Data Clustering

Algorithms and Applications

Author: Charu C. Aggarwal,Chandan K. Reddy

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1315360411

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 652

View: 5893

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Research on the problem of clustering tends to be fragmented across the pattern recognition, database, data mining, and machine learning communities. Addressing this problem in a unified way, Data Clustering: Algorithms and Applications provides complete coverage of the entire area of clustering, from basic methods to more refined and complex data clustering approaches. It pays special attention to recent issues in graphs, social networks, and other domains. The book focuses on three primary aspects of data clustering: Methods, describing key techniques commonly used for clustering, such as feature selection, agglomerative clustering, partitional clustering, density-based clustering, probabilistic clustering, grid-based clustering, spectral clustering, and nonnegative matrix factorization Domains, covering methods used for different domains of data, such as categorical data, text data, multimedia data, graph data, biological data, stream data, uncertain data, time series clustering, high-dimensional clustering, and big data Variations and Insights, discussing important variations of the clustering process, such as semisupervised clustering, interactive clustering, multiview clustering, cluster ensembles, and cluster validation In this book, top researchers from around the world explore the characteristics of clustering problems in a variety of application areas. They also explain how to glean detailed insight from the clustering process—including how to verify the quality of the underlying clusters—through supervision, human intervention, or the automated generation of alternative clusters.
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Relational Data Clustering

Models, Algorithms, and Applications

Author: Bo Long,Zhongfei Zhang,Philip S. Yu

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420072624

Category: Computers

Page: 216

View: 6310

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A culmination of the authors’ years of extensive research on this topic, Relational Data Clustering: Models, Algorithms, and Applications addresses the fundamentals and applications of relational data clustering. It describes theoretic models and algorithms and, through examples, shows how to apply these models and algorithms to solve real-world problems. After defining the field, the book introduces different types of model formulations for relational data clustering, presents various algorithms for the corresponding models, and demonstrates applications of the models and algorithms through extensive experimental results. The authors cover six topics of relational data clustering: Clustering on bi-type heterogeneous relational data Multi-type heterogeneous relational data Homogeneous relational data clustering Clustering on the most general case of relational data Individual relational clustering framework Recent research on evolutionary clustering This book focuses on both practical algorithm derivation and theoretical framework construction for relational data clustering. It provides a complete, self-contained introduction to advances in the field.
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Data Classification

Algorithms and Applications

Author: Charu C. Aggarwal

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466586753

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 707

View: 6596

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Comprehensive Coverage of the Entire Area of Classification Research on the problem of classification tends to be fragmented across such areas as pattern recognition, database, data mining, and machine learning. Addressing the work of these different communities in a unified way, Data Classification: Algorithms and Applications explores the underlying algorithms of classification as well as applications of classification in a variety of problem domains, including text, multimedia, social network, and biological data. This comprehensive book focuses on three primary aspects of data classification: Methods: The book first describes common techniques used for classification, including probabilistic methods, decision trees, rule-based methods, instance-based methods, support vector machine methods, and neural networks. Domains: The book then examines specific methods used for data domains such as multimedia, text, time-series, network, discrete sequence, and uncertain data. It also covers large data sets and data streams due to the recent importance of the big data paradigm. Variations: The book concludes with insight on variations of the classification process. It discusses ensembles, rare-class learning, distance function learning, active learning, visual learning, transfer learning, and semi-supervised learning as well as evaluation aspects of classifiers.
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Temporal Data Mining

Author: Theophano Mitsa

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420089776

Category: Computers

Page: 395

View: 2956

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Temporal data mining deals with the harvesting of useful information from temporal data. New initiatives in health care and business organizations have increased the importance of temporal information in data today. From basic data mining concepts to state-of-the-art advances, Temporal Data Mining covers the theory of this subject as well as its application in a variety of fields. It discusses the incorporation of temporality in databases as well as temporal data representation, similarity computation, data classification, clustering, pattern discovery, and prediction. The book also explores the use of temporal data mining in medicine and biomedical informatics, business and industrial applications, web usage mining, and spatiotemporal data mining. Along with various state-of-the-art algorithms, each chapter includes detailed references and short descriptions of relevant algorithms and techniques described in other references. In the appendices, the author explains how data mining fits the overall goal of an organization and how these data can be interpreted for the purpose of characterizing a population. She also provides programs written in the Java language that implement some of the algorithms presented in the first chapter. Check out the author's blog at http://theophanomitsa.wordpress.com/
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Contrast Data Mining

Concepts, Algorithms, and Applications

Author: Guozhu Dong,James Bailey

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439854335

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 434

View: 5393

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A Fruitful Field for Researching Data Mining Methodology and for Solving Real-Life Problems Contrast Data Mining: Concepts, Algorithms, and Applications collects recent results from this specialized area of data mining that have previously been scattered in the literature, making them more accessible to researchers and developers in data mining and other fields. The book not only presents concepts and techniques for contrast data mining, but also explores the use of contrast mining to solve challenging problems in various scientific, medical, and business domains. Learn from Real Case Studies of Contrast Mining Applications In this volume, researchers from around the world specializing in architecture engineering, bioinformatics, computer science, medicine, and systems engineering focus on the mining and use of contrast patterns. They demonstrate many useful and powerful capabilities of a variety of contrast mining techniques and algorithms, including tree-based structures, zero-suppressed binary decision diagrams, data cube representations, and clustering algorithms. They also examine how contrast mining is used in leukemia characterization, discriminative gene transfer and microarray analysis, computational toxicology, spatial and image data classification, voting analysis, heart disease prediction, crime analysis, understanding customer behavior, genetic algorithms, and network security.
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Constrained Clustering

