Discovering Second Temple Literature

Discovering Second Temple Literature

As she recounts Jewish history during this vibrant, formative era, Simkovich analyzes some of the period’s most important works for both familiar and possible meanings. This volume interweaves past and present in four parts.

Author: Malka Z. Simkovich

Publisher: Jewish Publication Society

ISBN: 9780827612655

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 361

Exploring the world of the Second Temple period (539 BCE–70 CE), in particular the vastly diverse stories, commentaries, and other documents written by Jews during the last three centuries of this period, Malka Z. Simkovich takes us to Jerusalem, Alexandria, and Antioch, to the Jewish sectarians and the Roman-Jewish historian Josephus, to the Cairo genizah, and to the ancient caves that kept the secrets of the Dead Sea Scrolls. As she recounts Jewish history during this vibrant, formative era, Simkovich analyzes some of the period’s most important works for both familiar and possible meanings. This volume interweaves past and present in four parts. Part 1 tells modern stories of discovery of Second Temple literature. Part 2 describes the Jewish communities that flourished both in the land of Israel and in the Diaspora. Part 3 explores the lives, worldviews, and significant writings of Second Temple authors. Part 4 examines how authors of the time introduced novel, rewritten, and expanded versions of Bible stories in hopes of imparting messages to the people. Simkovich’s popular style will engage readers in understanding the sometimes surprisingly creative ways Jews at this time chose to practice their religion and interpret its scriptures in light of a cultural setting so unlike that of their Israelite forefathers. Like many modern Jews today, they made an ancient religion meaningful in an ever-changing world.
Categories: History

Exam Prep for Discovering Second Temple Literature

Exam Prep for  Discovering Second Temple Literature

This book provides over 2,000 Exam Prep questions and answers to accompany the text Discovering Second Temple Literature Items include highly probable exam items: real GDP, Asset, Financial system, Medicaid, Medicaid, microeconomics, ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page:

View: 417

Categories:

Jewish Writings of the Second Temple Period

Jewish Writings of the Second Temple Period

This volume describes that part of the rich literary production of ancient Judaism which was not contained in the Hebrew Bible nor in rabbinic literature.

Author: Michael E. Stone

Publisher: Fortress Press

ISBN: 145141465X

Category: Religion

Page: 697

View: 951

This volume describes that part of the rich literary production of ancient Judaism which was not contained in the Hebrew Bible nor in rabbinic literature. These writings originated in the Second Temple period, which proved highly creative in the midst of strong external influences and internal movements.Prime example are the Dead Sea Scrolls, documents of an extremely separatist sect. Their discovery in 1947 revolutionized our understanding of Second Temple Judaism and its literature. The scrolls appear more or less related in spirit to a group of writings trasmitted by Christianity and known as the Pseudepigrapha. Yet another group are the Apocrypha, closely related to later biblical writings and incorporated within the Greek Old Testament. Finally, the encounter with Greek culture is documented by Jewish authors writing in Greek, notably Philo and Josephus.After a historical outline which sets the stage, the chapters of this book describe and analyse these documents. Selective bibliographies for further reading conclude the chapters.
Categories: Religion

Ancient Jewish Sciences and the History of Knowledge in Second Temple Literature

Ancient Jewish Sciences and the History of Knowledge in Second Temple Literature

This work explores the tension between the hegemony of central scientific traditions and local scientific enterprises, showing the relevance of ancient data to contemporary postcolonial historiography of science.

