Daoism in History

Daoism in History

Including contributions from the foremost scholars in the field, Daoism in History presents new and important research. These essays honour one of the pioneers of Daoist studies, Emeritus Professor Liu Ts'un-yan.

Author: Benjamin Penny

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134275281

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 315

Over the last decade there has been a marked increase in the study of Daoism especially in Japan, China and the West, with a new generation of scholars broadening our understanding of the religion. Including contributions from the foremost scholars in the field, Daoism in History presents new and important research. These essays honour one of the pioneers of Daoist studies, Emeritus Professor Liu Ts'un-yan. His major essay 'Was Celestial Master Zhang a Historical Figure?' addresses one of the pivotal questions in the entire history of Daoism and is included here as the final essay. In addition, a Chinese character glossary, bibliography and index conclude the book. The first in an exciting new series, this book presents brand new thinking on Daoism - a field now recognized as one of the most vital areas of research in Chinese history and the history of religions.
Categories: History

Historical Dictionary of Daoism

Historical Dictionary of Daoism

This book is an excellent resource for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about Daoism.

Author: Ronnie L. Littlejohn

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 9781538122747

Category: Religion

Page: 310

View: 221

Daoism is the oldest indigenous philosophic-spiritual tradition of China and one of the most ancient of the world’s spiritual structures. The name Daoism comes from the term dao, which means a “way” or a “road” through the field or woods to one’s village. It is also means the “way” to do something, such as how a master craftsman carves wood, makes a bell, or even butchers an ox. But dao is also a nominative in the history of Daoism, referring to the energizing process that permeates and animates all of reality and moves it along. However, both text and practice in this tradition insist that dao itself cannot be described in words; it is not God in the sense of Western philosophy or religion. Daoism has no supreme being, even if there is an extensive grammar about nominally self-conscious entities and powers for which the Chinese use the word “spirit” (shen). For example, the highest powers of Daoism are variously called Taishang Laojun (the deified Laozi), the Celestial Worthy of Primordial Beginning (Yuanshi tianzun), the Jade Emperor (Yuhuang Shangdi), or the Perfected Warrior (Zhenwu). But these are expressions of dao in specific shen; they are not identical to Dao, except in the most unique case—when Laozi, the putative founder of Daoism and author of its major work, Daodejing, is said to be one with the dao. Historical Dictionary of Daoism contains a chronology, an introduction, appendixes, an extensive bibliography, and more than 400 cross-referenced entries related to the Chinese belief and worldview known as Daoism, including dozens of Daoist terms, names, and practices. This book is an excellent resource for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about Daoism.
Categories: Religion

Daoist Identity

Daoist Identity

The volume then focuses on lineage formation and the increasing role of popular religious practices, such as spirit-writing, in modern Daoism since the Song dynasty.

Author: Livia Kohn

Publisher: University of Hawaii Press

ISBN: 0824825047

Category: Philosophy

Page: 346

View: 885

Daoist Identity is an exploration of the various means by which Daoists over the centuries have created an identity for themselves. Using modern sociological studies of identity formation as its foundation, it brings together a representative sample of in-depth analyses by eminent American and Japanese scholars in the field. The discussion begins with critical examinations of the ways identity was found among the early movements of the Way of Great Peace and the Celestial Masters. The role of sacred texts and literary culture in Daoist identity formation is discussed. The volume then focuses on lineage formation and the increasing role of popular religious practices, such as spirit-writing, in modern Daoism since the Song dynasty. Finally it discusses the Daoist adaptation and reinterpretation of Buddhist rites, such as the feeding of souls in hell and the use of ritual gestures, and the changes made in contemporary Daoism in relation to traditional rites and popular practices. Contributors: Asano Haruji, Suzanne Cahill, M. Csikszentmihalyi, Edward L. Davis, Terry F. Kleeman, Livia Kohn, Mabuchi Masaya, Maruyama Hiroshi, Mitamura Keiko, Mori Yuria, Peter Nickerson, Charles D. Orzech, Harold D. Roth, Shiga Ichiko, Tsuchiya Masaaki.
Categories: Philosophy

History of Chinese Daoism

History of Chinese Daoism

In terms of history, this book begins with the founding of Daoism as a religion in the Han Dynasty-second century, C.E. However, the bulk of the book deals with Daoist activities in the period of Political Disunion (371-581) when China was ...

