Democracy Risk and Community

Democracy  Risk  and Community

This book presents a novel and compelling thesis about technological risk, liberalism, and policy making in liberal societies.

Author: Richard P. Hiskes

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195353129

Category: Philosophy

Page: 208

View: 839

This book presents a novel and compelling thesis about technological risk, liberalism, and policy making in liberal societies. Opposed to most theories of risk that focus on individual decision makers and models or rational choice, this book argues that risks must be seen as intrinsically both emergent and political phenomena. As such, risks resist reduction to individual actors, events, or decisions. To fully understand and make policy for risk, then, it is necessary to recognize that risks call attention to the connections between individuals and events, to the power being exercised in the determination and distribution of risks, and to how the failure to see risks as political, emergent phenomena results in policy failure, as in instances of "Not in My Backyard" (NIMBY) controversies. Liberal societies have particular difficulty in coping with risk, due to the excessively individualistic political theory and epistemology that undergirds liberalism. Thus, seeing risks as emergent has dramatic impact on the fundamental political concepts that make up liberal political theory and operate within liberal societies. The book treats especially the concepts of consent, community, authority, rights, responsibility, identity, and political participation. The meaning of each of these ideas has been altered by modern technological risks, and coping with risk will require that liberal societies redefine what these most basic concepts of political principles are to mean in political practice and policy making.
Categories: Philosophy

Community Democracy and the Environment

Community  Democracy  and the Environment

Grant, "Assessing and Managing Risk," 341. 17. Grant, "Assessing and Managing
Risk." 18. Grant, "Assessing and Managing Risk." 19. Michael Edelstein,
Contaminated Communities: The Social and Psychological Impacts of
Residential ...

Author: Jane A. Grant

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 0742526151

Category: Political Science

Page: 135

View: 196

Community, Democracy, and the Environment explores the character of the community and polity in the United States, reviews the orientations of Americans to the environment and environmental policy, and suggests some directions for how people may better learn to share the future with each other and the other species on the planet.
Categories: Political Science

Democracy at Risk

Democracy at Risk

nizers throughout the city to recruit participants for neighborhood community
policing meetings. They used door-to-door contacts, outreach to neighborhood
forums, and other time-tested methods to generate substantial participation rates
 ...

Author: Stephen Macedo

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815797869

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 459

Voter turnout was unusually high in the 2004 U.S. presidential election. At first glance, that level of participation—largely spurred by war in Iraq and a burgeoning culture war at home—might look like vindication of democracy. If the recent past is any indication, however, too many Americans will soon return to apathy and inactivity. Clearly, all is not well in our civic life. Citizens are participating in public affairs too infrequently, too unequally, and in too few venues to develop and sustain a robust democracy. This important new book explores the problem of America's decreasing involvement in its own affairs. D emocracy at Risk reveals the dangers of civic disengagement for the future of representative democracy. The authors, all eminent scholars, undertake three main tasks: documenting recent trends in civic engagement, exploring the influence that the design of political institutions and public policies have had on those trends, and recommending steps that will increase the amount and quality of civic engagement in America. The authors focus their attention on three key areas: the electoral process, including elections and the way people get involved; the impact of location, including demographic shifts and changing development patterns; and the critical role of nonprofit organizations and voluntary associations, including the philanthropy that help keep them going. This important project, initially sponsored by the American Political Science Association, tests the proposition that social science has useful insights on the state of our democratic life. Most importantly, it charts a course for reinvigorating civic participation in the world's oldest democracy. The authors: Stephen Macedo (Princeton University), Yvette Alex-Assensoh (Indiana University), Jeffrey M. Berry (Tufts), Michael Brintnall (American Political Science Association), David E. Campbell (Notre Dame), Luis Ricardo Fraga (Stanford), Archon Fung (Harvard), William A. Galston (University of Maryland), Christopher F. Karpowitz (Princeton), Margaret Levi (University of Washington), Meira Levinson (Radcliffe Institute), Keena Lipsitz (California–Berkeley), Richard G. Niemi (University of Rochester), Robert D. Putnam (Harvard), Wendy M. Rahn (University of Minnesota), Keith Reeves (Swarthmore), Rob Reich (Stanford), Robert R. Rodgers (Princeton), Todd Swanstrom (Saint Louis University), and Katherine Cramer Walsh (University of Wisconsin).
Categories: Political Science

The Public Voice in a Democracy at Risk

The Public Voice in a Democracy at Risk

Chapter 6 Citizenship: The Forgotten Trust That Puts Democracy at Risk John S.
Burns Where every man is a sharer in the direction ... Traditionally, the
community, primarily through the institutions of the family, church, and schools,
fulfilled the ...

