Dynamic Tectonics and Karst

Author: Stefan Shanov,Konstantin Kostov

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3662439921

Category: Science

Page: 123

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The karstic caves are favorable sites for tectonic events detecting, representing a conservative medium of three-dimensional framework where the tectonic deformations are well preserved. They also provide an environment conducive to dating and determining the geometrical parameters of past seismotectonic events. During the last three decades the study of dynamic tectonics and recent geodynamics in karst terrains has been subject of numerous publications, but it has not been systematically approached in a comprehensive monograph. This book collects the current state of knowledge on the relationship between karst and dynamic tectonics and presents a new methodology to its study. It puts forward several approaches for studying of recent geodynamics in karst terrains, such as tectonic stress fields reconstructions using structural analysis of the fracturing, geophysical studies of the rock anisotropy and fault-plane solutions from earthquakes, analysis of the spatial orientation and absolute dating of deformed speleothems, instrumental and mechanical measurements, monitoring and modeling – all supported with case studies from several karst areas worldwide, e.g. in Albania, Bulgaria, Cuba and France.
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Karst without Boundaries

Author: Zoran Stevanović,Neven Krešić,Neno Kukurić

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498787738

Category: Science

Page: 376

View: 8298

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Karstified rocks of different lithology cover more than 10% of the continental surface of our planet. It is known that some 20% or even a few percent more of the global population largely depends on karstic groundwater but in many karst areas all over the world there are limited natural resources including absence of drinking waters. The problems of water shortage, equitable water use or water protection from pollution, become more problematic when they come to transboundary regions. The Dinaric region is a classical karst area where created borders of newly established countries after the civil war in 1990s resulted with an urgent need to create ambience for sustainable water management. The project DIKTAS is one of the first ever attempts to establish sustainable integrated management principles in a transboundary karst aquifer of the magnitude of the Dinaric Karst System. This volume presents selected papers from the conference held in June 2014 in Trebinje, Bosnia & Herzegovina including presentations of some of the project’s achievements but also number of other research results conducted in karst environments worldwide.
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Eurokarst 2018, Besançon

Advances in the Hydrogeology of Karst and Carbonate Reservoirs

Author: Catherine Bertrand,Sophie Denimal,Marc Steinmann,Philippe Renard

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3030140156

Category: Science

Page: 249

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This book presents selected papers from the EuroKarst 2018 conference, which highlighted the latest advances in the field of Karst Hydrogeology and Carbonate Reservoirs. The event attracted more than 180 participants. From among their contributions, the papers were selected and subsequently reviewed by the scientific committee to ensure the highest possible quality.
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Ice Caves

Author: Aurel Persoiu,Stein-Erik Lauritzen

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128118571

Category: Science

Page: 752

View: 6072

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Ice Caves synthesizes the latest research on ice caves from around the world, bringing to light important information that was heretofore buried in various reports, journals, and archives largely outside the public view. Ice caves have become an increasingly important target for the scientific community in the past decade, as the paleoclimatic information they host offers invaluable information about both present-day and past climate conditions. Ice caves are caves that host perennial ice accumulations and are the least studied members of the cryosphere. They occur in places where peculiar cave morphology and climatic conditions combine to allow for ice to form and persist in otherwise adverse parts of the planet. The book is an informative reference for scientists interested in ice cave studies, climate scientists, geographers, glaciologists, microbiologists, and permafrost and karst scientists. Covers various aspects of ice occurrence in caves, including cave climate, ice genesis and dynamics, and cave fauna Features an overview of the paleoclimatic significance of ice caves Includes over 100 color images of ice caves around the world
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Rock Engineering in Difficult Ground Conditions - Soft Rocks and Karst

Author: Ivan Vrkljan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482288842

Category: Science

Page: 860

View: 7940

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Rock Engineering in Difficult Ground Conditions - Soft Rocks and Karst contains the Proceedings of the Regional Symposium of the International Society for Rock Mechanics (ISRM), which was held 29 to 31 October 2009 in Cavtat near Dubrovnik, Croatia. It is a continuation of the successful series of regional ISRM symposia for Europe, which began in 1
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Stochastic Population Dynamics in Ecology and Conservation

Author: Russell Lande,Professor of Biostatistics Steinar Engen,Steinar Engen,Bernt-Erik Sæther,Professor of Population Ecology Bernt-Erik Saether

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198525257

Category: Philosophy

Page: 212

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1. Demographic and environmental stochasticity -- 2. Extinction dynamics -- 3. Age structure -- 4. Spatial structure -- 5. Population viability analysis -- 6. Sustainable harvesting -- 7. Species diversity -- 8. Community dynamics.
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Palaeomagnetism and Tectonics of the Mediterranean Region

Author: Morris, Antony Morris,Antony Morris,Donald Harvey Tarling

Publisher: Geological Society of London

ISBN: 9781897799550

Category: Science

Page: 422

View: 7836

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The Mediterranean region represents a complex mosaic of continental, microcontinental and ophiolitic terranes, whose overall evolution has been controlled by relative movements between the African and Eurasian plates. Palaeomagnetic studies have played an important part in deciphering the sequence of tectonic events in this region. The 33 papers presented here span the full width of the Mediterranean basin and present results from Permian to Quaternary rocks.
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Hypogene Karst Regions and Caves of the World

Author: Alexander Klimchouk,Arthur N. Palmer,Jo De Waele,Augusto S. Auler,Philippe Audra

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319533487

Category: Science

Page: 911

View: 8505

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This book illustrates the diversity of hypogene speleogenetic processes and void-conduit patterns depending on variations of the geological environments by presenting regional and cave-specific case studies. The cases include both well-known and newly recognized hypogene karst regions and caves of the world. They all focus on geological, hydrogeological, geodynamical and evolutionary contexts of hypogene speleogenesis. The last decade has witnessed the boost in recognition of the possibility, global occurrence, and practical importance of hypogene karstification (speleogenesis), i.e. the development of solutional porosity and permeability by upwelling flow, independent of recharge from the overlying or immediately adjacent surface. Hypogene karst has been identified and documented in many regions where it was previously overlooked or misinterpreted. The book enriches the basis for generalization and categorization of hypogene karst and thus improves our ability to adequately model hypogene karstification and predict related porosity and permeability. It is a book which benefits every researcher, student, and practitioner dealing with karst.
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Landscape Evolution

Denudation, Climate and Tectonics Over Different Time and Space Scales

Author: Kerry Gallagher,John Wainwright

Publisher: Geological Society of London

ISBN: 9781862392502

Category: Science

Page: 198

View: 5345

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The morphology of Earth's surface reflects the interaction of climate, tectonics and denudational processes operating over a wide range of spatial and temporal scales. These processes can be considered catastrophic or continuous; depending on the timescale of observation or interest. Recent research had required integration of historically distinct subjects such as geomorphology, sedimentology, climatology and tectonics. Together, these have provided new insights into absolute and relative rates of denudation, and the factors that control the many dynamic processes involved. Specific subject areas covered are sediment transport processes and the timescales of competing processes, the role of the geological record and landscapes in constraining different processes, the nature of landscape evolution at different spatial scales and in contrasting geological environments.
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