Cultural Networks in Migrating Heritage

Cultural Networks in Migrating Heritage

This book is a study of the role of cultural and heritage networks and how they can help institutions and their host societies manage the tensions and realise the opportunities arising from migration.

Author: Perla Innocenti

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317156376

Category: Art

Page: 180

View: 996

This book is a study of the role of cultural and heritage networks and how they can help institutions and their host societies manage the tensions and realise the opportunities arising from migration. In looking at past and emerging challenges of social inclusion and cultural dialogue, hybrid models of cultural identity, citizenship and national belonging, the study also sets out to answer the questions 'how'. How can cultural institutions leverage the power of cross-border networks in a contested place such as Europe today? How could they elaborate approaches and strategies based on cultural practices? How can the actions of the European Commission and relevant cultural bodies be strengthened, adapted or extended to meet these goals? Cultural Networks in Migrating Heritage will be of interest to scholars and students in museum and cultural heritage studies, visual arts, sociology of organisations and information studies. It will also be relevant to practitioners and policymakers from museums, libraries, NGOs and cultural institutions at large.
Categories: Art

Migrating Heritage

Migrating Heritage

Bringing together an international forum of experts, this book looks at how museums, libraries and further public cultural institutions respond to the effects of globalisation, mobility and migration across Europe.

Author: Perla Innocenti

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317096481

Category: Art

Page: 332

View: 718

Bringing together an international forum of experts, this book looks at how museums, libraries and further public cultural institutions respond to the effects of globalisation, mobility and migration across Europe. It puts forward examples of innovative practice and policies that reflect these challenges, looking at issues such as how cultural institutions present themselves to and interact with multicultural audiences, how to support networking across European institutions, and share practice in core activities such as archiving interpreting and exhibiting artefacts. Academics, practitioners from museums and public institutions and policymakers explore theoretical and practical approaches from a range of different disciplines such as museum and cultural heritage studies, cultural memory studies, social anthropology, sociology of organizations, cultural heritage management and cultural heritage informatics.
Categories: Art

Cultural Networks in Migrating Heritage

Cultural Networks in Migrating Heritage

List of Figures Note on the Author Acknowledgements Introduction: Cultural and Heritage Networks in an Age of Migrations 1 Migrating Heritage 2 Cultural ...

Author: Perla Innocenti

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317156369

Category: Art

Page: 180

View: 954

This book is a study of the role of cultural and heritage networks and how they can help institutions and their host societies manage the tensions and realise the opportunities arising from migration. In looking at past and emerging challenges of social inclusion and cultural dialogue, hybrid models of cultural identity, citizenship and national belonging, the study also sets out to answer the questions 'how'. How can cultural institutions leverage the power of cross-border networks in a contested place such as Europe today? How could they elaborate approaches and strategies based on cultural practices? How can the actions of the European Commission and relevant cultural bodies be strengthened, adapted or extended to meet these goals? Cultural Networks in Migrating Heritage will be of interest to scholars and students in museum and cultural heritage studies, visual arts, sociology of organisations and information studies. It will also be relevant to practitioners and policymakers from museums, libraries, NGOs and cultural institutions at large.
Categories: Art

Museums Refugees and Communities

Museums  Refugees and Communities

Museums and Communities in an Age of Migration: Diversity, Dialogue and Collaboration, ... Migrating Heritage: Experiences of Cultural Networks and Cultural ...

Author: Domenico Sergi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429620843

Category: Art

Page: 160

View: 172

Museums, Refugees and Communities explores the ways in which museums in Germany, The Netherlands and the UK have responded to the complexities and ethical dilemmas involved in discussing the reasons for, and issues surrounding, contemporary refugee displacements. Building upon an ethnographic study carried out in the UK with refugees from the Democratic Republic of Congo, the book explores how object-led approaches can inspire new ways of thinking about and analysing refugees’ experiences and European museums’ work with their communities. Enlarging the developing body of research on museums’ increasing engagement with human rights and focusing in particular on the social, cultural and practical dimensions of community engagement practices with refugees, the book also aims to inform growing debates on museums as sites of activism. Museums, Refugees and Communities offers an innovative and interdisciplinary examination of museum work with and about refugees. As such, it should appeal to researchers, academics and students engaged in the study of museums, heritage, migration, ethics, community engagement, culture, sociology and anthropology.
Categories: Art

Dissonant Heritages and Memories in Contemporary Europe

Dissonant Heritages and Memories in Contemporary Europe

This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license This open access book discusses political, economic, social, and humanitarian challenges that influence both how people deal with their past and how they build their identities in ...