Author: Jonathan Ben-Dov

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9781479873975

Category: HISTORY

Page: 276

View: 790

Until very recently, the idea of ancient Jewish sciences would have been considered unacceptable. Since the 1990OCOs, Early Modern and Medieval Science in Jewish sources has been actively studied, but the consensus was that no real scientific themes could be found in earlier Judaism. This work points them out in detail, and posits a new field of research: the scientific activity evident in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Early Jewish Pseudepigrapha. The publication of new texts and new analyses of older ones reveals crucial elements that are best illuminated by the history of science, and may have interesting consequences for it. The contributors evaluate these texts in relation to astronomy, astrology and physiognomy, marking the first comprehensive attempt to account for scientific themes in Second Temple Judaism. They investigate the meaning and purpose of scientific explorations in an apocalyptic setting. An appreciation of these topics paves the way to a renewed understanding of the scientific fragments scattered throughout rabbinic literature. The book first places the Jewish material in the ancient context of the Near Eastern and Hellenistic worlds. While the Jewish texts were not on the cutting edge of scientific discovery, they find a meaningful place in the history of science, between Babylonia and Egypt, in the time period between Hipparchus and Ptolemy. The book uses recent advances in method to examine the contacts and networks of Jewish scholars in their ancient setting. Second, the essays here tackle the problematic concept of a national scientific tradition. Although science is nowadays often conceived as universal, the historiography of ancient Jewish sciences demonstrates the importance of seeing the development of science in a local context. The book explores the tension between the hegemony of central scientific traditions and local scientific enterprises, showing the relevance of ancient data to contemporary postcolonial historiography of science. Finally, philosophical questions of the demarcation of science are addressed in a way that can advance the discussion of related ancient materials."
Categories: HISTORY

The Literature of the Jewish People in the Period of the Second Temple and the Talmud Volume 2 Jewish Writings of the Second Temple Period

The Literature of the Jewish People in the Period of the Second Temple and the Talmud  Volume 2 Jewish Writings of the Second Temple Period

This volume describes that part of the rich literary production of ancient Judaism which was not contained in the Hebrew Bible nor in rabbinic literature. these writings originated in the Second Temple period, which proved highly creative ...

Author: Michael Stone

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004275119

Category: Religion

Page: 722

View: 369

This volume describes that part of the rich literary production of ancient Judaism which was not contained in the Hebrew Bible nor in rabbinic literature. these writings originated in the Second Temple period, which proved highly creative in the midst of strong external influences and internal movements. Prime example are the Dead Sea scrolls, documents of an extremely separatist sect. Their discovery in 1947 revolutionized our understanding of the Second Temple Judaism and its literature. The scrolls appear more or less related in spirit to a group of writings transmitted by Christianity and known as the Pseudepigrapha. Yet another group are the Apocrypha, closely related to later biblical writings and incorporated within the Greek Old Testament. Finally, the encounter with Greek culture is documented by Jewish authors writing in Greek, notably Philo and Josephus. After a historical outline which sets the stage, the chapters in this book describe and analyze these documents. Selective bibliographies for further reading conclude the chapters. An index of sources and of names and subjects, as well an exhaustive list of modern works quoted, complete the volume. It addresses no only scholars and students, but any reader interested in Judaism and Christianity in the ancient period.
Categories: Religion

Exploring Jewish Literature of the Second Temple Period

Exploring Jewish Literature of the Second Temple Period

Its importance for this reason alone justifies its inclusion into our study of the
literature of the Second Temple period.10 Dating and Composition There are
several compelling reasons for dating the composition of Jubilees to the period of
about ...

Author: Larry R. Helyer

Publisher: InterVarsity Press

ISBN: 0830826785

Category: Religion

Page: 528

View: 563

Larry R. Helyer provides an introduction and historical context for the wealth of Jewish literature outside the Hebrew Bible, and he explores the pressures, realities, questions and dreams that nurtured and provoked these written works.
Categories: Religion

The Dead Sea Scrolls a Very Short Introduction

The Dead Sea Scrolls  a Very Short Introduction

The Dead Sea Scrolls are one of the most important finds in biblical archaeology, and have profound implications for our understanding of Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity.