Author: Xitai Qing

Publisher: History of Chinese Daoism

ISBN: UVA:X004472144

Category: Religion

Page: 640

View: 257

History of Chinese Daoism- Volume I employs a historical-descriptive method to trace the evolution of Chinese Daoism. This study assumes that Daoism as a religion is atavistic in the Chinese soil; it assimilated the myths and legends of ancient China and has continued to do so in its history. The relationship between Daoism and the state is also explored in depth. This study focuses on how Daoism functioned in the popular level of society, as well as in the elite level. In terms of history, this book begins with the founding of Daoism as a religion in the Han Dynasty-second century, C.E. However, the bulk of the book deals with Daoist activities in the period of Political Disunion (371-581) when China was divided between North and South.
Categories: Religion

Daoism

Daoism

Discusses the history, basic beliefs, and traditional practices of Daoism as well as the renewed interest and growth in modern China and the world.

Author: Paula R. Hartz

Publisher: Infobase Publishing

ISBN: 9781604131154

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 144

View: 926

Discusses the history, basic beliefs, and traditional practices of Daoism as well as the renewed interest and growth in modern China and the world.
Categories: Juvenile Nonfiction

Daoism in Early China

Daoism in Early China

This text considers the prevalence of Lao-Zhuang Daoism and Huang-Lao Daoism in late pre-imperial and early imperial Chinese traditional thought.

Author: Feng Cao

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137550941

Category: History

Page: 227

View: 683

This text considers the prevalence of Lao-Zhuang Daoism and Huang-Lao Daoism in late pre-imperial and early imperial Chinese traditional thought. The author uses unique excavated documents and literature to explore the Huang-Lao tradition of Daoist philosophy, which exerted a great influence on China ancient philosophy and political theories, from the Pre-Qin period to the Wei-Jin periods. It explains the original and significance of Huang-Lao Daoism, its history and fundamental characteristics, notably discussing the two sides of Huang-Lao, namely the role and function of Lao Zi and the Yellow Emperor, and discusses why the two can constitute a complementary relationship. It also provides a key study of the Mawangdui silk texts, bamboo slips of the Heng Xian, Fan Wu Liu Xing, considering both the theory of human Xing and of Qi.
Categories: History

Daoism in the Twentieth Century

Daoism in the Twentieth Century

An interdisciplinary group of scholars explores the social history and anthropology of Daoism from the late nineteenth century to the present, focusing on the evolution of traditional forms of practice and community, as well as modern ...

Author: David A Palmer

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520289864

Category: History

Page: 404

View: 799

An interdisciplinary group of scholars explores the social history and anthropology of Daoism from the late nineteenth century to the present, focusing on the evolution of traditional forms of practice and community, as well as modern reforms and reinventions. Essays investigate ritual specialists, body cultivation and meditation traditions, monasticism, new religious movements, state-sponsored institutionalization, and transnational networks"--Publisher's Web site.
Categories: History

Facets of Qing Daoism

Facets of Qing Daoism

" In addition, this volume contains a bibliography of all her publications and a detailed index.