Advances in Algorithms, Theory, and Applications

Author: Sugato Basu,Ian Davidson,Kiri Wagstaff

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781584889977

Category: Computers

Page: 472

View: 1859

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Since the initial work on constrained clustering, there have been numerous advances in methods, applications, and our understanding of the theoretical properties of constraints and constrained clustering algorithms. Bringing these developments together, Constrained Clustering: Advances in Algorithms, Theory, and Applications presents an extensive collection of the latest innovations in clustering data analysis methods that use background knowledge encoded as constraints. Algorithms The first five chapters of this volume investigate advances in the use of instance-level, pairwise constraints for partitional and hierarchical clustering. The book then explores other types of constraints for clustering, including cluster size balancing, minimum cluster size,and cluster-level relational constraints. Theory It also describes variations of the traditional clustering under constraints problem as well as approximation algorithms with helpful performance guarantees. Applications The book ends by applying clustering with constraints to relational data, privacy-preserving data publishing, and video surveillance data. It discusses an interactive visual clustering approach, a distance metric learning approach, existential constraints, and automatically generated constraints. With contributions from industrial researchers and leading academic experts who pioneered the field, this volume delivers thorough coverage of the capabilities and limitations of constrained clustering methods as well as introduces new types of constraints and clustering algorithms.
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Computational Methods of Feature Selection

Author: Huan Liu,Hiroshi Motoda

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781584888796

Category: Computers

Page: 440

View: 8659

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Due to increasing demands for dimensionality reduction, research on feature selection has deeply and widely expanded into many fields, including computational statistics, pattern recognition, machine learning, data mining, and knowledge discovery. Highlighting current research issues, Computational Methods of Feature Selection introduces the basic concepts and principles, state-of-the-art algorithms, and novel applications of this tool. The book begins by exploring unsupervised, randomized, and causal feature selection. It then reports on some recent results of empowering feature selection, including active feature selection, decision-border estimate, the use of ensembles with independent probes, and incremental feature selection. This is followed by discussions of weighting and local methods, such as the ReliefF family, k-means clustering, local feature relevance, and a new interpretation of Relief. The book subsequently covers text classification, a new feature selection score, and both constraint-guided and aggressive feature selection. The final section examines applications of feature selection in bioinformatics, including feature construction as well as redundancy-, ensemble-, and penalty-based feature selection. Through a clear, concise, and coherent presentation of topics, this volume systematically covers the key concepts, underlying principles, and inventive applications of feature selection, illustrating how this powerful tool can efficiently harness massive, high-dimensional data and turn it into valuable, reliable information.
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Event Mining

Algorithms and Applications

Author: Tao Li

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466568593

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 9598

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Event mining encompasses techniques for automatically and efficiently extracting valuable knowledge from historical event/log data. The field, therefore, plays an important role in data-driven system management. Event Mining: Algorithms and Applications presents state-of-the-art event mining approaches and applications with a focus on computing system management. The book first explains how to transform log data in disparate formats and contents into a canonical form as well as how to optimize system monitoring. It then shows how to extract useful knowledge from data. It describes intelligent and efficient methods and algorithms to perform data-driven pattern discovery and problem determination for managing complex systems. The book also discusses data-driven approaches for the detailed diagnosis of a system issue and addresses the application of event summarization in Twitter messages (tweets). Understanding the interdisciplinary field of event mining can be challenging as it requires familiarity with several research areas and the relevant literature is scattered in diverse publications. This book makes it easier to explore the field by providing both a good starting point for readers not familiar with the topics and a comprehensive reference for those already working in this area.
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Knowledge Discovery from Data Streams

Author: Joao Gama

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439826129

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 255

View: 2362

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Since the beginning of the Internet age and the increased use of ubiquitous computing devices, the large volume and continuous flow of distributed data have imposed new constraints on the design of learning algorithms. Exploring how to extract knowledge structures from evolving and time-changing data, Knowledge Discovery from Data Streams presents a coherent overview of state-of-the-art research in learning from data streams. The book covers the fundamentals that are imperative to understanding data streams and describes important applications, such as TCP/IP traffic, GPS data, sensor networks, and customer click streams. It also addresses several challenges of data mining in the future, when stream mining will be at the core of many applications. These challenges involve designing useful and efficient data mining solutions applicable to real-world problems. In the appendix, the author includes examples of publicly available software and online data sets. This practical, up-to-date book focuses on the new requirements of the next generation of data mining. Although the concepts presented in the text are mainly about data streams, they also are valid for different areas of machine learning and data mining.
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Text Mining

Classification, Clustering, and Applications

Author: Ashok N. Srivastava,Mehran Sahami

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420059458

Category: Computers

Page: 328

View: 7727

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The Definitive Resource on Text Mining Theory and Applications from Foremost Researchers in the Field Giving a broad perspective of the field from numerous vantage points, Text Mining: Classification, Clustering, and Applications focuses on statistical methods for text mining and analysis. It examines methods to automatically cluster and classify text documents and applies these methods in a variety of areas, including adaptive information filtering, information distillation, and text search. The book begins with chapters on the classification of documents into predefined categories. It presents state-of-the-art algorithms and their use in practice. The next chapters describe novel methods for clustering documents into groups that are not predefined. These methods seek to automatically determine topical structures that may exist in a document corpus. The book concludes by discussing various text mining applications that have significant implications for future research and industrial use. There is no doubt that text mining will continue to play a critical role in the development of future information systems and advances in research will be instrumental to their success. This book captures the technical depth and immense practical potential of text mining, guiding readers to a sound appreciation of this burgeoning field.
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