Author: Timothy Lim

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198779520

Category: Religion

Page: 144

View: 373

Since their discovery in 1947, the Dead Sea Scrolls have become an icon in popular culture that transcends their status as ancient Jewish manuscripts. Everyone has heard of the Scrolls, but amidst the conspiracies, the politics, and the sensational claims, it can be difficult to separate the myths from the reality. In this Very Short introductions, Timothy Lim discusses the cultural significance of the finds, and the religious, political and legal controversies during the seventy years of study since the discovery. He also looks at the contribution the Scrolls have made to our understanding of the Old Testament or Hebrew Bible, and the origins of early Christianity. Exploring the most recent scholarly discussions on the archaeology of Khirbet Qumran, and the study of the biblical texts, the canon, and the history of the Second Temple Period, he considers what the scrolls reveal about sectarianism in early Judaism. Was the archaeological site of Qumran a centre of monastic life, a fortress, a villa, or a pottery factory? Why were some of their biblical texts so different from the ones that we read today? Did they have 'a Bible'? Who were the Essenes and why did they think that humanity is to be divided between 'the sons of light' and those in darkness? And, finally, do the Scrolls reflect the teachings of the earliest followers of Jesus? ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
Categories: Religion

The Dead Sea Scrolls Fifty Years After Their Discovery

The Dead Sea Scrolls Fifty Years After Their Discovery

The Qumran Sapiential Texts in the Context of Biblical and Second Temple
Literature Daniel J. Harrington , S. J. After many years of relative neglect , wisdom
literature has become a very lively area in biblical studies today . There are
several ...

Author: Lawrence H. Schiffman

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015066088819

Category: Communauté de Qumrān - Congrès

Page: 970

View: 952

Categories: Communauté de Qumrān - Congrès

The Discovery of Being and Thomas Aquinas

The Discovery of Being and Thomas Aquinas

According to this reading, which is found in the Second Temple Jewish text
known as 1 Enoch, these lustful demons also ... of Enochic Literature (Cambridge
: Cambridge University Press, 2005); The Fallen Angels Traditions: Second
Temple ...

Author: Christopher M. Cullen, SJ

Publisher: Catholic University of America Press

ISBN: 9780813231877

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 289

"Contributions to this volume examine three main areas relating to the metaphysics of Thomas Aquinas: the foundation of metaphysics within Thomism; the use of metaphysics in fundamental philosophical issues within Thomism; and the use of metaphysics in central theological issues"--
Categories: Philosophy

Cyclopaedia of Biblical Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature

Cyclopaedia of Biblical  Theological  and Ecclesiastical Literature

Prob - l written after this period are properly designated by the ably this want of
success is due to the fact that there is name Neo - Hebraic Poetry . no system to
discover , and that Hebrew poetry , while The divine service of the second
Temple ...

Author: John McClintock

Publisher:

ISBN: HARVARD:HNF7HX

Category: Bible

Page:

View: 149

Categories: Bible

Discovering the Traditions of Prose Prayers in Early Jewish Literature

Discovering the Traditions of Prose Prayers in Early Jewish Literature

Matlock examines how prayers in Early Jewish literature respond to and reflect their social/political/ideological contexts and adapt inherited rhetoric and motifs to their specific needs.

Author: Michael D. Matlock

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9780567383846

Category: Religion

Page: 233

View: 409

Matlock examines how prayers in Early Jewish literature respond to and reflect their social/political/ideological contexts and adapt inherited rhetoric and motifs to their specific needs.
Categories: Religion

Revue de Qumr n

Revue de Qumr  n

Multiple Literary Editions of the Temple Scroll ? ” In The Dead Sea Scrolls : Fifty
Years after Their Discovery , 364-371 . GARCÍA ... J. “ The Qumran Sapiential
Texts in the Context of Biblical and Second Temple Literature . ” In The Dead Sea
 ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCLA:L0089988356

Category: Dead Sea scrolls

Page:

View: 617

Categories: Dead Sea scrolls

The Academy and Literature

The Academy and Literature

Cassell & Co. for reproduction in Montmartre , ” are beautiful specimens of the j
upon this interesting discovery , the details of ... M. i whole site of the second
temple , cutting far into the DURING the first three days of next week , Redon is
also a ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015080186813

Category:

Page:

View: 947

Categories:

John Qumran and the Dead Sea Scrolls

John  Qumran  and the Dead Sea Scrolls

The essays in this book, ranging from focused studies of key passages in the Fourth Gospel to its broader social world, consider the past and potential impact of the Scrolls on Johannine studies in the context of a growing interest in the ...

Author: Mary L. Coloe

Publisher: Society of Biblical Lit

ISBN: 9781589835467

Category: Religion

Page: 228

View: 385

The Dead Sea Scrolls reveal a Palestinian form of Second Temple Judaism in which the seeds of Johannine Christianity may have first sprouted. Although many texts from the Judean Desert are now widely available, the Scrolls have had little part in discussions of the Johannine literature over the past several decades. The essays in this book, ranging from focused studies of key passages in the Fourth Gospel to its broader social world, consider the past and potential impact of the Scrolls on Johannine studies in the context of a growing interest in the historical roots of the Johannine tradition and the origins and nature of the “Johannine community” and its relationship to mainstream Judaism. Future scholarship will be interested in connections between the Gospel of John and the Scrolls and also in Qumran Judaism and Johannine Christianity as parallel religious movements. The contributors are Mary L. Coloe and Tom Thatcher, Eileen Schuller, Paul N. Anderson, John Ashton, George J. Brooke, Brian J. Capper, Hannah K. Harrington, Loren T. Stuckenbruck, and James H. Charlesworth.
Categories: Religion

New Approaches to the Study of Biblical Interpretation in Judaism of the Second Temple Period and in Early Christianity

New Approaches to the Study of Biblical Interpretation in Judaism of the Second Temple Period and in Early Christianity

This volume illustrates the ways in which the discovery of the scrolls has altered our paradigms of biblical interpretation, investigating connections within and between Jewish and Christian interpretive texts.

Author: Gary Anderson

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004245006

Category: Religion

Page: 330

View: 319

This volume illustrates the ways in which the discovery of the scrolls has altered our paradigms of biblical interpretation, investigating connections within and between Jewish and Christian interpretive texts.
Categories: Religion

The Pentateuch as Torah

The Pentateuch as Torah

8 My assumption in this essay is that the Jewish group at Qumran was part of the
wider Essene movement in the late Second Temple period . Thus , much of the
literature discovered at Qumran reflects the theology and hermeneutics of the ...

Author: Gary N. Knoppers

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105123317781

Category: Religion

Page: 352

View: 165

"This interdisciplinary collection of essays on the promulgation of the Pentateuch and its acceptance as authoritative Torah includes contributions from international specialists on the Hebrew Bible, Dead Sea Scrolls, Septuagint, Samaritan history, colonial theory, Mediterranean studies, the Elephantine Island texts, and comparative legal history. The material gathered here is a state-of-the-art presentation of the issues, raising new questions and seeking new answers." "The book includes a substantive introduction that pulls the various contributions together and places them in the broader context of recent work on the propagation and acceptance of the Pentateuch as a prestigious writing in the late Persian and early Hellenistic periods."--BOOK JACKET.
Categories: Religion

The Divine Council in Late Canonical and Non canonical Second Temple Jewish Literature

The Divine Council in Late Canonical and Non canonical Second Temple Jewish Literature

As a third and final example, Second Temple literature exemplifies to a pervasive
belief in exalted divine mediators, ... 261-270; James H. Charlesworth, "The
Jewish Roots of Christology: The Discovery of the Hypostatic Voice," SJT.39 (
1986): ...