Author: Monica Esposito

Publisher: UniversityMedia

ISBN: 9783906000077

Category: Religion

Page: 387

View: 136

As China is rapidly reemerging as the world’s dominant economic powerhouse that it had been until the mid-eighteenth century, interest in its religions and philosophies is on the rise. Just as the history and culture of Western civilizations can hardly be grasped without a measure of knowledge about Christianity, an understanding of Chinese civilization and its history seems impossible without some comprehension of Daoism. Though it has long been clear that modern Daoism has its roots in Daoist movements of the Qing dynasty (1644–1911), research on premodern Daoism had been largely neglected. Published in six languages (Italian, French, English, German, Chinese, and Japanese), the pioneering studies by Monica Esposito (1962-2011) on Qing Daoism have been instrumental in kindling keen scholarly interest both in the West and in China and Japan. This book presents corrected and augmented versions of three of Dr Esposito's seminal articles that had originally been published in English ("Daoism in the Qing," "The Longmen School and its Controversial History," and "Longmen Daoism in Qing China: Doctrinal Ideal and Local Reality") along with English versions of two articles that had hitherto only been available in Japanese and Chinese: "Beheading the Red Dragon: The Heart of Feminine Alchemy" and "An Example of Daoist and Tantric Interaction during the Qing Dynasty: The Longmen xinzong." In addition, this volume contains a bibliography of all her publications and a detailed index.
Categories: Religion

Early Daoist Scriptures

Early Daoist Scriptures

This book will undoubtedly provide a better understanding of Daoism."--Isabelle Robinet, author of Taoist Meditation: The Mao-shan Tradition of Great Purity

Author: Stephen R. Bokenkamp

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520203224

Category: Philosophy

Page: 502

View: 923

For centuries Daoism (Taoism) has played a central role in the development of Chinese thought and civilization, yet to this day only a few of its sacred texts have been translated into English. Now Stephen R. Bokenkamp introduces the reader to ancient scriptures never before published in the West, providing a systematic and easily accessible introduction to early Daoism (c. 2nd-6th C.E.). Representative works from each of the principal Daoist traditions comprise the basic structure of the book, with each chapter accompanied by an introduction that places the material within a historical and cultural context. Included are translations of the earliest Daoist commentary to Laozi's Daode jing (Tao Te Ching); historical documents relating the history of the early Daoist church; a petitioning ritual used to free believers from complaints brought against them by the dead; and two complete scriptures, one on individual meditation practice and another designed to rescue humanity from the terrors of hell through recitation of its powerful charms. In addition, Bokenkamp elucidates the connections Daoism holds with other schools of thought, particularly Confucianism and Buddhism. This book provides a much-needed introduction to Daoism for students of religion and is a welcome addition for scholars wishing to explore Daoist sacred literature. It serves as an overview to every aspect of early Daoist tradition and all the seminal practices which have helped shape the religion as it exists today. For centuries Daoism (Taoism) has played a central role in the development of Chinese thought and civilization, yet to this day only a few of its sacred texts have been translated into English. Now Stephen R. Bokenkamp introduces the reader to ancient scriptures never before published in the West, providing a systematic and easily accessible introduction to early Daoism (c. 2nd-6th C.E.). Representative works from each of the principal Daoist traditions comprise the basic structure of the book, with each chapter accompanied by an introduction that places the material within a historical and cultural context. Included are translations of the earliest Daoist commentary to Laozi's Daode jing (Tao Te Ching); historical documents relating the history of the early Daoist church; a petitioning ritual used to free believers from complaints brought against them by the dead; and two complete scriptures, one on individual meditation practice and another designed to rescue humanity from the terrors of hell through recitation of its powerful charms. In addition, Bokenkamp elucidates the connections Daoism holds with other schools of thought, particularly Confucianism and Buddhism. This book provides a much-needed introduction to Daoism for students of religion and is a welcome addition for scholars wishing to explore Daoist sacred literature. It serves as an overview to every aspect of early Daoist tradition and all the seminal practices which have helped shape the religion as it exists today.
Categories: Philosophy

Daoism Handbook

Daoism Handbook

This handbook provides key information on the Daoist tradition in an easily accessible yet highly readable format.

