With increasing water scarcity and frequent occurrence of water related controversies at macro and micro levels, institutional arrangements governing water resource development, allocation and management are receiving increasing policy ...
Author: BK. Rohith
Publisher: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
With increasing water scarcity and frequent occurrence of water related controversies at macro and micro levels, institutional arrangements governing water resource development, allocation and management are receiving increasing policy attention. A combination of institutional and market solutions is hoped to pave the way for sustainable use of scarce water. In this study, the economic and institutional dynamics of Water User Cooperative Society (WUCS) are assessed with regard to performance of WUCS, membership and their Willingness to Pay (WTP) for irrigation in Cauvery basin of Karnataka, India. Cluster analysis and Discrimant function was used to study WUCS with similarities and the distinguishing features of farmers. Appropriate education and training programme should be initiated to motivate the marginal farmers as member of WUCS. Members need to be educated to treat water as an economic good. The results of the study were presented at the 27th International Conference of Agricultural Economists (IAAE), 2009, Beijing. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics (IJAE) and Agricultural Economics Research Association (AERR) have carried articles pertaining to this study.
7.6 Conclusions The cost of groundwater irrigation which forms around 11–35% of the cost of cultivation of seasonal crops is an ... Shankar K, Chandrakanth MG (2003) Pricing of irrigation water in cauvery basin, case of Kabini command.
Author: M.G. Chandrakanth
Category: Business & Economics
This book uses resource economics costing approaches incorporating externalities to estimate the returns for the country’s irrigation and demonstrates how underestimating the cost of water leads farmers to overestimate profits. The importance of the subject can be judged in light of the fact that India is the largest user of groundwater both for irrigation and for drinking purposes, pumping twice as much as the United States and six times as much as Europe. Despite water’s vital role in ensuring economic security for the nation and farmers alike by supporting more than 70% of food production, water resource economists are yet to impress upon farmers and policymakers the true value of water and the urgent need for its sustainable extraction, recharge and use. In an endeavor to promote more awareness, the book further delineates the roles of the demand side and supply side in the economics of irrigation, and explains how the cost of water varies with the efforts to recharge it, crop patterns, degrees of initial and premature well failure and degrees of externalities. It also discusses the importance of micro-irrigation in the economics of saving water for irrigation, estimating the marginal productivity of water and how it improves with drip irrigation, the economics of water sharing and water markets, optimal control theory in sustainable extraction of water, payment of ecosystem services for water and how India can effectively recover. In closing, the book highlights the role of socioeconomic and hydrogeological factors in the economics of irrigation, which vary considerably across hard rock areas and the resulting limitations on generalizing.
Author: Velayutham SaravananPublish On: 2020-01-23
5 S. Guhan, The Cauvery River Dispute: Towards Conciliation (Madras: Frontline Publishers,1993); Steen Folke, ... Water for Irrigation in the Cauvery delta, South India – Some Institutional Implications', Journal of Social and Economic ...
Author: Velayutham Saravanan
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
This important new study investigates the competing demand for water in the Bhavani and Noyyal River basins of south India from the early 19th century to the early 21st century from a historical perspective. In doing so, the book addresses several important questions: * Did policy-makers visualise the future demand while diverting water from distant places or other basins? * Was efficient use ensured when the water was diverted or was it diverted in a manner that resulted in pollution and serious damage to the entire river basin? * Were natural flows taken care of in order to preserve the ecology and environment? * What were the factors that aggravated the competing demand for water and what were the consequences for the future? In the context of the current discourse on the competing demands for water, this book takes the debate forward, expanding the horizon of environmental history in the process. Until now, agriculture, industry and domestic water supply and their consequences for ecology, the environment and livelihoods have been given scant attention. Velayutham Saravanan's comprehensive account of both the colonial and post-colonial periods corrects this shortcoming in the field's literature and gives a holistic understanding of the problem and its full historical roots.
Water managers, academicians and civil society groups will benefit from reflecting on the important issues raised by Dr Anand in this book.
