Discourse Analysis for Language Teachers

Discourse Analysis for Language Teachers

A practical introduction to the field of discourse analysis and its relevance for language teaching.

Author: Michael McCarthy

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521367462

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 213

View: 571

Discourse Analysis for Language Teaching gives a practical introduction to the field of discourse analysis and its relevance for language teaching. It begins by answering the question 'What is discourse analysis?' and examines how discourse analysts approach spoken and written language. Different models of analysis are outlined and evaluated in terms of their usefulness to language teachers. This is followed by chapters on discourse-oriented approaches to grammar, vocabulary and phonology. The final section looks at spoken and written language in the light of native-speaker and learner data and considers examples of teaching approaches. Discourse Analysis for Language Teaching has a very practical orientation, and the text is interspersed with reader activities with guidance on appropriate responses at the end.
Categories: Foreign Language Study

Language as Discourse

Language as Discourse

In this book Michael McCarthy and Ronald Carter describe the discoursal properties of language and demonstrate what insights this approach can offer to the student and teacher of language.

Author: Michael Mccarthy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317896722

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 248

View: 585

In this book Michael McCarthy and Ronald Carter describe the discoursal properties of language and demonstrate what insights this approach can offer to the student and teacher of language. The authors examine the relationship between complete texts, both spoken and written, and the social and cultural contexts in which they function. They argue that the functions of language are often best understood in a discoursal environment and that exploring language in context compels us to revise commonly-held understandings about the forms and meanings of language. In so doing, the authors argue the need for language teachers, syllabus planners and curriculum organisers to give greater attention to language as discourse.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Discourse Analysis and Second Language Teaching

Discourse Analysis and Second Language Teaching

Concentration on the formal features of language and on developing speaking skills in a second language fails to provide the language student with the necessary level of conversational ability.

Author: Claire J. Kramsch

Publisher:

ISBN: UCBK:C054229732

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 96

View: 389

Concentration on the formal features of language and on developing speaking skills in a second language fails to provide the language student with the necessary level of conversational ability. The concept of communicative competence has resulted in a new emphasis on the nature of interaction and the rules of discourse. Interest has shifted from studies on language structure to studies on social interaction, the meaning of utterances, and the functions of speech. This paper explores how recent advances in sociolinguistics and discourse analysis can aid one's understanding of the roles and privileges of teachers and students engaged in verbal interaction and how verbal behavior can be changed or acquired for greater conversational competence. Areas discussed include: (1) natural discourse (speech acts, pragmatics, turn taking, moves, topic), (2) natural discourse and first and second language acquisition, (3) classroom discourse, and (4) practical applications (including exercises for developing skills for participating in debates and discussions). Excerpts from English, French, and German language conversations are cited throughout. The appendices present hesitation and expansion strategies in conversation and some conversational management strategies used by French and German native speakers. (JK)
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Discourse

Discourse

Discourse analysis is the study of spoken and written language in its social and psychological context. This book explains the relevant theory, and applies it to classroom activities designed to improve students' discourse skills.

Author: Guy Cook

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0194371409

Category: Education

Page: 167

View: 851

Discourse analysis is the study of spoken and written language in its social and psychological context. This book explains the relevant theory, and applies it to classroom activities designed to improve students' discourse skills. The teacher is then shown how these activities may be further developed in specific teaching situations.
Categories: Education

Discourse and Context in Language Teaching

Discourse and Context in Language Teaching

Recommends that language teachers incorporate discourse and pragmatics in their teaching if they wish to implement a communicative approach in their classrooms.

Author: Marianne Celce-Murcia

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521640558

Category: Education

Page: 279

View: 568

Recommends that language teachers incorporate discourse and pragmatics in their teaching if they wish to implement a communicative approach in their classrooms. The authors show how a discourse perspective can enhance the teaching of traditional areas of linguistic knowledge and language skills.
Categories: Education

Discourse and Language Education

Discourse and Language Education

Discourse analysis describes how such communication is structured, so that it is socially appropriate and linguistically accurate. This book gives practical experience in analyzing discourse and the study of written language.

