Cultivating Biodiversity to Transform Agriculture

Cultivating Biodiversity to Transform Agriculture

Étienne Hainzelin Even though biodiversity is a relatively new concept, it is now
widely acknowledged to represent all the creativity of life on our planet.
According to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD 1992), it encompasses
all 'living ...

Author: Étienne Hainzelin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400779846

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 261

View: 879

How can cultivated plant biodiversity contribute to the transformation and the "ecologization" of agriculture in Southern countries? Based on extensive field work in the Southern countries, a great deal of scientific progress is presented in all areas affecting agriculture (agronomy, plant breeding and crop protection, cultivation systems, etc.) in order to intensify the ecological processes in cultivated plots and at the scale of rural landscapes.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Cultivating Biodiversity

Cultivating Biodiversity

The book draws on the experience of farmers' own enterprises, combining superior production along with enhancement of biological diversity.

Author: H. C. Brookfield

Publisher: Intermediate Technology

ISBN: UOM:39015056811089

Category: Science

Page: 292

View: 810

The book draws on the experience of farmers' own enterprises, combining superior production along with enhancement of biological diversity. It is based on work in 12 countries with collaborating scientists and farmers, showing how its authors perceive and quantitatively analyse agrodiversity, and how they work together with farmers.
Categories: Science

Managing Biodiversity in Agricultural Ecosystems

Managing Biodiversity in Agricultural Ecosystems

Quantitative methods for the analysis of agrodiversity . In H. Brookfield , C.
Padoch , H. Parsons , and M. Stocking , eds . , Cultivating Biodiversity :
Understanding , Analysing and Using Agricultural Diversity , 78-95 . London :
ITDG Publishing .

Author: Devra Ivy Jarvis

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 023113648X

Category: Nature

Page: 492

View: 438

Describes how farmers manage, maintain, and benefit from biodiversity in agricultural production systems. Includes the most recent research and developments in the maintenance of local diversity at the genetic, species, and ecosystem levels.
Categories: Nature

Human Exploitation and Biodiversity Conservation

Human Exploitation and Biodiversity Conservation

Household level agrobiodiversity assessment. In: Brookfield H. and Padoch C. (
eds), Cultivating Biodiversity – Understanding, Analysing and Using Agricultural
diversity. ITDG Publishing, London pp.70– 77. Keping M. 1994. The
measurement ...

Author: David L. Hawksworth

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402052835

Category: Science

Page: 514

View: 249

This book presents a wide range of contributions addressing diverse aspects of biodiversity exploitation and conservation. These collectively provide a snapshot of ongoing action and state-of-the-art research, rather than a series of necessarily more superficial overviews. Examples presented here derive from studies in 17 countries including Africa, Asia, Europe, and North and South America. These reports will stimulate future work toward attaining a sustainable balance between the conservation and exploitation of biodiversity.
Categories: Science

Shifting Cultivation and Environmental Change

Shifting Cultivation and Environmental Change

References Brookfield, H., Padoch, C., Parson, H. and Stocking, M. (2003)
Cultivating Biodiversity: Understanding, Analysing and Using Agricultural
Diversity, Intermediate Technology Development Group, London Bruun,T. B.,
Neergaard, A., ...

Author: Malcolm F. Cairns

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317750192

Category: Nature

Page: 1032

View: 758

Shifting cultivation is one of the oldest forms of subsistence agriculture and is still practised by millions of poor people in the tropics. Typically it involves clearing land (often forest) for the growing of crops for a few years, and then moving on to new sites, leaving the earlier ground fallow to regain its soil fertility. This book brings together the best of science and farmer experimentation, vividly illustrating the enormous diversity of shifting cultivation systems as well as the power of human ingenuity. Some critics have tended to disparage shifting cultivation (sometimes called 'swidden cultivation' or 'slash-and-burn agriculture') as unsustainable due to its supposed role in deforestation and land degradation. However, the book shows that such indigenous practices, as they have evolved over time, can be highly adaptive to land and ecology. In contrast, 'scientific' agricultural solutions imposed from outside can be far more damaging to the environment and local communities. The book focuses on successful agricultural strategies of upland farmers, particularly in south and south-east Asia, and presents over 50 contributions by scholars from around the world and from various disciplines, including agricultural economics, ecology and anthropology. It is a sequel to the much praised "Voices from the Forest: Integrating Indigenous Knowledge into Sustainable Upland Farming" (RFF Press, 2007), but all chapters are completely new and there is a greater emphasis on the contemporary challenges of climate change and biodiversity conservation.
Categories: Nature

Mountain Area Research and Management

Mountain Area Research and Management

Brookfield, H., Padoch, C., Parsons, H. and Stocking, M. (eds) (2002) Cultivating
Biodiversity: Understanding, Analysing and Using Agricultural Diversity, London,
ITDG Brookfield, H., Parsons, H. and Brookfield, M. (eds) (2003) Agrodiversity: ...

