Author: Charles River Charles River EditorsPublish On: 2017-02-22
" - Oliver Cromwell "Put your trust in God, my boys, but keep your powder dry." - attributed to Oliver Cromwell For over a thousand years, England has had a monarchy, and though the line of succession did not always pass smoothly, it has ...
*Includes pictures *Includes Cromwell's quotes about his life and career *Includes a bibliography for further reading "Necessity hath no law. Feigned necessities, imagined necessities...are the greatest cozenage that men can put upon the Providence of God, and make pretenses to break known rules by." - Oliver Cromwell "Put your trust in God, my boys, but keep your powder dry." - attributed to Oliver Cromwell For over a thousand years, England has had a monarchy, and though the line of succession did not always pass smoothly, it has almost always been continuous. England has more often been faced with the claims of competing kings and queens than with a period of no monarch at all. The major exception to that rule came in the 11 years between 1649 and 1660, when England was a republic. Following the disastrous reign of Charles I and the civil wars that led to his execution, Parliament and the army ruled England. England's republican experiment started out as a work of collaboration and compromise; lords, army officers and members of Parliament (MPs) worked together to find a political settlement that did not include the despised royal House of Stuart. Nonetheless, religious and political division made collective rule unworkable, and ultimately, one man emerged from the chaos to rule the country. He had risen from a humble background to become the leading general of the Civil Wars, and as a man of staunch beliefs and ruthless pragmatism, he controlled England from 1653-1658 under the title of Lord Protector. In essence, he was a king in all but name. That man was Oliver Cromwell, and in the popular imagination, Cromwell has overshadowed the rest of the leaders of the parliamentary cause and the New Model Army. His name is known by everyone in England, while parliamentary leaders like John Pym, constitutional reformers like John Lambert, and even Sir Thomas Fairfax, who led Parliament's army through most of the wars, are known only to history buffs. But Cromwell has also been one of the most controversial figures in English history ever since. Viewed by some as a despot and others as a champion of liberty, Cromwell's legacy is so diverse that while many Irish accuse him of genocide, others look at him as a social revolutionary. To this day Cromwell is a hugely divisive figure, hated by the Irish for his brutality, loathed by monarchists, but admired by republicans and English reformers. A film was released in 1970 celebrating his political career, and St Ives, one of his home towns, is host to a statue of the man. Of course, some observers recognize contradictions in Cromwell, such as the 20th century Scottish writer John Buchan, who may have summed the Lord Protector's life up best: "A devotee of law, he was forced to be often lawless; a civilian to the core, he had to maintain himself by the sword; with a passion to construct, his task was chiefly to destroy; the most scrupulous of men, he had to ride roughshod over his own scruples and those of others; the tenderest, he had continually to harden his heart; the most English of our greater figures, he spent his life in opposition to the majority of Englishmen; a realist, he was condemned to build that which could not last." Oliver Cromwell: The Notorious Life and Legacy of the Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England chronicles the tumultuous life of one of England's most important figures. Along with pictures and a bibliography, you will learn about Cromwell like never before, in no time at all.
Explores a new area of Cromwellian studies that has not been fully explored before and covers a wide range of both domestic and international research.
Author: Jane A. Mills
Category: Government, Resistance to
Now available in paperback, Cromwell's Legacy is an exciting collection of essays by scholars who are well-known in their fields of research, most of whom have a proven track record of making their scholarship accessible to a wide student and general readership. This study examines different ways in which Cromwell's life and work impacted on Britain and the rest of the world after his death. Each contributor examines Cromwell's legacy, including not only the important central question of Cromwell's impact on the religious, military and political life of Britain after his death but also Britain's relations with Europe and future developments in both North and South America. The structure of this book has been designed to give as wide a coverage of time and place as possible. This book not only sheds light on an aspect of Cromwellian studies that has been comparatively neglected, it will also stimulate further work on this topic.
Robert Phaire was born in about 1620. He was a colonel in Cromwell's army in Ireland. He married Elizabeth Haughton in about 1648. They had five children. He married Elizabeth Herbert 16 August 1658. They had six children. Robert died 19 September 1682. Descendants lived throughout Ireland.
625; Lomas, Letters and Speeches of Oliver Cromwell, II, p. 451. ... 111–21; J. Morrill, 'Cromwell, Parliament, Ireland and a Commonwealth in Crisis: 1652 Revisited', Parliamentary History, 30:2, ... Oliver Cromwell's Intended Legacy?
Author: David Farr
Hezekiah Haynes was shaped by the Puritanism of his father’s network and experienced emigration to New England as part of a community removing themselves from Charles I’s Laudianism. Returning to fight in the British Civil Wars, Haynes rose to become Cromwell’s ruler of the east of England, tasked with bringing about a godly revolution, and in rising to prominence he became the centre of his own developing political and religious network, which included a kin link to Cromwell himself. As one of Cromwell’s Major-Generals Haynes was tasked with security and a reformation of manners, but he was hampered by the limits of the early modern state and Cromwell’s own contradictory political and religious ideas. The Restoration saw Haynes imprisoned in the Tower before emerging to return to the community in which he had been raised, and continuing the links with some of those he had worked with for Cromwell and the kin he had left behind in New England in dealing with the norms of early modern life. This book will appeal to specialists in the area and students taking courses on early modern English and American history, as well as those with a more general interest in the period.
However, there is more to Cromwell's legacy than just the period 1649 to 1650 and this book tries to go beyond the study of the campaign itself and military history and provide a wider context by looking at the historical and cultural ...