Author: Tuuli Lähdesmäki

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783030114640

Category: Collective memory

Page: 294

View: 744

This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license This open access book discusses political, economic, social, and humanitarian challenges that influence both how people deal with their past and how they build their identities in contemporary Europe. Ongoing debates on migration, on local, national, inter- and transnational levels, prove that it is a divisive issue with regards to understanding European integration and identity. At the same time, the European Union increasingly invests in projects related to European heritage, museums, and cultural memory networks, while having to take dissonant heritages into account. These processes in their combination offer an interesting dynamic and form the complex puzzle that poses challenging questions for anyone involved in academic research, heritage practices, and policy debates. With this puzzle at its core, this book explicitly focuses on slippery and transforming notions of Europe and critically discusses ongoing and transforming power structures of heritage and memory in today's Europe. The book combines theoretical and methodological contributions to the debates on European heritage and memory studies and in-depth analyses of empirical case studies. Its main aim is to bring research fields concerning memory and heritage into a closer dialogue and thus explore the cultural and political dynamics of contemporary Europe. Tuuli Lähdesmäki is Adjunct Professor/Docent of Art History and Senior Researcher in the Department of Music, Art and Culture Studies at the University of Jyväskylä, Finland. Luisa Passerini is Professor Emerita of History in the Department of History and Civilization at the European University Institute, Italy. She was formerly Professor in Cultural History, Department of History at the University of Turin, Italy. Sigrid Kaasik-Krogerus is Postdoctoral Researcher in the Department of Music, Art and Culture Studies at the University of Jyväskylä, Finland. Iris van Huis (PhD) is Lecturer in Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences at the University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
Categories: Collective memory

Labor Migration and Intangible Cultural Heritage in Postsocialist Rural Romania

Labor Migration and Intangible Cultural Heritage in Postsocialist Rural Romania

Through the story - a companion of human life and culture for millennia, people living in peasant cultures become involuntary agents of safeguarding rural culture in general and mummers' plays in particular and make their traditions cross ...

Author: Alin Rus

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1055556077

Category:

Page:

View: 400

The processes of industrialization and modernization, as well as those emerging from them, have produced radical changes in the lifestyle of the peasantry. These transformations went hand in hand with the degradation of community lifestyle and of the customs it contained. Among the many rituals performed by rural communities, this dissertation focuses on mummers' plays. The present paper is an attempt to outline a brief history of mummers' plays beginning with an age when they were simple community rituals and going to the recent decades when they entered a rapid decline, and when state institutions together with international organizations such as UNESCO introduced projects meant to safeguard them. Based on an extensive field research in Iași County, Eastern Romania, where peasant customary communities are still active today this dissertation takes a path different from most of the peasant studies that preceded it. It focuses on peasant mummers' plays in two rural settlements and scrutinizes them in relation to the peasant economy and the peasant system of values specific to the rural universe. It analyzes their role in cementing peasant social networks and their contribution to the dynamic of peasant communities and culture. At the same time, this dissertation embraces a global perspective and observes closely the transformation of rural customary communities' forms of culture under the great transformations inflicted during the last seven decades by modernization and the advent of modern forms of entertainment (sports competitions, TV, internet, computer games). Being more appealing to people, these have replaced mummers' plays in the human consciousness despite mummers' success in small-scale agricultural societies throughout centuries. Nevertheless, of all the realities produced by the Industrial Revolution, international labor migration has proven to be the most corrosive, leading not only to the erosion of rural customary communities but also of their forms of culture such as mummers' plays. These transformations of rural culture have become very visible and have been observed by folklorists, state authorities, and the peasants themselves. Unfortunately, the methods implemented for safeguarding rural culture are not always appropriate to the rural culture intended to be safeguarded, or to rural communities themselves. At least in the former communist countries of Eastern Europe, the methods most often used to patrimonialize mummers' plays have been folklore festivals (Cash 2012). Far from being perfect tools, these festivals involve political, economic, and power relations to which peasants are always subordinate. The close follow-up of these processes shows that, just as peasants take the path of cities in search of better resources, their traditions, too, migrate to the cities through three processes: festivalization, urbanization, mass-mediatization. Thus, peasants' rituals like mummers' plays turn into simple consumer items devoured by spectators through TV broadcasts and Facebook-like social networks. I used the Bourdieuan symbolic violence concept to show how, by participating in such festivals, the peasants themselves not only become the victims of an external aggression directed against their own culture but also active agents of this transformation and of the processes that lead to their subordination. In contrast to this type of patrimonialization, accompanied by symbolic violence, the dissipation of peasant culture through international labor migration has actually spread this culture across all the major cities and countries of the world. Through the story - a companion of human life and culture for millennia, people living in peasant cultures become involuntary agents of safeguarding rural culture in general and mummers' plays in particular and make their traditions cross the borders of the small rural locality where they were born, to finally become transnational cultural forms. Employing a series of anthropological methods and strategies - ranging from historical analysis, archive study, participant observation, unstructured interviews, life histories, to visual methods such as filming, taking pictures of winter rural rituals, and photo elicitation, I aim at analyzing and understanding a "social arena" (Bourdieu 1993) mined by the ambiguities and ambivalences of peasants' commitments and apprehensions concerning the promotion/practices of intangible cultural heritage forms. Simultaneously, I aim at understanding the way intangible cultural heritage is produced, promoted and contested in a postsocialist landscape of inequalities, the restructuring of the old community values, and the intensive labor migration to Western Europe, dramatically depleting the local peasant populations and the social fabric where such rituals used to be anchored in the past.
Categories:

Heritage Diaspora and the Consumption of Culture

Heritage  Diaspora and the Consumption of Culture

Using an interdisciplinary and transhistorical framework this book examines the cultural, material, and symbolic articulations of Irish migration relationships from the medieval period through to the contemporary post-Celtic Tiger era.

Author: Diane Sabenacio Nititham

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317122289

Category: Social Science

Page: 260

View: 432

Using an interdisciplinary and transhistorical framework this book examines the cultural, material, and symbolic articulations of Irish migration relationships from the medieval period through to the contemporary post-Celtic Tiger era. With attention to people’s different uses of social space, relationships with and memories of the landscape, as well as their symbolic expressions of diasporic identity, Heritage, Diaspora and the Consumption of Culture examines the different forms of diaspora over time and contributes to contemporary debates on home, foreignness, globalization and consumption. By examining various movements of people into and out of Ireland, the book explores how expressions of cultural capital and symbolic power have changed over time in the Irish collective imagination, shedding light on the ways in which Ireland is represented and Irish culture consumed and materialized overseas. Arranged around the themes of home and location, identity and material culture, and global culture and consumption, this collection brings together the work of scholars from the UK, Ireland, Europe, the US and Canada, to explore the ways in which the processes of movement affect the people’s negotiation and contestation of concepts of identity, the local and the global. As such, it will appeal to scholars working in fields such as sociology, politics, cultural studies, history and archaeology, with interests in migration, gender studies, diasporic identities, heritage and material culture.
Categories: Social Science

Dutch Colonialism Migration and Cultural Heritage

Dutch Colonialism  Migration and Cultural Heritage

... avoid captivity and enslavement would form a 'substantial diaspora' that 'became the backbone of a trading network which remained outside dutch control' ...

Author: Geert Oostindie

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004253889

Category: Social Science

Page: 374

View: 223

Migration flows in the former Dutch colonial orbit created an intricate web connecting the Netherlands to Africa, Asia and the Americas; Africa to the Americas and to Asia; in the nineteenth century Asia to the Americas, with, in the post-Second World War period, the direction of migration shifting to the Netherlands. Some of these migrations were voluntary, others were forced; they helped to create colonial societies that were never typically Dutch, but did have Dutch characteristics. Power imbalance, ethnic differences and creolization characterized the cultural configuration of these colonial societies. This book, with contributions by a number of Dutch scholars, provides state-of-the-art discussions on these migration histories. In addition, it presents reflections on the ways this past and its repercussions are remembered (or forgotten, or actively silenced) throughout the former colonial empire.
Categories: Social Science

Art and migration

Art and migration

This collection offers a response to the view that migration disrupts national heritage.