Author: Evelyn Hatch

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521426057

Category: Education

Page: 333

View: 157

Discourse and Language Education is part of the Cambridge Language Teaching Library series. Discourse analysis describes how such communication is structured, so that it is socially appropriate and linguistically accurate. This book gives practical experience in analyzing discourse and the study of written language. The analyses show the ways we use linguistic signals to carry out our discourse goals and the differences between written and spoken language as well as across languages. This text can be used as a manual in teacher education courses and linguistics and communications courses. It will be of great interest to second language teachers, foreign language teachers, and special education teachers (especially those involved with the hearing impaired).
Categories: Education

On Discourse Analysis in Classrooms

On Discourse Analysis in Classrooms

This book in the NCRLL Collection provides an introductory discussion of discourse analysis of language and literacy events in classrooms.

Author: David Bloome

Publisher: Teachers College Press

ISBN: 9780807776612

Category: Education

Page: 166

View: 702

This book in the NCRLL Collection provides an introductory discussion of discourse analysis of language and literacy events in classrooms. The authors introduce approaches to discourse analysis in a way that redefines traditional topics and provokes the imagination of researchers. For those who have limited knowledge of discourse analysis, this book will help generate new questions about literacy events in classrooms. For those familiar with this research perspective, it will map diverse new approaches. “Offers examples of classroom discourse with analyses that researchers and practitioners can use as the basis for pursuing their own analyses.” —Rob Tierney, Dean, Faculty of Education, University of British Columbia “On Discourse Analysis provokes us to rethink discourse analytic approaches as generative tools that can open up new ways of seeing language and literacy events in classrooms. The authors richly illustrate the complexity and potential of discourse analysis studies with cases that orient us to foreground the local with broader cultural, historical, and social relations in ways that make evident what it means to be human. On Discourse Analysis provides a fresh approach to discourse analysis studies.” —Kris Gutierrez, University of California at Los Angeles
Categories: Education

Discourse Analysis and the Study of Classroom Language and Literacy Events

Discourse Analysis and the Study of Classroom Language and Literacy Events

The purpose of this book is to provide a description of an approach to the
discourse analysis of classroom language and literacy events. ... We take a
strong view that the daily life of teachers and students in classrooms is not to be
taken for ...

Author: David Bloome

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135615604

Category: Education

Page: 328

View: 873

The authors present a social linguistic/social interactional approach to the discourse analysis of classroom language and literacy events. Building on recent theories in interactional sociolinguistics, literary theory, social anthropology, critical discourse analysis, and the New Literacy Studies, they describe a microethnographic approach to discourse analysis that provides a reflexive and recursive research process that continually questions what counts as knowledge in and of the interactions among teachers and students. The approach combines attention to how people use language and other systems of communication in constructing classroom events with attention to social, cultural, and political processes. The focus of attention is on actual people acting and reacting to each other, creating and recreating the worlds in which they live. One contribution of the microethnographic approach is to highlight the conception of people as complex, multi-dimensional actors who together use what is given by culture, language, social, and economic capital to create new meanings, social relationships and possibilities, and to recreate culture and language. The approach presented by the authors does not separate methodological, theoretical, and epistemological issues. Instead, they argue that research always involves a dialectical relationship among the object of the research, the theoretical frameworks and methodologies driving the research, and the situations within which the research is being conducted. Discourse Analysis and the Study of Classroom Language and Literacy Events: A Microethnographic Perspective: *introduces key constructs and the intellectual and disciplinary foundations of the microethnographic approach; *addresses the use of this approach to gain insight into three often discussed issues in research on classroom literacy events--classroom literacy events as cultural action, the social construction of identity, and power relations in and through classroom literacy events; *presents transcripts of classroom literacy events to illustrate how theoretical constructs, the research issue, the research site, methods, research techniques, and previous studies of discourse analysis come together to constitute a discourse analysis; and *discusses the complexity of "locating" microethnographic discourse analysis studies within the field of literacy studies and within broader intellectual movements. This volume is of broad interest and will be widely welcomed by scholars and students in the field language and literacy studies, educational researchers focusing on analysis of classroom discourse, educational sociolinguists, and sociologists and anthropologists focusing on face-to-face interaction and language use.
Categories: Education

