Differences That Matter

Differences That Matter

The goal of my research design was to try to control as much external variation as
possible, including job and corporate policies, in order to gain a better
understanding of how social and labor policy differences matter for these
employees and ...

Author: Dan Zuberi

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9781501711251

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 883

This book shines a spotlight on the causes and consequences of working poverty, revealing how the lives of low-wage workers are affected by differences in health care, labor, and social welfare policy in the United States and Canada. Dan Zuberi's conclusions are based on survey data, eighteen months of participant observation fieldwork, and in-depth interviews with seventy-seven hotel employees working in parallel jobs on both sides of the border. Two hotel chains, each with one union and one non-union hotel in Seattle and Vancouver, provide a vivid crossnational comparison because they are similar in so many regards, the one major exception being government policy. Zuberi demonstrates how labor, health, social welfare, and public investment policy affect these hotel workers and their families. His book challenges the myth that globalization necessarily means hospitality jobs must be insecure and pay poverty wages and makes clear the critical role played by government policy in the reduction of poverty and creation of economic equality. Zuberi shows exactly where and how the social policies that distinguish the Canadian welfare state from the U.S. version make a difference in protecting Canadian workers from the hardships that burden low-wage workers in the United States. Differences That Matter, which is filled with first-person accounts, ends with policy recommendations and a call for grassroots community organizing.
Categories: Social Science

Differences that Matter

Differences that Matter

New theory of relationship between feminism and postmodernism, using close readings of literature, film, ethics.

Author: Sara Ahmed

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521597617

Category: History

Page: 222

View: 891

New theory of relationship between feminism and postmodernism, using close readings of literature, film, ethics.
Categories: History

Small Differences That Matter

Small Differences That Matter

One reason why small differences matter is that individuals and institutions
respond in economically significant ways to incentives. Immigration patterns
between Canada and the United States, for example, show evidence of self-
selection ...

Author: David Card

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226092895

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 399

This volume, the first in a new series by the National Bureau of Economic Research that compares labor markets in different countries, examines social and labor market policies in Canada and the United States during the 1980s. It shows that subtle differences in unemployment compensation, unionization, immigration policies, and income maintenance programs have significantly affected economic outcomes in the two countries. For example: -Canada's social safety net, more generous than the American one, produced markedly lower poverty rates in the 1980s. -Canada saw a smaller increase in earnings inequality than the United States did, in part because of the strength of Canadian unions, which have twice the participation that U.S. unions do. -Canada's unemployment figures were much higher than those in the United States, not because the Canadian economy failed to create jobs but because a higher percentage of nonworking time was reported as unemployment. These disparities have become noteworthy as policy makers cite the experiences of the other country to support or oppose particular initiatives.
Categories: Business & Economics

Should Differences in Income and Wealth Matter Volume 19 Part 1

Should Differences in Income and Wealth Matter   Volume 19  Part 1

One source of this difficulty in analysis stems from the possible ways in which
these persistent inequalities arise . It is easy to condemn any differences in
wealth created by the victor's expropriation of the vanquished's honest toil . It is
far more ...

Author: Ellen Frankel Paul

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521005353

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 362

View: 990

The essays in this volume assess the empirical and theoretical questions raised by inequalities of income and wealth. Some of the essays consider empirical claims about the amount of equality in modern market economies, assessing the allegation that income and wealth have become more unequally distributed in the past quarter-century. Other essays consider the extent to which various government initiatives can ameliorate the problems inequality putatively poses. Some of the essays consider which standards of equality meet the requirements of distributive justice. Still others ask if inequality is intrinsically immoral regardless of its consequences.
Categories: Business & Economics

Religion the Secular and the Politics of Sexual Difference

Religion  the Secular  and the Politics of Sexual Difference

Are there unique ways in which secularism addresses sexual difference? Does it
matter if God or nature or culture is the foundation on which the explanations for
sexual difference rest? How? Are there particular approaches to sexuality that ...

Author: Linell E. Cady

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231536042

Category: Religion

Page: 344

View: 438

Global struggles over women's roles, rights, and dress increasingly cast the secular and the religious in tense if not violent opposition. When advocates for equality speak in terms of rights and modern progress, or reactionaries ground their authority in religious and scriptural appeals, both tend to presume women's emancipation is ineluctably tied to secularization. Religion, the Secular, and the Politics of Sexual Difference upsets this certainty by drawing on diverse voices and traditions in studies that historicize, question, and test the implicit links between secularism and expanded freedoms for women. Rather than position secularism as the answer to conflicts over gender and sexuality, this volume shows both religion and the secular collaborate in creating the conditions that generate them.
Categories: Religion

Difference Matters

Difference Matters

Dijfirrence Matters: Communicating Social Identity describes and analyzes SlX
categories of social identity that currently matter in the United States: gender,
race, social class, ability, sexuality, and age. I explain how and why differences
within ...

