Crime and Markets

Essays in Anti-criminology

Author: Vincenzo Ruggiero

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198268383

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

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This book discusses a range of crimes committed by the powerless and the powerful. Working against conventional analyses of criminal behavior as the result of social disadvantage, unemployment, or lack of resources, the author argues that abundance of opportunities and resources may lead to specific forms of criminality.
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Criminology and Social Theory

Author: David Garland,Richard Sparks

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198299424

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

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In this unique collection, a distinguished group of social theorists reflect upon the ways in which crime and its control feature in the political and cultural landscapes of contemporary societies. The book brings together for the first time some of today's most powerful social analysts in a discussion of the meaning of crime and punishment in late-modern society. The result is a stimulating and provocative volume that will be of equal interest to specialist criminologists and those working in the fields of social and cultural studies.
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Accountability in Restorative Justice

Author: Declan Roche

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199259359

Category: Law

Page: 316

View: 1528

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In reviving the idea of an informal approach to conflict resolution, the Restorative Justice movement attempts to break out of the predominantly punitive thinking which shapes modern criminal justice. Its proponents claim that its guiding ideals - personalism, participation, reparation, andreintegration - deliver a fairer, more effective, and more humane justice than does the court system. However, a simplistic tendency both to extol the virtues of restorative justice and to denigrate all conventional formal approaches risks blinding enthusiasts to the dangers inherent in uncheckedparticipant power, as well as to the protection which state institutions and professionals can provide to individuals and communities.The procedural safeguard of institutional accountability helps reduce these dangers. Examining the experiences of 25 programmes in six countries, Accountability in Restorative Justice uncovers a number of neglected, overlapping, and incomplete types of accountability, including the informal typebuilt into deliberations between victims and offenders and their supporters. This deliberative accountability can provide a rigorous check for regulating decision-making, holding state agencies accountable, and monitoring the completion of agreements reached between participants.This book also considers the role played by formal types of accountability, such as external review. It suggests a new approach, in which judges become more involved in monitoring the quality of deliberation in restorative justice conferences than with enforcing traditional sentencing principles.
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The Criminological Foundations of Penal Policy

Essays in Honour of Roger Hood

Author: Roger Hood,Lucia Zedner,Professor of English Law Emeritus Andrew Ashworth, Qc,Andrew Ashworth

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199265091

Category: Law

Page: 553

View: 3220

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The Criminological Foundations of Penal Policy brings together leading international criminologists to examine the link between the fruits of criminological research and the development of criminal justice policy. This volume includes comparative discussions of the United States, Germany,Australia, England, and Wales. It is divided into four parts. Part 1 discusses the theoretical issues surrounding the relationship between public policy and the discipline of criminology. Part 2 consists of three essays exploring historical aspects of that relationship. Part 3 then examines threedistinct areas of penal policy: sentencing, policing, and parole, as case studies of the influence of research upon the development of policy. Finally, in Part 4, which is explicitly devoted to international comparisons, there is a consideration of the factors that distinguish research projectsthat do influence criminal justice policy from those that appear not to.The Criminological Foundations of Penal Policy is a volume in honour of Roger Hood, Professor of Criminology and Director of the Centre for Criminological Research in the University of Oxford.
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The Oxford Handbook of Criminology

Author: Mike Maguire,Rodney Morgan,Robert Reiner

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199205442

Category: Law

Page: 1185

View: 6498

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teachers and students of criminology and is a sourcebook for professionals.
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Organized Crime

Policing Illegal Business Entrepreneurialism

Author: Geoff Dean,Petter Gottschalk,Ivar Fahsing

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199578435

Category: Law

Page: 216

View: 9250

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Organized crime in the twenty-first century is a knowledge war that poses an incalculable global threat to the world economy and harm to society - the economic and social costs are estimated at upwards of �20 billion a year for the UK alone (SOCA 2006/7). Organized Crime: Policing Illegal Business Entrepreneurialism offers a unique approach to the tackling of this area by exploring how it works through the conceptual framework of a business enterprise. Structured in three parts, the book progresses systematically through key areas and concepts integral to dealing effectively with the myriad contemporary forms of organized crime and provides insights on where, how and when to disrupt and dismantle a criminal business activity through current policing practices and policies. From the initial set up of a crime business through to the long term forecasting for growth and profitability, the authors dissect and analyse the different phases of the business enterprise and propose a 'Knowledge-Managed Policing' (KMP) approach to criminal entrepreneurialism. Combining conceptual and practical issues, this is a must-have reference for all police professionals, policing academics and government policy makers who are interested in a Strategy-led, Intelligence supported, Knowledge-Managed approach to policing illegal business entrepreneurialism.
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Policing the peace in Northern Ireland

politics, crime and security after the Belfast Agreement

Author: Jon Moran

Publisher: Manchester Univ Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 233

View: 9503

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This timely and controversial book shows how crime, and the response of the authorities to it, became central to the peace process in Northern Ireland. The book covers the fast-moving and controversial aspects of paramilitary crime, police reform and the supposed demobilization of paramilitaries in Northern Ireland. It examines the loyalist paramilitary feuds of the early 1990s, involving Johnny Adair, the Northern Bank robbery, the Provisional IRA ending its "war" and moving to control crime, the republicans agreeing to support policing and the restoration of a devolved parliament in 2007. The book incorporates the first-hand research of the Police Service of Northern Ireland (PSNI).
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Criminology

Author: Chris Hale

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 594

View: 458

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"Criminology is the ideal textbook for undergraduate and postgraduate students coming to the subject for the first time. Written by a team of leading criminologists, the book covers a wide range of topics including: historical and contemporary understandings of crime and criminal justice; different forms of crime - from street crime to state crime; who commits crime and who are the victims of crime; and how society and state agencies respond to crime and disorder. The contributions to the book offer clear, accessible introductions to the main issues in criminology, and the book includes questions, summaries, further reading, a comprehensive glossary, and tables and diagrams throughout."--BOOK JACKET.
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