Corpus Based Approaches to English Language Teaching

Corpus Based Approaches to English Language Teaching

A compilation of research exploring different ways to apply corpus-based and corpus-informed approaches to English language teaching.

Author: Mari Carmen Campoy

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9781847065377

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 281

View: 468

A compilation of research exploring different ways to apply corpus-based and corpus-informed approaches to English language teaching.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Corpus Perspectives on the Spoken Models used by EFL Teachers

Corpus Perspectives on the Spoken Models used by EFL Teachers

Drawing on a corpus of 60,000 words and highlighting strategies and techniques that can be applied by researchers and teachers to their own research context, this book is key reading for all pre- and in-service teachers of EFL as well as ...

Author: Angela Farrell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429758287

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 228

View: 283

Corpus Perspectives on the Spoken Models used by EFL Teachers illustrates the key principles and practical guidelines for the design and exploitation of corpora for classroom-based research. Focusing on the nature of the spoken English used by L2 teachers, which serves as an implicit target model for learners alongside the curriculum model, this book brings an innovative perspective to the on-going academic debate concerning the models of spoken English that are taught today. Based on research carried out in the EFL classroom in Ireland, this book: explores issues and challenges that arise from the use of "non-standard" varieties of spoken English by teachers, alongside the use of Standard British English, and examines the controversies surrounding sociolinguistic approaches to the study of variation in spoken English; combines quantitative corpus linguistic investigations with qualitative functional discourse analytic approaches from pragmatics and SLA for classroom-based research; demonstrates the ways in which changing trends and perspectives surrounding spoken English may be filtering down to the classroom level. Drawing on a corpus of 60,000 words and highlighting strategies and techniques that can be applied by researchers and teachers to their own research context, this book is key reading for all pre- and in-service teachers of EFL as well as researchers in this field.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Vocabulary and Language Teaching

Vocabulary and Language Teaching

The material in this book reviews work dating back to the vocabulary control movement in the 1930s and also refers to more recent work on the role of lexis in language learning.

Author: Ronald Carter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317869153

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 254

View: 327

The material in this book reviews work dating back to the vocabulary control movement in the 1930s and also refers to more recent work on the role of lexis in language learning. Two chapters describe the main foundations of lexical semantics and relevant research and pedagogical studies in vocabulary and lexicography; and a further chapter discusses recent advances in the field of lexis and discourse analysis. There is also a series of specially commissioned articles which investigate the structure and functions of the modern English lexicon in relation to its exploitation for classroom vocabulary teaching.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Applied Linguistics and Language Teacher Education

Applied Linguistics and Language Teacher Education

The 21 studies in this volume provide information on the complexity of novice teachers learning and use of knowledge in a variety of applied linguistics classes such as SLA, Syntax, Pragmatics, Sociolinguistics, Phonetics and Phonology, L2 ...

Author: Nat Bartels

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402029547

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 430

View: 225

Applied Linguistics and Language Teacher Education is aimed at applied linguists who are interested in understanding more about the learning of novice teachers in their classes. The 21 studies in this volume provide information on the complexity of novice teachers learning and use of knowledge in a variety of applied linguistics classes such as SLA, Syntax, Pragmatics, Sociolinguistics, Phonetics and Phonology, L2 Reading and Writing, Testing, and Content Based Instruction. These studies were conducted in a variety of contexts, from North and South America to Europe, Asia and Australia, and look at the preparation of teachers of English, Spanish and Chinese. The book also includes a state-of-the-art summary of research on knowledge acquisition and use which provides applied linguists with a solid basis for developing their ideas about their students learning and use of the knowledge presented in their classes.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Defining Issues in English Language Teaching

Defining Issues in English Language Teaching

This text goes back to basics by investigating fundamental assumptions about the way English should be defined and taught as a foreign language.

