The Handbook of Salutogenesis

Author: Maurice B. Mittelmark,Shifra Sagy,Monica Eriksson,Georg F. Bauer,Jürgen M. Pelikan,Bengt Lindström,Geir Arild Espnes

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319046004

Category: Medical

Page: 461

View: 5102

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This in-depth survey of salutogenesis shows the breadth and strengths of this innovative perspective on health promotion, health care, and wellness. Background and historical chapters trace the development of the salutogenic model of health, and flesh out the central concepts, most notably generalized resistance resources and the sense of coherence, that differentiate it from pathogenesis. From there, experts describe a range of real-world applications within and outside health contexts, from positive psychology to geriatrics, from small towns to corrections facilities, and from school and workplace to professional training. Perspectives from scholars publishing in languages other than English show the global relevance of the field. Among the topics in the Handbook: · Emerging ideas relevant to the salutogenic model of health · Specific resistance resources in the salutogenic model of health · The sense of coherence and its measurement · The application of salutogenesis in communities and neighborhoods · The application of salutogenesis to health development in youth with chronic conditions · The application of salutogenesis in mental health care settings The Handbook of Salutogenesis summarizes an increasingly salient field for graduate and professional students of public health, nursing, psychology, and medicine, and for their instructors. It will also appeal to health-related academicians and professionals who wish to have a thorough grounding in the topic.
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To Russia with Love

An Alaskan's Journey

Author: Victor Fischer,Charles Wohlforth

Publisher: University of Alaska Press

ISBN: 1602231397

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 405

View: 7197

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Son of the famous American journalist Louis Fischer, who corresponded from Germany and then Moscow, and the Russian writer Markoosha Fischer, Victor Fischer grew up in the shadow of Hitler and Stalin, watching his friends’ parents disappear after political arrests. Eleanor Roosevelt personally engineered the Fischer family’s escape from Russia, and soon after Victor was serving in the United States Army in World War II and fighting opposite his childhood friends in the Russian and German armies. As a young adult, he went on to help shape Alaska’s map by planning towns throughout the state. This unique autobiography recounts Fischer’s earliest days in Germany, Russia, and Alaska, where he soon entered civic affairs and was elected as a delegate to the Alaska Constitutional Convention—the body responsible for establishing statehood in the territory. A move to Washington, DC, and further government appointments allowed him to witness key historic events of his era, which he also recounts here. Finally, Fischer brings his memoir up to the present, describing how he has returned to Russia many times to bring the lessons of Alaska freedom and prosperity to the newly democratic states.
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Stalin's American Spy

Noel Field, Allen Dulles and the East European Show-Trials

Author: Tony Sharp

Publisher: Hurst

ISBN: 184904497X

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 7642

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Stalin's American Spy tells the remarkable story of Noel Field, a Soviet agent in the US State Department in the mid-1930s. Lured to Prague in May 1949, he was kidnapped and handed over to the Hungarian secret police. Tortured by them and interrogated too by their Soviet superiors, Field's forced 'confessions' were manipulated by Stalin and his East European satraps to launch a devastating series of show-trials that led to the imprisonment and judicial murder of numerous Czechoslovak, German, Polish and Hungarian party members. Yet there were other events in his very strange career that could give rise to the suspicion that Field was an American spy who had infiltrated the Communist movement at the behest of Allen Dulles, the wartime OSS chief in Switzerland who later headed the CIA. Never tried, Field and his wife were imprisoned in Budapest until 1954, then granted political asylum in Hungary, where they lived out their sterile last years. This new biography takes a fresh look at Field's relationship with Dulles, and his role in the Alger Hiss affair. It sheds fresh light upon Soviet espionage in the United States and Field's relationship with Hede Massing, Ignace Reiss and Walter Krivitsky. It also reassesses how the increasingly anti-Semitic East European show-trials were staged and dissects the 'lessons" which Stalin sought to convey through them.
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Impact of Culture on Human Interaction

Clash Or Challenge?

Author: Hede Helfrich,Andrey V Dakhin,Erich Hölter,Igor V Arzhenovskiy

Publisher: Hogrefe Publishing

ISBN: 1616763647

Category: Social Science

Page: 456

View: 3079

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Will cultural diversity inevitably result in a "clash" (antagonism) between cultural groups, or can we rise to the "challenge" of applying global standards of thought and behavior across diverse cultures? This is the main question examined in this unique book.Based on experiences and research in the context of the political, social, and economic reconstruction of the former Soviet Union, the book focuses on the risks and opportunities of intercultural cooperation and cultural diversity.The first part examines the administrative and political reforms in contemporary Russia from a comparative viewpoint. Capturing the polarities between governmental centralization and social self-organization, the contributions diagnose the roots of social conflicts in Russia and other countries and try to identify societal characteristics that may provide opportunities for mutual transfer of knowledge between East and West. The second part analyzes universal versus culture-specific aspects of human resource management. It addresses similarities and differences in values, work motivation, and decision-making in different cultures. As well as outlining future trends of cultural divergence and cultural convergence, possible means of promoting cultural synergy and concrete examples of this in the fields of economics and education are presented and evaluated.The uniqueness of the book lies in its interdisciplinary and international perspectives: Experts in the fields of sociology, philosophy, economics, psychology, political science, and administration from Russia, Moldavia, Germany, The Netherlands, USA, China, South Korea, and Japan help to bridge the gap between different disciplines as well as between different countries.Providing new theoretical insights as well as practical advice, this volume is of interest for a wide audience, including researchers and students of the above fields, as well as managers in business, administration, and education.
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