Author: Martyn Bennett
In this collection of essays, a range of established and early-career scholars explore a variety of different perspectives on Oliver Cromwell's involvement with Ireland, in particular his military campaign of 1649-1650. In England and Wales Cromwell is regarded as a figure of national importance; in Ireland his reputation remains highly controversial. The essays gathered together here provide a fresh take on his Irish campaign, reassessing the backdrop and context of the prevailing siege warfare strategy and offering new insights into other major players such as Henry Ireton and the Marquis of Ormond. Other topics include, but are not limited to, the Cromwellian land settlement, deportation of prisoners and popular memory of Cromwell in Ireland. CONTRIBUTORS: Martyn Bennett, Heidi J. Coburn, Sarah Covington, John Cunningham, Eamon Darcy, David Farr, Padraig Lenihan, Alan Marshall, Nick Poyntz, Tom Reilly, James Scott Wheeler
Author: Oxford University PressPublish On: 2010-06-01
Barnard 1993 also provides an excellent overview of Cromwell's legacy in Ireland and addresses the question of why the focus remained on “the butcher of Drogheda and Wexford,” despite the prevalence of other figures who could well have ...
Author: Oxford University Press
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of Islamic studies find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Renaissance and Reformation, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study of European history and culture between the 14th and 17th centuries. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.oxfordbibliographies.com.
McCourt sums up Cromwell's legacy in a single phrase borrowed from a friend: “he out-Heroded Herod.”17 But Cromwell was a complex individual who, like Napoleon, has produced many varying and conflicting accounts of his historical legacy ...
Author: Kenneth L. Campbell
Publisher: A&C Black
Ireland's History provides an introduction to Irish history that blends a scholarly approach to the subject, based on recent research and current historiographical perspectives, with a clear and accessible writing style. All the major themes in Irish history are covered, from prehistoric times right through to present day, from the emergence of Celtic Christianity after the fall of the Roman Empire, to Ireland and the European Union, secularism and rapprochement with the United Kingdom. By avoiding adopting a purely nationalistic perspective, Kenneth Campbell offers a balanced approach, covering not only social and economic history, but also political, cultural, and religious history, and exploring the interconnections among these various approaches. This text will encourage students to think critically about the past and to examine how a study of Irish history might inform and influence their understanding of history in general.
Legacy. Chapter. 7. Cromwell's. reputation. in. historical. perspective. 7.1 A barren legacy? In his study of Cromwell, Christopher Hill gives his subject a leading role in the making of modern Britain. He suggests that a number of ...
Author: Graham Goodlad
This book examines the factors that influenced Cromwell's evolution from fenland farmer to civil war general and national leader. It also addresses the following key issues: Why was Cromwell so successful as a military commander? Is it possible to defend the methods he used in his controversial campaign in Ireland? Was Cromwell motivated by ambition or by his religious convictions? Was the Protectorate nothing more than a military dictatorship? What was the nature of Cromwell's vision of religious freedom? Was Cromwell's foreign policy driven by religious ideology or by the national interest? Why has Cromwell been a source of enduring interest, both for historians and the wider public?
Cromwell's. Legacy. “He who stops being better stops being good.” —Oliver Cromwell Following Cromwell's death, his son Richard took on the role of Lord Protector, but his leadership only lasted until May 1659.
Author: Hourly History
Publisher: Hourly History
One of the most controversial figures in British History, Oliver Cromwell entered the world as an insignificant member of the English gentry and left it as the all-powerful Lord Protector of the entirety of England, Scotland and Ireland. A radical Puritan, Cromwell believed that his meteoric rise through the ranks of the English military and parliament was an expression of God’s will. Inside you will read about... ✓ The Early Life of Oliver Cromwell ✓ The Road to Influence ✓ The First English Civil War ✓ Cromwell the Politician ✓ Commonwealth in England, War in Ireland, and Rebellion in Scotland ✓ Cromwell, Lord Protector ✓ Cromwell’s Legacy Proving himself on the battlefields of England’s Civil war, Cromwell signed King Charles I’s death warrant only to later become a de facto king himself, ruling the short-lived commonwealth as, what some have called a military dictatorship. Love him of loathe him, Cromwell’s life changed the political landscape of Great Britain and beyond.
Cromwell's Legacy, 191–218; Morrill, Cromwell, 70; Cunningham, '“Cromwellian” Settlement'. For the attempt to build as wide as possible a coalition in relation to his activities in Scotland see A, II, 277, 283–8, 328–9, 335–46; Firth, ...
Author: Michael J. Braddick
Publisher: OUP Oxford
This Handbook brings together leading historians of the events surrounding the English revolution, exploring how the events of the revolution grew out of, and resonated, in the politics and interactions of the each of the Three Kingdoms - England, Scotland, and Ireland. It captures a shared British and Irish history, comparing the significance of events and outcomes across the Three Kingdoms. In doing so, the Handbook offers a broader context for the history of the Scottish Covenanters, the Irish Rising of 1641, and the government of Confederate Ireland, as well as the British and Irish perspective on the English civil wars, the English revolution, the Regicide, and Cromwellian period. The Oxford Handbook of the English Revolution explores the significance of these events on a much broader front than conventional studies. The events are approached not simply as political, economic, and social crises, but as challenges to the predominant forms of religious and political thought, social relations, and standard forms of cultural expression. The contributors provide up-to-date analysis of the political happenings, considering the structures of social and political life that shaped and were re-shaped by the crisis. The Handbook goes on to explore the long-term legacies of the crisis in the Three Kingdoms and their impact in a wider European context.