Author: Henry Widdowson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0194374459

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 193

View: 817

This text goes back to basics by investigating fundamental assumptions about the way English should be defined and taught as a foreign language. It looks at different attitudes to English teaching, and critically examines proposals for course content.
Categories: Foreign Language Study

Language for Teaching Purposes

Language for Teaching Purposes

Set in the Anglophone foreign language teaching world, this book will appeal to anyone involved in teacher training, language teaching or the investigation of classroom discourse.

Author: Emma Riordan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319710051

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 227

View: 359

This book’s innovative approach proposes Language for Teaching Purposes as a distinct field of enquiry and practice within Language for Specific Purposes. It uses robust theoretical and empirical evidence to demonstrate the specificity of language used by teachers teaching language, and the complex decisions teachers make around language choice and use in language classrooms. These complexities are shown to affect Non-native Speaker Language Teachers in particular so that their language needs must be met in teacher training programmes. Set in the Anglophone foreign language teaching world, this book will appeal to anyone involved in teacher training, language teaching or the investigation of classroom discourse.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Corpora for University Language Teachers

Corpora for University Language Teachers

This volume is made up of 17 chapters which have developed out of papers and workshop sessions presented at the event entitled «Corpora: Seminar and Workshops», held at the University of Padua, March 29-31, 2007.

Author: Carol Taylor Torsello

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 3039116398

Category: Education

Page: 309

View: 786

This volume is made up of 17 chapters which have developed out of papers and workshop sessions presented at the event entitled «Corpora: Seminar and Workshops», held at the University of Padua, March 29-31, 2007. It maintains the straightforward, practical approach which characterized that event, meant as an introduction to the use of corpora even for novices. At the same time it goes into a wide range of different applications for corpora in language teaching and language research in higher education. One of these involves the creation and use of learner corpora. Another application involves corpus-assisted research into political discourse in the media. Language for special purposes is also focussed on as a research topic, an academic discipline, and language to be translated. Multimodal corpora are also considered. Proposals are made for corpus-based research into the language of films, and into translation (and mediation) universals. A corpus-based study of text complexity in reading tests is also presented. Large-scale corpora commercially available are also discussed. An online module for translator training is presented, as is an Internet-accessible corpus of Old English poetry.
Categories: Education

ERIC Clearinghouse Publications

ERIC Clearinghouse Publications

Center for Applied Linguistics , Washington , D.C .; ERIC Clearinghouse on
Languages and Linguistics , Washington , D.C. ... Descriptors - Adult Education ,
Class Activities , Dialogs ( Language ) , * Discourse Analysis , Discussion (
Teaching ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UIUC:30112105172552

Category: Education

Page:

View: 422

Categories: Education

New Perspectives on Grammar Teaching in Second Language Classrooms

New Perspectives on Grammar Teaching in Second Language Classrooms

This volume is intended as a foundational text for second language grammar pedagogy courses at the advanced undergraduate and master's levels.

Author: Eli Hinkel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135644093

Category: Education

Page: 288

View: 233

New Perspectives on Grammar Teaching in Second Language Classrooms brings together various approaches to the contextualized teaching of grammar and communicative skills as integrated components of second language instruction. Its purpose is to show from both theoretical and practical perspectives that grammar teaching can be made productive and useful in ESL and EFL classrooms. In this text: *First-rate scholars approach the teaching of grammar from multiple complementary perspectives, providing an original, comprehensive treatment of the topic. *Discourse analysis and research data are used to address such pedagogical areas as grammatical and lexical development in speaking, listening, reading, and writing. *The communicative perspective on ESL and EFL instruction that is presented provides ways for learners to enhance their production skills, whereas the meaning-based grammar instruction can supplement and strengthen current methodology with a communicative focus. This volume is intended as a foundational text for second language grammar pedagogy courses at the advanced undergraduate and master's levels.
Categories: Education

Grammar Meaning and Concepts

Grammar  Meaning  and Concepts

This text emphasizes the ways in which users of language construct meaning, express viewpoints, and depict imageries using the conceptual, meaning-filled categories that underlie all of grammar.

