Criminal Justice in International Society

Author: Willem de Lint,Marinella Marmo,Nerida Chazal

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135078491

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 8472

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This book adopts a critical criminological approach to analyze the production, representation and role of crime in the emerging international order. It analyzes the role of power and its influence on the dynamics of criminalization at an international level, facilitating an examination of the geopolitics of international criminal justice. Such an approach to crime is well-developed in domestic criminology; however, this critical approach is yet to be used to explore the relationship between power, crime and justice in an international setting. This book brings together contrasting opinions on how courts, prosecutors, judges, NGOs, and other bodies act to reflexively produce the social reality of international justice. In doing this, it bridges the gaps between the fields of sociology, criminology, international relations, political science, and international law to explore the problems and prospects of international criminal justice and illustrate the role of crime and criminalization in a complex, evolving, and contested international society.
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Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory

A Metatheory for Biosocial Criminology

Author: Anthony Walsh

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429766378

Category: Social Science

Page: 242

View: 6668

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Some of the brightest minds in criminology who were nurtured on the strictly environmentalist paradigm of the 20th century have declared that biosocial criminology is the paradigm for the 21st century. This book attempts to unite this ever-growing field with the premier neurobiological theory of personality, otherwise known as reinforcement sensitivity theory (RST). Anthony Walsh places the highly variable number of biosocial approaches under a single theoretical umbrella, whilst providing a unique integrative framework. As the leading neurobiological theory of personality and behavior in psychology today, RST focuses around the age-old question of how naturally selfish social animals can achieve their wants and needs without alienating others in their social groups. RST posits that evolution has built into humans three interacting systems: the behavioral approach system; the behavioral inhibition system; and the fight/flight/freeze system. RST identifies the neurobiological and genetic functions underlying each system and has found a cascade of supporting evidence. Throwing new light on many areas of concern to criminologists, such as psychopathy, violence, ADHD, and schizophrenia, this book will be of interest to scholars and upper-level students in the field. Additional features such as Focus Boxes and diagrams delve into measurement techniques and brain areas.
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American Smuggling as White Collar Crime

Author: Lawrence Karson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317647033

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 6983

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When Edwin Sutherland introduced the concept of white-collar crime, he referred to the respectable businessmen of his day who had, in the course of their occupations, violated the law whenever it was advantageous to do so. Yet since the founding of the American Republic, numerous otherwise respectable individuals had been involved in white-collar criminality. Using organized smuggling as an exemplar, this narrative history of American smuggling establishes that white-collar crime has always been an integral part of American history when conditions were favorable to violating the law. This dark side of the American Dream originally exposed itself in colonial times with elite merchants of communities such as Boston trafficking contraband into the colonies. It again came to the forefront during the Embargo of 1809 and continued through the War of 1812, the Civil War, nineteenth century filibustering, the Mexican Revolution and Prohibition. The author also shows that the years of illegal opium trade with China by American merchants served as precursor to the later smuggling of opium into the United States. The author confirms that each period of smuggling was a link in the continuing chain of white-collar crime in the 150 years prior to Sutherland’s assertion of corporate criminality.
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The Routledge Companion to Rehabilitative Work in Criminal Justice

Author: Pamela Ugwudike

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781138103320

Category: Criminals

Page: 968

View: 3207

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"Covering a variety of contexts, settings, needs and approaches, and drawing on theory and practice, this book brings together 91 entries, offering concise and definitive overviews of a range of key issues on working with offenders"--
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Women and Heroin Addiction in China's Changing Society

Author: Huan Gao

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136661565

Category: Social Science

Page: 202

View: 9933

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Accompanying China’s economic reform and open-door policy in 1978, illicit drug use emerged in the late 1980s, and gradually developed into a serious social problem. Heroin was the dominant illicit drug consumed in the new drug epidemic, and the number of female heroin users has increased rapidly in the country. While heroin use in China is soaring, little is known about women’s heroin use in the context of China’s rapidly changing society. Using intensive interviews with 131 female heroin users, this book explores the careers of female heroin users in China under changing social contexts in the reform era. It investigates the impacts of sociological and individual factors on women’s heroin use in each developing stage of their drug use careers. It also examines the social consequences of women’s heroin use by looking at connections between women’s heroin use and criminality, and the change in women’s social relations after heroin use. Lastly, the book analyzes and ascertains the impact of current narcotics control policies on women’s drug use careers. This groundbreaking book has important policy implications for both China and the international society in the context of increasing global concern about women’s substance abuse.
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Comparative Criminal Justice