Author: Michael S. Heiser

Publisher:

ISBN: WISC:89090640665

Category: Dualism (Religion) in rabbinical literature

Page: 284

View: 699

Biblical scholarship has reached a consensus with respect to the presence of a divine assembly of gods in Israel's faith. Prior to the sixth century B.C.E., Israelite religion underwent an evolution from an initial polytheism to a firm monolatry, where the other gods of the divine council were tolerated but not worshipped. The religious crisis of Israel's early sixth century B.C.E. exile prompted the scribes to obscure the council in the canonical texts and compose new material declaring that Yahweh had punished Israel for her sins, brought her out of bondage, and put the other gods to death. This historical turnabout and its literary response marked the birth of true monotheism in Israel, where no other gods existed except Yahweh. This consensus is plagued by numerous difficulties. There are hundreds of references to other gods in a divine council in exilic and post-exilic canonical texts and the non-canonical writings of Judaism's Second Temple period. The context for these references disallows the conclusion that the writers are speaking of idols or of the beliefs of pagans. Rather, they reflect the worldview of late Israelite religion and Second Temple Judaism. This worldview included the belief in a deified vice-regent who ruled the gods at the behest of the high God. So transparent was this divine vice regency that Second Temple Jewish authors wrote of a deified second power in heaven. The rhetoric of Deuteronomy and Deutero-Isaiah that there are no other gods besides Yahweh fails to prove the consensus view, since the same language is used in monolatrous pre-exilic texts and fails to account for the plethora of references to other gods in late Jewish writings. This dissertation calls the consensus view of the development of monotheism in Israel into question by demonstrating that belief in a divine council survived the exile. As a result, this dissertation posits that the survival of Israel's pre-exilic divine council has greater explanatory power than the co.
Categories: Dualism (Religion) in rabbinical literature

The Literary Imagination in Jewish Antiquity

The Literary Imagination in Jewish Antiquity

The Literary Imagination in Jewish Antiquity challenges anachronistic categories to reveal new aspects of how ancient Jews imagined written revelation.

Author: Eva Mroczek

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190279837

Category: Religion

Page: 269

View: 421

The discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls revealed a world of early Jewish writing larger than the Bible: from multiple versions of biblical texts to 'revealed' books not found in our canon. But despite this diversity, the way we read Second Temple Jewish literature remains constrained by two anachronistic categories: a theological one, 'Bible,' and a bibliographic one, 'book.' 'The Literary Imagination in Jewish Antiquity' suggests ways of thinking about how Jews understood their own literature before these categories had emerged.
Categories: Religion

The Formation of the Jewish Canon

The Formation of the Jewish Canon

Examining the literary sources and historical circumstances that led to the emergence of authoritative scriptures in ancient Judaism, Lim proposes a theory of the majority canon that posits that the Pharisaic canon became the canon of ...

Author: Timothy H. Lim

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300164343

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 627

DIVThe discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls provides unprecedented insight into the nature of the Hebrew Bible or Old Testament before its fixation. Timothy Lim here presents a complete account of the formation of the canon in Ancient Judaism from the emergence of the Torah in the Persian period to the final acceptance of the list of twenty-two/twenty-four books in the Rabbinic period./divDIV /divDIVUsing the Hebrew Bible, the Scrolls, the Apocrypha, the Letter of Aristeas, the writings of Philo, Josephus, the New Testament, and Rabbinic literature as primary evidence he argues that throughout the post-exilic period up to around 100 CE there was not one official “canon” accepted by all Jews; rather, there existed a plurality of collections of scriptures that were authoritative for different communities. Examining the literary sources and historical circumstances that led to the emergence of authoritative scriptures in ancient Judaism, Lim proposes a theory of the majority canon that posits that the Pharisaic canon became the canon of Rabbinic Judaism in the centuries after the destruction of the Jerusalem Temple./div
Categories: Religion

Eretz

Eretz

Scroll Work Two thousand years ago , a group of dissidents sat out the end of the
Second Temple period on the shores of the Dead Sea . They left a body of
literature that , after its discovery in 1947 , passed through the hands of Bedouin ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: IND:30000101916181

Category: Eretz Israel

Page: 337

View: 516

Categories: Eretz Israel