioned whether the racial anomaly of indentured servitude affected the treatment of these “white slaves.

Author: Srividhya Swaminathan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317112990

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 228

View: 670

In the eighteenth century, audiences in Great Britain understood the term ’slavery’ to refer to a range of physical and metaphysical conditions beyond the transatlantic slave trade. Literary representations of slavery encompassed tales of Barbary captivity, the ’exotic’ slaving practices of the Ottoman Empire, the political enslavement practiced by government or church, and even the harsh life of servants under a cruel master. Arguing that literary and cultural studies have focused too narrowly on slavery as a term that refers almost exclusively to the race-based chattel enslavement of sub-Saharan Africans transported to the New World, the contributors suggest that these analyses foreclose deeper discussion of other associations of the term. They suggest that the term slavery became a powerful rhetorical device for helping British audiences gain a new perspective on their own position with respect to their government and the global sphere. Far from eliding the real and important differences between slave systems operating in the Atlantic world, this collection is a starting point for understanding how slavery as a concept came to encompass many forms of unfree labor and metaphorical bondage precisely because of the power of association.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Unfreedom

Unfreedom

By reassessing the lives of enslaved Bostonians as part of a social order structured by ties of dependence, Hardesty not only demonstrates how African slaves were able to decode their new homeland and shape the terms of their enslavement, ...

Author: Jared Ross Hardesty

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9781479801848

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 524

Choice Outstanding Academic Title of 2016 In Unfreedom, Jared Ross Hardesty examines the lived experience of slaves in eighteenth-century Boston. Instead of relying on the traditional dichotomy of slavery and freedom, Hardesty argues we should understand slavery in Boston as part of a continuum of unfreedom. In this context, African slavery existed alongside many other forms of oppression, including Native American slavery, indentured servitude, apprenticeship, and pauper apprenticeship. In this hierarchical and inherently unfree world, enslaved Bostonians were more concerned with their everyday treatment and honor than with emancipation, as they pushed for autonomy, protected their families and communities, and demanded a place in society. Drawing on exhaustive research in colonial legal records – including wills, court documents, and minutes of governmental bodies – as well as newspapers, church records, and other contemporaneous sources, Hardesty masterfully reconstructs an eighteenth-century Atlantic world of unfreedom that stretched from Europe to Africa to America. By reassessing the lives of enslaved Bostonians as part of a social order structured by ties of dependence, Hardesty not only demonstrates how African slaves were able to decode their new homeland and shape the terms of their enslavement, but also tells the story of how marginalized peoples engrained themselves in the very fabric of colonial American society.
Categories: History

Teaching the Transatlantic Eighteenth Century

Teaching the Transatlantic Eighteenth Century

During the long eighteenth century, millions of men, women, and children were forced from their homes in Africa to cross the Atlantic Ocean to ... Eighteenth-century slavery was not strictly defined by white ownership of black workers.