Author: Livia Kohn

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004112081

Category: Religion

Page: 914

View: 570

This handbook provides key information on the Daoist tradition in an easily accessible yet highly readable format. It contains a coherent collection of thirty articles by major scholars in the field and presents the latest level of research available today. A highly useful resource for both scholars and students.
Categories: Religion

Dao and Sign in History

Dao and Sign in History

Provides a new perspective on important linguistic issues in philosophical and religious Daoism through the comparative lens of twentieth-century European philosophies of language.

Author: Daniel Fried

Publisher: Suny Chinese Philosophy and Cu

ISBN: 1438471920

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 334

View: 435

Provides a new perspective on important linguistic issues in philosophical and religious Daoism through the comparative lens of twentieth-century European philosophies of language.
Categories: Literary Criticism

What Is Taoism

What Is Taoism

What Is Taoism? traces, in nontechnical language, the history of the development of this often baffling doctrine. Creel shows that there has not been one "Taoism," but at least three, in some respects incompatible and often antagonistic.

Author: Herrlee Glessner Creel

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226120473

Category: Philosophy

Page: 192

View: 169

What Is Taoism? traces, in nontechnical language, the history of the development of this often baffling doctrine. Creel shows that there has not been one "Taoism," but at least three, in some respects incompatible and often antagonistic. In eight closely related papers, Creel explicates the widely used concepts he originally introduced of "contemplative Taoism," "purposive Taoism," and "Hsien Taoism." He also discusses Shen Pu-hai, a political philosopher of the fourth century B.C.; the curious interplay between Confucianism, Taoism, and "Legalism" in the second century B.C.; and the role of the horse in Chinese history.
Categories: Philosophy

The Encyclopedia of Taoism

The Encyclopedia of Taoism

Entries are thoroughly cross-referenced and, in addition, 'see also' listings are given at the foot of many entries. Attached to each entry are references taking the reader to a master bibliography at the end of the work.

Author: Fabrizio Pregadio

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135796341

Category: Reference

Page: 1551

View: 128

The Encyclopedia of Taoism provides comprehensive coverage of Taoist religion, thought and history, reflecting the current state of Taoist scholarship. Taoist studies have progressed beyond any expectation in recent years. Researchers in a number of languages have investigated topics virtually unknown only a few years previously, while others have surveyed for the first time textual, doctrinal and ritual corpora. The Encyclopedia presents the full gamut of this new research. The work contains approximately 1,750 entries, which fall into the following broad categories: surveys of general topics; schools and traditions; persons; texts; terms; deities; immortals; temples and other sacred sites. Terms are given in their original characters, transliterated and translated. Entries are thoroughly cross-referenced and, in addition, 'see also' listings are given at the foot of many entries. Attached to each entry are references taking the reader to a master bibliography at the end of the work. There is chronology of Taoism and the whole is thoroughly indexed. There is no reference work comparable to the Encyclopedia of Taoism in scope and focus. Authored by an international body of experts, the Encyclopedia will be an essential addition to libraries serving students and scholars in the fields of religious studies, philosophy and religion, and Asian history and culture.
Categories: Reference

Introducing Daoism

Introducing Daoism

Author: Livia Kohn

Publisher: JBE Online Books

ISBN: 9780980163322

Category: Religion

Page: 269

View: 888

Categories: Religion

The Metaphysics of Philosophical Daoism

The Metaphysics of Philosophical Daoism

Drawing on evidence from a wide range of classical Chinese texts, this book argues that xingershangxue, the study of "beyond form", constitutes the core argument and intellectual foundation of Daoist philosophy.