Author: Bénédicte Miyamoto

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9781526149695

Category: Art

Page: 336

View: 545

This collection offers a response to the view that migration disrupts national heritage. Investigating the mediation provided by migrant art, it asks how we can rethink art history in a way that uproots its reliance on space and place as stable definitions of style. Beginning with an invaluable overview of migration studies terminology and concepts, Art and migration opens dialogues between academics of art history and migrations studies through a series of essays and interviews. It also re-evaluates the cultural understanding of borders and revisits the contours of the art world – a supposedly globalised community re-assessed here as structurally bordered by art market dynamics, career constraints, gatekeeping and patronage networks.
Categories: Art

Introduction to International Arts Management

Introduction to International Arts Management

This book explains and critically examines how arts managers from more than 40 countries across the world respond to the various phenomena of globalisation, digitalisation and migration.

Author: Raphaela Henze

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783658192747

Category: Social Science

Page: 221

View: 259

This book explains and critically examines how arts managers from more than 40 countries across the world respond to the various phenomena of globalisation, digitalisation and migration. It also analyses the manner in which cultural institutions become more international in nature. Real-life case studies and experiences from numerous practitioners as well as an international comparison of those specific challenges and opportunities illuminate how practicing in international and transcultural contexts is now inevitable. This book presents the basic concepts, theories and terminology required for this kind of work in addition to providing an overview of the daily tasks and challenges involved. It will be of interest to practicing and aspiring arts managers who wish to develop a further understanding of the complex way in which the field is developing.
Categories: Social Science

Public Policy and Immigrant Settlement

Public Policy and Immigrant Settlement

This book presents a unique analysis of entrepreneurship theory development, along with a single industry, cross-national study of entrepreneurship illustrating the impact of values from contrasting cultures.

Author: Deborah A. Cobb-Clark

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781781007556

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 195

View: 838

The Entrepreneurial Culture highlights the subtle yet powerful influence of national cultural heritage on entrepreneurship ventures, using an alternative and fresh approach to explore the entrepreneurial culture of Chinese and Irish software firms. This book presents a unique analysis of entrepreneurship theory development, along with a single industry, cross-national study of entrepreneurship illustrating the impact of values from contrasting cultures.
Categories: Business & Economics

The East Asian Mediterranean

The East Asian Mediterranean

The papers in this volume have been arranged according to thematical sections, that is "Mediterranean Seas - from East Asia to East Africa", "Merchants and merchant networks", "Commodities and transport", and finally "Trade parameters and ...

Author: Angela Schottenhammer

Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag

ISBN: 3447058099

Category: History

Page: 402

View: 671

The present volume is a collection of papers originally presented for the concluding conference of the research project The East Asian 'Mediterranean' entitled "The East Asian 'Mediterranean' - Maritime Crossroads of Culture, Commerce and Human Migration" and held at Munich University from November 2-3, 2007. The papers in this volume have been arranged according to thematical sections, that is "Mediterranean Seas - from East Asia to East Africa", "Merchants and merchant networks", "Commodities and transport", and finally "Trade parameters and perceptions" - each section covering a different aspect of trade, diplomacy and perceptions across and within the East Asian and Asian waters. In order to show the variety and the different qualities of interaction and exchange relations we have selected case studies with a main focus lying on Sino-Japanese, Sino-Ryukyuan, and Japanese-Korean relations as well as the involvement of Muslim merchants in the Asian waters. The volume in particular tries to draw the readers' attention to the necessity and the advantages of international cooperation and interaction investigating topics of Asian history.
Categories: History

Dissonant Heritages and Memories in Contemporary Europe

Dissonant Heritages and Memories in Contemporary Europe

This work was published by Saint Philip Street Press pursuant to a Creative Commons license permitting commercial use. All rights not granted by the work's license are retained by the author or authors.