Author: Jennifer Frangos

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781527551862

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 260

View: 813

The central axiom of Teaching the Transatlantic Eighteenth Century is that the classroom functions as a site for research and collaboration: not only as a space that reflects the research of individual teacher-scholars, but as a generative site to put ideas, theories, and methodologies into play. Whereas transatlanticism has transformed research practices over the last decade, the present collection is concerned with exploring what this transformation looks like in the classroom, and how the classroom continues to shape research practices in the field. Contributors address issues such as how the traffic in ideas, people, and commodities between Europe, Africa, and the New World are considered in classroom settings; how inter- and intra-departmental collaborations reshape our approaches to teaching the eighteenth century; how and why Transatlantic Studies can function as an introduction to college study; and how it can help more advanced students to revise their notions of nation, place, and identity. By now, there are a number of anthologies available to help instructors determine what transatlantic material to teach, but none that engage why and how to teach it, or what teaching it can do for us, our students, and our profession. Rather than simply providing reading lists or a collection of anecdotes about lesson plans, Teaching the Transatlantic Eighteenth Century emphasizes theorizing critical engagements with, interdisciplinary focus on, and the transformative potential of Transatlantic Studies. The primary market for Teaching the Transatlantic Eighteenth Century is university, college, and community college professors, researchers, and students, with three specific subgroups: 1. Teachers new to Transatlantic Studies Teachers coming to Transatlantic Studies for the first time will find both suggestions for materials or topical units to be integrated into existing courses (e.g., a unit on transatlantic exchange that could figure in an eighteenth-century literature survey course) and ideas for developing new courses altogether. 2. Teachers already teaching and/or researching in the field of Transatlantic Studies Such scholars will find material to broaden their approach to familiar courses and subjects: inter- or cross-disciplinary focus, new texts, successful clusterings of texts or themes or approaches, and ideas for team-teaching or linking courses with other faculty. 3. Teachers involved in Transatlantic Studies programs, especially those that focus on contemporary/Post WWII context (e.g., at the University of Dundee, the University of North Carolina–Chapel Hill, and the University of Birmingham) Teaching the Transatlantic Eighteenth Century will provide historical context for current geopolitical studies: perspective on the dynamics and historical and political forces occurring in the eighteenth century and contributing to 19th-, 20th-, and 21st-century politics, nations, and paradigms.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Every Picture Tells a Story

Every Picture Tells a Story

It is the story of the rise, fall, and legacy of New England slavery.

Author: Robert Ernest Desrochers

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:865511330

Category: Minorities and journalism

Page: 373

View: 181

This dissertation attempts to understand what slavery meant to white and black New Englanders in the eighteenth century, and specifically to explain how the social and cultural matrix of print mediated the experience and significance of slavery in New England before the age of Garrisonian abolitionism. Slavery and the public press grew up together in eighteenth-century New England, in a synergetic and contradictory relationship that profoundly altered the course of race relations there and in the United States. The idioms of power white New Englanders devised to regulate, recount, and otherwise control black lives in print served of course and above all to maintain slavery and white dominance. Over time New England's print discourse of slavery also helped make the institution an important symbol of culture, community, and social identity. The mental maps created by advertisements, anecdotes, narratives, and other printed matter ritually connected white New Englanders to one another and enabled them to imagine their role within the mainstream of the larger English Atlantic world in terms of a baseline of various shared experiences with slavery and slaves. Ultimately, though, the stories whites told each other about those experiences undermined confidence in the system as often and as much as they inspired it, revealing time and again the limits of white mastery over print and slaves. With a keen sense of the versatility of language and the genius of human expression, the dissertation shows how Afro-New Englanders broke the imposed silences and turned the tools of oppression--linguistic and otherwise--on their head, forging expansive and resilient identities, cultures, and communities of their own. In short "Every Picture" tells the story of the close constitutive relationship between slavery and print in New England from its colonial origins through the early years of the federal republic. It is a dynamic tale of exploitation and subversion, of cold commodification and bold assertions of self, of the coercive limits and ironic possibilities of language, of lives and worlds in motion, of survival and the struggle to be free. It is the story of the rise, fall, and legacy of New England slavery.
Categories: Minorities and journalism

White Cargo

White Cargo

This is a saga of exploitation and cruelty spanning 170 years that has been submerged under the overwhelming memory of black slavery. White Cargo brings the brutal, uncomfortable story to the surface.

Author: Don Jordan

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 9781780572109

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 115

In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, 300,000 people or more became slaves there in all but name. Urchins were swept up from London's streets to labour in the tobacco fields, brothels were raided to provide 'breeders' for Virginia and hopeful migrants were duped into signing as indentured servants, unaware they would become chattels who could be bought, sold and gambled away. Drawing on letters, diaries, and court and government archives, the authors demonstrate that the brutalities associated with black slavery alone were perpetrated on whites throughout British rule. The trade ended with American independence but the British still tried to sell convicts in their former colonies, which prompted one of the most audacious plots in Anglo-American history. This is a saga of exploitation and cruelty spanning 170 years that has been submerged under the overwhelming memory of black slavery. White Cargo brings the brutal, uncomfortable story to the surface.
Categories: History