Author: Martin F. Price

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136560996

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 336

View: 227

This book brings together scientists and practitioners from five continents to present their experience in undertaking activities that contribute to our understanding and informed management of mountain areas. In particular, they address the challenges of working in interdisciplinary teams and of effectively involving stakeholders. The result is a powerful book that integrates research from different disciplines in the natural and social sciences, and in some cases indigenous knowledge, to address the question of how knowledge is gained about mountain areas and how can it be integrated and used in effective management. A comprehensive introduction covers the challenges in mountain area research and management, and the need for integrated approaches. This is followed by chapters that look at key areas of mountain research and management over the past 25 years, covering inter-and trans-disciplinary research, subsistence cultures and sustainable development, innovations in watershed management and biodiversity conservation. Subsequent chapters cover key areas of research and management on five continents with a focus on comparison of common challenges and solutions across regions. The concluding chapter brings these experiences together. Published with Parks Canada
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Proceedings of the Norway UNEP Expert Conference on Biodiversity 24 28 May 1993

Proceedings of the Norway UNEP Expert Conference on Biodiversity  24 28 May 1993

Cultivating Biodiversity : From Reports to Action not an absolute fact . It is a
product of monocultures of the mind ( Shiva 1993 ) . In the perspective of diversity
, monocultures give lower yields and are more vulnerable to disease and pest ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015037860866

Category: Biodiversity conservation

Page: 190

View: 614

Categories: Biodiversity conservation

Green Gone Wrong

Green Gone Wrong

Cultivating biodiversity is just as central to this agricultural practice as cultivating
food. Integral to the holistic farming of the Dayaks of Pareh is land management
in which the forest at once belongs to everyone and no one. No individuals “own”
 ...

Author: Heather Rogers

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1439176477

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 874

In Green Gone Wrong environmental writer Heather Rogers blasts through the marketing buzz of big corporations and asks a simple question: Do today’s much-touted "green" products—carbon offsets, organic food, biofuels, and eco-friendly cars and homes—really work? Implicit in efforts to go green is the promise that global warming can be stopped by swapping out dirty goods for "clean" ones. But can earth-friendly products really save the planet? This far-reaching, riveting narrative explores how the most readily available solutions to environmental crisis may be disastrously off the mark. Rogers travels the world tracking how the conversion from a "petro" to a "green" society affects the most fundamental aspects of life—food, shelter, and transportation. Reporting from some of the most remote places on earth, Rogers uncovers shocking results that include massive clear-cutting, destruction of native ecosystems, and grinding poverty. Relying simply on market forces, people with good intentions wanting to just "do something" to help the planet are left feeling confused and powerless. Green Gone Wrong reveals a fuller story, taking the reader into forests, fields, factories, and boardrooms around the world to draw out the unintended consequences, inherent obstacles, and successes of eco-friendly consumption. What do the labels "USDA Certified Organic" and "Fair Trade" really mean on a vast South American export-driven organic farm? A superlow-energy "eco-village" in Germany’s Black Forest demonstrates that green homes dramatically shrink energy use, so why aren’t we using this technology in America? The decisions made in Detroit’s executive suites have kept Americans driving gas-guzzling automobiles for decades, even as U.S. automakers have European models that clock twice the mpg. Why won’t they sell these cars domestically? And what does carbon offsetting really mean when projects can so easily fail? In one case thousands of trees planted in drought-plagued Southern India withered and died, releasing any CO2 they were meant to neutralize. Expertly reported, this gripping exposé pieces together a global picture of what’s happening in the name of today’s environmentalism. Green Gone Wrong speaks to anyone interested in climate change and the future of the natural world, as well as those who want to act but are caught not knowing who, or what, to believe to protect the planet. Rogers casts a sober eye on what’s working and what’s not, fearlessly pushing ahead the debate over how to protect the planet.
Categories: Political Science

Green Gone Wrong Dispatches from the Front Lines of Eco Capitalism

Green Gone Wrong  Dispatches from the Front Lines of Eco Capitalism

Cultivating biodiversity is just as central to this agricultural practice as cultivating
food. Integral to the holistic farming of the Dayaks of Pareh is land management
in which the forest at once belongs to everyone and no one. No individuals “own”
 ...

