The volume provides excellent material for school and college seminar debates on humankind's place in nature and attitudes toward other living things. . . . (A) penetrating analysis. . . . Readable at all levels."-Choice
Author: Yi-Fu Tuan
"(Tuan) does a masterful job exploring the condescending human treatment of animals as 'playthings' that exist only for our entertainment. He charts the malevolent history of male domination over women and children and the sad chronicle of slaves, dwarfs and other 'freaks' treated as human appliances or toys. This provocative study of power in the world of pleasure, play and art is a tour de force." -Cultural Information Service "A brilliant book that will appeal to a wide audience. The volume provides excellent material for school and college seminar debates on humankind's place in nature and attitudes toward other living things. . . . (A) penetrating analysis. . . . Readable at all levels."-Choice
We show affection to those to whom we feel superior . Implicit in affection , warns
Tuan , is dominance . Affection is not the opposite of dominance ; rather it is
dominance ' s anodyne — it is dominance with a human face . Dominance may
Author: Thomas Parkhill
Publisher: SUNY Press
Examines how both negative and positive stereotypes of the "Indian" have influenced the study of Native American religions.
Facilities for running, therefore, are forms of domination which do not seem to
come from a hatred of nature but from a desire to ... On the other hand dominance
may be combined with affection, and what it produces is the pet', or garden.22
Author: John Bale
Publisher: Psychology Press
Category: Sports & Recreation
Running is one of the world's most widely practiced sports and recreations but until now it has intended to elude serious study outside of the natural sciences. John Bale brings the sport into the realm of the humanities by drawing on sources including literature, poetry, film, art and sculpture as well as statistics and training manuals to highlight the tensions, ambiguities and complexities that lie hidden beneath the commonplace notion of running. The text explores both local and personal, as well as communal and global aspects of running and its practitioners. It examines the streets, tracks and stadiums where athletes run, the races in which they compete, and the running relationships such as exist between the athlete and the coach, between runners and between the athlete and spectator. It discusses the importance of speed and records, how running has been used to symbolise resistance and transgression, and the extent to which it can be associated with a healthy lifestyle. Running Cultures provides new ways of seeing a familiar sporting phenomenon. it will appeal to both students and researchers with an interest in running in particular, and sport and leisure cultures more generally.
Chris Philo Introductory Comments Tuan's text Dominance and Affection: The
Making of Pets has long intrigued me as a possible starting point for rethinking
the way in which animals might be researched by human geographers, and in
Author: Jennifer R. Wolch
A highly topical survey of human's treatment of animals. Each year billions of animals are poisoned, dissected, displaced, killed for consumption, or held in captivity to be discarded as soon as their utility to humans has waned. The animal world has never been under greater peril. A broad-ranging collection of essays, Animal Geographies contributes to a much-needed, fundamental rethinking about our relation to animals. Animal Geographies explores the diverse ways in which animals shape the formation of human identity, looking, for example, at the racialization and gendering of animal images. From questions of identity and subjectivity, it moves to consideration of the places where people and animals confront the realities of coexistence on an everyday basis. It then examines the ways in which animals figure in the ongoing globalization of production and mass consumption, and finally, takes up legal and ethical approaches to human-animal relations. Animal Geographies compels a profound rethinking of the history of our relations with animals and offers a series of proposals for reconstituting this relationship on a progressive basis.
... but to emphasise the ambiguity of sports landscapes and the way in which they
reflect the exercise of both dominance and affection. This implies, of course, that
the garden itself is an ambiguous and anomalous category between nature and ...
Author: David Crouch
Leisure and Tourism Geographies considers leisure/tourism as an encounter. An encounter that exists between people, between people and space and between people and their expectations, experiences and desires. The contributors explore diverse aspects of leisure and tourism, ranging from the methodologies behind leisure practices to detailed case studies including: *Disneyland, Paris *tourism in sacred landscapes *leisure practices in cyberspace *leisure and yachting *use of recreational/holiday cottages *National Parks, local parks and gardens Presenting an exciting mix of attitudes and ideas concerning leisure and tourism, this book documents a lively debate, placing geography at its centre.
