Descartes and the First Cartesians

Author: Roger Ariew

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199563519

Category: Philosophy

Page: 236

View: 6487

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Descartes and the First Cartesians adopts the perspective that we should not approach René Descartes as a solitary thinker, but as a philosopher who constructs a dialogue with his contemporaries, so as to engage them and elements of his society into his philosophical enterprise. Roger Ariew argues that an important aspect of this engagement concerns the endeavor to establish Cartesian philosophy in the Schools, that is, to replace Aristotle as theauthority there. Descartes wrote the Principles of Philosophy as something of a rival to Scholastic textbooks, initially conceiving the project as a comparison of his philosophy and that of the Scholastics. Still,what Descartes produced was inadequate for the task. The topics of Scholastic textbooks mirrored the structure of the collegiate curriculum, divided as they typically were into logic, ethics, physics, and metaphysics. But Descartes produced at best only what could be called a general metaphysics and a partial physics. Ariew's original account establishes the significance of his philosophical enterprise in relation to the textbooks of the first Cartesians and in contrast with late Scholastictextbooks.
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Descartes: Meditations on First Philosophy

With Selections from the Objections and Replies

Author: John Cottingham

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107059208

Category: Mathematics

Page: 188

View: 9716

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This is an updated edition of John Cottingham's acclaimed translation of Descartes's philosophical masterpiece, including an abridgement of Descartes's Objections and Replies.
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Descartes

An Analytic and Historical Introduction

Author: Georges Dicker

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195380320

Category: History

Page: 344

View: 3352

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This new edition of Georges Dicker's commentary on Descartes's Meditations serves as an introduction to Descartes's philosophy for undergraduates and as a sophisticated companion to his Meditations for advanced readers, and it incorporates much recent Descartes scholarship.
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Descartes and His Contemporaries

Meditations, Objections, and Replies

Author: Roger Ariew,Marjorie Grene

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226026305

Category: Philosophy

Page: 261

View: 8262

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Before publishing his landmark Meditations in 1641, Rene Descartes sent his manuscript to many leading thinkers to solicit their objections to his arguments. He included these objections, along with his own detailed replies, as part of the first edition. This unusual strategy gave Descartes a chance to address criticisms in advance and to demonstrate his willingness to consider diverse viewpoints—critical in an age when radical ideas could result in condemnation by church and state, or even death. Descartes and his Contemporaries recreates the tumultuous intellectual community of seventeenth-century Europe and provides a detailed, modern analysis of the Meditations in its historical context. The book's chapters examine the arguments and positions of each of the objectors—Hobbes, Gassendi, Arnauld, Morin, Caterus, Bourdin, and others whose views were compiled by Mersenne. They illuminate Descartes' relationships to the scholastics and particularly the Jesuits, to Mersenne's circle with its debates about the natural sciences, to the Epicurean movements of his day, and to the Augustinian tradition. Providing a glimpse of the interactions among leading 17th-century intellectuals as they grappled with major philosophical issues, this book sheds light on how Descartes' thought developed and was articulated in opposition to the ideas of his contemporaries.
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The A to Z of Descartes and Cartesian Philosophy

Author: Roger Ariew,Dennis Des Chene,Douglas M. Jesseph

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 0810875829

Category: Philosophy

Page: 302

View: 1812

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The A to Z of Descartes and Cartesian Philosophy includes a chronology, an introduction, a bibliography, and cross-reference dictionary entries Descartes's writings, concepts, and findings, as well as entries on those who supported him, those who criticized him, those who corrected him, and those who together formed one of the major movements in philosophy, Cartesianism.
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René Descartes: Meditations on First Philosophy

With Selections from the Objections and Replies

Author: René Descartes,John Cottingham

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521191386

Category: Philosophy

Page: 282

View: 8583

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A dual-language edition presenting Descartes's original Latin text of his greatest work, with a facing-page authoritative English translation.
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Descartes and the Last Scholastics

Author: Roger Ariew

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801436031

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 230

View: 5665

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Roger Ariew argues here that Cartesian philosophy should be regarded as it was in Descartes's own day - as a reaction against, as well as indebted to, Scholastic philosophy. His book illuminates Cartesian philosophy by analyzing debates between Descartes and contemporary Schoolmen and surveying controversies arising in its first reception.
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Cartesian Spacetime

Descartes’ Physics and the Relational Theory of Space and Motion

Author: E. Slowik

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401709750

Category: Philosophy

Page: 252

View: 4807

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Although Descartes' natural philosophy marked an advance in the development of modern science, many critics over the years, such as Newton, have rejected his particular `relational' theory of space and motion. Nevertheless, it is also true that most historians and philosophers have not sufficiently investigated the viability of the Cartesian theory. This book explores, consequently, the success of the arguments against Descartes' theory of space and motion by determining if it is possible to formulate a version that can eliminate its alleged problems. In essence, this book comprises the first sustained attempt to construct a consistent `Cartesian' spacetime theory: that is, a theory of space and time that consistently incorporates Descartes' various physical and metaphysical concepts. Intended for students in the history of philosophy and science, this study reveals the sophisticated insights, and often quite successful elements, in Descartes' unjustly neglected relational theory of space and motion.
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The Return of Scepticism

From Hobbes and Descartes to Bayle

Author: Gianni Paganini

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402013775

Category: Philosophy

Page: 495

View: 9473

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This collection of articles (the Vercelli conference proceedings) places the theme of scepticism within its philosophical tradition. It explores the English philosophical thinkers, the French context, as well as major Italian figures and Spanish culture. It pays special attention to the relationships between history of philosophical ideas and the problems rising from the history of sciences (medicine, physics, linguistics, historical scholarship) in the 17th and the18th centuries.
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