Author: Brenda J. Allen

Publisher: Waveland Press

ISBN: 9781478607694

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 236

View: 857

Allens proven ability and flare for presenting complex and oftentimes sensitive topics in nonthreatening ways carry over in the latest edition of Difference Matters. Her down-to-earth analysis of six social identity categories reveals how communication establishes and enacts identity and power dynamics. She provides historical overviews to show how perceptions of gender, race, social class, sexuality, ability, and age have varied throughout time and place. Allen clearly explains pertinent theoretical perspectives and illustrates those and other discussions with real-life experiences (many of which are her own). She also offers practical guidance for how to communicate difference more humanely. While many examples are from organizational contexts, readers from a wide range of backgrounds can relate to them and appreciate their relevance. This eye-opening, vibrant text, suitable for use in a variety of disciplines, motivates readers to think about valuing difference as a positive, enriching feature of society. Interactive elements such as Spotlights on Media, I.D. Checks, Tool Kits, and Reflection Matters questions awaken interest, awareness, and creative insights for change.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

A Question of Sex

A Question of Sex

Examines the rhetoric of feminist movements from the nineteenth century to the present

Author: Kristan Poirot

Publisher:

ISBN: 1625340885

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 154

View: 936

By the mid-1990s feminist theorists and critics began to challenge conventional thinking about sex difference and its relationship to gender and sexuality. Scholars such as Anne Fausto-Sterling and Judith Butler troubled the sex-gender/nature-nurture divide. Some have asserted that these questions about sex are much too abstract to contribute to a valuable understanding of the material politics faced by feminist movements. In A Question of Sex, Kristan Poirot challenges this assumption and demonstrates that contemporary theories about sex, gender, identity, and difference compel a rethinking of the history of feminist movements and their rhetorical practices. Poirot focuses on five case studies -- the circulation of Sojourner Truth's "Ain't I a Woman?" in early and contemporary feminist contexts; the visual rhetorics of the feminist self-help health movement; the public discourse of Elizabeth Cady Stanton and early nineteenth-century ideas about suffrage, sex, and race; the conflicts over lesbian sexuality in the 1960s and 1970s; and the discourse that surrounds twenty-first-century SlutWalks. In the process, Poirot rethinks the terms through which we understand U.S. feminist movements to explore the ways feminism has questioned sexed distinctions and practices over time. She emphasizes the importance of reading feminist engagements with sex as rhetorical endeavors -- practices that are shaped by the instrumental demands of movements, the exigent situations that call for feminists to respond, and the enduring philosophical traditions that circulate in U.S. political contexts.
Categories: Literary Criticism

The Perception of Space and Matter

The Perception of Space and Matter

It is quite evident , therefore , that Sir W . Hamilton is altogether unsuccessful in
his effort to show , through the doctrine , that the consciousness of difference is
necessary to the consciousness of anything , that matter comes within the sphere
of ...

Author: Johnston Estep Walter

Publisher:

ISBN: HARVARD:HNU5IX

Category: Matter

Page: 451

View: 514

Categories: Matter

Blake Deleuzian Aesthetics and the Digital

Blake  Deleuzian Aesthetics  and the Digital

Such a basic distinction between matter as undifferentiated continuity or as
disarticulated units yields two notions of the emergence of language and systems
: either language as structure is imposed on matter to produce differences, ...

Author: Claire Colebrook

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781441114372

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 200

View: 232

Drawing on recent theories of digital media and on the materiality of words and images, this fascinating study makes three original claims about the work of William Blake. First, Blake offers a critique of digital media. His poetry and method of illuminated printing is directed towards uncovering an analogical language. Second, Blake's work can be read as a performative. Finally, Blake's work is at one and the same time immanent and transcendent, aiming to return all forms of divinity and the sacred to the human imagination, stressing that 'all deities reside in the human breast,' but it also stresses that the human has powers or potentials that transcend experience and judgement: deities reside in the human breast. These three claims are explored through the concept of incarnation: the incarnation of ideas in words and images, the incarnation of words in material books and their copies, the incarnation of human actions and events in bodies, and the incarnation of spirit in matter.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Feminisms Matter

Feminisms Matter

... My Head Spin: Critical Intersectionality Ahmed, Sara. 1998.Differences That
Matter. ... Nomadic Subjects: Embodiment and Sexual Difference in
Contemporary Feminist Theory. New York: Columbia University Press. Butler,
Judith. 1988.

