Damages in International Arbitration under Complex Long-term Contracts

Author: Herfried Wöss,Adriana San Román Rivera,Pablo Spiller,Santiago Dellepiane

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780199680672

Category: Law

Page: 392

View: 6014

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This is a detailed analysis of the legal and financial matters arising from the formulation of claims to the award of damages and loss of income, in the case of breach of long-term complex contracts in international arbitration. It tackles the challenges of structuring claims and awarding damages, with focused examination of the but-for method.
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M&A Disputes and Completion Mechanisms

Author: Heiko Daniel Ziehms

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9041186379

Category: Law

Page: 226

View: 4859

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In the course of a merger and acquisition (M&A) transaction, the principals and their advisors face a series of decisions, often against the backdrop of an unrealistic deadline, imperfect information and a shrewd other side. In making these decisions, they have to deal with complex technical matters at the intersection of disciplines, including accounting, law, taxation, corporate finance, operations, environmental and strategy. It is not always possible during the negotiations to take a step back and contemplate issues likely to arise before or after completion that may result in a dispute or to address or mitigate risks. It is therefore easy in these highly charged circumstances to create outcomes that end up in legal disputes. A sound understanding of the completion mechanism including the basis and measurement of individual purchase price adjustments is important to negotiate good deals and avoid disputes. This book provides an in-depth discussion of the completion mechanism, including key arguments for or against individual deductions or adjustments. This can be helpful in negotiations. It also provides diagnostic tools and many recommendations that can help avoid disputes. If a dispute has occurred, it discusses how it can be resolved as well as the conceptual basis and practical approaches to the measurement of damages. The book deals with numerous matters that need to be addressed during M&A negotiations and can lead to post-M&A dissonance, including the following: - the equity bridge: from fi rm value to the purchase price for the equity; - closing conditions, the closing process and the completion accounts; - an in-depth discussion of individual purchase price adjustments from factoring to pensions and from leases to the working capital reference value; - material adverse change clauses; - aspects of locked box transactions, including the interest over the locked box period; - how to structure earn-outs to avoid disputes; - red flags for fraud; - damages valuation in M&A disputes; and - lessons learned on how to avoid or deal with disputes. The author analyses a large number of actual post-M&A disputes as a lens to bring into focus precisely where things go wrong in practice. He then sets out practical solutions to the problems dealmakers face, how to negotiate individual price adjustments, and lessons learned from disputes. This book will be useful to M&A practitioners, be they in-house counsel, private equity, sovereign wealth funds, international arbitration centres or other players, as well as the investment bankers, accountants and the professionals who advise them. It will also prove to be of great value to those who deal with post-M&A disputes – judges, arbitrators and litigators – and legal academics interested in the M&A field.
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Guide to Damages in International Arbitration

Author: John A Trenor

Publisher: Law Business Research Ltd.

ISBN: 1912377810

Category:

Page: 472

View: 2846

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Have you ever been frustrated that arbitration folk aren't more numerate? The Guide to Damages in International Arbitration is a desktop reference work for those who'd like greater confidence when dealing with the numbers. This second edition builds upon last year's by updating and adding several new chapters on the function and role of damages experts, the applicable valuation approach, country risk premium, and damages in gas and electricity arbitrations.This edition covers all aspects of damages - from the legal principles applicable, to the main valuation techniques and their mechanics, to industry-specific questions, and topics such as tax and currency. It is designed to help all participants in the international arbitration community to discuss damages issues more effectively and communicate them better to tribunals, with the aim of producing better awards. The book is split into four parts: Part I - Legal Principles Applicable to the Award of Damages; Part II - Procedural Issues and the Use of Damages Experts; Part III - Approaches and Methods for the Assessment and Quantification of Damages; Part IV - Industry-Specific Damages Issues
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Yearbook on International Investment Law and Policy 2014-2015

Author: Andrea K. Bjorklund,Full Professor L Yves Fortier Chair in International Arbitration and International Commercial Law Andrea K Bjorklund

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190612053

Category:

Page: 648

View: 9954

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Several themes emerge in this 2014-2015 edition of the Yearbook. The first is a notable focus on country and region-specific developments. Different articles focus on key developments in such countries as Australia, Brazil, China, Ghana, India, Indonesia, Russia, and South Africa. Others focus on regional innovations, in particular in Latin America. A second area of attention is reform, and proposals for reform, in investor-state dispute settlement and in investment law generally. The third theme is the continued concern about states' regulatory autonomy and the importance of their retaining ability to protect the interests of their nationals. A fourth theme concerns the continued contribution that investment arbitration makes to the development of international law, and the influence that it is starting to have on other areas of law, whether that is as a source of inspiration in the interpretation of other norms or as a source of potentially powerful persuasive authority given the "teeth" that investment law has with respect to enforcement. Included are the winning memorials of the FDI Moot for both 2014 and 2015. In 2014 a team from the University of Ottawa submitted the winning claimant's memorial, while students from Harvard Law School submitted the winning respondent's memorial. In 2015, Harvard repeated its stellar performance, again winning best respondent's memorial. The winning claimant's memorial in 2015 was submitted by students from the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens. These excellent memorials reveal once again the growing interest of students in international investment law and demonstrate a striving for excellence and an enthusiasm for grappling with intellectually challenging issues.
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Interim and Emergency Relief in International Arbitration - International Law Institute Series on International Law, Arbitration and Practice

Author: Diora Ziyaeva,Ian A. Laird,Borzu Sabahi,Anne Marie Whitesell

Publisher: Juris Publishing, Inc.

ISBN: 1937518701

Category:

Page: 388

View: 9754

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Interim and Emergency Relief In International Arbitration is a compilation of papers authored by some of the world’s leading international arbitration practitioners. It addresses issues relating to obtaining interim measure orders, including the relevant applicable standards such as irreparable harm that various international courts and tribunals, under the ICSID, UNCITRAL, ICC, SCC, and some domestic law jurisdictions often apply. It also touches upon theoretical and practical issues involving compliance with and enforcement of interim measures in international arbitration. These issues naturally are raised in the context of an ongoing discourse where tribunals have different, at times imperfect tactics for encouraging compliance with their interim measures including drawing adverse inferences, issuing diplomatic statements against a sovereign stopping just short of ordering interim measures, splitting the sum of security for costs and allowing for reimbursement, and levying heavier damages against the non-complying party without changing the substantive aspects of the award. This book explores these methods and identifies the latest trends in this exciting area of international law. Interim and Emergency Relief In International Arbitration is intended for arbitrators, practicing attorneys, representatives of international arbitral institutions and academics, all of whom will find this book very useful. The compilation of papers and presentations in the book cover a number of jurisdictions including East Asia, the Middle East, Europe and North America.
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The Foundations of International Investment Law

Bringing Theory into Practice

Author: Zachary Douglas,Joost Pauwelyn,Jorge E. Viñuales

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191508586

Category: Law

Page: 586

View: 307

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International investment law is one of the fastest growing areas of international law. It has led to the signing of thousands of agreements, mostly in the form of investment contracts and bilateral investment treaties. Also, in the last two decades, there has been an exponential growth in the number of disputes being resolved by investment arbitration tribunals. Yet the legal principles at the basis of international investment law and arbitration remain in a state of flux. Perhaps the best illustration of this phenomenon is the wide disagreement among investment tribunals on some of the core concepts underpinning the regime, such as investment, property, regulatory powers, scope of jurisdiction, applicable law, or the interactions with other areas of international law. The purpose of this book is to revisit these conceptual foundations in order to shed light on the practice of international investment law. It is an attempt to bridge the growing gap between the theory and the practice of this thriving area of international law. The first part of the book focuses on the 'infrastructure' of the investment regime or, more specifically, on the structural arrangements that have been developed to manage foreign investment transactions and the potential disputes arising from them. The second part of the book identifies the common conceptual bases of an array of seemingly unconnected practical problems in order to clarify the main stakes and offer balanced solutions. The third part addresses the main sources of 'regime stress' as well as the main legal mechanisms available to manage such challenges to the operation of the regime. Overall, the book offers a thorough investigation of the conflicting theoretical positions underlying international investment law, testing their worth by reference to concrete issues that have arisen in the jurisprudence. It demonstrates that many of the most important practical questions arising in practice can be addressed by a carefully dosed resort to theory.
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