Author: P. B. Anand
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Category: Business & Economics
. . . it will provide a fascinating and stimulating read for researchers, students and academics with an interest in water economics and public policy. Practitioners focusing on water management, sustainable development, water supply and health will also find this book invaluable. CABI Those seeking an informed overview of the social and economic aspects of water issues in developing contexts today would do well to read P.B. Anand s book. Scarcity, Entitlements and the Economics of Water in Developing Countries is extensive covering local, sub-national and international aspects of water scarcity, the human right to water, transboundary water disputes and progress on the Millennium Development Goals. . . It will be of interest to water resource managers, urban water and sanitation policy-makers, international donors, and students of environmental justice, water issues, and development more broadly. . . Anand s book is recommended as useful and interesting reading primarily for its broad range and interdisciplinary approach. Mark Zeitoun, Waterlines In this creative study Anand applies environmental economic tools and concepts to analyze water issues in developing countries. . . The author carefully integrates the poverty, inequality, and development issues of water; and he meticulously discusses the intertwined rivalrous and excludable public good characteristics of water supply. . . Highly recommended. B.F. Hope, Choice The book eloquently illustrates the economics of water and how economics can increase the understanding of topics such as water inequalities and the role of institutions. It convincingly explores and explains water scarcity, supply and demand to demystify water topics. It commendably presents different views and interpretations on contentious water topics such as large-scale dams, transboundary water and privatization of household water supply. In particular, the conceptual framework is helpful in illuminating the interface between water and well-being. The book contains several case studies and water multi-sectors, such as dams, water supply and sanitation and water resources and appeals to a wide readership interested in various water topics and their implementation. Håkan Tropp, Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI), Sweden The author has sought to weave diverse strands of water policy in developing countries into a coherent framework. A multi country database is used to make the point that scarcity is not the absolute lack of water, but the result of policy and management failure. The sustainable access to drinking water, one of the targets of the Millennium Development Goals, as well as consumer preferences for water supply are illustrated with data from the author s research in Chennai, a chronically water starved Indian city. Resolution of conflict in a river basin is analysed using the case of the Cauvery, an interstate river in India. All these themes are brought together using Sen s Capability approach to highlight the fact that water policy is not a technocratic exercise but a matter of justice and entitlements. Water managers, academicians and civil society groups will benefit from reflecting on the important issues raised by Dr Anand in this book. Paul Appasamy, Madras School of Economics Anand s book discusses in detail the economics of water and how societies deal with this scarce resource. The complexities of water as highlighted in his book have previously been little explored in any standard economic development textbook. Anand presents a fascinating framework on water and well-being by linking water and the capability approach. It is a must read for all those dealing with water issues in particular and development issues in general. Naren Prasad, United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD), Switzerland This is a very thorough analysis of water s critical role as both a basic human need and an economic good. It is unlikely to be surpassed for so
Ground Water, 40(4), 340–345. doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2002.tb02511.x Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal. ... The energy-irrigation nexus and its impact on groundwater markets in eastern Indo-Gangetic basin: Evidence from West Bengal, ...
Author: Rutgerd Boelens
Bringing together a multidisciplinary set of scholars and diverse case studies from across the globe, this book explores the management, governance, and understandings around water, a key element in the assemblage of hydrosocial territories. Hydrosocial territories are spatial configurations of people, institutions, water flows, hydraulic technology and the biophysical environment that revolve around the control of water. Territorial politics finds expression in encounters of diverse actors with divergent spatial and political–geographical interests; as a result, water (in)justice and (in)equity are embedded in these socio-ecological contexts. The territory-building projections and strategies compete, superimpose and align to strengthen specific water-control claims of various interests. As a result, actors continuously recompose the territory’s hydraulic grid, cultural reference frames, and political–economic relationships. Using a political ecology focus, the different contributions to this book explore territorial struggles, demonstrating that these contestations are not merely skirmishes over natural resources, but battles over meaning, norms, knowledge, identity, authority and discourses. The articles in this book were originally published in the journal Water International.
groundwater markets) are relatively more responsive to changing local needs whereas macro-level institutions ... The demand- supply gap that has already assumed serious proportions in local and regional contexts (e.g., Cauvery Basin, ...
Author: Saleth, Rathinasamy Maria
The overall objective of this paper is to outline the analytical framework and theoretical approach underlying a new research paradigm and illustrate how this paradigm can be used for the strategic analysis of water institutions by applying it to the Indian context.
Author: Chennat GopalakrishnanPublish On: 2006-03-30
(e.g., groundwater markets) are relatively more responsive to changing local needs whereas macro-level ... required extent of flexibility as changes are resisted by factors ranging from path dependency to political economy obstacles.
Author: Chennat Gopalakrishnan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This is a global survey and assessment of the structure, evolution, and performance of water institutions – administration policies and regulatory practices – in regional, national, and international settings. The coverage includes analysis and discussion of the rationale for institutional innovations, based on case study findings; specific suggestions for sustainable institutional design; and recommendations for implementing institutional reforms.
misuse of statistics, 178–179 surface vs. groundwater irrigation, 175–178 Canal water, 58 Carbon emission reduction, 161–164 Catchment hydrology, 100 Cauvery river basin, 104 Central Electricity Authority (CEA), 164 Central Ground Water ...
Author: M. Dinesh Kumar
Water Policy Science and Politics: An Indian Perspective presents the importance of politics and science working together in policymaking in the water sector. Many countries around the developed and developing world, including India, are experiencing major water scarcity problems that will undoubtedly increase with the impacts of climate change. This book discusses specific topics in India’s water, agriculture and energy sectors, focusing on scientific aspects, academic and political discourse, and policy issues. The author presents cases from the interrelated sectors of water resources, supplies, sanitation, and energy and climate, including controversial topics that illustrate how science and politics can work together. Challenges the linear and conventional approaches to water management and water policymaking in India that are also applicable in developing countries across South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa Presents best practice ideas and methods that help science and politics work together Highlights a key gap of communication between science and policy in water research, with solutions on how this can be addressed
After a brief introduction to the irrigation problematique in the Cauvery delta is a section dealing with canal irrigation and conflicts over surface water . Here the classical conflicts between head and tail enders at various levels of ...