Critical Thinking

An Introduction to Analytical Reading and Reasoning

Author: Larry Wright

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195130331

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 390

View: 7416

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Extensively classroom-tested, Critical Thinking: An Introduction to Analytical Reading and Reasoning provides a non-technical vocabulary and analytic apparatus that guide students in identifying and articulating the central patterns found in reasoning and in expository writing more generally. Understanding these patterns of reasoning helps students to better analyze, evaluate, and construct arguments and to more easily comprehend the full range of everyday arguments found in ordinary journalism. Critical Thinking distinguishes itself from other texts in the field by emphasizing analytical reading as an essential skill. It also provides detailed coverage of argument analysis, diagnostic arguments, diagnostic patterns, and fallacies. Opening with two chapters on analytical reading that help students recognize what makes reasoning explicitly different from other expository activities, the text then presents an interrogative model of argument to guide them in the analysis and evaluation of reasoning. This model allows a detailed articulation of "inference to the best explanation" and gives students a view of the pervasiveness of this form of reasoning. The author demonstrates how many common argument types--from correlations to sampling--can be analyzed using this articulated form. He then extends the model to deal with several predictive and normative arguments and to display the value of the fallacy vocabulary. Designed for introductory courses in critical thinking, critical reasoning, informal logic, and inductive reasoning, Critical Thinking features hundreds of exercises throughout and includes worked-out solutions and additional exercises (without solutions) at the end of each chapter. An Instructor's Manual, including solutions to the text's unanswered exercises and featuring other pedagogical aids, is available.
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Critical Thinking

An Introduction to Analytical Reading and Reasoning

Author: Larry Wright

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199796229

Category: Philosophy

Page: 410

View: 1807

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Now in its second edition, Critical Thinking: An Introduction to Analytical Reading and Reasoning provides a nontechnical vocabulary and analytic apparatus that guide students in identifying and articulating the central patterns found in reasoning and in expository writing more generally. Understanding these patterns of reasoning helps students to better analyze, evaluate, and construct arguments and to more easily comprehend the full range of everyday arguments found in ordinary journalism. Critical Thinking, Second Edition, distinguishes itself from other texts in the field by emphasizing analytical reading as an essential skill. It also provides detailed coverage of argument analysis, diagnostic arguments, diagnostic patterns, and fallacies. Opening with two chapters on analytical reading that help students recognize what makes reasoning explicitly different from other expository activities, the text then presents an interrogative model of argument to guide them in the analysis and evaluation of reasoning. This model allows a detailed articulation of "inference to the best explanation" and gives students a view of the pervasiveness of this form of reasoning. The author demonstrates how many common argument types--from correlations to sampling--can be analyzed using this articulated form. He then extends the model to deal with several predictive and normative arguments and to display the value of the fallacy vocabulary. Ideal for introductory courses in critical thinking, critical reasoning, informal logic, and inductive reasoning, Critical Thinking, Second Edition, features hundreds of exercises throughout and includes worked-out solutions and additional exercises (without solutions) at the end of each chapter. An Instructor's Manual--offering solutions to the text's unanswered exercises and featuring other pedagogical aids--is available on the book's Companion Website at www.oup.com/us/wright.
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Critical Thinking

An Introduction to Reasoning Well

Author: Robert Arp,Jamie Carlin Watson

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1472595696

Category: Philosophy

Page: 464

View: 471

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'You shouldn't drink too much. The Earth is round. Milk is good for your bones.' Are any of these claims true? How can you tell? Can you ever be certain you are right? For anyone tackling philosophical logic and critical thinking for the first time, Critical Thinking: An Introduction to Reasoning Well provides a practical guide to the skills required to think critically. From the basics of good reasoning to the difference between claims, evidence and arguments, Robert Arp and Jamie Carlin Watson cover the topics found in an introductory course. Now revised and fully updated, this Second Edition features a glossary, chapter summaries, more student-friendly exercises, study questions, diagrams, and suggestions for further reading. Topics include: the structure, formation, analysis and recognition of arguments deductive validity and soundness inductive strength and cogency inference to the best explanation truth tables tools for argument assessment informal and formal fallacies With real life examples, advice on graduate school entrance exams and an expanded companion website packed with additional exercises, an answer key and help with real life examples, this easy-to-follow introduction is a complete beginner's tool set to good reasoning, analyzing and arguing. Ideal for students in basic reasoning courses and students preparing for graduate school.
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Media and Communication Research Methods