Author: Iris van Huis

Publisher:

ISBN: 1013276590

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 416

This open access book discusses political, economic, social, and humanitarian challenges that influence both how people deal with their past and how they build their identities in contemporary Europe. Ongoing debates on migration, on local, national, inter- and transnational levels, prove that it is a divisive issue with regards to understanding European integration and identity. At the same time, the European Union increasingly invests in projects related to European heritage, museums, and cultural memory networks, while having to take dissonant heritages into account. These processes in their combination offer an interesting dynamic and form the complex puzzle that poses challenging questions for anyone involved in academic research, heritage practices, and policy debates. With this puzzle at its core, this book explicitly focuses on slippery and transforming notions of Europe and critically discusses ongoing and transforming power structures of heritage and memory in today's Europe. The book combines theoretical and methodological contributions to the debates on European heritage and memory studies and in-depth analyses of empirical case studies. Its main aim is to bring research fields concerning memory and heritage into a closer dialogue and thus explore the cultural and political dynamics of contemporary Europe. This work was published by Saint Philip Street Press pursuant to a Creative Commons license permitting commercial use. All rights not granted by the work's license are retained by the author or authors.
Categories: Social Science

Dissonant Heritages and Memories in Contemporary Europe

Dissonant Heritages and Memories in Contemporary Europe

This work was published by Saint Philip Street Press pursuant to a Creative Commons license permitting commercial use. All rights not granted by the work's license are retained by the author or authors.

Author: Iris van Huis

Publisher:

ISBN: 1013276582

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 702

This open access book discusses political, economic, social, and humanitarian challenges that influence both how people deal with their past and how they build their identities in contemporary Europe. Ongoing debates on migration, on local, national, inter- and transnational levels, prove that it is a divisive issue with regards to understanding European integration and identity. At the same time, the European Union increasingly invests in projects related to European heritage, museums, and cultural memory networks, while having to take dissonant heritages into account. These processes in their combination offer an interesting dynamic and form the complex puzzle that poses challenging questions for anyone involved in academic research, heritage practices, and policy debates. With this puzzle at its core, this book explicitly focuses on slippery and transforming notions of Europe and critically discusses ongoing and transforming power structures of heritage and memory in today's Europe. The book combines theoretical and methodological contributions to the debates on European heritage and memory studies and in-depth analyses of empirical case studies. Its main aim is to bring research fields concerning memory and heritage into a closer dialogue and thus explore the cultural and political dynamics of contemporary Europe. This work was published by Saint Philip Street Press pursuant to a Creative Commons license permitting commercial use. All rights not granted by the work's license are retained by the author or authors.
Categories: Social Science

Chinese Women and Their Cultural and Network Capitals

Chinese Women and Their Cultural and Network Capitals

And although the role social networks play in facilitating migration is well ... etc ) , and past - oriented heritage identity ( “ Chineseness ” ) ( see ...

Author: Kuah-Pearce Khun Eng

Publisher: Marshall Cavendish Academic

ISBN: STANFORD:36105114128239

Category: Social Science

Page: 271

View: 258

Women rely on social and network capital both within their own community and, especially for those who have migrated to another country, outside of their native social environment. In both cases, whenever possible, they would rely on the traditional network resources, but if they are unable to do so, then they create new sets of network capital to further their own needs. To do so, they need to have some form of social capital, and this comes in the form of knowledge, skills, and social relationships. The objective of this book is to explore how Chinese women create social and network capital and use these resources to further their own interests in social and economic positions as well as to cope and adapt to a rapidly changing environment today.
Categories: Social Science

Connected But to What

Connected  But to What

Arjun Appadurai (1996) locates cross-border migrations of people and media as the 'core' of globalization's complex connectedness.