Author: Heather Rogers

Publisher: Verso Books

ISBN: 9781844679010

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 488

Argues that environmental problems can't be solved by ethical consumerism.
Categories: Business & Economics

Cultivating an Ecological Conscience

Cultivating an Ecological Conscience

Organic farms, treated as isolated enclaves, cannot maintain the rich biodiversity
necessary for a healthy farm, any more than an isolated wilderness can preserve
the biodiversity of a healthy ecosystem. If we hope to create an agriculture that ...

Author: Frederick L. Kirschenmann

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 9780813139586

Category: Nature

Page: 420

View: 824

Theologian, academic, and third-generation organic farmer Frederick L. Kirschenmann is a celebrated agricultural thinker. In the last thirty years he has tirelessly promoted the principles of sustainability and has become a legend in his own right. Cultivating an Ecological Conscience: Essays from a Farmer Philosopher documents Kirschenmann's evolution and his lifelong contributions to the new agrarianism in a collection of his greatest writings on farming, philosophy, and sustainability. Working closely with agricultural economist and editor Constance L. Falk, Kirschenmann recounts his intellectual and spiritual journey. In a unique blend of personal history, philosophical discourse, spiritual ruminations, and practical advice, Kirschenmann interweaves his insights with discussion of contemporary agrarian topics. This collection serves as an invaluable resource to agrarian scholars and introduces readers to an agricultural pioneer whose work has profoundly influenced modern thinking about food.
Categories: Nature

Trade Food Security and Human Rights

Trade  Food Security  and Human Rights

haRoLd BRookFIeLd eT aL., Cultivating Biodiversity: Setting the Scene, in
cuLTIvaTIng dIveRsITy: undeRsTandIng, anaLyzIng and usIng agRIcuLTuRaL
dIveRsITy 7 (2002). edwaRd cLay, Food Aid, Development, and Food Security, ...

Author: Dr Ying Chen

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9781472437426

Category: Law

Page: 256

View: 863

The author argues here that there is no absolute food shortage and that distorted agricultural trade which undermines world food distribution is a vital and overlooked factor. The book looks at EU and US agricultural policies and World Trade Organization negotiations in agriculture and proposes that the international trade regime reconciles trade rules with the consideration of food security issues. Several other enforceable solutions to reduce world hunger and malnutrition are also advanced, including national capacity building, the improvement of governance, and strategic development of biofuel programs.
Categories: Law

The Impact of Plant Breeders Rights in Developing Countries

The Impact of Plant Breeders  Rights in Developing Countries

Hardon , J . ( 1993 ) , “ Farmers and Crop Development : Introduction to the
Community Biodiversity Development and Conservation ( CBDC ) Programme ” .
In : Van der Heide , Wieneke , Cultivating Biodiversity . Seminar report , 12
November ...

Author: walter Jaffe & Jeroen van Wijk

Publisher: IICA Biblioteca Venezuela

ISBN:

Category:

Page:

View: 371

Categories:

Our Forest Your Ecosystem Their Timber

Our Forest  Your Ecosystem  Their Timber

Biodiversity as a Product of Smallholder Responses to Change in Amazonia. In H
. Brookfield, C. Padoch, H. Parsons, and M. Stocking, eds., Cultivating
Biodiversity: Understanding, Analysing, and Using Agricultural Diversity, 167–78.
London: ...

Author: Nicholas K. Menzies

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231510233

Category: Nature

Page: 280

View: 749

Community-based forest management (CBFM) is a model of forest management in which a community takes part in decision making and implementation, and monitoring of activities affecting the natural resources around them. CBFM provides a framework for a community members to secure access to the products and services that flow from the landscape in which they live and has become an essential component of any comprehensive approach to forest management. In this volume, Nicholas K. Menzies looks at communities in China, Zanzibar, Brazil, and India where, despite differences in landscape, climate, politics, and culture, common challenges and themes arise in making a transition from forest management by government agencies to CBFM. The stories of these four distinct places highlight the difficulties communities face when trying to manage their forests and negotiate partnerships with others interested in forest management, such as the commercial forest sector or conservation and environmental organizations. These issues are then considered against a growing body of research concerning what constitutes successful CBFM. Drawing on published and unpublished case studies, project reports, and his own rich experience, Menzies analyzes how CBFM fits into the broader picture of the management of natural resources, highlighting the conditions that bring about effective practices and the most just and equitable stewardship of resources. A critical companion for students, researchers, and practitioners, Our Forest, Your Ecosystem, Their Timber provides a singular resource on the emergence and evolution of CBFM.
Categories: Nature

Norway UNEP Expert Conference on Biodiversity 24 28 May 1993

Norway UNEP Expert Conference on Biodiversity  24 28 May 1993

The duality between conservation and production , ecology and economics , and
wild and cultivated biodiversity is artificial . Cultivating biodiversity stresses that
biodiversity conservation is a challenge for changing production systems .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015037860874

Category: Biodiversity conservation

Page: 22

View: 630

Categories: Biodiversity conservation

Time and Complexity in Historical Ecology

Time and Complexity in Historical Ecology

Cultivating Biodiversity: Understanding, Analyzing, and Using Agricultural
Diversity. New York: United Nations University/United Nations Environmental
Program, Columbia University Press. Carneiro, R. L. 1995. The history of
ecological ...

Author: William L. Balée

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231509619

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 861

This collection of studies by anthropologists, botanists, ecologists, and biologists is an important contribution to the emerging field of historical ecology. The book combines cutting-edge research with new perspectives to emphasize the close relationship between humans and their natural environment. Contributors examine how alterations in the natural world mirror human cultures, societies, and languages. Treating the landscape like a text, these researchers decipher patterns and meaning in the Ecuadorian Andes, Amazonia, the desert coast of Peru, and other regions in the neotropics. They show how local peoples have changed the landscape over time to fit their needs by managing and modifying species diversity, enhancing landscape heterogeneity, and controlling ecological disturbance. In turn, the environment itself becomes a form of architecture rich with historical and archaeological significance. Time and Complexity in Historical Ecology explores thousands of years of ecological history while also addressing important contemporary issues, such as biodiversity and genetic variation and change. Engagingly written and expertly researched, this book introduces and exemplifies a unique method for better understanding the link between humans and the biosphere.
Categories: Science

African Biodiversity

African Biodiversity

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105011605669

Category: Biodiversity conservation

Page: 149

View: 790

Categories: Biodiversity conservation

Fifty Key Thinkers on Development

Fifty Key Thinkers on Development

... Environment 36(5): 6-45. Brookfield, H.C., Padoch, C., Parsons, H. and
Stocking, M. (2002) Cultivating Biodiversity, London: Intermediate Technology
Publishing. Brookfield, H.C., Parsons, H. and Brookfield, M. (2003) Agrodiversity:
Learning ...

Author: David Simon

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134304882

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 173

The essential guide to the world’s most influential development thinkers, this authoritative text presents a unique guide to the lives and ideas of leading contributors to the contested terrain of development studies. Reflecting the diverse, interdisciplinary nature of the area, the book includes entries on: * modernisers like Hirshman, Kindleberger and Rostow * dependencistas such as Frank, Cardoso and Amin * progressives like Prebisch, Helleiner and Streeten * political leaders enunciating radical alternative visions of development, such as Mao, Nkrumah and Nyerere * progenitors of religiously or spiritually inspired development, such as Gandhi and Ariyaratne * development-environment thinkers like Blaikie, Brookfield and Shiva. This is a fascinating and readable introduction to the major figures that have shaped the field, ideal for anyone studying or working in the area.
Categories: Business & Economics

Cultivating Diversity

Cultivating Diversity

Global Biodiversity Assessment . Cambridge : Cambridge University Press , p .
128 , quoted in Shand , H . 1997 . Human Nature : Agricultural Biodiversity and
Farm - Based Food Security . Ottawa : Rural Advancement Foundation
International ...

Author: Lori Ann Thrupp

Publisher: World Resources Inst

ISBN: STANFORD:36105021949297

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 80

View: 935

Biodiversity is a fundamental basis for agricultural production and food security, as well as a valuable ingredient of environmental conservations. This report reveals the urgent need for action to incorporate biodiversity planning into agricultural development, and its highlights effective practices and policies.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Conserving Biodiversity in East African Forests

Conserving Biodiversity in East African Forests

Fourthly, as fertile arable lands have become scarce in the Eastern Arc
Mountains, women, who are responsible for cultivation of most of the food crops,
are being forced increasingly to cultivate on steep slopes further away from their
houses.

Author: W.D. Newmark

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540424296

Category: Nature

Page: 197

View: 563

The Eastern Arc Mountains of East Africa are one of the 17 most threatened tropical ecosystems or hotspots worldwide. This is the first book to examine in detail current threats as well as approaches for conserving biological diversity in this global biodiversity hotspot. This volume synthesizes existing information on the biodiversity of the Eastern Arc Mountains, outlines processes that adversely affect this diversity, and suggests potential approaches for promoting its conservation. While the geographic focus of this book is the Eastern Arc forests, the problems, principles, and approaches discussed in relationship to conserving biodiversity have applicability to nearly all tropical forests worldwide.
Categories: Nature