Author: Eisenhower Leadership Group

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 0275960137

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 418

An interdisciplinary group of distinguished scholars discusses our ailing participatory democracy and offers suggestions for enhancing public debate of social and political issues.
Categories: Political Science

Democratic Theorists in Conversation

Democratic Theorists in Conversation

One of the many problems with this: Merkiavelli has become the unelected queen
of Europe. In reaction to Europe at risk Germany hasbecome an
accidentalempire. The second aspect is the naturalization of the national political
community.

Author: J. Gagnon

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137322777

Category: Political Science

Page: 196

View: 642

Democracy has changed considerably in recent years to the extent that our contemporary understanding differs greatly from long-held democratic values. In this collection, renowned democratic theorists from Noam Chomsky to Francis Fukuyama give their thoughts on 'new democratic theory' and its implications for the study and practice of democracy.
Categories: Political Science

Transformative Researchers and Educators for Democracy

Transformative Researchers and Educators for Democracy

Almost any act of creation is a combination of history, a vision of the future, and a
combination of the virtues of self, community, risk, and deliberation. These
combinations of experiencing life events and exposing ourselves to mistakes can
 ...

Author: João M. Paraskeva

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789462099142

Category: Education

Page: 234

View: 442

The 2012 Critical Transformative Educational Leadership and Policy Annual Conference hosted by the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth met head-on with issues of neoliberalism, educational democracy, cultural politics, public education, and seeing teachers and administrators as critical transformational leaders. This book is a collection of the highlights of that conference that addresses these arenas of debate, from the presentations of Deborah Meier, Ken Saltman, Clyde Barrow, and Joao Rosa, among others, to the works of emerging academics and intellectuals in the field of education. The book to serve as an antidote to such ill-informed thinking before it becomes a part of the cultural commonsense, much the way the manufactured realties of high stakes testing, standardization, and police-guarded schools have become normative. “It is urgent to learn to accurately read reality in a world in which language and discourse are being resignified to confuse people and turn reality into a board game, a world which large corporations and global financial powers play the role of the old mythological gods, creators of dogmas and flamboyant realities that they want us to submit and worship. This volume is an outcome of an important political critical transformative pedagogical project that challenges the lethal consequences of the impact of neoliberal policies in education. We need to welcome Paraskeva and LaVallee’s contribution since it offers a crucial tool to help us articulate accurately a critical diagnosis as well as solutions for a more just and democratic public education that cultivates humanity.” – Jurjo Torres Santomé, University of Corunha, Spain “This new collection Transformative Researchers and Educators for Democracy: Dartmouth Dialogues is one of the most impressive outcomes of a critical transformative program at the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth. João M. Paraskeva and Thad LaVallee provide their readers with a careful selection of chapters that explore the idea of critical and transformative leadership for a democratic conception of education, focusing on a range of related themes in understanding the dimensions of cultural and organizational change. A crucial volume focusing on aspects of the critique of neoliberal globalization in education and a needed book that insightfully combines critique and robust analysis with a utopian and positive agenda for critical transformation.” – Michael A. Peters, University of Waikato (NZ) and University of Illinois (Urbana-Champaign, USA) “This edited volume is the result of an amazing critical transformative program in educational leadership and policy studies chaired by João M. Paraskeva. Paraskeva and LaVallee produced an important contribution to a timely topic that provides clear evidences that the free market model of education it is not a hope for good public education. This book is not only important to US educators but it is really crucial for educators all over the world. What is analyzed in this book is taking place in Europe, Asia, Latin America, Africa and the Middle East.” – Alvaro Moreira Hypolito, University Federal de Pelotas, Brasil
Categories: Education

Teacher Education and the Development of Democratic Citizenship in Europe

Teacher Education and the Development of Democratic Citizenship in Europe

Without co-responsibility, democracy risks becoming an empty box, an abstract
scheme that guarantees neither social justice ... As an educating community, the
school produces a diffused relational conviviality, made of affective and
emotional ...