An Introduction to Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches

Author: Arthur Asa Berger

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1544332696

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 488

View: 2784

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This step-by-step introduction to conducting media and communication research offers practical insights along with Arthur Asa Berger’s signature lighthearted style to make discussion of qualitative and quantitative methods easy to comprehend. The Fifth Edition of Media and Communication Research Methods includes a new chapter on discourse analysis; expanded discussion of social media, including discussion of the ethics of Facebook experiments; and expanded coverage of the research process with new discussion of search strategies and best practices for analyzing research articles. Ideal for research students at both the graduate and undergraduate level, this proven book is clear, concise, and accompanied by just the right number of detailed examples, useful applications, and valuable exercises to help students to understand, and master, media and communication research.
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Toxic Torts

Author: Carl F. Cranor

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107151961

Category: Law

Page: 416

View: 2019

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US tort law, cloaked behind increased judicial review of science, is changing before our eyes yet we cannot see it. While Supreme Court decisions have altered how courts review scientific testimony, the complexity of both science and legal procedures mask the resulting social consequences. Yet these consequences are too important to remain hidden. Mistaken court reviews of scientific evidence can decrease citizen access to the law, decrease incentives for firms to test their products, lower deterrence for harmful products, and decrease the possibility of justice for citizens injured by toxic substances. Even if courts review evidence well, increases in litigation costs and attorney screening of clients can impede access to the law. Newly revised and expanded, Toxic Torts, 2nd edition introduces these issues, reveals the relationships that can deny citizens just restitution for harms suffered, and shows how justice can be improved in toxic tort cases.
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Thinking with Data

How to Turn Information into Insights

Author: Max Shron

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 1491949775

Category: Computers

Page: 94

View: 5137

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Many analysts are too concerned with tools and techniques for cleansing, modeling, and visualizing datasets and not concerned enough with asking the right questions. In this practical guide, data strategy consultant Max Shron shows you how to put the why before the how, through an often-overlooked set of analytical skills. Thinking with Data helps you learn techniques for turning data into knowledge you can use. You’ll learn a framework for defining your project, including the data you want to collect, and how you intend to approach, organize, and analyze the results. You’ll also learn patterns of reasoning that will help you unveil the real problem that needs to be solved. Learn a framework for scoping data projects Understand how to pin down the details of an idea, receive feedback, and begin prototyping Use the tools of arguments to ask good questions, build projects in stages, and communicate results Explore data-specific patterns of reasoning and learn how to build more useful arguments Delve into causal reasoning and learn how it permeates data work Put everything together, using extended examples to see the method of full problem thinking in action
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The Philosopher's Toolkit

A Compendium of Philosophical Concepts and Methods

Author: Julian Baggini,Peter S. Fosl

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444357476

Category: Philosophy

Page: 304

View: 5198

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The second edition of this popular compendium provides the necessary intellectual equipment to engage with and participate in effective philosophical argument, reading, and reflection Features significantly revised, updated and expanded entries, and an entirely new section drawn from methods in the history of philosophy This edition has a broad, pluralistic approach--appealing to readers in both continental philosophy and the history of philosophy, as well as analytic philosophy Explains difficult concepts in an easily accessible manner, and addresses the use and application of these concepts Proven useful to philosophy students at both beginning and advanced levels
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Thinking Architecturally

An Introduction to the Creation of Form and Place

Author: Paul Righini

Publisher: Juta and Company Ltd

ISBN: 9781919713298

Category: Architecture

Page: 326

View: 5704

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Through a critical study of issues such as order, form, space, style, place-making, aesthetics, and architectural theory, students are encouraged to think about their own creative ideas. The use of analytical reasoning, lateral thinking, drawing and modelling is emphasised.
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The English Handbook

A Guide to Literary Studies

Author: William Whitla

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444307917

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 360

View: 1409

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The English Handbook: A Guide to Literary Studies is acomprehensive textbook, providing essential practical andanalytical reading and writing skills for literature students atall levels. With advice and information on fundamental methods ofliterary analysis and research, Whitla equips students with theknowledge and tools essential for advanced literary study. Includes traditional close reading strategies integrated withnewer critical theory, ranging from gender and genre topost-structuralism and post-colonialism; with examples fromBeowulf to Atwood, folk ballads to Fugard, and ChristopherMarlowe to Conrad’s Marlow Draws on a wide range of resources, from print to contemporaryelectronic media Supplies a companion website with chapter summaries, charts,examples, web links, and suggestions for further study
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