Author: Erika Polson

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:505258700

Category:

Page:

View: 420

Arjun Appadurai (1996) locates cross-border migrations of people and media as the 'core' of globalization's complex connectedness. Scholarship at this core has shown that questions of belonging and identity can be closely related to media practices, and that media-production by people living outside of an originating 'homeland' involves strategic and multivalent processes that can lead to new 'hybrid' and transnational identities. However, in the large body of work that has developed at this nexus, a burgeoning group of migrants is almost completely omitted: middle class migrants who, whether as corporate professionals or cultural experience-seekers, or both, go from global city to global city, remaining just a few years in each site and weaving complicated social networks along the way. These people are unique to studies of migration because they are not a bounded 'population' group, are from ethnically and nationally diverse backgrounds, and their movements are characterized by continual migration. Such characteristics are outside the boundaries of traditional research conceptions that categorize migrants by ethnic, religious or national/regional heritage and often imagine a more stable and linear migration wherein people migrate from 'country A' to 'country B' to put down roots in the new land, even while continuing the connections to the homeland or with a Diaspora. This ethnographic dissertation takes the 'global city' of Paris as a case study, to interpret how a population of 'international people' comes together through combined use of online and offline mediated spaces. By accessing web-based groups such as those hosted by 'meet-up.com, ' it's possible to move to Paris, not know anybody, and have a social event to go to almost every night of the week. While certainly many people arrive in a foreign city and immediately immerse themselves in the local cohort of their co-nationals, this study focused on those who specifically sought to become a part of a broader 'international community, ' by joining web groups thus-named. In the introduction to a collection of essays on contested identities, Caldas-Couthard & Iedema (2008) write: 'For the deterritorialized self, social coherence is pursued through more and more intense and dynamic forms of communication, seeking to create and recreate a sense of interactive place, however temporary' (p. 2). My project analyzes a portal to that temporary community, where the floating self can touch down in a space of belonging Critical studies of migration and media have focused on important efforts to 'provide a voice' to marginalized migrant groups, but most have not taken into account the large and increasingly ethnically diverse population of middle class migrants also moving in transnational space. That privileged migrants remain 'under the radar' attests to the naturalized status of 'elites' both in academic and public discourse, a practice that overlooks an opportunity to develop new and broader frameworks for understanding social changes accompanying increased geographic mobility and the role of media use herein. Interestingly, my interpretations of the Paris international community did not indicate that its participants were 'elite' but rather that they were mainly middle class migrating people whose cultural capital (knowledge of several languages, repertoire of 'experiences' abroad, etc.) allowed them to demonstrate a certain 'elite-ness' that was not materially based. By contributing a new perspective on how new communications technologies shape and are shaped by social practices developed in the transnational spaces of globalization, as well as uncovering modes of belonging, experience, and practice that, while crossing previously-imagined boundaries, are also erecting new ones, this project provides broader understanding of the actual practices that make up a 'global network society.'
Categories:

The Cultural Heritage of a Tribal Society

The Cultural Heritage of a Tribal Society

With reference to Adi tribes of Arunachal Pradesh.

Author: Jogendar Nath

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015052007849

Category: Adi (Indic People)

Page: 202

View: 856

With reference to Adi tribes of Arunachal Pradesh.
Categories: Adi (Indic People)

Intergenerational Consequences of Lifestyle Migration

Intergenerational Consequences of Lifestyle Migration

This book explores the adaptation processes of German-speaking immigrants and their descendants into New Zealand’s predominantly Anglophone society.

Author: Irmengard K. Wohlfart

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789811032608

Category: Social Science

Page: 262

View: 923

This book explores the adaptation processes of German-speaking immigrants and their descendants into New Zealand’s predominantly Anglophone society. Specifically, it considers the experiences and long-term consequences of the migration of more affluent European immigrants to New Zealand, where migration was predominantly a lifestyle choice. A comprehensive four-year study adds insights into the social integration and assimilation processes of the immigrants and their descendants, including intercultural marriage behaviour, work and educational achievements and community enrichments. It also considers the institutional and social reception of these immigrants and their children in New Zealand, and the effects these have had on them. Nexus Analysis reveals that strong motives for lifestyle migration enabled the immigrants to cope with unexpected institutional setbacks in New Zealand, and finds both shifts and maintenance in language and culture, and explores feelings of belonging and identities across three generations.
Categories: Social Science

The DigiCULT Report

The DigiCULT Report

To link up with new cultural heritage organisations and infrastructures , i.e. cultural networks and portals is an option for all institutions in the sector ...

Author: Andrea Mulrenin

Publisher:

ISBN: IND:30000095844761

Category: Archival materials

Page: 321

View: 661

Categories: Archival materials