Author: Francis Pakes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136308938

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 8740

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This book aims to meet the need for an accessible introductory text on comparative criminal justice, examining the ways different countries and jurisdictions deal with the main stages and elements in the criminal justice process, from policing through to sentencing. Examples are taken from all over the world, with a particular focus on Europe, the UK, the United States and Australasia. The main aims of the book are to provide the reader with: a comparative perspective on criminal justice and its main components an understanding of the increasing globalization of justice and standards of the administration of justice a knowledge of methodology for comparative research and analysis an understanding of the most important concepts in criminal justice (such as inquisitorial and adversarial trial systems, policing styles, crime control versus due process, retribution versus rehabilitation etc) discussion of global trends such as the rise of imprisonment, penal populism, diversion, international policing and international tribunals an insight into what the essential ingredients of doing justice might be. This fully updated and expanded new edition of Comparative Criminal Justice takes into account the considerable advances in comparative criminal justice research since the first edition in 2004. Each chapter has been thoroughly updated and in addition, there is a new chapter on establishing the rate of crime in a comparative context. The rate of development in international policing and international development has been such that there is now an individual chapter devoted to each; and throughout the book, the role of globalization, changing both the local and the global in criminal justice arrangements, orientations and discourses, has now been given the prominence it deserves.
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New Directions in Restorative Justice

Author: Elizabeth Elliott,Robert Gordon

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134018347

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 8877

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This book addresses a number of key themes and developments in restorative justice, and is based on papers originally presented at the 6th International Conference on Restorative Justice in Vancouver. It is concerned with several new areas of practice within restorative justice, with sections on restorative justice and youth, aboriginal justice and restorative justice, victimization and restorative justice, and evaluating restorative justice. Contributors to the book are drawn from leading experts in the field from the UK, US, Europe, Canada, Australia and New Zealand.
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Policing and Security in Practice

Challenges and Achievements

Author: T. Prenzler

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137007788

Category: Social Science

Page: 227

View: 334

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This volume addresses critical questions about how to achieve the best outcomes from police and security providers by reviewing and critiquing the scientific literature and identifying best practice guidelines. Chapters cover a range of topical issues, including legitimacy, organised crime, public protests and intelligence and investigations.
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Criminological Theory

Context and Consequences

Author: J. Robert Lilly,Francis T. Cullen,Richard A. Ball

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483321878

Category: Social Science

Page: 568

View: 8514

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Offering a rich introduction to how scholars analyze crime, Criminological Theory: Context and Consequences moves readers beyond a commonsense knowledge of crime to a deeper understanding of the importance of theory in shaping crime control policies. The Sixth Edition of the authors’ clear, accessible, and thoroughly revised text covers traditional and contemporary theory within a larger sociological and historical context. J. Robert Lilly, Francis T. Cullen, and Richard A. Ball include new sources that assess the empirical status of the major theories, as well as updated coverage of crime control policies and their connection to criminological theory.
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Unraveling the Crime-Place Connection, Volume 22

New Directions in Theory and Policy

Author: David Weisburd,John E. Eck

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351374346

Category: Social Science

Page: 300

View: 2310

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Unraveling the Crime-Place Connection examines in a new light how places enhance our understanding of crime and its control. While there has been much work in this area focused on policy, few have examined the underlying theories that inform this work. Theory has played a secondary role in the "criminology of place," and this volume brings it to the forefront of scholarly concerns. Each part and its chapters illuminate cutting-edge ideas in the etiology and control of crime at place, beginning with an introductory Part I. Crime is often concentrated in very small geographies, and Part II emphasizes the importance of capturing the dynamic nature of places in order to understand crime clustering. Part III offers integrative theories on the varying contextual arrangements of places and links theories of places to other theories of individuals, neighborhoods, and other social contexts. In Part IV, theorists ask how the actions of place owners facilitate or control crime and what policies governments can institute to regulate place management. This volume will be of interest to criminologists worldwide and useful for graduate-level or advanced undergraduate courses on environmental criminology or crime prevention.
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