Ecology and Conservation of Butterflies

Author: A.S. Pullin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401112827

Category: Science

Page: 363

View: 5921

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This book was conceived to mark the Silver Jubilee of the British Butterfly Conservation Society. Interest in the conservation of butterflies has increased so rapidly that it is difficult to relate to the situation 25 years ago. Butterflies were on the decline in Britain, Europe and elsewhere but we lacked data on the extent of the decline and the underlying reasons, leaving us unable to implement effective conservation measures. An early recognition of the plight of British butterflies and moths led to the foundation of the society by a small group of conservationists in 1968. Today the society has over 10000 members, owns a number of reserves and sponsors research, conservation and monitoring activities at the local and national level. As part of the Silver Jubilee celebrations an international symposium was held at Keele University in September 1993 entitled 'Ecology and Conservation of Butterflies'. This symposium clearly showed how much important work has been done in recent years and also gave me the impression that the subject had reached a watershed. This was not because the decline of butterflies has stopped or even slowed down, far from it, the threat to our butterflies continues to increase from habitat destruction and intensification of land use. The watershed is in our understanding of the relationship between butterflies and their habitat.
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Monitoring Butterflies for Ecology and Conservation

The British Butterfly Monitoring Scheme

Author: E. Pollard,T.J. Yates

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780412634604

Category: Fiction

Page: 274

View: 421

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Previously published in hardback and now made available in paperback, this ground-breaking book is a must for all interested in butterflies, whether as conservation biologist, amateur or professional entomologist or as a student studying the phenomenon of butterfly populations as part of a number of biology, ecology or conservation courses. Recently, many British butterflies have suffered severe declines whole others have flourished and expanded in range. This is the first book to describe the results from a British scheme to monitor butterflies during this period of change. The Monitoring Scheme, initiated in 1976 by the senior author is based on frequent counts at some 90 sites throughout Britain. The combined efforts of both amateurs and professionals have thus produced a dataset with no equivalent elsewhere in the world. The book therefore provides a unique perspective on trends in numbers, extinction and foundation of populations; flight periods, local distributions, migration and other aspects of population ecology. Practical problems encountered during the conservation of butterflies of individual sites are outlined. The relevance of this monitoring for an understanding of the effects of the weather - climatic warming - is described.
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Studies on the Ecology and Conservation of Butterflies in Europe: Species ecology along a European gradient : Maculinea butterflies as a model

Author: Josef Settele,Elisabeth Kühn,Jeremy A. Thomas

Publisher: Pensoft Pub

ISBN: 9789546422569

Category: Science

Page: 305

View: 6010

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The book contains extended abstracts on a wide variety of issues concerning the ecology and conservation of Large Blue butterflies of the genus Maculinea. It mainly consists of results of the EU funded research project MacMan (Maculinea butterflies of the Habitats Directive and European Red List as indicators and tools for habitat conservation and management; www.macman-project.de). They have been presented at a Conference held in Leipzig, 5-9th of December, 2005. Sections covered are: Maculinea as indicators; Functional and trophic relations in Maculinea systems; Population genetics, chemistry and physiology of Maculinea and Myrmica ants; Conservation and management for Maculinea. Keynote speakers at the Maculinea part of the conference are: Jeremy Thomas (UK), David Nash & Jacobus Boomsma (Denmark), Konrad Fiedler (Austria), Piotr Nowicki (Poland) and Thomas Hovestadt (Germany).
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Ecology and Management of Coppice Woodlands

Author: G.P. Buckley

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401123624

Category: Nature

Page: 336

View: 9345

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Contributed to by leading experts, this book looks at the history of coppice woodlands, their physical environment, the different management techniques used and their effects on the flora and fauna. The implications of this for conservation is controversial and this is debated in a lively way in many of the chapters.
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Butterflies