Author: Andrea Raiker

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429638282

Category: Education

Page: 170

View: 351

This book uses international collaboration between nine European countries to explore how teacher education systems across Europe perceive and act upon devolving democracy and democratic citizenship. Understanding these countries’ cultural approaches to individual and national priorities in education is essential in perceiving similarities and differences in the meaning of ‘democracy’. The book offers debate on the prospects for teacher education and the development of democratic citizenship in Europe based on historical, political, economic and cultural contexts and the Council of Europe’s (CoE) competences for democratic citizenship. With critical analysis and evaluation around the common theme of teacher education and its role in developing democratic citizenship, the book provides awareness and understanding of how teacher education responds to the Council of Europe’s (CoE) conceptual model of competences for democratic culture. 20 competences categorized as Values, Attitudes, Skills, and Knowledge and Critical Understanding are defined so they can be taught to enable learners to practice them in their daily lives as democratic citizens. This book will be of key interest to academics, researchers and post-graduate students in the fields of teacher education, educational policy and politics, and citizenship education.
Categories: Education

Handbook of Risk and Crisis Communication

Handbook of Risk and Crisis Communication

... some scholars have pursued the creation of opportunities for community-based
decision making founded on dialogue about public hazards, a practice labeled
by Gay and Heath (1995) as “risk democracy” (p. 212). As described above, such
 ...

Author: Robert L. Heath

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000153088

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 684

View: 155

The Handbook of Risk and Crisis Communication explores the scope and purpose of risk, and its counterpart, crisis, to facilitate the understanding of these issues from conceptual and strategic perspectives. Recognizing that risk is a central feature of our daily lives, found in relationships, organizations, governments, the environment, and a wide variety of interactions, contributors to this volume explore such questions as "What is likely to happen, to whom, and with what consequences?" "To what extent can science and vigilance prevent or mitigate negative outcomes?" and "What obligation do some segments of local, national, and global populations have to help other segments manage risks?", shedding light on the issues in the quest for definitive answers. The Handbook offers a broad approach to the study of risk and crisis as joint concerns. Chapters explore the reach of crisis and risk communication, define and examine key constructs, and parse the contexts of these vital areas. As a whole, the volume presents a comprehensive array of studies that highlight the standard principles and theories on both topics, serving as the largest effort to date focused on engaging risk communication discussions in a comprehensive manner. Now available in paperback, the Handbook of Risk and Crisis Communication can be readily used in graduate coursework and individual research programs. With perspectives from psychology, sociology, anthropology, political science, economics, and communication, the Handbook provides vital insights for all disciplines studying risk, and is required reading for scholars and researchers investigating risk and crisis in various contexts.
Categories: Business & Economics

A Perfect Moral Storm

A Perfect Moral Storm

ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS AND SCIENCE POLICY SERIES General Editor:
Kristin ShraderFrechette Democracy, Risk, and Community Technological
Hazards and the Evolution of Liberalism Richard P. Hiskes Environmental Justice
 ...

Author: Stephen M. Gardiner

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199910458

Category: Philosophy

Page: 512

View: 680

Climate change is arguably the great problem confronting humanity, but we have done little to head off this looming catastrophe. In The Perfect Moral Storm, philosopher Stephen Gardiner illuminates our dangerous inaction by placing the environmental crisis in an entirely new light, considering it as an ethical failure. Gardiner clarifies the moral situation, identifying the temptations (or "storms") that make us vulnerable to a certain kind of corruption. First, the world's most affluent nations are tempted to pass on the cost of climate change to the poorer and weaker citizens of the world. Second, the present generation is tempted to pass the problem on to future generations. Third, our poor grasp of science, international justice, and the human relationship to nature helps to facilitate inaction. As a result, we are engaging in willful self-deception when the lives of future generations, the world's poor, and even the basic fabric of life on the planet is at stake. We should wake up to this profound ethical failure, Gardiner concludes, and demand more of our institutions, our leaders and ourselves. "This is a radical book, both in the sense that it faces extremes and in the sense that it goes to the roots." --Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews "The book's strength lies in Gardiner's success at understanding and clarifying the types of moral issues that climate change raises, which is an important first step toward solutions." --Science Magazine "Gardiner has expertly explored some very instinctual and vitally important considerations which cannot realistically be ignored. --Required reading." --Green Prophet "Gardiner makes a strong case for highlighting and insisting on the ethical dimensions of the climate problem, and his warnings about buck-passing and the dangerous appeal of moral corruptions hit home." --Times Higher Education "Stephen Gardiner takes to a new level our understanding of the moral dimensions of climate change. A Perfect Moral Storm argues convincingly that climate change is the greatest moral challenge our species has ever faced - and that the problem goes even deeper than we think." --Peter Singer, Princeton University
Categories: Philosophy