Author: Victoria Bromley

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 9781442605022

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 128

In this lively narrative, newcomers to women's and gender studies, feminist politics, history, and sociology explore a refreshing take on a subject matter often loaded with assumptions. Feminist theories are viewed through the critical intersections of race, class, sexuality, age, and ability, and are embedded in the experiences of everyday life, allowing Bromley to engage readers in doing theory, in making sense of concepts like "power" and "privilege," and in effecting social change. Using a variety of pedagogical devices, including provocative images, discussion questions, and classroom activities, Feminisms Matter helps readers cultivate a way of thinking critically about their everyday worlds.
Categories: Social Science

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Individual Differences

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Individual Differences

Differences in the quantity of gray matter at each region were computed for
identical and fraternal twins, averaged and compared with the average
differences that would be found between pairs of unrelated individuals (blue, left).
Color-coded ...

Author: Tomas Chamorro-Premuzic

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444343114

Category: Psychology

Page: 632

View: 819

The Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of Individual Differences provides a comprehensive, up-to-date overview of recent research, current perspectives, practical applications, and likely future developments in individual differences. Brings together the work of the top global researchers within the area of individual differences, including Philip L. Ackerman, Ian J. Deary, Ed Diener, Robert Hogan, Deniz S. Ones and Dean Keith Simonton Covers methodological, theoretical and paradigm changes in the area of individual differences Individual chapters cover core areas of individual differences including personality and intelligence, biological causes of individual differences, and creativity and emotional intelligence
Categories: Psychology

Bodies That Matter

Bodies That Matter

Consider first that sexual difference is often invoked as an issue of material
differences. Sexual difference, however, is never simply a function ofmaterial
differences which are not in some way both marked and formed by discursive
practices.

Author: Judith Butler

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134711345

Category: Philosophy

Page: 304

View: 482

In Bodies That Matter, Judith Butler further develops her distinctive theory of gender by examining the workings of power at the most "material" dimensions of sex and sexuality. Deepening the inquiries she began in Gender Trouble, Butler offers an original reformulation of the materiality of bodies, examining how the power of heterosexual hegemony forms the "matter" of bodies, sex, and gender. Butler argues that power operates to constrain "sex" from the start, delimiting what counts as a viable sex. She offers a clarification of the notion of "performativity" introduced in Gender Trouble and explores the meaning of a citational politics. The text includes readings of Plato, Irigaray, Lacan, and Freud on the formation of materiality and bodily boundaries; "Paris is Burning," Nella Larsen's "Passing," and short stories by Willa Cather; along with a reconsideration of "performativity" and politics in feminist, queer, and radical democratic theory.
Categories: Philosophy

Post Communist Democratization

Post Communist Democratization

16 Differences that matter – and those that do not It should be abundantly clear
by now that the post - communist world is home to substantial variety - and a fair
degree of national idiosyncrasy - in discourses of democracy . This richness ...

Author: John S. Dryzek

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521001382

Category: Political Science

Page: 300

View: 705

This book examines the way democracy is thought about and lived by people in the post-communist world.
Categories: Political Science

Transforming Bureaucracies

Transforming Bureaucracies

What difference does it make to institutionalise participatory approaches and
methods in natural resource ... have used participatory research methods to
understand these differences (163, 372) The social differences that matter with
regard to ...

Author: Vanessa Bainbridge

Publisher: IIED

ISBN: 9781899825615

Category: Bureaucracy

Page: 214

View: 324

Categories: Bureaucracy

Cultural Differences in a Globalizing World

Cultural Differences in a Globalizing World

They may choose to skip it, as well as the next one, and go straight to Chapter 3,
which is the first one devoted to practical matters. However, I would advise the
readers of any book that claims some scientific reliability, including this one, to be
 ...

Author: Michael Minkov

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 9780857246134

Category: Political Science

Page: 293

View: 871

Endorsed by Geert Hofstede, this is the only book that explains the relationship between national culture and national differences in crucially important phenomena, such as speed of economic growth, murder rates, and educational achievement in a scientifically rigorous way.
Categories: Political Science

Methods Matter

Methods Matter

Clearly, the difference-in-differences method of estimating the magnitude of the
treatment effect relies heavily on sample average achievement values at just four
values of cohortenrollment size. Fortunately, in situations where more data are ...