Ecology and Evolution Taking Flight

Author: Carol L. Boggs,Ward B. Watt,Paul R. Ehrlich

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226063188

Category: Nature

Page: 739

View: 7993

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In Butterflies: Ecology and Evolution Taking Flight, the world's leading experts synthesize current knowledge of butterflies to show how the study of these fascinating creatures as model systems can lead to deeper understanding of ecological and evolutionary patterns and processes in general. The twenty-six chapters are organized into broad functional areas, covering the uses of butterflies in the study of behavior, ecology, genetics and evolution, systematics, and conservation biology. Especially in the context of the current biodiversity crisis, this book shows how results found with butterflies can help us understand large, rapid changes in the world we share with them—for example, geographic distributions of some butterflies have begun to shift in response to global warming, giving early evidence of climate change that scientists, politicians, and citizens alike should heed. The first international synthesis of butterfly biology in two decades, Butterflies: Ecology and Evolution Taking Flight offers students, scientists, and amateur naturalists a concise overview of the latest developments in the field. Furthermore, it articulates an exciting new perspective of the whole group of approximately 15,000 species of butterflies as a comprehensive model system for all the sciences concerned with biodiversity and its preservation. Contributors: Carol L. Boggs, Paul M. Brakefield, Adriana D. Briscoe, Dana L. Campbell, Elizabeth E. Crone, Mark Deering, Henri Descimon, Erika I. Deinert, Paul R. Ehrlich, John P. Fay, Richard ffrench-Constant, Sherri Fownes, Lawrence E. Gilbert, André Gilles, Ilkka Hanski, Jane K. Hill, Brian Huntley, Niklas Janz, Greg Kareofelas, Nusha Keyghobadi, P. Bernhard Koch, Claire Kremen, David C. Lees, Jean-François Martin, Antónia Monteiro, Paulo César Motta, Camille Parmesan, William D. Patterson, Naomi E. Pierce, Robert A. Raguso, Charles Lee Remington, Jens Roland, Ronald L. Rutowski, Cheryl B. Schultz, J. Mark Scriber, Arthur M. Shapiro, Michael C. Singer, Felix Sperling, Curtis Strobeck, Aram Stump, Chris D. Thomas, Richard VanBuskirk, Hans Van Dyck, Richard I. Vane-Wright, Ward B. Watt, Christer Wiklund, and Mark A. Willis
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Conservation Biology

For the Coming Decade

Author: Peggy L. Fiedler,Peter M. Kareiva

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475728808

Category: Nature

Page: 534

View: 6979

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Reflecting a new generation of conservation biologists' upper-division and graduate level conservation biology courses, as well as for individual reference, this book incorporates a number of new authors and additional chapters, covering all aspects of one of the most dynamic areas in the life sciences. Containing ten additional chapters, it includes such timely topics as ecosystem management and the economics of conservation.
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Lepidoptera and Conservation

Author: T. R. New

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118409256

Category: Science

Page: 280

View: 4252

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The third in a trilogy of global overviews of conservation ofdiverse and ecologically important insect groups. The first twowere Beetles in Conservation (2010) and Hymenoptera andConservation (2012). Each has different priorities andemphases that collectively summarise much of the progress andpurpose of invertebrate conservation. Much of the foundation of insect conservation has been built onconcerns for Lepidoptera, particularly butterflies as the mostpopular and best studied of all insect groups. The long-acceptedworth of butterflies for conservation has led to elucidation ofmuch of the current rationale of insect species conservation, andto definition and management of their critical resources, withattention to the intensively documented British fauna‘leading the world’ in this endeavour. In Lepidoptera and Conservation, various themes aretreated through relevant examples and case histories, andsufficient background given to enable non-specialist access.Intended for not only entomologists but conservation managers andnaturalists due to its readable approach to the subject.
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“Fingerprints” of Climate Change

Adapted Behaviour and Shifting Species Ranges

Author: G.-R. Walther,Conradin A. Burga,P.J. Edwards

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441986928

Category: Science

Page: 329

View: 4501

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In recent years an increasing number of studies have been published reporting observations of adapted behaviour and shifting species ranges of plant and animal species due to recent climate warming. Are these `fingerprints' of climate change? An international conference was organised to bring together scientists from different continents with different expertise but sharing the same issue of climate change impact studies. Ecologists, zoologists, and botanists exchanged and discussed the findings from their individual field of research. The present book is an international collection of biological signs of recent climate warming, neither based only on computer models nor on prediction for the future, but mainly on actually occurring changes in the biosphere such as adapted behaviour or shifts in the ranges of species. `Fingerprints' of Climate Change presents ecological evidence that organisms are responding to recent global warming. The observed changes may foreshadow the types of impacts likely to become more frequent and widespread with continued warming.
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