Taking the Risk Out of Democracy

Taking the Risk Out of Democracy

It was also a bare and inadequate way to try to express our indebtedness to him
for his uniquely important work on the ideal of a propaganda - managed
democracy ' that the highly class - conscious business community in the United
States ...

Author: Alex Carey

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 0252066162

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 215

View: 835

Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Democracy at Risk

Democracy at Risk

We associate freedom with individualism , and democracy with community , but
the two are really inseparable : we create our own democracy and our
government through our * A.W. Astin . Achieving Educational Excellence : A
Critical ...

Author: Alexander W. Astin

Publisher:

ISBN: PSU:000031113069

Category: Democracy

Page: 14

View: 785

Categories: Democracy

Democracy in an Age of Globalisation

Democracy in an Age of Globalisation

The general direction is clear enough though: 'to risk more democracy', by
introducing more decision-making procedures such as ... 7.5 THE SENSE OF
COMMUNITY A lively democracy becomes emaciated not only because of the
increased ...

Author: Otfried Höffe

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402056628

Category: Political Science

Page: 351

View: 313

In this book, the author develops a comprehensive analysis of the demands which the process of globalization exerts on the political organisations of humanity. The author starts from a diagnosis of the process of globalisation. The question central to the book can be formulated as follows: "How can the social, moral and legal achievements of the nation-state be retained while its structure is reshaped to satisfy the requirements of a globalised world?"
Categories: Political Science

Decentralization and Local Democracy in the World

Decentralization and Local Democracy in the World

This initiative does however present the risk of displacement to these Community
Councils, which are highly dependent on presidential authority, of programs and
resources that should be channeled through the municipalities, as the primary ...

Author: United Cities and Local Governments (UCLG)

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821377353

Category: Political Science

Page: 348

View: 703

'Decentralization and Local Democracy in the World' constitutes a global reference on decentralization by presenting the contemporary situation of local governments in all regions of the world. The report analyzes local authorities in each continent under three main themes: the evolution of territorial structures; responsibilities and power, management and finances; and local democracy. An additional chapter is dedicated to the governance of large metropolises, where rapid growth presents major challenges, in particular in the fast-developing countries of the South. This report also offers a comparative overview of the different realities concerning the state of decentralization, and how the basic indispensable mechansims for local democracy do, or do not exist in come countries. Relationships between the state and local authorities are evolving toward innovative forms of cooperation. In this context, the role of local authorities in the development of global policies is increasingly recognized. The first Global Observatory on Local Democracy and Decentralization (GOLD) Report is one of the main products of United Cities and Local Governments (UCLG). The GOLD Report is the first of what will be a triennial publication. UCLG represents and defends the interests of local governments on the world stage, regardless of the size of the communities they serve. Headquartered in Barcelona, the organization's stated mission is: To be the united voice and world advocate of democratic local self-government, promoting its values, objectives and interests, through cooperation between local governments, and within the wider international community.
Categories: Political Science

Autobiography of a Democratic Nation at Risk

Autobiography of a Democratic Nation at Risk

I am not suggesting that this contraction of hope into resignation is inevitable , for
it is an expression of historic and particular oppositions , the individual and the
community , the family and the economy , the transcendental and the embodied ...