Author: Susan Strauss

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317665045

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 478

View: 160

Grammar, Meaning, and Concepts: A Discourse-Based Approach to English Grammar is a book for language teachers and learners that focuses on the meanings of grammatical constructions within discourse, rather than on language as structure governed by rigid rules. This text emphasizes the ways in which users of language construct meaning, express viewpoints, and depict imageries using the conceptual, meaning-filled categories that underlie all of grammar. Written by a team of authors with years of experience teaching grammar to future teachers of English, this book puts grammar in the context of real language and illustrates grammar in use through an abundance of authentic data examples. Each chapter also provides a variety of activities that focus on grammar, genre, discourse, and meaning, which can be used as they are or can be adapted for classroom practice. The activities are also designed to raise awareness about discourse, grammar, and meaning in all facets of everyday life, and can be used as springboards for upper high school, undergraduate, and graduate level research projects and inquiry-based grammatical analysis. Grammar, Meaning, and Concepts is an ideal textbook for those in the areas of teacher education, discourse analysis, applied linguistics, second language teaching, ESL, EFL, and communications who are looking to teach and learn grammar from a dynamic perspective.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Exploring Classroom Discourse

Exploring Classroom Discourse

This book is about classroom discourse and looks particularly at the relationship between language, interaction and learning.

Author: Steve Walsh

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781136804106

Category: Education

Page: 256

View: 820

Routledge Introductions to Applied Linguistics consists of introductory level textbooks covering the core topics in Applied Linguistics, designed for those entering postgraduate studies and language professionals returning to academic study. The books take an innovative "practice to theory" approach, with a ‘back to front’ structure which takes the reader from real life problems and issues in the field, then enters into a discussion of intervention and how to engage with these concerns. The final section concludes by tying the practical issues to theoretical foundations. Additional features include tasks with commentaries, a glossary of key terms, and an annotated further reading section. This book looks particularly at the relationship between language, interaction and learning. Providing a comprehensive account of current perspectives on classroom discourse, the book aims to promote a fuller understanding of interaction, regarded as being central to effective teaching and introduces the concept of classroom interactional competence (CIC). The case is made in this book for a need not only to describe classroom discourse, but to ensure that teachers and learners develop the kind of interactional competence which will result in more engaged, dynamic classrooms where learners are actively involved in the learning process. This approach makes an invaluable resource for language teachers, as well as students of language and education, and language acquisition within the field of applied linguistics.
Categories: Education

Teaching and Researching Speaking

Teaching and Researching Speaking

This is a key resource for applied linguistics students, English language teachers, teacher trainers, and novice researchers.

Author: Rebecca Hughes

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781317432999

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 244

View: 505

Teaching and Researching Speaking provides an overview of the main approaches to researching spoken language and their practical application to teaching, classroom materials, and assessment. The history and current practices of teaching and researching speaking are presented through the lens of bigger theoretical issues about the object of study in linguistics, social attitudes to the spoken form, and the relationships between spoken and written language. A unique feature of the book is the way it clearly explains the nature of speaking and how it is researched and puts it into the context of a readable and holistic overview of language theory. This new edition is fully updated and revised to reflect the latest developments on classroom materials and oral assessment, as well as innovations in conversation analysis. The resources section is brought up-to-date with new media and currently available networks, online corpora, and mobile applications. This is a key resource for applied linguistics students, English language teachers, teacher trainers, and novice researchers.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines