Eco-Hydrology

Author: Andrew J. Baird,Robert L. Wilby

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134715439

Category: Science

Page: 420

View: 2573

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^iEco-Hydrology is the first book to offer an overview of the complex relationships between plants and water across a wide range of terrestrial and aquatic environments. Leading ecologists and hydrologists present reviews of the eco-hydrology of drylands, wetlands, temperate and tropical rain forests, streams, and rivers and lakes. Contents include: * background information on the water relations of plants, from individual cells to strands of plants * the role of mathematical models in eco-hydrology * explanations of how plants affect patterns and rates of water movement and storage in a range of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.
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Principles of Hydrology

Author: R. C. Ward,Roy C. Ward,Mark Robinson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Hydrogeologie - Hydrologie - Lehrbuch

Page: 450

View: 2003

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This book takes a non mathematical looks at the principles and processes of hydrology. Now in its fourth edition, this well established book preserves the essential structure, clarity and style which have ensured its continued international popularity over more than three decades. However the book has been revised and fully updated to take into account new research and developments in the subject and the changing role of hydrology in the modern world. The thematic treatment of the main phases of the hydrological cycle i.e. precipitation, interception, evaporation, subsurface water and stream flow, has been retained, together with the chapter on water quality. A final, synthesising chapter has been reinstated by popular demand, together with a broader spectrum of case studies and examples. A selection of problems and exercises has also been included at the end of each chapter.
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What is Sustainable Technology?

Perceptions, Paradoxes and Possibilities

Author: Karel Mulder,Didac Ferrer,Harro van Lente

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351278460

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 264

View: 1462

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Designers of technology have a major responsibility in the current age. Their designs can have tremendous effects on society, in both the short and the long term. In fact, sustainable development itself has all the characteristics of a design project, albeit a vast one. But a failed product design here will be not just be unsuccessful in the market – it will have far-reaching consequences. It is our common responsibility to make the project successful. Technology has played an important role in creating the problems that we now face; but it will also play an important role in solving them. But this does not mean the technological fix will be easy. How do we allocate resources and attention when there are myriad issues under the umbrella of "sustainable development" currently in competition with one another? How do we arrive at precise specifications for the sustainable technologies that are to be developed and, furthermore, reach consensus on these specifications? What if our sustainable technological solutions aggravate other problems or create new ones? And, because sustainable development is all about the long-term consequences of our actions, how do we assess the effects of modifying existing landscapes, infrastructures and patterns of life?How could we be sure in advance that the changes that new technologies bring will make our society more sustainable? These dilemmas and paradoxes are the subject of this provocative book. Sometimes the claim that a technology is sustainable is made in order to make the technology acceptable in the political process, as in the case of nuclear energy production, where the claims of "sustainability" refer to the absence of CO2 emissions. In the case of biofuels, claims of sustainability have led to a "fuel or food" debate, showing that sustainability has counteracting articulations. And the well-known rebound effect is observed when increased resource efficiency can create a stimulus for consumption. What is Sustainable Technology? illustrates that the sustainability impact of a technology is often much more complicated and ambivalent than one might expect. Making improvements to existing designs is not the technological challenge that will lead to real solutions. We mustn't look to change a part of a machine, but rather the machine as a whole – or even the whole system in which it functions. It is these system innovations that have the potential to make a genuine contribution to sustainable development. What is Sustainable Technology? will help all those involved in designing more sustainable technologies in determining their strategies. It does so by presenting case studies of different technologies in contrasting contexts. Each case asks: 1. What articulations of sustainability played a role in the design process? 2. What sustainability effects did this technology lead to? 3. Who was affected, where, and when? 4. Could the designer have foreseen these consequences? 5. How did the designer anticipate them? 6. How was societal interaction dealt with during the design process? Finally, the authors reflect on future options for the sustainable technology designer. They argue that an important first step is an awareness of the multitude of sustainable development challenges that play a role in production, use, recycling and end-of-life disposal. What is Sustainable Technology? will be essential reading for product designers, engineers, material scientists and others involved in the development of sustainable technologies, as well as a wide academic audience interested in the complexities of the sustainable design process.
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Green Development

Environment and Sustainability in the Third World

Author: W. M. Adams

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134754493

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 8600

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This revised and updated new edition retains the clear and powerful argument which characterized the original. It gives a valuable analysis of the theory and practice of sustainable development and suggests that at the start of the new millennium, we should think radically about the challenge of sustainability. Fully revised, this latest edition includes further reading, chapter outlines, chapter summaries and new discussion topics, and explores: the roots of sustainable development thinking and its evolution in the last three decades of the twentieth century the dominant ideas within mainstream sustainable development the nature and diversity of alternative ideas about sustainability the problems of environmental degradation and the environmental impacts of development strategies for building sustainability in development from above and below. Offering a synthesis of theoretical ideas on sustainability based on the industrialized economies of the North and the practical, applied ideas in the South which tend to ignore 'First World' theory, this important text gives a clear discussion of theory and extensive practical insights drawn from Africa, Latin America and Asia.
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