Author: Kai Zheng

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429825613

Category: Philosophy

Page: 196

View: 532

Drawing on evidence from a wide range of classical Chinese texts, this book argues that xingershangxue, the study of "beyond form", constitutes the core argument and intellectual foundation of Daoist philosophy. The author presents Daoist xingershangxue as a typical concept of metaphysics distinct from that of the natural philosophy and metaphysics of ancient Greece since it focusses on understanding the world beyond perceivable objects and phenomena as well as names that are definable in their social, political, or moral structures. In comparison with other philosophical traditions in the East and West, the book discusses the ideas of dao, de, and "spontaneously self-so", which shows Daoist xingershangxue’s theoretical tendency to transcendence. The author explains the differences between Daoist philosophy and ancient Greek philosophy and proposes that Daoist philosophy is the study of xingershangxue in nature, providing a valuable resource for scholars interested in Chinese philosophy, Daoism, and comparative philosophy.
Categories: Philosophy

The Daoist Tradition

The Daoist Tradition

This is followed by a discussion of the importance of place and sacred sites as well as representative examples of material culture in Daoism. The work concludes with an overview of Daoism in the modern world.

Author: Louis Komjathy

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781441196453

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 325

Using a historical, textual and ethnographic approach, this is the most comprehensive presentation of Daoism to date. In addition to revealing the historical contours and primary concerns of Chinese Daoists and Daoist communities, The Daoist Tradition provides an account of key themes and defining characteristics of Daoist religiosity, revealing Daoism to be a living and lived religion. Exploring Daoism from a comparative religious studies perspective, this book gives the reader a deeper understanding of religious traditions more broadly. Beginning with an overview of Daoist history, The Daoist Tradition then covers key elements of Daoist worldviews and major Daoist practices. This is followed by a discussion of the importance of place and sacred sites as well as representative examples of material culture in Daoism. The work concludes with an overview of Daoism in the modern world. The book includes a historical timeline, a map of China, 25 images, a glossary, text boxes, suggested reading and chapter overviews. A companion website provides both student and lecturer resources: http://www.bloomsbury.com/the-daoist-tradition-9781441168733/
Categories: Religion

The Dao of America

The Dao of America

Author: Elijah Siegler

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:314680331

Category: Taoism

Page: 425

View: 296

Categories: Taoism

Purposes Means and Convictions in Daoism

Purposes  Means and Convictions in Daoism

The two parts of the book, Historical and Ritual Traditions (I) and Varieties of Religious Activities and Functions (II), mirror the understanding of the basic themes as developed during the symposium and the ensuing discussions.

Author: Florian C. Reiter

Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag

ISBN: 3447055138

Category: Religion

Page: 255

View: 762

Purposes, Means and Convictions in Daoism. A Berlin Symposium (II)" contains twelve articles that represent contributions of international scholars who specialise in studies of religious Daoism. In 2005 they participated in a symposium with the same title that the Seminar fur Sinologie at Humboldt-University (Berlin) staged with the support of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG/Bonn). The two parts of the book, Historical and Ritual Traditions (I) and Varieties of Religious Activities and Functions (II), mirror the understanding of the basic themes as developed during the symposium and the ensuing discussions. The articles cover periods and developments from the beginning of the religious Daoism up to the late 19th century. The four Chinese contributions are accompanied by English summaries.
Categories: Religion

Daoism and Chinese Culture

Daoism and Chinese Culture

A long-awaited textbook that introduces the major schools, teachings, and practices of Daoism, this work presents a chronological survey that is thematically divided into four parts: Ancient Thought, Religious Communities, Spiritual ...

Author: Livia Kohn

Publisher: Three Pine Press

ISBN: STANFORD:36105110696072

Category: History

Page: 228

View: 353

A long-awaited textbook that introduces the major schools, teachings, and practices of Daoism, this work presents a chronological survey that is thematically divided into four parts: Ancient Thought, Religious Communities, Spiritual Practices, and Modernity. The work offers an integrated vision of the Daoist tradition in its historical and cultural context, establishing connections with relevant information on Confucianism, Chinese Buddhism, popular religion, and political developments. It also places Daoism into a larger theoretical and comparative framework, relating it to mysticism, millenarianism, forms of religious organization, ritual, meditation, and modernity. The book makes ample use of original materials and provides references to further readings and original sources in translation. It is a powerful resource for teaching and studying alike.
Categories: History