The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes

Author: Haraldur Sigurdsson,Bruce Houghton,Steve McNutt,Hazel Rymer,John Stix

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0123859395

Category: Science

Page: 1456

View: 5310

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Volcanoes are unquestionably one of the most spectacular and awe-inspiring features of the physical world. Our paradoxical fascination with them stems from their majestic beauty and powerful, sometimes deadly, destructiveness. Notwithstanding the tremendous advances in volcanology since ancient times, some of the mystery surrounding volcanic eruptions remains today. The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes summarizes our present knowledge of volcanoes; it provides a comprehensive source of information on the causes of volcanic eruptions and both the destructive and beneficial effects. The early chapters focus on the science of volcanism (melting of source rocks, ascent of magma, eruption processes, extraterrestrial volcanism, etc.). Later chapters discuss human interface with volcanoes, including the history of volcanology, geothermal energy resources, interaction with the oceans and atmosphere, health aspects of volcanism, mitigation of volcanic disasters, post-eruption ecology, and the impact of eruptions on organismal biodiversity. Provides the only comprehensive reference work to cover all aspects of volcanology Written by nearly 100 world experts in volcanology Explores an integrated transition from the physical process of eruptions through hazards and risk, to the social face of volcanism, with an emphasis on how volcanoes have influenced and shaped society Presents hundreds of color photographs, maps, charts and illustrations making this an aesthetically appealing reference Glossary of 3,000 key terms with definitions of all key vocabulary items in the field is included
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Plates, Plumes, and Planetary Processes

Author: Gillian R. Foulger,Donna M. Jurdy

Publisher: Geological Society of America

ISBN: 0813724309

Category: Science

Page: 997

View: 8006

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Presents a collection of papers discussing various hypotheses and models of planetary plumes.
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Forensic Chemistry

Fundamentals and Applications

Author: Jay Siegel

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118897722

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 602

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Forensic Chemistry is a comprehensive overview of the subject aimed at those students who have a basic understanding of the underlying principles and are looking for a more detailed reference text. This book is aimed at advanced students who are studying forensic science or analytical chemistry, faculty and researchers, and practitioners such as crime laboratory bench scientists. The authors will assume that the reader will have an introductory knowledge of forensic science and forensic chemistry and will have had analytical, organic and instrumental chemistry. None of the major analytical chemical techniques will have separate treatments in the book, with the exception of forensic microscopy, which will have a chapter because many students in chemistry and forensic science do not get dedicated classes in this area. The book will have separate chapters on all of the major areas of forensic chemistry and, in addition, will have a chapter devoted to chemometrics, which is the statistical treatment of large amounts of data to discover groupings, similarities and differences among the data. Each chapter will be written by an acknowledged international expert in that area. Each author will be given detailed instructions as to the intended audience, as well as expected breadth and depth of coverage of the material in the hopes that this will minimize the problem of uneven coverage of topics and chapters that often occurs in edited books. Although each of the types of evidence covered in the book use methods of analysis that lie outside chemistry, these will be mentioned only for completeness in passing. The emphasis will be on the use of chemical tools in evidence analysis. This book is designed to be either a text book for an advanced forensic chemistry course, or a treatise in forensic chemistry for the scientist who wants to learn the subject in some depth. It is not designed to be a survey of the current literature in the field or a reference manual.
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Fundamentals of Environmental Chemistry, Third Edition

Author: Stanley E. Manahan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 1233

View: 1335

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Now thoroughly updated, this new edition includes the strongly emerging areas broadly described as sustainability science and technology, including green chemistry and industrial ecology. The author uses real-life examples from environmental chemistry, green chemistry, and related areas while maintaining brevity and simplicity in his explanation of concepts.
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Global Environment