The same is likely true for disliked others and for affectionate displays that occur
in certain contexts where it would be considered inappropriate (e.g., in church or
at the workplace). Messages of Dominance and Power. In addition to intimacy ...
Author: Mark L. Knapp
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
The revised Fourth Edition of The SAGE Handbook of Interpersonal Communication delivers a clear, comprehensive, and exciting overview of the field of interpersonal communication. It offers graduate students and faculty an important, state-of-the-art reference work in which well-known experts summarize theory and current research. The editors also explore key issues in the field, including personal relationships, computer-mediated communication, language, personality, skills, nonverbal communication, and communication across a person's life span. This updated handbook covers a wide range of established and emerging topics, including: Biological and Physiological Processes Qualitative and Quantitative Methods for Studying Interpersonal Communication Interpersonal Communication in Work, Family, Intercultural, and Health Contexts Supportive and Divisive Transactions Social Networks Editors Mark L. Knapp and John A. Daly have significantly contributed to the field of interpersonal communication with this important reference work—a must-have for students and scholars.
Dominance. and. Affection. David. Ley. How to circumscribe the encyclopedic?
How to contain the ocean of geographic imagination? These are the challenges
that confront the writer foolish enough to arm wrestle with Yi-Fu Tuan's expansive
Author: Paul C. Adams
Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
Category: Social Science
A fresh and far-ranging interpretation of the concept of place, this volume begins with a fundamental tension of our day: as communications technologies help create a truly global economy, the very political-economic processes that would seem to homogenize place actually increase the importance of individual localities, which are exposed to global flows of investment, population, goods, and pollution. Place, no less today than in the past, is fundamental to how the world works. The contributors to this volume -- distinguished scholars from geography, art history, philosophy, anthropology, and American and English literature -- investigate the ways in which place is embedded in everyday experience, its crucial role in the formation of group and individual identity, and its ability to reflect and reinforce power relations. Their essays draw from a wide array of methodologies and perspectives -- including feminism, ethnography, poststructuralism, ecocriticism, and landscape ichnography -- to examine themes as diverse as morality and imagination, attention and absence, personal and group identity, social structure, home, nature, and cosmos.
Thus , all men are under the absolute government of some one dominant affection Man ' s loves are his sovereign laws . Secondly : A wrong dominant affection in a man will neutralize the highest services that may be rendered to him
Author: IrenÃ¤us Eibl-EibesfeldtPublish On: 2007-03-01
Physical contact is an expression of both superior rank and affection. Audiences
evaluate actors who touch their partners as more self-confident, more dominant,
and more affectionate than the one being touched. Female audiences assess ...
Author: IrenÃ¤us Eibl-Eibesfeldt
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
Category: Social Science
With the discovery of conditioned reflexes by I. P. Pavlov, the possibilities for experimenting, following the example set by the classical, exact sciences, were made available to the behavioral sciences. Many psychologists hoped that the component parts of behavior had also been found from which the entire, multifaceted cosmos of behavior could then be constructed. An experimentally oriented psychology subsequently developed including the influential school of behaviorism. This first text on human ethology presents itself as a unified work, even though not every area could be treated with equal depth. For example, a branch of ethology has developed in the past decade which places particular emphasis on ecology and population genetics. This field, known as sociobiology, has enriched discussion beyond the boundaries of behavioral biology through its stimulating, and often provocative, theses. After vigorous debates between behaviorists, anthropologists, and sociologists, we have entered a period of exchange of thoughts and a mutual approach, which in many instances has led to cooperative projects of researchers from different disciplines. This work offers a biological point of view for discussion and includes data from the author's cross-cultural work and research from the staff of his institute. It confirms, above all else, the astonishing unity of mankind and paints a basically positive picture of how we are moved by the same passions, jealousies, friendliness, and active curiosity. The need to understand ourselves has never been as great as it is today. An ideologically torn humanity struggles for its survival. Our species, does not know how it should compensate its workers, and it experiments with various economic systems, constitutions, and forms of government. It struggles for freedom and stumbles into newer conflicts. Population growth is apparently completely out of hand, and at the same time many resources are being depleted. We must consider our existence rationally in order to understand it, but certainly not with cold, calculating reason but with the warm feeling of a heart concerned for the welfare of later generations.