Author: Richard J. Murnane

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199890156

Category: Psychology

Page: 416

View: 884

Educational policy-makers around the world constantly make decisions about how to use scarce resources to improve the education of children. Unfortunately, their decisions are rarely informed by evidence on the consequences of these initiatives in other settings. Nor are decisions typically accompanied by well-formulated plans to evaluate their causal impacts. As a result, knowledge about what works in different situations has been very slow to accumulate. Over the last several decades, advances in research methodology, administrative record keeping, and statistical software have dramatically increased the potential for researchers to conduct compelling evaluations of the causal impacts of educational interventions, and the number of well-designed studies is growing. Written in clear, concise prose, Methods Matter: Improving Causal Inference in Educational and Social Science Research offers essential guidance for those who evaluate educational policies. Using numerous examples of high-quality studies that have evaluated the causal impacts of important educational interventions, the authors go beyond the simple presentation of new analytical methods to discuss the controversies surrounding each study, and provide heuristic explanations that are also broadly accessible. Murnane and Willett offer strong methodological insights on causal inference, while also examining the consequences of a wide variety of educational policies implemented in the U.S. and abroad. Representing a unique contribution to the literature surrounding educational research, this landmark text will be invaluable for students and researchers in education and public policy, as well as those interested in social science.
Categories: Psychology

Adapting Public Policy to a Labour Market in Transition

Adapting Public Policy to a Labour Market in Transition

Small Differences That Matter , pp . 45-68 ; R. Morissette , J. ... Differences That
Matter , pp . 69-108 ; J. Dinardo and T. Lemieux , “ Diverging Male Wage
Inequality in the United States and Canada : Do Institutions Explain the
Difference ?

Author: William Craig Riddell

Publisher: IRPP

ISBN: 0886451868

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 317

View: 675

After two decades of rapid technological and structural change and an overall record of poor economic performance, Canadians need to take stock of the ongoing transformation of the labour market and its implications for public policy. The fundamental changes to the nature of work itself suggest that labour and social policies established decades ago may no longer be adequate or appropriate. Moreover, the continuing perception of increased instability and worsening employment outcomes, and the growing concern over increased earnings inequality and labour market polarisation, have raised serious questions about the role of government not only in addressing the consequences of economic adjustment but also in facilitating or, worse, hampering this process. In Adapting Public Policy to a Labour Market in Transition leading labour market specialists examine specific areas of public policy that have generated considerable attention and debate in recent years. They provide new evidence on issues of utmost concern to the well-being of Canadians and a solid assessment of the challenges and avenues for policy reform.
Categories: Business & Economics

Social Networks and Popular Understanding of Science and Health

Social Networks and Popular Understanding of Science and Health

a debate, at least, by acknowledging at the outset that a conceptual distinction
can be drawn between differences and ... of avoidable differences and social
disadvantage in defining differences that matter sufficiently to count as disparities
.

Author: Brian G. Southwell

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9781421413259

Category: Social Science

Page: 152

View: 106

Using social media and peer-to-peer networks to teach people about science and health may seem like an obvious strategy. Yet recent research suggests that systematic reliance on social networks may be a recipe for inequity. People are not consistently inclined to share information with others around them, and many people are constrained by factors outside of their immediate control. Ironically, the highly social nature of humankind complicates the extent to which we can live in a society united solely by electronic media. Stretching well beyond social media, this book documents disparate tendencies in the ways people learn and share information about health and science. By reviewing a wide array of existing research—ranging from a survey of New Orleans residents in the weeks after Hurricane Katrina to analysis of Twitter posts related to H1N1 to a physician-led communication campaign explaining the benefits of vaginal birth—Brian G. Southwell explains why some types of information are more likely to be shared than others and how some people never get exposed to seemingly widely available information. This book will appeal to social science students and citizens interested in the role of social networks in information diffusion and yet it also serves as a cautionary tale for communication practitioners and policymakers interested in leveraging social ties as an inexpensive method to spread information.
Categories: Social Science

The Matter of Difference

The Matter of Difference

This lively volume investigates Shakespeare's plays in terms of the relations between material conditions of Renaissance culture and differences of gender, class, race, and erotic practice.

Author: Valerie Wayne

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801499658

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 277

View: 947

This lively volume investigates Shakespeare's plays in terms of the relations between material conditions of Renaissance culture and differences of gender, class, race, and erotic practice.
Categories: Literary Criticism