Author: JoVictoria Nicholson-Goodman

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 1433101440

Category: Education

Page: 264

View: 829

Expanding William F. Pinar's notion of autobiography from an individual to a national scale, this book takes the reader on an inner journey to explore the fragmented condition of the post-9/11 American national psyche. It excavates the many layers of the emerging social context within which multiple, conflicting national narratives of identity compete, and uses notions of democracy, nation, and citizen as signposts of contested terrain inside a troubled nation. While reminding us that the old, enduring questions remain unresolved, the book identifies and grapples with new questions that are central to emergent visions of 'educating for democracy' in contemporary America, situated now within a frenetic post-9/11 world.
Categories: Education

Democracy At Risk

Democracy At Risk

Populism is about bottom - up democracy . A democracy unlived is no longer a
democracy . Look for what ' s needed and do it . ... What ' s your community been
doing with its waste for the past four decades ? What will it do for the next four ?

Author: Jeff Gates

Publisher: Perseus Books Group

ISBN: UOM:39015050248064

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 400

View: 499

From the leading voice in the "shared capitalism" movement comes a manifesto for spreading wealth and creating a truly democratic society.
Categories: Business & Economics

The Workbook

The Workbook

What we need is more democracy and a change in scientific method for
assessing community health risksPOISONS ... s belief in the need for citizen
participation in determining community health risks through " democratic risk
assessment .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: PSU:000065037713

Category: Information services

Page:

View: 452

Categories: Information services

Community action and planning

Community action and planning

The crisis of democracy and the risk of a weakened electoral mandate for central
intervention has, however, provided an added impetus for more open democracy
in France over the last 20 or so years. In the remainder of this chapter, we ...

Author: Gallent, Nick

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 9781447321224

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 946

With trust in top-down government faltering, community-based groups around the world are displaying an ever-greater appetite to take control of their own lives and neighbourhoods. Government, for its part, is keen to embrace the projects and the planning undertaken at this level, attempting to regularise it and use it as a means of reconnecting to citizens and localising democracy. This unique book analyses the contexts, drivers and outcomes of community action and planning in a selection of case studies in the global north: from emergent neighbourhood planning in England to the community-based housing movement in New York, and from active citizenship in the Dutch new towns to associative action in Marseille. It will be a valuable resource for academic researchers and for postgraduate students on social policy, planning and community development courses.
Categories: Political Science

Watershed Policy

Watershed Policy

Democracy and Technology David J . Webber Richard P . Hiskes , Democracy ,
Risk , and Community : Technological Hazards and the Evolution of Liberalism .
New York , NY : Oxford University Press , 1998 . $ 45 hardcover ; $ 36 paper .

Author: Michael Vincent McGinnis

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:49015002597723

Category: Watershed management

Page: 216

View: 326

Categories: Watershed management

American Metropolitics

American Metropolitics

At-Risk Low-Density Communities. The final group of at-risk communities
comprises 1,104 relatively low-density localities with low tax capacities that are
growing more slowly than their regions and with higher-than-average poverty
and ...

Author: Myron Orfield

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815705441

Category: Political Science

Page: 221

View: 706

In 1998, Myron Orfield introduced a revolutionary program for combating the seemingly inevitable decline of America's metropolitan communities. Through a combination of demographic research, state-of-the-art mapping, and resourceful, pragmatic politics, his groundbreaking book, Metropolitics, revealed how the different regions of St. Paul and Minneapolis pulled together to create a regional government powerful enough to tackle the community's problems of sprawl and urban decay. Orfield's new work, American Metropolitics, applies the next generation of cutting-edge research on a much broader scale. The book provides an eye-opening analysis of the economic, racial, environmental, and political trends of the 25 largest metropolitan regions in the United States—which contain more than 45 percent of the U.S. population. Using detailed maps and case studies, Orfield demonstrates that growing social separation and wasteful sprawling development patterns are harming regional citizens wherever they live. With detailed maps of conditions in each metropolitan region, comprehensive data on existing conditions and voter attitudes, and bold, innovative strategies for change, American Metropolitics is an important book for anyone concerned with the future of our cities and suburbs.
Categories: Political Science

Emerging Areas of Policy Research

Emerging Areas of Policy Research

His most recent book is Democracy , Risk , and Community : Technological
Hazards and the Evolution of Liberalism ( Oxford University Press , 1998 ) . Notes
1 We should keep in mind here that though liberalism is still the dominant model
of ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:49015002971795

Category:

Page: 144

View: 156

Categories: