Curves and Surfaces

Author: Sebastián Montiel,Antonio Ros

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821838150

Category: Mathematics

Page: 376

View: 5424

DOWNLOAD NOW »

"Besides being an introduction to the lively subject of curves and surfaces, this book can also be used as an entry to a wider study of differential geometry in general. It is suitable for a first-year graduate course or an advanced undergraduate course."--BOOK JACKET.
Release

Differential Geometry of Curves and Surfaces

Author: Kristopher Tapp

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319397990

Category: Mathematics

Page: 366

View: 2925

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This is a textbook on differential geometry well-suited to a variety of courses on this topic. For readers seeking an elementary text, the prerequisites are minimal and include plenty of examples and intermediate steps within proofs, while providing an invitation to more excursive applications and advanced topics. For readers bound for graduate school in math or physics, this is a clear, concise, rigorous development of the topic including the deep global theorems. For the benefit of all readers, the author employs various techniques to render the difficult abstract ideas herein more understandable and engaging. Over 300 color illustrations bring the mathematics to life, instantly clarifying concepts in ways that grayscale could not. Green-boxed definitions and purple-boxed theorems help to visually organize the mathematical content. Color is even used within the text to highlight logical relationships. Applications abound! The study of conformal and equiareal functions is grounded in its application to cartography. Evolutes, involutes and cycloids are introduced through Christiaan Huygens' fascinating story: in attempting to solve the famous longitude problem with a mathematically-improved pendulum clock, he invented mathematics that would later be applied to optics and gears. Clairaut’s Theorem is presented as a conservation law for angular momentum. Green’s Theorem makes possible a drafting tool called a planimeter. Foucault’s Pendulum helps one visualize a parallel vector field along a latitude of the earth. Even better, a south-pointing chariot helps one visualize a parallel vector field along any curve in any surface. In truth, the most profound application of differential geometry is to modern physics, which is beyond the scope of this book. The GPS in any car wouldn’t work without general relativity, formalized through the language of differential geometry. Throughout this book, applications, metaphors and visualizations are tools that motivate and clarify the rigorous mathematical content, but never replace it.
Release

Algebraic Curves and Riemann Surfaces

Author: Rick Miranda

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821802682

Category: Mathematics

Page: 390

View: 9477

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The book was easy to understand, with many examples. The exercises were well chosen, and served to give further examples and developments of the theory. --William Goldman, University of Maryland In this book, Miranda takes the approach that algebraic curves are best encountered for the first time over the complex numbers, where the reader's classical intuition about surfaces, integration, and other concepts can be brought into play. Therefore, many examples of algebraic curves are presented in the first chapters. In this way, the book begins as a primer on Riemann surfaces, with complex charts and meromorphic functions taking center stage. But the main examples come from projective curves, and slowly but surely the text moves toward the algebraic category. Proofs of the Riemann-Roch and Serre Duality Theorems are presented in an algebraic manner, via an adaptation of the adelic proof, expressed completely in terms of solving a Mittag-Leffler problem. Sheaves and cohomology are introduced as a unifying device in the latter chapters, so that their utility and naturalness are immediately obvious. Requiring a background of one semester of complex variable theory and a year of abstract algebra, this is an excellent graduate textbook for a second-semester course in complex variables or a year-long course in algebraic geometry.
Release

Differential Geometry of Curves and Surfaces in E3 (tensor Approach)

Author: Uday Chand De

Publisher: Anshan Pub

ISBN: 9781905740543

Category: Mathematics

Page: 190

View: 4722

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This book is intended to suit mathematics courses for post-graduate students. It has been written by an author with 25 years experience of lectures on differential geometry, and is therefore designed to help the reader overcome the difficulties in understanding the underlying concepts of the subject, The book will also be useful for introducing the methodology of differential geometry to research students in associated disciplines; physics, engineering, biosciences and economics. The book is divided into 5 chapters - curvilinear co-ordinates, geometry of space curves, intrinsic geometry of a surface, fundamental formulate of a ssurface, curves on a surface -- and each chapter contains numerous examples which are either worked out or given as an exercise in order to facilitate and understanding. Finally the book concludes with a brief history of differential geometry. This book is an excellent text for post-graduate maths courses, and will also be of interest to all mathematicians.
Release

Manifolds and Differential Geometry

Author: Jeffrey Marc Lee

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821848151

Category: Mathematics

Page: 671

View: 9401

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Differential geometry began as the study of curves and surfaces using the methods of calculus. In time, the notions of curve and surface were generalized along with associated notions such as length, volume, and curvature. At the same time the topic has become closely allied with developments in topology. The basic object is a smooth manifold, to which some extra structure has been attached, such as a Riemannian metric, a symplectic form, a distinguished group of symmetries, or a connection on the tangent bundle. This book is a graduate-level introduction to the tools and structures of modern differential geometry. Included are the topics usually found in a course on differentiable manifolds, such as vector bundles, tensors, differential forms, de Rham cohomology, the Frobenius theorem and basic Lie group theory. The book also contains material on the general theory of connections on vector bundles and an in-depth chapter on semi-Riemannian geometry that covers basic material about Riemannian manifolds and Lorentz manifolds. An unusual feature of the book is the inclusion of an early chapter on the differential geometry of hyper-surfaces in Euclidean space. There is also a section that derives the exterior calculus version of Maxwell's equations. The first chapters of the book are suitable for a one-semester course on manifolds. There is more than enough material for a year-long course on manifolds and geometry.
Release

Differential Geometry of Curves and Surfaces

Revised and Updated Second Edition

Author: Manfredo P. do Carmo

Publisher: Courier Dover Publications

ISBN: 0486806995

Category: Mathematics

Page: 512

View: 4404

DOWNLOAD NOW »

One of the most widely used texts in its field, this volume introduces the differential geometry of curves and surfaces in both local and global aspects. The presentation departs from the traditional approach with its more extensive use of elementary linear algebra and its emphasis on basic geometrical facts rather than machinery or random details. Many examples and exercises enhance the clear, well-written exposition, along with hints and answers to some of the problems. The treatment begins with a chapter on curves, followed by explorations of regular surfaces, the geometry of the Gauss map, the intrinsic geometry of surfaces, and global differential geometry. Suitable for advanced undergraduates and graduate students of mathematics, this text's prerequisites include an undergraduate course in linear algebra and some familiarity with the calculus of several variables. For this second edition, the author has corrected, revised, and updated the entire volume.
Release

All the Mathematics You Missed

But Need to Know for Graduate School

Author: Thomas A. Garrity

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521797078

Category: Mathematics

Page: 347

View: 3598

DOWNLOAD NOW »

An essential resource for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students in quantitative subjects who need to quickly learn some serious mathematics.
Release

From Frenet to Cartan: The Method of Moving Frames

Author: Jeanne N. Clelland

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 1470429527

Category: Differential geometry -- Classical differential geometry -- Affine differential geometry

Page: 414

View: 9071

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The method of moving frames originated in the early nineteenth century with the notion of the Frenet frame along a curve in Euclidean space. Later, Darboux expanded this idea to the study of surfaces. The method was brought to its full power in the early twentieth century by Elie Cartan, and its development continues today with the work of Fels, Olver, and others. This book is an introduction to the method of moving frames as developed by Cartan, at a level suitable for beginning graduate students familiar with the geometry of curves and surfaces in Euclidean space. The main focus is on the use of this method to compute local geometric invariants for curves and surfaces in various 3-dimensional homogeneous spaces, including Euclidean, Minkowski, equi-affine, and projective spaces. Later chapters include applications to several classical problems in differential geometry, as well as an introduction to the nonhomogeneous case via moving frames on Riemannian manifolds. The book is written in a reader-friendly style, building on already familiar concepts from curves and surfaces in Euclidean space. A special feature of this book is the inclusion of detailed guidance regarding the use of the computer algebra system Maple™ to perform many of the computations involved in the exercises.
Release

Lectures on Classical Differential Geometry

Author: Dirk Jan Struik

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486656090

Category: Mathematics

Page: 232

View: 8647

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Elementary, yet authoritative and scholarly, this book offers an excellent brief introduction to the classical theory of differential geometry. It is aimed at advanced undergraduate and graduate students who will find it not only highly readable but replete with illustrations carefully selected to help stimulate the student's visual understanding of geometry. The text features an abundance of problems, most of which are simple enough for class use, and often convey an interesting geometrical fact. A selection of more difficult problems has been included to challenge the ambitious student. Written by a noted mathematician and historian of mathematics, this volume presents the fundamental conceptions of the theory of curves and surfaces and applies them to a number of examples. Dr. Struik has enhanced the treatment with copious historical, biographical, and bibliographical references that place the theory in context and encourage the student to consult original sources and discover additional important ideas there. For this second edition, Professor Struik made some corrections and added an appendix with a sketch of the application of Cartan's method of Pfaffians to curve and surface theory. The result was to further increase the merit of this stimulating, thought-provoking text — ideal for classroom use, but also perfectly suited for self-study. In this attractive, inexpensive paperback edition, it belongs in the library of any mathematician or student of mathematics interested in differential geometry.
Release

A Course in Minimal Surfaces

Author: Tobias H. Colding,William P. Minicozzi

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821853236

Category: Mathematics

Page: 313

View: 7164

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Minimal surfaces date back to Euler and Lagrange and the beginning of the calculus of variations. Many of the techniques developed have played key roles in geometry and partial differential equations. Examples include monotonicity and tangent cone analysis originating in the regularity theory for minimal surfaces, estimates for nonlinear equations based on the maximum principle arising in Bernstein's classical work, and even Lebesgue's definition of the integral that he developed in his thesis on the Plateau problem for minimal surfaces. This book starts with the classical theory of minimal surfaces and ends up with current research topics. Of the various ways of approaching minimal surfaces (from complex analysis, PDE, or geometric measure theory), the authors have chosen to focus on the PDE aspects of the theory. The book also contains some of the applications of minimal surfaces to other fields including low dimensional topology, general relativity, and materials science. The only prerequisites needed for this book are a basic knowledge of Riemannian geometry and some familiarity with the maximum principle.
Release