Author: Stanford University. Engineering-Economic Systems Department. Decision Analysis ProgramPublish On: 1979
Yet most present approaches to life and death-decision making concentrate on the value of an individual's life to others rather than to himself. These approaches are both technically and ethically questionable.
Author: Stanford University. Engineering-Economic Systems Department. Decision Analysis Program
Category: Decision making
No assertion can command attention in time of emergency like, 'It's a matter of life and death'. The problem of making decisions that can affect the likelihood of death is one of the most perplexing facing the analyst. As individuals, we are often called upon to make decisions that affect our safety, and other are increasingly making those decisions on our behalf. Yet most present approaches to life and death-decision making concentrate on the value of an individual's life to others rather than to himself. These approaches are both technically and ethically questionable. In this report, we develop a model for an individual who wishes to make life and death decisions on his own behalf or who wishes to delegate them to his agents. We show that an individual can use this model if he is willing to trade between the quality and the quantity of his life. A simplified version requires him to establish preference between the resources he disposes during his lifetime and the length of it, to establish probability assessments on these quantities, to characterize his ability to turn present cash into future income, and to specify his risk attitude. We can use this model to determine both what an individual would have to be paid to assume a given risk and what he would pay to avoid a given risk. The risks may range from those that are virtually infinitesimal to those that are imminently life threatening. We show that this model resolves a paradox posed by previously proposed models. In this model there is no inconsistency between an individual's refusing any amount of money, however large, to incur a large enough risk, and yet being willing to pay only a finite amount, his current wealth, to avoid certain death.
"This is the best account I have ever read of how a jury decides whether to impose a death sentence. We see the case from the jurors' multiple and sometimes inconsistent points of view.
Author: Scott E. Sundby
Publisher: St. Martin's Press
With a life in the balance, a jury convicts a man of murder and now has to decide whether he should be put to death. Twelve people now face a momentous choice. Bringing drama to life, A Life and Death Decision gives unique insight into how a jury deliberates. We feel the passions, anger, and despair as the jurors grapple with legal, moral, and personal dilemmas. The jurors' voices are compelling. From the idealist to the "holdout," the individual stories—of how and why they voted for life or death—drive the narrative. The reader is right there siding with one or another juror in this riveting read. From movies to novels to television, juries fascinate. Focusing on a single case, Sundby sheds light on broader issues, including the roles of race, class, and gender in the justice system. With death penalty cases consistently in the news, this is an important window on how real jurors deliberate about a pressing national issue.
This book discusses the American euthanasia movement, debates over the boundaries between abortion and infanticide, hastened death and euthanasia, tolerable and intolerable suffering, suicide and refusal of medical treatment, and lynching ...
Author: Sheldon Ekland-Olson
Issues of Life and Death such as abortion, assisted suicide, capital punishment and others are among the most contentious in many societies. Whose rights are protected? How do these rights and protections change over time and who makes those decisions? Based on the author’s award-winning and hugely popular undergraduate course at the University of Texas, this book explores these questions and the fundamentally sociological processes which underlie the quest for morality and justice in human societies. The Author’s goal is not to advocate any particular moral "high ground" but to shed light on the social movements and social processes which are at the root of these seemingly personal moral questions. Under 200 printed pages, this slim paperback is priced and sized to be easily assigned in a variety of undergraduate courses that touch on the social bases underlying these contested and contentious issues.
While there will probably be much agonizing over the decision, or even recourse to the courts, the patient's right to refuse treatment (even though death ...
Author: Ernan Mc Mullin
Category: Social Science
This book discusses the moral, medical, legal, and economic issues that demand the sensitive attention of doctors, theologians, philosophers, social workers and lawyers, whose work brings them in contact with the kind of decision the voluntary termination of life represents. .
Transplants and Donation of Body or Parts of the Body Religiona Cremation
Euthanasia Assemblies of God Baptist Buddhist Churches of America Individual decision Individual decision Acceptable Individual decision Individual decision ...