Water, Air, and Geochemical Cycles, Second Edition

Author: Elizabeth Kay Berner,Robert A. Berner

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 140084276X

Category: Science

Page: 488

View: 3151

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This newly revised edition of Global Environment discusses the major elements of the geochemical cycles and global fluxes found in the atmosphere, land, lakes, rivers, biota, and oceans, as well as the human effects on these fluxes. Retaining the strengths of the original edition while incorporating the latest discoveries, this textbook takes an integrated, multidisciplinary, and global approach to geochemistry and environmental problems and introduces fundamental concepts of meteorology, surficial geology (weathering, erosion, and sedimentation), biogeochemistry, limnology, and oceanography. New concepts and information in this updated edition include changes of atmospheric carbon dioxide over geologic time, major advances in the study of chemical weathering of rocks, ocean acidification, and important environmental problems, such as the amelioration of the acid rain problem due to reduction in sulfur deposition, problems with nitrification of soils and lakes, and eutrophication of rivers and estuaries. An expanded chapter explores atmospheric chemistry and changing climate, with the most up-to-date statistics on CO2, the carbon cycle, other greenhouse gases, and the ozone hole. Only requiring a fundamental understanding in elementary chemistry, yet taking into account extensive and current data, this text is ideal for students in environmental geochemistry, environmental geology, global change, biogeochemistry, water pollution, geochemical cycles, chemical oceanography, and geohydrology, and serves as a valuable reference for researchers working on global geochemical and environmental issues. Revised edition takes a close look at global fluxes involving the atmosphere, land, lakes, rivers, biota, and oceans, and the human effects on these fluxes Detailed discussion of basic concepts including meteorology, surficial geology (weathering, erosion, and sedimentation), biogeochemistry, limnology, and oceanography An expanded up-to-date chapter on atmospheric chemistry and changing climate, including CO2, other greenhouse gases, and ozone Presentation of major advances in the study of chemical weathering Discussion of current environmental topics Global coverage of environmental problems involving water Some images inside the book are unavailable due to digital copyright restrictions.
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Geotechnical Engineers Portable Handbook, Second Edition

Author: Robert W. Day

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071789723

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1088

View: 3851

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Instant access to the latest geotechnical engineering data Fully updated to include the 2012 International Building Code (IBC), Geotechnical Engineer's Portable Handbook, Second Edition, features a wealth of on-the-job geotechnical and construction related information in a convenient, quick-reference format. This practical resource is filled with essential data, formulas, and guidelines you can access right away. Detailed tables, charts, graphs, and illustrations are included throughout the book for ease of use in the field. Coverage includes: Field exploration Laboratory testing Soil and rock classification Phase relationships Effective stress and stress distribution Shear strength Permeability and seepage Settlement analyses Bearing capacity analyses Pavement and pipeline design Expansive soil Slope stability Geotechnical earthquake engineering Erosion analyses Retaining walls Deterioration Foundations Grading and other site improvement methods Groundwater and percolation tests Excavation, underpinning, and field lead tests Geosynthetics Instrumentation International Building Code regulations for soils International Building Code regulations for foundations
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Geotechnical Engineers Portable Handbook, Second Edition

Author: Robert Day

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071789715

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1088

View: 8420

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Instant access to the latest geotechnical engineering data Fully updated to include the 2012 International Building Code (IBC), Geotechnical Engineer's Portable Handbook, Second Edition, features a wealth of on-the-job geotechnical and construction related information in a convenient, quick-reference format. This practical resource is filled with essential data, formulas, and guidelines you can access right away. Detailed tables, charts, graphs, and illustrations are included throughout the book for ease of use in the field. Coverage includes: Field exploration Laboratory testing Soil and rock classification Phase relationships Effective stress and stress distribution Shear strength Permeability and seepage Settlement analyses Bearing capacity analyses Pavement and pipeline design Expansive soil Slope stability Geotechnical earthquake engineering Erosion analyses Retaining walls Deterioration Foundations Grading and other site improvement methods Groundwater and percolation tests Excavation, underpinning, and field lead tests Geosynthetics Instrumentation International Building Code regulations for soils International Building Code regulations for foundations
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