Dictionary of Root Words

Greek and Latin Roots

Author: Manik Joshi

Publisher: Manik Joshi

ISBN: N.A

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 35

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What are “Root Words”? -- A root, or root word is a word which is used to form another word. It is also called a base word. A root does not have a prefix (A letter or group of letters added to the beginning of a word) or a suffix (A letter or group of letters added to the end of a word). Root is the primary lexical unit of a word, and of a word family. For example, pure is a root. By adding prefixes and suffixes, the following words could be made: impure, purity, pureness. Similarly, play and move are root words. By adding prefixes and suffixes, the following words could be made: plays, played, playing, player; moving, movement, moved, movable, mover, movingly. In this book, I have given most common Greek and Latin roots which are used in English language. Sample this: Root Words -- A- AB/ABS-Origin: Latin-Meaning: -way, from, off-Examples:-abate -- to subside; abhor -- to hate | related word: abhorrence; abject -- hopeless; abjure -- to renounce; abnormal -- unusual | related words: abnormally, abnormality; abrasion -- cut or scratch; abroad -- out of the country; abscess -- swelling; abscond -- to run away | related word: absconder; abseil -- to go down a steep cliff; absence -- nonattendance | related words: absent / absentee / absenteeism / absentia / absently; absolute -- complete; absolve -- to forgive; absorb -- to soak up | related words: absorbable / absorbance / absorbed / absorbency / absorbent / absorbing / absorption; abstain -- to give up something for moral reason | related words: abstainer / abstention / abstinence; abstemious -- critical; abstinent -- not having something for moral reason; abstract -- theoretical | related words: abstracted / abstractedly / abstraction / abstractly; abstruse -- difficult to understand; obscure; absurd -- ridiculous | related words: absurdist / absurdity / absurdly; abundance -- plenty | related words: abundant / abundantly **** ALB -Origin: Latin - Meaning: white - Examples:- albino -- somebody born with no pigment in skin | related word: albinism; albumen -- white of an egg **** AMBI- Origin: Latin-Meaning: both-Examples:- ambiguous -- double meaning; uncertain; ambidexterity -- ability to use both the left and right hand equally well | related word: ambidextrous; ambivalent -- showing both good and bad feelings **** ANIM- Origin: Latin- Meaning: breath, life - Examples:-animate -- having life; to make something full of liveliness | related words: animated, animatedly, animation, animato, animator; animateur -- a person who promotes social activities; animism -- the belief that natural objects possesses soul | related words: animist, animistic **** AQUA- Origin: Latin- Meaning: water- Examples: -aquaculture -- the act of growing of plants in water for food; aqualung -- a device for breathing for divers; aquamarine -- a pale greenish-blue stone or color; aquaplane -- an equipment used in boat; aquarium -- container to kept fish and water plants; aquarobics -- physical exercises that are done in water; aquatic -- growing near water **** AUD- Origin: Latin- Meaning: hearing- Examples:- audible -- capable of being heard | related words: audibly, audibility; audience -- crowd of listeners; auditorium -- a building for public meetings, etc. **** Other Root Words – A - Root Word [Origin] – Meaning - a [Greek] -- not | ab [Latin] -- away, off | ablat [Latin] -- remove | ablut [Latin] -- wash | abort [Latin] -- born too soon | abr [Greek] -- delicate | abras [Latin] -- rub off | abund [Latin] -- overflow | aca [Greek] -- point; silence | acanth [Greek] -- thorn | acar [Greek] -- tiny | acceler [Latin] -- hasten | ace [Greek] -- heal | acer [Latin] -- sharp | acerb [Latin] -- bitter | acet [Latin] -- vinegar | ach [Greek] -- pain | achr [Greek] -- colorless | acid [Latin] -- sour | acm [Greek] -- summit | aco [Greek] -- relief | acri [Latin] -- bitter | acrib [Greek] -- exact | acrit [Greek] -- confused | acro [Greek] -- height, summit | acut [Latin] -- sharp | ad [Latin] -- toward | ade [Greek] -- enough | adip [Latin] -- fat | adol [Greek] -- genuine | adox [Greek] -- irrelevant | adr [Greek] -- thick | adul [Latin] -- flatter | adulter [Latin] -- pollute | aegi [Latin] -- a shield | aegr [Latin] -- sick | aeno [Greek] -- terrible | aep [Greek] -- tall | aequa [Latin] -- equal | aero [Greek] -- atmosphere | aesthet [Greek] -- sensitive | aeth [Greek] -- unusual | aeti [Greek] -- a cause | ag [Latin] -- toward | aga [Greek] -- very | agall [Greek] -- adorn | agan [Greek] -- gentle | agath [Greek] -- good | agglutin [Latin] -- joined together with glue | agn [Greek] -- pure | agr [Greek] -- booty | agro [Greek] -- field | aist [Greek] -- unseen | alb [Latin] -- white | ale [Greek] -- strong | aleo [Greek] -- warm | alg [Greek] -- pain | alia [Greek] -- assembly | alio [Greek] -- different | alluv [Latin] -- overflow | alter [Latin] -- other | alti [Latin] -- high | am [Greek] -- not, without | ama [Greek] -- together | amal [Greek] -- soft | amar [Latin] -- bitter | ambi Latin] -- both | ambl [Greek] -- blunt | ambo [Latin] -- both | ambul [Latin] -- to walk | ameb/amoeb [Greek] -- change | ami [Latin] -- friend | amor [Latin] -- liking | amphi [Greek] -- both | ampl [Latin] -- plentiful | an [Greek] -- not, without | anch [Greek] -- strangle | anchi [Greek] -- near | andr [Greek] -- masculine | anemo [Greek] -- wind | aneu [Greek] -- without | ang [Greek] -- vessel | ania [Greek] -- trouble | ann [Latin] -- yearly | annal [Latin] -- annual | ano [Greek] -- up | anomal [Greek] -- irregular | ante [Latin] -- before, old | antho [Greek] -- flower | anthra [Greek] -- coal | anthropo [Greek] -- human | anti [Greek] -- against | antr [Greek] -- cavity | anu [Latin] -- ring | aper [Latin] -- open | aphe [Greek] -- touch | aphel [Greek] -- smooth | aphod [Greek] -- departure | aphr [Greek] -- foam | aphron [Greek] -- silly | aphy [Greek] -- suck | apor [Greek] -- away from | apsi [Greek] -- juncture | ar [Greek] -- not, without | ara [Latin] -- plow | arc [Latin] -- arch | arcan [Latin] -- box | arcan [Latin] -- hidden | arch [Greek] -- ruler | archae/arche [Greek] -- ancient | arcy [Greek] -- net | ardo [Greek] -- water, irrigate | aren [Latin] -- sand | argent [Latin] -- silver | ari [Greek] -- much | arid [Latin] -- dry | arist [Greek] -- excellence | arthr [Greek] -- joint | asci [Greek] -- bladder | asine [Greek] -- harmless | aspr [Latin] -- rough | aster [Greek] -- star | atav [Latin] -- ancestor | athl [Greek] -- contest | atm [Greek] -- smoke | atr [Latin] -- black | au [Greek] -- besides | aug [Latin] -- increase | aur [Latin] -- relating to gold | auri [Latin] -- relating to the ear | auro [Latin] -- air | auto [Greek] -- self | avar [Latin] -- greed | avi [Latin] -- bird | axi [Latin] -- axis | axio [Greek] -- precious
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