Differential Geometry and Its Applications

Author: John Oprea

Publisher: MAA

ISBN: 9780883857489

Category: Mathematics

Page: 469

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Differential geometry has a long, wonderful history it has found relevance in areas ranging from machinery design of the classification of four-manifolds to the creation of theories of nature's fundamental forces to the study of DNA. This book studies the differential geometry of surfaces with the goal of helping students make the transition from the compartmentalized courses in a standard university curriculum to a type of mathematics that is a unified whole, it mixes geometry, calculus, linear algebra, differential equations, complex variables, the calculus of variations, and notions from the sciences. Differential geometry is not just for mathematics majors, it is also for students in engineering and the sciences. Into the mix of these ideas comes the opportunity to visualize concepts through the use of computer algebra systems such as Maple. The book emphasizes that this visualization goes hand-in-hand with the understanding of the mathematics behind the computer construction. Students will not only “see” geodesics on surfaces, but they will also see the effect that an abstract result such as the Clairaut relation can have on geodesics. Furthermore, the book shows how the equations of motion of particles constrained to surfaces are actually types of geodesics. Students will also see how particles move under constraints. The book is rich in results and exercises that form a continuous spectrum, from those that depend on calculation to proofs that are quite abstract.
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Differential Geometry and Mathematical Physics

Author: John K. Beem,Krishan L. Duggal,American Mathematical Society,Canadian Mathematical Society

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821851721

Category: Mathematics

Page: 224

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This book contains the proceedings of the Special Session, Geometric Methods in Mathematical Physics, held at the joint AMS-CMS meeting in Vancouver in August 1993. The papers collected here contain a number of new results in differential geometry and its applications to physics. The major themes include black holes, singularities, censorship, the Einstein field equations, geodesics, index theory, submanifolds, CR-structures, and space-time symmetries. In addition, there are papers on Yang-Mills fields, geometric techniques in control theory, and equilibria. Containing new results by established researchers in the field, this book provides a look at developments in this exciting area of research.
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Differential Geometry, Global Analysis, and Topology

Proceedings of a Special Session of the Canadian Mathematical Society Summer Meeting Held June 1-3, 1990

Author: Canadian Mathematical Society. Summer Meeting,Andrew J. Nicas

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821860175

Category: Mathematics

Page: 185

View: 2420

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This book contains the proceedings of a special session on differential geometry, global analysis, and topology, held during the Summer Meeting of the Canadian Mathematical Society in June 1990 at Dalhousie University in Halifax. The session featured many fascinating talks on topics of current interest. The articles collected here reflect the diverse interests of the participants but are united by the common theme of the interplay among geometry, global analysis, and topology. Some of the topics include applications to low dimensional manifolds, control theory, integrable systems, Lie algebras of operators, and algebraic geometry. Readers will appreciate the insight the book provides into some recent trends in these areas.
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Differential Geometry and Its Applications

Proceedings of the 10th International Conference, DGA 2007, Olomouc, Czech Republic, 27-31 August 2007

Author: Old?ich Kowalski,Olga Krupkova

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9812790608

Category: Mathematics

Page: 717

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This volume contains invited lectures and selected research papers in the fields of classical and modern differential geometry, global analysis, and geometric methods in physics, presented at the 10th International Conference on Differential Geometry and its Applications (DGA2007), held in Olomouc, Czech Republic.The book covers recent developments and the latest results in the following fields: Riemannian geometry, connections, jets, differential invariants, the calculus of variations on manifolds, differential equations, Finsler structures, and geometric methods in physics. It is also a celebration of the 300th anniversary of the birth of one of the greatest mathematicians, Leonhard Euler, and includes the Euler lecture ?Leonhard Euler ? 300 years on? by R Wilson. Notable contributors include J F Cari¤ena, M Castrill¢n L¢pez, J Erichhorn, J-H Eschenburg, I Kol ?, A P Kopylov, J Korba?, O Kowalski, B Kruglikov, D Krupka, O Krupkov , R L‚andre, Haizhong Li, S Maeda, M A Malakhaltsev, O I Mokhov, J Mu¤oz Masqu‚, S Preston, V Rovenski, D J Saunders, M Sekizawa, J Slov k, J Szilasi, L Tam ssy, P Walczak, and others.
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Differential Geometry of Curves and Surfaces

