Drug Use and Ethnicity in Early Adolescence

Author: William A. Vega,Andres G. Gil

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306471477

Category: Psychology

Page: 234

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This book presents new and important information about adolescent drug use. The book is intended for human service professionals, teachers, researchers, and students interested in the issue of early adolescent drug use and its causes and pervasiveness in a multiethnic population. Today, the field of adolescent drug use research relies on integrative models that permit competing explanations of drug use. This approach promotes flexibility in testing hypotheses pertinent to adol- cents of very different social and cultural backgrounds or personal characteristics. Longitudinal studies, including the one presented in these pages, have identified many risk and protective factors or processes that are linked to adolescent drug use. We review these throughout this book and present new information from our own research. Our point of departure is to extend and elaborate descriptive research and models of adolescent drug research to cover the unique and diverse experiences of adolescents who are Hispanic, African American, and White non-Hispanic.
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From Adolescence to Adulthood in the Vietnam Era

Author: Timothy J. Owens

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387227870

Category: Psychology

Page: 195

View: 4969

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Children born during the post-WWII era of peace and prosperity entered history at a time dominated by I-Like-Ike politics and domestic security. As they approached adolescence, however, their world was shaken by major cultural, economic, social, and political upheaval. And although it was time of great innovation and progress, a sense of chaos and bitterness began to envelop the country. It was the ‘60s. For many Americans, a mere mention of this decade evokes an extraordinary time and place in the country’s - and their own - history. Adolescents who had been enjoying the technological and medical advances of the era - television, drive-in movies, rock-and-roll, vaccinations that prevented once-incurable diseases - now were also experiencing the fallout from the Civil Rights Movement, domestic terrorism, stagflation, and (perhaps most significant) the Vietnam War. From Adolescence to Adulthood in the Vietnam Era provides a unique, detailed, long-term study of the psychological and social worlds of male adolescents who were on the cusp of adulthood as the 1960s were ending. This longitudinal analysis follows adolescent boys who graduated with the class of 1969 and transitioned into adulthood either through military service, full-time employment, or college life. The results examine the different pathways these boys chose and the affect these choices had on their transition from adolescents to young adult men.
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In Sync with Adolescence

The Role of Morningness-Eveningness in Development

Author: Anna-Karin Andershed

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387238220

Category: Psychology

Page: 184

View: 9138

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At the start of every school day, it’s not an unfamiliar sight to see younger children bounding toward school, bright-eyed and bushy-tailed, ready to seize the day. In contrast, adolescents sometimes seem to sleepwalk toward their middle and high schools, often bleary-eyed, cantankerous, and less than enthusiastic to get down to work. Why the difference? Recent developmental research has demonstrated a relationship between sleep/wake patterns and different kinds of problem behaviors, including social adjustment problems, family coercion, and disaffection from school. Adolescents who prefer staying up later in the evening and arising late in the morning (i.e., eveningness) have often been considered at greater risk of suffering from such problem behaviors as delinquency and negative relationships with parents and teachers. Those who tend to go to bed and arise earlier (i.e., morningness) have long been associated with more positive outcomes. In the majority of previous research, however, these concepts have never been adequately tested. In Sync with Adolescence: The Role of Morningness-Eveningness in Development examines the possible effects of adolescent preferences on problem behavior in different contexts. This volume presents a new way of looking at morningness-eveningness in relation to adolescent development in general and on problem behavior in particular. The study has produced results, the implications of which necessitate a reinterpretation of the current thinking about morningness-eveningness and adolescent adjustment. This volume should be of particular interest to developmental psychologists and researchers who are interested in examining the role of biological factors in psychological processes as well as to sleep researchers who are interested in both the clinical and behavioral aspects. In addition, it is a valuable resource for clinical child and school psychologists, medical staff, teachers, and anyone who works with adolescents.
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The Cycle of Deviant Behavior

Investigating Intergenerational Parallelism

Author: Howard B. Kaplan,Glen C. Tolle Jr.

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387326443

Category: Psychology

Page: 237

View: 5732

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To conduct this study on criminal and antisocial behavior, the authors devoted years to collecting data from a large community sample of first-generation subjects. Data were garnered throughout their early adolescence, twenties, and thirties as well as from these first-generation subjects’ biological children during their own early adolescence. The results of these studies have profound implications for future research and methodology on deviant behavior.
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Handbook of Crime Correlates

Author: Lee Ellis,Kevin M. Beaver,John Wright

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080920092

Category: Psychology

Page: 264

View: 6276

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Over the past two centuries, many aspects of criminal behavior have been investigated. Finding this information and making sense of it all is difficult when many studies would appear to offer contradictory findings. The Handbook of Crime Correlates collects in one source the summary analysis of crime research worldwide. It provides over 400 tables that divide crime research into nine broad categories: Pervasiveness and intra-offending relationships Demographic factors Ecological and macroeconomic factors Family and peer factors Institutional factors Behavioral and personality factors Cognitive factors Biological factors Crime victimization and fear of crime Within these broad categories, tables identify regions of the world and how separate variables are or are not positively or negatively associated with criminal behavior. Criminal behavior is broken down into separate offending categories of violent crime, property crime, drug offenses, sex offenses, delinquency, general and adult offenses, and recidivism. Accompanying each table is a description of what each table indicates in terms of the positive or negative association of specific variables with specific types of crime by region. This book should serve as a valuable resource for criminal justice personnel and academics in the social and life sciences interested in criminal behavior.
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Issues in Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine Research and Practice: 2011 Edition

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1464963401

Category: Medical

Page: 4090

View: 8733

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Issues in Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine Research and Practice: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine Research and Practice. The editors have built Issues in Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine Research and Practice: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine Research and Practice in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine Research and Practice: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
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Criminal Conduct and Substance Abuse Treatment for Adolescents

Pathways to Self-discovery and Change : the Provider's Guide

Author: Harvey B. Milkman,Kenneth W. Wanberg

Publisher: Sage Publications

ISBN: 9781412906159

Category: Psychology

Page: 394

View: 6991

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'Milkman and Wanberg's program rests upon the best that science has to offer. Once this workbook stimulates change, it pays attention to the principles of relapse prevention that will help young people stay changed - and this is the litmus test for any treatment program that targets behavioral problems.' -- Dr. Howard J. Shaffer, Ph.D., C.A.S. , Director &BAD:amp; Associate Professor, Division on Addictions, Harvard Medical School Psychology of Addictive Behaviors 'Pathways to Self-Discovery and Change is the most comprehensive and thoughtful program we have seen to help at-risk youth gain freedom from crime and drugs and develop attitudes and skills to lead productive prosocial lives.' -- G. Alan Marlatt, Ph.D. and George A. Parks, Ph.D. , Addictive Behaviors Research Center, University of Washington 'This exceptional and widely needed program shows great promise as a developmentally appropriate treatment model for adolescents who manifest co-occurring disturbances with substance abuse and criminal activity. It is uniquely designed to interest and engage high-risk teenagers in a thoughtful array of cognitive-behavioral restructuring exercises that are geared to promote fulfilling and responsible life choices.' -- Lloyd I. Sederer, MD, Formerly Director of Clinical Services, American Psychiatric Association, and Medical Director , McLean Hospital/Harvard Medical SchoolTHE PROVIDERÆS GUIDE (Criminal Conduct and Substance Abuse Treatment for Adolescents) identifies psychological, biological, and social factors that contribute to the onset of adolescent deviance, including substance abuse, delinquency, and crime. Causal models for these problem behaviors are described, followed by a review of assessment and treatment protocols widely used in contemporary practice. Guidelines are provided for delivery of the 32- session PSD-C treatment curriculum, specifically designed for adolescents who manifest co-existing juvenile justice and substance abuse problems. The PSD-C ProviderÆs Guide explains how effective adolescent treatment derives from integration of the following evidence-based: strategies: motivational enhancement; stages of change; gender and diversity proficiency; cognitive-behavioral skill development; relapse and recidivism prevention; differential assessment; and individualized treatment planning. The ProviderÆs Guide delineates principles for effective adolescent-focused treatment in tandem with the ParticipantÆs Workbook: Pathways to Self-Discovery and Change (PSD-C).
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Issues in Discovery, Experimental, and Laboratory Medicine: 2011 Edition

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1464963509

Category: Medical

Page: 3453

View: 6458

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Issues in Discovery, Experimental, and Laboratory Medicine: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Discovery, Experimental, and Laboratory Medicine. The editors have built Issues in Discovery, Experimental, and Laboratory Medicine: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Discovery, Experimental, and Laboratory Medicine in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Discovery, Experimental, and Laboratory Medicine: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
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