... bring to this relationship different histories and experiences. Each person has
his or her own ideas and feelings about the fundamental aspects of a relationship
, including intimacy, dependency, independence, control, dominance, affection, ...
Author: M. Shaffer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
STRESS STYLES It is late afternoon on the last Friday of the month. At the bank, the lines of customers waiting to deposit their paychecks or to withdraw money for the weekend have stretched practically to the front doors. At one window, a customer finishes and the next person, a merchant, steps up. He opens a cloth bag and produces a stack of checks, cash, and deposit slips almost two inches thick. The teller's eyes widen. This will be at least ten minutes' work, maybe fifteen. What about those other customers waiting in line? How will they react? Interestingly enough, the reactions of the customers waiting in line behind the merchant vary considerably. Gary Johnson, for instance, is furious. He grinds his cigarette under his heel and mutters about inconsiderate jerks who wait until the last minute to deposit their week's receipts. Gary shifts back and forth from foot to foot, the swaying of his body telegraphing his frustration. He probes his pockets to see whether any of his antacid mints are left. Finding none, he curses under his breath and lights another cigarette.
Our accepted understandings of "proper" mental and emotional states both reflect
and legitimate a myriad of cultural features regarding relationships of power and dominance, affection and sexuality, altruism and self-promotion, and the like.
Author: Jeffery Sobal Donna Maurer
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
Category: Health & Fitness
"Written by sociologists, psychologists, and nutritionists, all of the chapters in Interpreting Weight focus on how people construct fatness and thinness. The contributors examine different strategies used to interpret body weight, such as negotiating weight identities, reinterpreting weight, and becoming involved in weight-related organizations.
But the affection itself flows in from the Lord and appears as if it were in man, for
whatever a man does from affection that is of love, he does from life. ... The wiser
Angels know the quality of the dominant affection from a single course of sjieech.
TABLE 5 - 2 Sources of Theoretical Concepts Related to Affection and Dominance " AFFECTION ” OR ITS ANALOGUES " DOMINANCE ” OR ITS
ANALOGUES AUTHORS OTHER DIMENSIONS Freud ( 1924 ) Horney ( 1937 )
Katz et al .
studies of therapists and patients that relationships have two dimensions: dominance (that is, the extent to which each person makes decisions the other
follows); and affection (the extent to which each person likes the other). Later
research by ...
Is dog love – as Tuan might have it – always a blend of dominance and affection?
I want to attempt in this chapter to trace whether we might be able to live with pets
without asserting dominance over them and what the philosophical and ...
Author: Erica Fudge
'When I play with my cat, who knows if I am not a pastime to her more than she is to me?' - Michel de Montaigne. Why do we live with pets? Is there something more to our relationship with them than simply companionship? What is it we look for in our pets and what does this say about us as human beings? In this fascinating book, Erica Fudge explores the nature of this most complex of relationships and the difficulties of knowing what it is that one is living with when one chooses to share a home with an animal. Fudge argues that our capacity for compassion and ability to live alongside others is evident in our relationships with our pets, those paradoxical creatures who give us a sense of comfort and security while simultaneously troubling the categories human and animal. For what is a pet if it isn't a fully-fledged member of the human family? This book proposes that by crossing over these boundaries pets help construct who it is we think we are. Drawing on the works of modern writers, such as J. M. Coetzee, Elizabeth Marshall Thomas and Jacques Derrida, Fudge shows how pets have been used to think with and to undermine our easy conceptions of human, animal and home. Indeed, "Pets" shows our obsession with domestic animals that reveals many of the paradoxes, contra - dictions and ambiguities of life. Living with pets provides thought-provoking perspectives on our notions of possession and mastery, mutuality and cohabitation, love and dominance. We might think of pets as simply happy, loved additions to human homes but as this captivating book reveals perhaps it is the pets that make the home and without pets perhaps we might not be the humans we think we are. For anyone who has ever wondered, like Montaigne, what their cat is thinking, it will be illuminating reading.