Author: Dale V. Hardt
Publisher: Prentice Hall
Category: Social Science
Strives to put in a positive perspective fears and anticipations involving death by presenting practical, philosophical and psychological issues and considering ancient and modern cultural and religious concepts and practices
Bibliography of works which discuss the ethical aspects of: physician patient relationship, health care, contraception, abortion, population, reproductive technologies, genetic intervention, mental health therapies, human experimentation, artificial and transplated organs are tissues, death and dying, and international dimensions of biology and medicine.
This book shines a bright light on a role few of us will escape and offers steps that patients and loved ones, health care providers, lawyers, and policymakers could undertake before it is too late.
Author: Susan P. Shapiro
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Seven in ten Americans over the age of age of sixty who require medical decisions in the final days of their life lack the capacity to make them. For many of us, our biggest, life-and-death decisions—literally—will therefore be made by someone else. They will decide whether we live or die; between long life and quality of life; whether we receive heroic interventions in our final hours; and whether we die in a hospital or at home. They will determine whether our wishes are honored and choose between fidelity to our interests and what is best for themselves or others. Yet despite their critical role, we know remarkably little about how our loved ones decide for us. Speaking for the Dying tells their story, drawing on daily observations over more than two years in two intensive care units in a diverse urban hospital. From bedsides, hallways, and conference rooms, you will hear, in their own words, how physicians really talk to families and how they respond. You will see how decision makers are selected, the interventions they weigh in on, the information they seek and evaluate, the values and memories they draw on, the criteria they weigh, the outcomes they choose, the conflicts they become embroiled in, and the challenges they face. Observations also provide insight into why some decision makers authorize one aggressive intervention after the next while others do not—even on behalf of patients with similar problems and prospects. And they expose the limited role of advance directives in structuring the process decision makers follow or the outcomes that result. Research has consistently found that choosing life or death for another is one of the most difficult decisions anyone can face, sometimes haunting families for decades. This book shines a bright light on a role few of us will escape and offers steps that patients and loved ones, health care providers, lawyers, and policymakers could undertake before it is too late.
This book moves away from the frameworks that have traditionally guided ethical decision-making in the Western clinical setting, towards an inclusive, non-coercive and, reflective dialogic approach to moral decision-making.
Author: Paul Walker
This book moves away from the frameworks that have traditionally guided ethical decision-making in the Western clinical setting, towards an inclusive, non-coercive and, reflective dialogic approach to moral decision-making. Inspired in part by Jürgen Habermas's discourse theory of morality and principles of communicative action, the book offers a proportionist approach as a way of balancing out the wisdom in traditional frameworks, set in the actual reality of the clinical situation at hand. Putting this approach into practice requires having a conversation, a dialogue or a discourse, with collaboration amongst all the stakeholders. The aim of the dialogue is to reach consensus in the decision, via mutual understanding of the values held by the patient and others whom they see as significant. This book aims to underscore the moral philosophical foundations for having a meaningful conversation. Life and Death Decision in the Clinical Setting is especially relevant in our contemporary era, characterised medically by an ever-increasing armamentarium of life-sustaining technology, but also by increasing multiculturalism, a multiplicity of faiths, and increasing value pluralism.
And , since Buddy ' s death , I have also become a woman obsessed , a woman
who has become proficient at this . DO NOT RESUSCITATE ( DNR ) The decision
not to resuscitate should never be a medical decision alone . Though ...
Author: United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of AmericaPublish On: 1916
Decision of G. T. was reversed and claim ordered paid at October , 1918 ,
meeting of the Board . Charges of fraud having been made ... 673 , claim for
funeral donation on death of Lewis H. Tulip , late member of L. U. No. 673 . Decision of G. T. ...
Author: United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America
Author: New Jersey. Death Penalty Study CommissionPublish On: 2006
There are many reasons for this disproportionate representation of
AfricanAmericans on our death rows . Perhaps most notable , however , are the
studies that show how race subtly infects the decision - making of the most critical
players in the ...
Author: New Jersey. Death Penalty Study Commission