Author: Thomas F. Banchoff,Stephen T. Lovett

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482247372

Category: Mathematics

Page: 414

View: 6787

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Differential Geometry of Curves and Surfaces, Second Edition takes both an analytical/theoretical approach and a visual/intuitive approach to the local and global properties of curves and surfaces. Requiring only multivariable calculus and linear algebra, it develops students’ geometric intuition through interactive computer graphics applets supported by sound theory. The book explains the reasons for various definitions while the interactive applets offer motivation for certain definitions, allow students to explore examples further, and give a visual explanation of complicated theorems. The ability to change parametric curves and parametrized surfaces in an applet lets students probe the concepts far beyond what static text permits. New to the Second Edition Reworked presentation to make it more approachable More exercises, both introductory and advanced New section on the application of differential geometry to cartography Additional investigative project ideas Significantly reorganized material on the Gauss–Bonnet theorem Two new sections dedicated to hyperbolic and spherical geometry as applications of intrinsic geometry A new chapter on curves and surfaces in Rn Suitable for an undergraduate-level course or self-study, this self-contained textbook and online software applets provide students with a rigorous yet intuitive introduction to the field of differential geometry. The text gives a detailed introduction of definitions, theorems, and proofs and includes many types of exercises appropriate for daily or weekly assignments. The applets can be used for computer labs, in-class illustrations, exploratory exercises, or self-study aids.
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Aspects of Differential Geometry IV

Author: Esteban Calviño-Louzao,Eduardo García-Río,Peter Gilkey,JeongHyeong Park,Ramón Vázquez-Lorenzo

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 1681735644

Category: Mathematics

Page: 167

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Book IV continues the discussion begun in the first three volumes. Although it is aimed at first-year graduate students, it is also intended to serve as a basic reference for people working in affine differential geometry. It also should be accessible to undergraduates interested in affine differential geometry. We are primarily concerned with the study of affine surfaces which are locally homogeneous. We discuss affine gradient Ricci solitons, affine Killing vector fields, and geodesic completeness. Opozda has classified the affine surface geometries which are locally homogeneous; we follow her classification. Up to isomorphism, there are two simply connected Lie groups of dimension 2. The translation group R2 is Abelian and the ax + b group is non-Abelian. The first chapter presents foundational material. The second chapter deals with Type A surfaces. These are the left-invariant affine geometries on R2. Associating to each Type A surface the space of solutions to the quasi-Einstein equation corresponding to the eigenvalue μ = -1 turns out to be a very powerful technique and plays a central role in our study as it links an analytic invariant with the underlying geometry of the surface. The third chapter deals with Type B surfaces; these are the left-invariant affine geometries on the ax + b group. These geometries form a very rich family which is only partially understood. The only remaining homogeneous geometry is that of the sphere S2. The fourth chapter presents relations between the geometry of an affine surface and the geometry of the cotangent bundle equipped with the neutral signature metric of the modified Riemannian extension.
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Aspects of Differential Geometry I

Author: Peter Gilkey,JeongHyeong Park,Ramón Vázquez-Lorenzo

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 1627056637

Category: Mathematics

Page: 154

View: 3521

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Differential Geometry is a wide field. We have chosen to concentrate upon certain aspects that are appropriate for an introduction to the subject; we have not attempted an encyclopedic treatment. In Book I, we focus on preliminaries. Chapter 1 provides an introduction to multivariable calculus and treats the Inverse Function Theorem, Implicit Function Theorem, the theory of the Riemann Integral, and the Change of Variable Theorem. Chapter 2 treats smooth manifolds, the tangent and cotangent bundles, and Stokes' Theorem. Chapter 3 is an introduction to Riemannian geometry. The Levi-Civita connection is presented, geodesics introduced, the Jacobi operator is discussed, and the Gauss-Bonnet Theorem is proved. The material is appropriate for an undergraduate course in the subject. We have given some different proofs than those that are classically given and there is some new material in these volumes. For example, the treatment of the Chern-Gauss-Bonnet Theorem for pseudo-Riemannian manifolds with boundary is new.
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