Friendship is the dominant affection of childhood, according to the following table
, shaped to suit a life of 80 years. Dominants.* . Friendship. . Love. , Love,
Ambition. Ambition. . Familism. 1st phase. Childhood, 0 to 15 years. 2nd phase.
Not only do we dominate farm animals through every level of control exercised
over their minds and bodies, but we dominate albeit with affection our pets as
well (from whom we demand unconditional love and absolute obedience). Or
Author: Margo DeMello
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Considering that much of human society is structured through its interaction with non-human animals, and since human society relies heavily on the exploitation of animals to serve human needs, human–animal studies has become a rapidly expanding field of research, featuring a number of distinct positions, perspectives, and theories that require nuanced explanation and contextualization. The first book to provide a full overview of human–animal studies, this volume focuses on the conceptual construction of animals in American culture and the way in which it reinforces and perpetuates hierarchical human relationships rooted in racism, sexism, and class privilege. Margo DeMello considers interactions between humans and animals within the family, the law, the religious and political system, and other major social institutions, and she unpacks the different identities humans fashion for themselves and for others through animals. Essays also cover speciesism and evolutionary continuities; the role and preservation of animals in the wild; the debate over zoos and the use of animals in sports; domestication; agricultural practices such as factory farming; vivisection; animal cruelty; animal activism; the representation of animals in literature and film; and animal ethics. Sidebars highlight contemporary controversies and issues, with recommendations for additional reading, educational films, and related websites. DeMello concludes with an analysis of major philosophical positions on human social policy and the future of human–animal relations.
Sadomasochistic dominance and affection Destructiveness and cruelty are self-
evidently bad. What about playful domination? The psychology is far subtler than
mindless destructiveness and cruelty. Dominating and being dominated is, to say
Author: James D. Proctor
This book represents a landmark exploration of the common terrain of geography and ethics. Drawing together specially commissioned contributions from distinguished geographers across the UK, North America and Australasia, the place of geography in ethics and of ethics in geography is examined through wide-ranging, thematic chapters. Geography and Ethics is divided into four sections for discussion and exploration of ideas: Ethics and Space; Ethics and Place; Ethics and Nature and Ethics and knowledge, all of which point to the rich interplay between geography and moral philosophy or ethics.
Yi-Fu Tuan, Dominance and Affection: The Making of Pets, 5. 47. Gary Francione,
“Pets: The Inherent Problems with Domestication” (n.d.); see www.opposing
views.com/arguments.pets-the-inherent-problemswith- domestication), quoted in
Author: Anna Peterson
Publisher: Columbia University Press
For most people, animals are the most significant aspects of the nonhuman world. They symbolize nature in our imaginations, in popular media and culture, and in campaigns to preserve wilderness, yet scholars habitually treat animals and the environment as mutually exclusive objects of concern. Conducting the first examination of animals' place in popular and scholarly thinking about nature, Anna L. Peterson builds a nature ethic that conceives of nonhuman animals as active subjects who are simultaneously parts of both nature and human society. Peterson explores the tensions between humans and animals, nature and culture, animals and nature, and domesticity and wildness. She uses our intimate connections with companion animals to examine nature more broadly. Companion animals are liminal creatures straddling the boundary between human society and wilderness, revealing much about the mutually constitutive relationships binding humans and nature together. Through her paradigm-shifting reflections, Peterson disrupts the artificial boundaries between two seemingly distinct categories, underscoring their fluid and continuous character.
Pediatric ophthalmology includes ocular abnormalities and Table 54.2 : Ocular Affections Showing affections occurring from intrauterine life different Types of
Inheritance to adolescence . Those showing regular dominant inheritance ...
Author: E Ahmed
Publisher: JP Medical Ltd
Comprehensive Manual of Ophthalmology in which sufficient information has been provided in easy-to-understand language with a definite and uniform format. Many tables have been incorporated for summarizing key facts about different diseases. Enough standard colored illustrations will be of immense help. A short list of Further Readings has been added at the end of each chapter for those who want to persue further on the particular topic. I consider this humble endeavor as a mini textbook of ophthalmology in a refreshingly reader-friendly fashion, which I presume will be quite useful for both undergraduate and postgraduate students, residents and even practicing ophthalmologists.